New Taipei City

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New Taipei
新北市
Special municipality
Clockwise from top: New Taipei Bridge, Banqiao District, Pingxi Line, Tamsui River, Jiufen, Shifen waterfall
Clockwise from top: New Taipei Bridge, Banqiao District, Pingxi Line, Tamsui River, Jiufen, Shifen waterfall
New Taipei Banqiao District Skyline.jpg
Skyline of Banqiao District
Flag of New Taipei
Flag
Official seal of New Taipei
Seal
Location of New Taipei
Coordinates: 25°00′40″N 121°26′45″E / 25.01111°N 121.44583°E / 25.01111; 121.44583Coordinates: 25°00′40″N 121°26′45″E / 25.01111°N 121.44583°E / 25.01111; 121.44583
Country  Taiwan
Region Northern Taiwan
Municipal seat Banqiao District
Government
 • Type New Taipei City Government
 • Mayor Eric Chu (KMT)
Area
 • Special municipality 2,052.5667 km2 (792.5004 sq mi)
Population (October 2010)
 • Special municipality 3,893,740
 • Density 1,900/km2 (4,900/sq mi)
 • Metro 6,870,357
  Population Ranked 1 of 22
Time zone CST (UTC+8)
Postal code 207, 208, 220 – 224, 226 – 228, 231 – 239, 241 – 244, 247 – 249, 251 – 253
Area code(s) (0)2
Districts 29
Website www.ntpc.gov.tw (English)
The metropolitan area (or tri-cities) of Taipei includes Taipei, New Taipei and Keelung
New Taipei City
Chinese 新北市
Literal meaning New North City

New Taipei, officially known as New Taipei City (Chinese: 新北市; pinyin: Xīnběi Shì; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: Sin-pak-chhī), is the most populous city in Taiwan. The area includes a substantial stretch of the island's northern coastline and surrounds the Taipei Basin, which makes it the second largest special municipality in Taiwan. New Taipei is bordered by Keelung to the northeast, Yilan County to the southeast, and Taoyuan County to the southwest; it surrounds Taipei.

History[edit]

New Taipei City originally known and administered as Taipei County (Chinese: 臺北縣 or 台北縣 Táiběi Xiàn) of Taiwan Province since 1945 until it was upgraded to a special municipality of the Republic of China on December 25, 2010.[1] It at once surpassed Yokohama as the world's most populated suburb.

Name[edit]

The city's current Chinese name literally means "new north city". Because the existence of a Taipei City prevents the Taipei County from simply redesignating itself, it adopted the new name based on the common abbreviation for Taipei (literally, "North Taiwan"), North City. County authorities at first rendered the name of the proposed municipality in English as "Xinbei", following the pinyin romanization of the characters for "new north".[2][3] However both candidates for the city's first mayoral election opposed the name. Consequently, citing public opinion, the inaugural mayor, Eric Chu, requested and received approval from the Ministry of the Interior (MOI) to render the name in English as New Taipei.[4][5] This rendering became official on December 31, 2010.

Demographics[edit]

Over 80% of New Taipei's residents live in the 10 districts that were formerly county-controlled cities (Banqiao, Luzhou, Sanchong, Shulin, Tucheng, Xizhi, Xindian, Xinzhuang, Yonghe and Zhonghe), which account for one-sixth of the area. 28.80% of the residents moved into the area from Taipei City.[clarification needed]

Government[edit]

Municipal administration[edit]

See also: Administrative divisions of the Republic of China

New Taipei City controls 29 districts (區).[6] The sub-city entities consists of 1,017 villages (里), which in turn are divided into 21,683 neighborhoods (鄰). The municipal seat is located at Banqiao District.

Map of New Taipei
Name Hanzi Hanyu Pinyin Pe̍h-ōe-jī Population Area (km2)
Bali 八里區 Bālǐ Qū Pat-lí Khu 34,590 39.4933
Banqiao 板橋區 Bǎnqiáo Qū Pang-kiô Khu 554,697 23.1373
Gongliao 貢寮區 Gòngliáo Qū Kòng-liâu Khu 13,775 99.9734
Jinshan 金山區 Jīnshān Qū Kim-san Khu 22,360 49.2132
Linkou 林口區 Línkǒu Qū Nâ-khàu Khu 82,532 54.1519
Luzhou 蘆洲區 Lúzhōu Qū Lô͘-chiu Khu 197,795 8.321
Pinglin 坪林區 Pínglín Qū Pêⁿ-nâ Khu 6,540 170.8350
Pingxi 平溪區 Píngxī Qū Pêng-khe Khu 5,375 71.3382
Ruifang 瑞芳區 Ruìfāng Qū Sūi-hong Khu 42,604 70.7336
Sanchong 三重區 Sānchóng Qū Sam-tiông Khu (Saⁿ-tēng-po͘) 390,037 16.3170
Sanxia 三峽區 Sānxiá Qū Sam-kiap Khu 103,046 191.4508
Sanzhi 三芝區 Sānzhī Qū Sam-chi Khu 23,284 65.9909
Shenkeng 深坑區 Shēnkēng Qū Chhim-kheⁿ Khu 23,248 20.5787
Shiding 石碇區 Shídìng Qū Chio̍h-tēng Khu 7,963 144.3498
Shimen 石門區 Shímén Qū Chio̍h-mn̂g Khu 12,492 51.2645
Shuangxi 雙溪區 Shuāngxī Qū Siang-khe Khu 9,755 146.2484
Shulin 樹林區 Shùlín Qū Chhiū-nâ Khu 175,598 33.1288
Taishan 泰山區 Tàishān Qū Thài-san Khu 76,435 19.1603
Tamsui 淡水區 Dànshuǐ Qū Tām-chuí Khu 143,439 70.6565
Tucheng 土城區 Tǔchéng Qū Thô͘-siâⁿ Khu 238,601 29.5578
Wanli 萬里區 Wànlǐ Qū Bān-lí Khu 21,892 63.3766
Wugu 五股區 Wǔgǔ Qū Gō͘-kó͘ Khu 79,751 34.8632
Wulai 烏來區 Wūlái Qū U-lai Khu 5,787 321.1306
Xindian 新店區 Xīndiàn Qū Sin-tiàm Khu 295,673 120.2255
Xinzhuang 新莊區 Xīnzhuāng Qū Sin-chng Khu 402,221 19.7383
Xizhi 汐止區 Xìzhǐ Qū Se̍k-chí Khu 189,166 71.2354
Yingge 鶯歌區 Yīnggē Qū Eng-ko Khu 86,677 21.1248
Yonghe 永和區 Yǒnghé Qū Éng-hô Khu 234,762 5.7138
Zhonghe 中和區 Zhōnghé Qū Tiong-hô Khu 414,488 20.1440
A map of New Taipei's population density

Central government[edit]

The Aviation Safety Council, the aircraft accident investigation body of the ROC, is headquartered in Xindian District.[7] Financial Supervisory Commission is also located in the city at Banqiao District.

Transportation[edit]

Rail[edit]

The area is served by Taiwan High Speed Rail through the Banqiao Station, which is an intermodal station with TRA and Taipei Metro.

The Taiwan Railway Administration's Yilan Line runs through Gongliao, Shuangxi and Ruifang. The Western Line runs through Xizhi, Banqiao, Shulin and Yingge. The Pingxi Line connects Pingxi to Ruifang.

Metro[edit]

The Taipei Metro serves the area through the Tamsui Line in Tamsui, the Zhonghe Line in Yonghe and Zhonghe, the Luzhou Line in Sanchong and Luzhou, the Xinzhuang Line in Xinzhuang, Sanchong, and Taishan, the Xindian Line in Xindian, and the Bannan Line from Banqiao on out.

The under-construction Taiwan Taoyuan International Airport Access MRT System will link Sanchong, Xinzhuang, Taishan, and Linkou.

Air[edit]

The area's air traffic is served by Taiwan Taoyuan International Airport in neighboring Taoyuan County and Songshan Airport in Taipei.

Tourist attractions[edit]

New Taipei has a wide range of historical, natural and cultural attractions.

Historical[edit]

Historical attractions include Fort Santo Domingo and Qing dynasty remnants in Tamsui and the old mining towns of Jiufen, Jinguashi and Jingtong in the east. Sanxia houses the historic Minquan Street.

Temples[edit]

The most famous temple is the Zushi Temple in Sanxia.

Museums[edit]

There are numerous notable museums, such as Ju Ming Museum, Li Tien-lu Hand Puppet Historical Museum, Museum of World Religions, New Taipei City Hakka Museum, New Taipei City Yingge Ceramics Museum, Pinglin Tea Museum, Sanxia History Museum, Shisanhang Museum of Archaeology, Taiwan Coal Mine Museum, Taiwan Nougat Museum, Tamkang University Maritime Museum, Wulai Atayal Museum and Wulai Tram Museum.

Natural[edit]

Natural attractions include the Wulai and Shifen waterfalls, Wulai hot springs, hoodoo geological formations at the Yehliu seacoast, and hiking in Mount Guanyin, Wulai, Pingxi and the northeast coast. Popular beaches include Fulong and Baishawan.

See also[edit]


References[edit]

  1. ^ http://foreigner.ntpc.gov.tw/_file/2968/SG/44813/D40000002968000005_0.html
  2. ^ "標準地名譯寫準則". 全國法規資料庫. 2009-11-09. Retrieved 2010-12-23. 
  3. ^ "中文譯音使用原則". 中華民國教育部. 2008-12-18. Retrieved 2010-12-23. 
  4. ^ "新北市譯名 朱立倫依多數民意". 中央社. 2010-12-20. Retrieved 2010-12-23. 
  5. ^ "尊重新北市政府的意見,新北市譯寫為「New Taipei City」" (Press release). 中華民國內政部. 2010-12-31. 
  6. ^ "臺灣地區鄉鎮市區級以上行政區域名稱中英對照表". Online Translation System of Geographiic Name (線上地名譯寫系統), 中華民國內政部. 2011-06-16. 
  7. ^ "Contact ASC." Aviation Safety Council. Retrieved on June 10, 2009. "Address: 11th Floor, 200, Section 3, Beixin Road, Xindian District, New Taipei City 231, Taiwan (R.O.C.)"

External links[edit]