New Testament military metaphors
In Philippians 2:25 and Philemon 1:2, Paul describes fellow Christians as "fellow soldiers" (in Greek, συστρατιώτῃ, sustratiōtē). The image of a soldier is also used in 2 Timothy 2:3–4 as a metaphor for hard work and dedication, similar to the metaphor of an athlete which follows. In 1 Corinthians 9:7, this image is used in a discussion of church workers receiving payment, with a metaphorical reference to a soldier's rations and expenses.
Ephesians 6:10–18 discusses faith, righteousness, and other elements of Christianity as the armour of God, and this imagery is replicated by John Bunyan in The Pilgrim's Progress, and by many other Christian writers.
- Miles Christianus
- But to bring a sword
- Christians in the military
- Church militant and church triumphant
- New Testament athletic metaphors
- Salvation Army
- Spiritual warfare
- Military order
- Philippians 2:25, NIV (BibleGateway).
- Philemon 1:2, NIV (BibleGateway).
- Peter Thomas O'Brien, The Epistle to the Philippians: A commentary on the Greek text, Eerdmans, 1991, ISBN 0-85364-531-0, pp. 330–331.
- 2 Timothy 2:3–4, NIV (BibleGateway): "Endure hardship with us like a good soldier of Christ Jesus. No one serving as a soldier gets involved in civilian affairs—he wants to please his commanding officer."
- John Norman Davidson Kelly, A Commentary on the Pastoral Epistles: I Timothy, II Timothy, Titus, Part 1, Continuum International Publishing Group, 1963, ISBN 0-7136-1366-1, p. 175.
- 1 Corinthians 9:7, NIV (BibleGateway): "Who serves as a soldier at his own expense?"
- Anthony C. Thiselton, The First Epistle to the Corinthians: A commentary on the Greek text, Eerdmans, 2000, ISBN 0-85364-559-0, pp. 683-684.
- Ephesians 6:10–18, NIV (BibleGateway).
- Kathleen M. Swaim, Pilgrim's Progress, Puritan Progress: Discourses and Contexts, University of Illinois Press, 1993, ISBN 0-252-01894-X, p. 14.
- Alison G. Sulloway, Gerard Manley Hopkins and the Victorian temper, Routledge, 1972, ISBN 0-7100-7354-2, p. 220.