New Year tree

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Large public New Year trees are common in Moscow, Russia.

New Year trees are decorated trees similar to Christmas trees that are displayed to specifically celebrate the New Year. They should not be confused with the practice of leaving up a Christmas tree until after New Year's Day. New Year trees are common in various cultures and nations, chiefly the former Soviet Union, Turkey, and Vietnam.

Russian and Turkish traditions[edit]

New year decorations in a Turkish home

Russian and Turkish New Year trees are of the same varieties as those used for Christmas trees, although a spruce tree is the most usual type. The decorations are the same as for Christmas trees. While Russian and Turkish North Americans purchasing a tree after Christmas when prices have plummeted might enjoy notable savings, most do not wait beyond Christmas to buy their trees.

History of the Russian New Year tree[edit]

The tradition of installing and decorating a Ёлка (pr: Yolka, tr: spruce tree) dates back to the 17th century when Peter the Great imported the practice as a result of his travels in Europe. However, in Imperial Russia Yolka were banned beginning in 1916 by the Synod as a tradition originating in Germany (Russia's enemy during World War I). In the Russian SFSR and the Soviet Union, the New Year tree was banned as a "bourgeois and religious prejudice" until 1935.[1] While New Year celebrations were not banned, there was no official holiday for it until 1935.

The New Year tree was revived in the USSR after the famous letter by Pavel Postyshev, published in Pravda on December 28, 1935, in which he asked for trees to be installed in schools, children's homes, Young Pioneer Palaces, children's clubs, children's theaters and cinemas.[2] In his letter, Postyshev wrote (translated):

“In the pre-revolutionary era the bourgeoisie and the capitalist officials always put up a tree for their children on New Year. Children of the working classes looked on with envy through the windows at the gleaming tree adorned with colored lights and the children of the rich playing around it. Why do our schools, orphanages, nurseries, children’s clubs, and Young Pioneer Palaces, deprive children of the working class of the Soviet State of this wonderful enjoyment? Because some “left-leaning” exaggerators decried this pastime as a bourgeois children's indulgence. It is time to put an end to this wrongful condemnation of the tree, which is a joyful diversion for the children. The Young Pioneer scout leaders are called upon to organize holiday celebrations for the children that feature New Year trees. In schools, orphanages, clubs, cinemas, and theaters – children’s New Year trees should be everywhere! There should not be a single village or community farm where the local board, along with members of the Komsomol, does not provide a New Year tree for their kids. City councils, chairmen of district executive committees, village councils, and education authorities must all work to bring the New Year tree to children of our great socialist motherland. Our children will be grateful to us for giving them back the New Year tree. I'm sure the Komsomolians will take a very active part in this enterprise and do away with the silly misconception that the New Year tree is a bourgeois excess. So, let's organize a New Year celebration for kids and arrange a good Soviet New Year tree in all our cities and rural villages!” [3]

In 1937, a Novy God (New Year) Tree was also installed in the Moscow Palace of Unions. An invitation to the Yolka at the Palace of Unions became a matter of honour for Soviet children.[citation needed]

History of the Turkish New Year tree[edit]

A Turkish New Year tree, in Turkish Yılbaşı Ağacı, looks the same as a Christmas tree with Christmas ornaments. It is called a New Year tree because it is specific to the New Year and, with about 95% of Turkey's population Muslim, most Turks do not celebrate Christmas.

After the modernisation of Turkey, the Islamic calendar and the fiscal calendar were replaced by the Gregorian calendar and New Year celebrations started in the late 1920s. The celebrations became popular in Turkey and Christmas trees were brought into the country as New Year trees. Since then, the custom of setting up a tree for the New Year is a traditional event in Turkey. It is usually put up between the beginning of December and the end of January, the mid date being New Year's Eve. Also, the habit of giving presents at Christmas was changed to the giving of New Year presents.[4] The New Year tree can be considered an example of westernised Turkish culture or Turkified European culture.

Vietnamese custom[edit]

A small hoa mai tree decorated for Vietnamese Tết
Chinese New Year tree

Planting a New Year tree or cây nêu is also a Vietnamese custom that is part of the springtime Tết festival. Often a bamboo pole serves as the "tree".

Hoa đào (in Northern) or Hoa mai (in Southern) and kumquat trees are also decorated and displayed in Vietnamese homes during Tết.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ (Russian) Fir Markets
  2. ^ (Russian) Legend of a man, who presented Soviet children with New Year's tree
  3. ^ translation by Y. Ustinov
  4. ^ http://www.timeanddate.com/holidays/turkey/new-year-eve

External links[edit]

Media related to New Year trees at Wikimedia Commons