New York's 3rd congressional district

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New York's 3rd congressional district
New York 's 3rd congressional district - since January 3, 2013.
New York 's 3rd congressional district - since January 3, 2013.
Current Representative Steve Israel (DDix Hills)
Cook PVI EVEN

The 3rd district of New York is a congressional district for the United States House of Representatives currently represented by Steve Israel.

The district includes most of the North Shore of Long Island. It expands from northwestern Suffolk County, across northern Nassau County, and into far northeastern Queens. Long Island communities in the district include Huntington, Northport, Commack, Dix Hills, Plainview, Hicksville, Syosset, Glen Cove, Port Washington, and Great Neck. Queens neighborhoods in the district include Little Neck and Whitestone.

From 2003-2013, the district included southwestern Suffolk County the eastern half of Nassau County, with some parts as far west as Island Park and Long Beach.

Recent statewide election results[edit]

Year Office Results
1992 President Clinton 44–42%
1996 President Clinton 53–38%
2000 President Gore 52–44%
2004 President Bush 52–47%
2008 President McCain 52–47%
2012 President Obama 50–49%[1]

History of the district[edit]

This district historically has been centered in northeast Nassau County, but has added other areas from time to time. In the 1960s the district encompassed the northern half of Nassau County and a small corner of Queens. In the 1970s North Hempstead town was added to the 6th District and the 3rd moved into Huntington in Suffolk County and parts of southeast Nassau County. In the 1980s most of eastern Nassau was added to the 4th District, and the 3rd was composed of northwest Nassau, a narrow corridor along LI Sound, and northwest Suffolk. After the 1992 redistricting the North Shore was transferred to the new 5th District and the 3rd consisted of inland areas of northern and eastern Nassau County, and the Nassau County south shore. An even narrower corridor linked the northwest Nassau and northwest Suffolk portion of the 5th District, leaving most of Oyster Bay in the 3rd. The 2002 remap removed some areas of eastern Nassau, but added south shore towns in Suffolk County and the shore areas of northeast Nassau. In 2012, the district moved from the South Shore to the North Shore and re-entered Queens for the first time since the 1960s.

List of representatives[edit]

1789–1805: one seat[edit]

Representative Party Years Electoral history
Egbert Benson.jpg Egbert Benson Pro-
Administration
March 4, 1789 –
March 3, 1793
First elected in 1789
Re-elected in 1790
Philip Van Cortlandt (1749-1831).jpg Philip Van Cortlandt Anti-
Administration
March 4, 1793 –
March 3, 1795
First elected in 1793
Democratic-
Republican
March 4, 1795 –
March 3, 1803
Re-elected in 1794
Re-elected in 1796
Re-elected in 1798
Re-elected in 1800
Redistricted to the 4th district
Samuel Latham Mitchill.jpg Samuel L. Mitchill Democratic-
Republican
March 4, 1803 –
November 22, 1804
Redistricted from the 2nd district and re-elected here in 1802
Resigned when elected to the U.S. Senate
Vacant November 22, 1804 –
February 14, 1805
George Clinton, Jr. Democratic-
Republican
February 14, 1805 –
March 3, 1805
Elected to finish Mitchell's term

1805–1809: two seats on general ticket with 2nd District[edit]

Note: Gurdon S. Mumford is usually listed as member from the 2nd district, and George Clinton, Jr. from the 3rd district, because Clinton was elected to fill the vacancy caused by the election of Samuel L. Mitchill to the U.S. Senate, and Mitchill had been elected previously in the 3rd District. However, Mitchill was already re-elected at the United States House of Representatives elections in New York, 1804 on the 2nd/3rd general ticket, and both Clinton and Mumford were elected in special elections, receiving votes in both districts.

Congress Years Seat A Seat B
Representative Party Electoral history Representative Party Electoral history
9th March 4, 1805 –
March 3, 1807
Gurdon S. Mumford Democratic-
Republican
Re-elected in 1807
The districts were separated again
George Clinton, Jr. Democratic-
Republican
Re-elected in 1807
The districts were separated again
10th March 4, 1807 –
March 3, 1809

1809–1823: one seat[edit]

Representative Party Years Electoral history
Jonathan Fisk.jpg Jonathan Fisk Democratic-
Republican
March 4, 1809 –
March 3, 1811
Elected in 1808
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Pierre Van Cortlandt, Jr..jpg Pierre Van Cortlandt, Jr. Democratic-
Republican
March 4, 1811 –
March 3, 1813
Elected in 1810
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Peter Denoyelles Democratic-
Republican
March 4, 1813 –
March 3, 1815
Elected in 1812
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Jonathan Ward Democratic-
Republican
March 4, 1815 –
March 3, 1817
Elected in 1814
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Caleb Tompkins.jpg Caleb Tompkins Democratic-
Republican
March 4, 1817 –
March 3, 1821
Elected in 1816
Re-elected in 1818
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Vacant March 4 –
December 3, 1821
The 1820/21 elections were held in April 1821, after the congressional term had already begun. It is not clear when the result was announced or the credentials were issued.
Retired
Jeremiah H. Pierson Democratic-
Republican
December 3, 1821 –
March 3, 1823

1823–1843: three, then four, seats[edit]

Starting in 1823, three seats were elected at-large district-wide on a general ticket. In 1833, a fourth seat was apportioned to the district, also elected district-wide at-large on the same general ticket.

Cong
ress
Years Seat A Seat B Seat C Seat D
Representative Party Electoral history Representative Party Electoral history Representative Party Electoral history Representative Party Electoral history
18th March 4, 1823 –
March 3, 1825
C. C. Cambreleng.jpg
Churchill C. Cambreleng
Crawford Democratic-Republican Redistricted from the 2nd district and re-elected in 1822 Peter Sharpe Adams-Clay Democratic-Republican Elected in 1822

Lost re-election
John J. Morgan Jackson Democratic-Republican Redistricted from the 2nd district and re-elected in 1822 4th seat added in 1823
19th March 4, 1825 –
March 3, 1827
Jacksonian Re-elected in 1824 Jeromus Johnson Jacksonian Elected in 1824 GCVerplanck.jpg
Gulian C. Verplanck
Jacksonian Elected in 1824
20th March 4, 1827 –
March 3, 1829
Re-elected in 1826 Re-elected in 1826

[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Re-elected in 1826
21st March 4, 1829 –
March 3, 1831
Re-elected in 1828 Campbell P. White Jacksonian Elected in 1828 Re-elected in 1828
22nd March 4, 1831 –
March 3, 1833
Re-elected in 1830 Re-elected in 1830 Re-elected in 1830
23rd March 4, 1833 –
May 14, 1834
Re-elected in 1832 Re-elected in 1832 Dudley Selden Jacksonian Elected in 1832

Resigned
Cornelius Van Wyck Lawrence.jpg
Cornelius Lawrence
Jacksonian Elected in 1832

Resigned to become Mayor of New York City
May 15, 1834 –
July 2, 1834
Vacant
July 3, 1834 –
December 1, 1834
Vacant
December 1, 1834 –
March 3, 1835
John J. Morgan Jacksonian Elected to finish Selden's term

[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Charles G. Ferris Jacksonian Elected to finish Lawrence's term

[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
24th March 4, 1835 –
October 2, 1835
Re-elected in 1834 Re-elected in 1834

Resigned
Ely Moore Jacksonian Elected in 1834 John McKeon Jacksonian Elected in 1834

Lost re-election
October 3, 1835 –
December 6, 1835
Vacant
December 7, 1835 –
March 3, 1837
Gideon Lee.jpg
Gideon Lee
Jacksonian Elected to finish White's term
Retired
25th March 4, 1837 –
March 3, 1839
Democratic Re-elected in 1836

Lost re-election
Edward Curtis Whig Elected in 1836 Democratic Re-elected in 1836 OgdenHoffman.jpg
Ogden Hoffman
Whig Elected in 1836
26th March 4, 1839 –
March 3, 1841
Moses H. Grinnell Whig Elected in 1838

Lost re-election
Re-elected in 1838

Retired
James Monroe Whig Elected in 1838

Lost re-election
Re-elected in 1838

[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
27th March 4, 1841 –
March 3, 1843
Charles G. Ferris Democratic Elected in 1840

[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Fernando Wood - Brady-Handy.jpg
Fernando Wood
Democratic Elected in 1840

Lost re-election
James I. Roosevelt.jpg James I. Roosevelt Democratic Elected in 1840

Retired
John McKeon Democratic Elected in 1840

Lost re-election

1843–present[edit]

The single-seat district was restored in 1843.

Representative Party Years Electoral history
Jonas P. Phoenix Whig March 4, 1843 –
March 3, 1845
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
William S. Miller American March 4, 1845 –
March 3, 1847
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Henry Nicoll Democratic March 4, 1847 –
March 3, 1849
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Jonas P. Phoenix Whig March 4, 1849 –
March 3, 1851
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
E. B. Hart.jpg Emanuel B. Hart Democratic March 4, 1851 –
March 3, 1853
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Hiram Walbridge.jpg Hiram Walbridge Democratic March 4, 1853 –
March 3, 1855
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Guy Ray Pelton.jpg Guy R. Pelton Opposition March 4, 1855 –
March 3, 1857
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Daniel Edgar Sickles.jpg Daniel Sickles Democratic March 4, 1857 –
March 3, 1861
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Benjamin Wood (Congress).jpg Benjamin Wood Democratic March 4, 1861 –
March 3, 1863
Redistricted to the 4th district
Moses F. Odell.jpg Moses F. Odell Democratic March 4, 1863 –
March 3, 1865
Redistricted from the 2nd district
James Humphrey (Brooklyn).jpg James Humphrey Republican March 4, 1865 –
June 16, 1866
Died
Vacant June 16, 1866 –
December 4, 1866
John Ward Hunter.jpg John W. Hunter Democratic December 4, 1866 –
March 3, 1867
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
William Erigena Robinson.jpeg William E. Robinson Democratic March 4, 1867 –
March 3, 1869
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Henry Warner Slocum.jpg Henry Warner Slocum Democratic March 4, 1869 –
March 3, 1873
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Stewart L Woodford 1909.jpg Stewart L. Woodford Republican March 4, 1873 –
July 1, 1874
Resigned
Vacant July 1, 1874 –
November 3, 1874
S. B. Chittenden.jpg Simeon B. Chittenden Independent Republican November 3, 1874 –
March 3, 1877
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Republican March 4, 1877 –
March 3, 1881
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
J. Hyatt Smith - Brady-Handy.jpg J. Hyatt Smith Independent March 4, 1881 –
March 3, 1883
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
DarwinJames.jpg Darwin R. James Republican March 4, 1883 –
March 3, 1887
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Stephen V. White.jpg Stephen V. White Republican March 4, 1887 –
March 3, 1889
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
William Copeland Wallace.jpg William C. Wallace Republican March 4, 1889 –
March 3, 1891
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
William J. Coombs.jpeg William J. Coombs Democratic March 4, 1891 –
March 3, 1893
Redistricted to the 4th district
Joseph C. Hendrix.jpeg Joseph C. Hendrix Democratic March 4, 1893 –
March 3, 1895
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Francis H. Wilson.jpg Francis H. Wilson Republican March 4, 1895 –
September 30, 1897
Resigned to become Postmaster of Brooklyn
Vacant September 30, 1897 –
December 6, 1897
Edmund H. Driggs.jpg Edmund H. Driggs Democratic December 6, 1897 –
March 3, 1901
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Henry Bristow.jpeg Henry Bristow Republican March 4, 1901 –
March 3, 1903
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Charles T. Dunwell.jpg Charles T. Dunwell Republican March 3, 1903 –
June 12, 1908
Died
Vacant June 12, 1908 –
November 3, 1908
Otto G. Foelker.jpg Otto G. Foelker Republican November 3, 1908 –
March 3, 1911
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
James P Maher.jpg James P. Maher Democratic March 4, 1911 –
March 3, 1913
Redistricted to the 5th district
Frank E. Wilson.jpg Frank E. Wilson Democratic March 4, 1913 –
March 3, 1915
Redistricted from the 4th district
Joseph V. Flynn Democratic March 4, 1915 –
March 3, 1919
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
John MacCrate.jpg John MacCrate Republican March 4, 1919 –
December 30, 1920
Resigned to become justice to the New York Supreme Court
Vacant December 30, 1920 –
March 4, 1921
John Kissel.jpg John Kissel Republican March 4, 1921 –
March 3, 1923
Lost re-election
George W. Lindsay.jpg George W. Lindsay Democratic March 4, 1923 –
January 3, 1935
Lost renomination
Joseph L. Pfeifer.jpg Joseph L. Pfeifer Democratic January 3, 1935 –
January 3, 1945
Redistricted to the 8th district
Henry J. Latham.jpg Henry J. Latham Republican January 3, 1945 –
January 3, 1953
Redistricted to the 4th district
Frank Becker.jpg Frank J. Becker Republican January 3, 1953 –
January 3, 1963
Redistricted to the 5th district
Steven Derounian.jpg Steven Derounian Republican January 3, 1963 –
January 3, 1965
Redistricted from the 2nd district
Lester L. Wolff.jpg Lester L. Wolff Democratic January 3, 1965 –
January 3, 1973
Redistricted to the 6th district
Angelo D. Roncallo.jpg Angelo D. Roncallo Republican January 3, 1973 –
January 3, 1975
Lost re-election
Jerome Ambro.jpg Jerome A. Ambro, Jr. Democratic January 3, 1975 –
January 3, 1981
Lost re-election
Gregory W. Carman.jpg Gregory W. Carman Republican January 3, 1981 –
January 3, 1983
Retired
Robert J. Mrazek.jpg Robert J. Mrazek Democratic January 3, 1983 –
January 3, 1993
Retired to run for U.S. Senate
Peter T. King, official portrait, 112th Congress.jpg Peter T. King Republican January 3, 1993 –
January 3, 2013
Redistricted to 2nd district
Steve Israel, official photo portrait, 2007.JPG Steve Israel Democratic January 3, 2013 –
Present
Redistricted from 2nd district

Election results[edit]

In New York State there are numerous parties at various points on the political spectrum. Certain parties will invariably endorse either the Republican or Democratic candidate for every office, hence the state electoral results contain both the party votes, and the final candidate votes (Listed as "Recap").

US House election, 1996: New York District 3
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Peter T. King 127,972 55.3
Democratic Dal LaMagna 97,518 42.1
Right to Life John J. O'Shea 4,129 1.8
Liberal John A. DePrima 1,807 0.8
Majority 30,454 13.2
Turnout 231,426 100
US House election, 1998: New York District 3
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Peter T. King 117,258 64.3 +9.0
Democratic Kevin N. Langberg 63,628 34.9 -7.2
Liberal Thomas R. DiLavore 1,497 0.8 +0.0
Majority 53,630 29.4 +16.2
Turnout 182,383 100 -21.2
US House election, 2000: New York District 3
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Peter T. King 143,126 59.5 -4.8
Democratic Dal LaMagna 95,787 39.8 +4.9
Liberal Selma Olchin 1,515 0.6 -0.2
Majority 47,339 19.7 -9.7
Turnout 240,428 100 +31.8
US House election, 2002: New York District 3
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Peter T. King 121,537 71.9 +12.4
Democratic Stuart L. Finz 46,022 27.2 -12.6
Liberal Janeen DePrima 1,513 0.9 +0.3
Majority 75,515 44.7 +25.0
Turnout 169,072 100 -29.7
US House election, 2004: New York District 3
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Peter T. King 171,259 63.0 -8.9
Democratic Blair H. Mathies, Jr. 100,737 37.0 +9.8
Majority 70,522 25.9 -18.8
Turnout 271,996 100 +60.9
US House election, 2006: New York District 3
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Peter T. King 101,787 56.0 -7.0
Democratic Dave Mejias 79,843 44.0 +7.0
Majority 21,944 12.1 -13.8
Turnout 181,630 100 -33.2
US House election, 2008: New York District 3
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Peter T. King 135,648 64.0 +8.0
Democratic Graham Long 76,918 36.0 -7.0
Turnout 212,566 100 -33.2
US House election, 2010: New York District 3
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Peter T. King 126,142 72.0 +8.0
Democratic Howard Kudler 48,963 28.0 -8.0
Turnout 175,105 100 -33.2

Historical district boundaries[edit]

2003 - 2013

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Coordinates: 40°51′38″N 73°30′19″W / 40.86056°N 73.50528°W / 40.86056; -73.50528