New York's 9th congressional district special election, 2011

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New York's 9th congressional district special election, 2011
New York
2010 ←
September 13, 2011
→ 2012

  Bob Turner, official portrait, 112th Congress.jpg David Weprin.jpg
Nominee Bob Turner David Weprin
Party Republican Democratic
Alliance Conservative Working Families
Popular vote 37,342 33,656
Percentage 51.7% 46.6%

Representative before election

Anthony Weiner
Democratic

Elected Representative

Bob Turner
Republican

A 2011 special election in New York's 9th congressional district was held on September 13, 2011 to fill a seat in the U.S. Congress for New York's 9th congressional district, after Representative Anthony Weiner resigned from this seat on June 21, 2011 due to his sexting scandal.[1] Democratic Party nominee David Weprin, a member of the New York State Assembly, faced Republican and Conservative Party nominee Bob Turner, a businessman who unsuccessfully sought the seat in 2010.

The district with over 300,000 registered voters was expected to be eliminated during the 2012 redistricting. It is strongly Democratic, where registered Democrats out number Republican by a 3-to-1 ratio.[2]

Around midnight on September 14, the Associated Press called the race for Republican Bob Turner with 70% of precincts reporting and Turner leading Weprin 53 to 47.[3] Turner is the first Republican Congressman to represent this district in 88 years. The last Republican to represent the district was Andrew Petersen who was elected in the Harding landslide of 1920.

Schedule[edit]

On July 1, 2011, Governor Andrew Cuomo called the special election for September 13, concurrent with state primary elections, and with special elections for six vacant seats in the New York State Assembly.[4][5] The deadline for the selection and approval of each party's nominee was July 19.[6] Independent candidates also had the opportunity to petition their way onto the ballot collecting 3,500 signatures by July 13,[7] and had a deadline of July 18. The last day for the state and county boards to certify the ballot was July 22.[6]

Nomination process[edit]

Each of the six qualified New York parties (Democratic, Republican, Conservative, Working Families, Independence, and Green) had the opportunity to nominate candidates; the Green Party did not nominate a candidate. As the majority of the District lies within the county of Queens, each party's chairperson of this county chose the nominees: for the Democratic Party, Queens Democratic chairman, Joseph Crowley, a member of the U.S. House (representing the neighboring 7th district), and for the Republican Party, Queens Republican chairman Phil Ragusa, an accountant.[8]

Candidates[edit]

Democratic[edit]

David Weprin, a member of the New York State Assembly, was announced as the Democratic nominee on July 7, 2011. Weprin does not live in the 9th district but in Holliswood, Queens in the 5th district.[9] However, as with Kathy Hochul in the 26th district election held upstate earlier in the year, this does not disqualify Weprin from seeking or holding the office.[10] Weprin was believed to have been nominated to serve as a placeholder who would not seek re-election should the district be eliminated in the 2012 redistricting.[11]

Republican[edit]

Bob Turner, former CEO of Multimedia Entertainment best known for producing the Jerry Springer Show,[12] was chosen as the Republican nominee on July 8, 2011, after Councilman Eric Ulrich declined to run and Juan D. Reyes backed out of contention.[13] Turner was a candidate for the 9th district in 2010, and was defeated by Weiner by a 39% to 61% margin.[14]

Third parties[edit]

Conservative[edit]

The Conservative Party of New York State endorsed Republican nominee Bob Turner in a July 9 meeting.[15]

Working Families[edit]

The Working Families Party endorsed Democratic nominee David Weprin on July 11.[16]

Independence[edit]

The Independence Party of New York endorsed Democratic nominee David Weprin on July 10.[17]

Liberal[edit]

The Liberal Party of New York endorsed Republican nominee Bob Turner.[18] The Liberal Party has not had ballot access since 2002 and did not petition for one.

Socialist Workers[edit]

The Socialist Workers Party organized a one-week petitioning effort to collect the 3,500 signatures necessary to get its candidate, Christopher Hoeppner, onto the special election ballot.[19] Hoeppner and the SWP submitted 7,080 signatures and qualified for the ballot.[20]

General Election[edit]

Campaign[edit]

The seat was originally considered safe for Democrats, as registered Democrats outnumber Republicans three to one in the district,[21] but the race soon turned into a toss-up,[22] and a referendum on President Barack Obama and his party.[23] Obama's support, or lack thereof, of Israel in particular emerged as top issue in the district, with its thirty some percent Jewish voters.[24]

In early August, a Siena poll showed Weprin leading with six percent,[25] but four days before the election the poll showed Turner leading by six points,[26] and a poll done by Public Policy Polling (PPP) two days later showed the same result, which was attributed to the unpopularity of President Obama,[27] who had already underperformed his Democratic predecessors in the district in 2008,[28] and the issue of Israel.[27] PPP's president commented that “If Republicans win this race...it's real-world evidence of how unpopular Barack Obama is right now. Approval polls are one thing, but for the GOP to win in a heavily Democratic district like this would send a strong message about how unhappy voters are”.[29]

By August 24, Weprin reported raising $451,000, double the $204,000 raised by Turner.[30] Weprin had the assistance of labor unions and strong local party organizations, and received additional financial support from national Democrats, who spent more than $600,000 on television advertisements criticizing Turner.[31] Senator Joseph Lieberman endorsed him,[32] Governor Andrew Cuomo and former President Bill Clinton recorded automated phone calls to voters for him, and New York Senator Charles Schumer and City Council speaker Christine Quinn campaigned with him. Turner had the support of former New York Mayor Rudolph Giuliani and former Governor George Pataki who made appearances with him.[31] He also had the support of Assemblyman Dov Hikind,[28] and former New York mayor Ed Koch, both Democrats and Jews.[33]

Weprin, an Orthodox Jew whom Tablet Magazine describes as “a nebbish-ey mustachioed man with a limp handshake and what appears to be a toupee[34] led a gaffe-prone campaign:[35] When asked by the New York Daily News, he estimated the national debt at $4 trillion instead of $14 trillion,[36] and later blamed Hurricane Irene as the reason for bowing out of a scheduled debate against Turner, a day after the hurricane had passed.[30] In early September, Weprin's campaign was accused of sending volunteers to spy on Turner's campaign. Members of Weprin's campaign denied involvement.[37] Weprin did not deny the allegations, but denied knowledge, saying "I'm the candidate. I can't control who goes to everything."[38]

Turner portrayed the race as a referendum on President Obama’s policies and linked Weprin to the President.[39] In the debate about the mosque near Ground Zero, Weprin has defended the "right of the mosque to build on that site". Turner chastised both him and Obama for this attitude in an advertisement, featuring images of the World Trade Center in flames.[35]

Turner advocated that the federal budget has to be cut by as much as a third, and he also wants to lower taxes. He insisted that the cuts would not necessarily mean reducing benefits for those who depend on government funds, particularly Social Security and Medicare. The New York Times, who endorsed Weprin, said of Turner's position: “[t]hat would take a magician, not a businessman”.[40]

Turner, a Roman Catholic, appealed to Jewish voters by criticizing President Obama’s policies on Israel, and portraying Weprin, who is strongly pro-Israel,[41] as being insufficiently critical of Obama’s stance on Israel.[35] Former New York mayor Ed Koch supported Turner in order to send a message to President Obama “that he can no longer take the Jewish community for granted”[42] and to change what Koch describes as “hostile position on the State of Israel”.[33] Koch has been accused of supporting Turner out of revenge for Weprin’s father Saul Weprin’s not supporting him in his race for governor in 1982, but Koch denied this.[42]

Weprin's vote in favor of legalizing same-sex marriage in the Assembly in June 2011, angered many religious Jews,[43] who make up for about a third of the Jewish voters,[41] and led to some Flatbush Orthodox rabbis issuing a letter prohibiting Jews from voting for Weprin or donating time or money to his campaign. Turner, who opposes same-sex marriage, avoided making it an issue in the campaign,[44] following Ed Koch's advice.[45] However, he was supported by local rabbis as well as Assemblyman Dov Hikind for being against gay marriage.[28]

Polling[edit]

Poll source Date(s)
administered
Sample
size
Margin of
error
Bob
Turner (R)
David
Weprin (D)
Christopher P.
Hoeppner (S)
Undecided
Siena August 3–8, 2011 501 ± 4.4% 42% 48% 9%
McLaughlin and Associates August 31, 2011 300 ± 5.7% 42% 42% 16%
Magellan Strategies September 1, 2011 2055 ± 2.2% 45% 40% 3% 12%
Siena September 6–8, 2011 886 ± 3.3% 50% 44% 6%
Public Policy Polling September 8–11, 2011 664 ± 3.8% 47% 41% 4% 7%
Results (for comparison) September 13, 2011 72,197 ± 0% [ 51.7% ] [ 46.6% ] [ 0.2% ] [ 1.5% ]

Impact[edit]

The Republican upset victory is seen as a result of frustration with the weak national economy and considered a referendum on President Obama's economic policies.[47] Commentators and politicians have also stated that the outcome of the election indicates that concerns about Obama's stance on Israel may have played a role in the election. The district has a substantial number of Jewish voters, particularly in Brooklyn, where Weprin lost 33 to 67.[48] Many of them are ultra-Orthodox, who, while socially conservative, are fiscal liberals and sometimes will vote Republican or Russian immigrants, who tend to be politically conservative. Former New York mayor Ed Koch called the Republican win “a message to President Obama that he cannot throw Israel under a bus with impunity”.[49]

Republican Jewish Coalition Executive Director Matt Brooks said the outcome had “huge implications for 2012 races in states with large Jewish communities, such as Florida, Ohio, and Pennsylvania”.[50] National Jewish Democratic Council President David A. Harris on the other hand stated: “One thing we know beyond the shadow of a doubt is that this election was about many things, but not Israel”.[51] The chairwoman of the Democratic National Committee, Debbie Wasserman Schultz, whose congressional district in South Florida comprises many Jewish voters, denied national ramifications saying that the district’s large concentration of Orthodox Jews, who don't vote for Democrats, made it unusual.[31] Despite her claims the evidence shows that the Orthodox community is overwhelmingly Democratic and usually votes that way.[52] One example was in one of the special elections for State Assembly in one of the heavily Orthodox areas in the district where Turner won with 75% of the vote, the Assembly race was won by the Democrat, Michael Simanowitz, with 77%, with most of the people who voted for Simanowitz also crossed over for Turner.[53] Looking at the maps of the district, Turner is the only Republican elected from the Orthodox areas in the district, who, according to election results, voted overwhelmingly for Democrat candidates for other seats. Election Data shows that the Orthodox still vote heavily Democrats, which hurt Schultz's credibility in her faulty damage control efforts. However, Israeli Prime Minister Benyamin Netanyahu reportedly plans to take a side trip to congratulate Turner while in New York in September 2011.[54]

Turner's victory may have implications on how the political boundaries of the state of New York will be redrawn in 2012. The 9th district was thought to be one of the two districts to be eliminated, as the state is losing two congressional seats because of population changes. Turner said that he will try to stay in Congress, no matter what result the redistricting will produce.[55] Turner nonetheless bowed out of the race after the 9th district was mostly dissolved into the newly formed 6th district, which will have a greater Asian population and an even greater Democratic advantage; Turner will instead run for the U.S. Senate seat up for election in 2012.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Barrett, Devlin (June 16, 2011). "Weiner Steps Down Under Pressure". Wall Street Journal. Retrieved June 16, 2011. 
  2. ^ "Blogs". Daily News (New York). 
  3. ^ "New York - County Vote Results: U.S. House - District 9 - Special General". AP. September 15, 2011. 
  4. ^ "Governor Cuomo Sets Special Elections for September 13 to Coincide with Statewide Primary Day". Governor of New York's Press Office. July 1, 2011. Retrieved July 1, 2011. 
  5. ^ Johnson, Michael (July 7, 2011). "Special elections set for 9/13". State of Politics. Retrieved July 1, 2011. 
  6. ^ a b "OFFICIAL SPECIAL ELECTION POLITICAL CALENDAR -Revised". State of New York State Board of Elections. Retrieved July 5, 2011. 
  7. ^ Editorial (July 4, 2011). "New York’s Especially Undemocratic Elections". New York Times. Retrieved September 20, 2011. 
  8. ^ Hamilton, Alec (July 7, 2011). "Now hiring: Congressional candidate". WNYC. Retrieved July 7, 2011. 
  9. ^ Chen, David (July 7, 2011). "Democrats Pick David Weprin, an Assemblyman, to Run for Weiner’s Seat". The New York Times. Retrieved September 20, 2011. 
  10. ^ Kaplan, Thomas (September 8, 2011). "In Last Push, Rivals in House Race Try to Provoke a Blunder". New York Times. Retrieved September 20, 2011. 
  11. ^ Peoples, Steve (June 10, 2011). "Joe Crowley Would Play Kingmaker Should Weiner Resign". Roll Call. Retrieved June 13, 2011. 
  12. ^ Hawkins, Andrew J. (August 29, 2011). "Bob Turner, Jerry Springer And The Cowboy Outfit". Cityhallnews.com. Retrieved September 13, 2011. 
  13. ^ McManus, Maureen (July 8, 2011). "It's official: GOP picks Turner for NY-9". State of Politics. Retrieved July 8, 2011. 
  14. ^ "New York 9 House Race 2010". Huffington Post. 2010. Retrieved September 21, 2011. 
  15. ^ Freedlander, David (July 6, 2011). "Conservative Party gives Bob Turner nod for Weiner's old seat". New York Observer. Retrieved July 6, 2011. 
  16. ^ McManus, Maureen (July 11, 2011). "Weprin picks up WFP endorsement". State of Politics. Retrieved July 10, 2011. 
  17. ^ Johnson, Michael (July 10, 2011). "Indy party backs Weprin in NY-9". State of Politics. Retrieved July 10, 2011. 
  18. ^ "Blogs". Daily News (New York). 
  19. ^ Clark, Steve (July 6, 2011). "Socialist Workers run in N.Y. special election". The Militant. Retrieved July 11, 2011. 
  20. ^ Mailhot, Paul (July 25, 2011). "Socialists file for N.Y. ballot spot". The Militant. Retrieved July 20, 2011. 
  21. ^ Weiner, Rachel (September 13, 2011). "Republican Bob Turner wins New York special election". Washington Post. Retrieved September 20, 2011. 
  22. ^ Isenstadt, Alex (September 2, 2011). "Fight for Anthony Weiner's old seat sparks Dem worries". Politico. Retrieved September 20, 2011. 
  23. ^ Babaro, Michael (August 21, 2011). "In the Race to Succeed Weiner, a Surprising Anger at Obama". New York Times. Retrieved July 14, 2013. 
  24. ^ AP (September 14, 2011). "Bob Turner defeats David Weprin to replace ex-Rep. Anthony Weiner". Chicago Sun Times. Retrieved September 20, 2011. 
  25. ^ Roy, Yancey (August 10, 2011). "Siena poll: Weprin up 6 in race to succeed Weiner". Retrieved September 21, 2011. 
  26. ^ "Siena College 9th Congressional District Poll: Turner Holds 6-Point Lead over Weprin with 4 Days To Go". Siena Research Institute. September 9, 2011. Retrieved September 20, 2011. 
  27. ^ a b "Turner poised for big upset". Public Policy Polling. September 11, 2011. Retrieved September 20, 2011. 
  28. ^ a b c Silver, Nate (September 14, 2011). "For Democrats, It’s 2010 All Over Again". New York Times. Retrieved September 20, 2011. 
  29. ^ Katz, Celeste (September 12, 2011). "Bob Turner, Republican candidate, holds 6-point lead over Democrat David Weprin in NY-9 race: poll". New York Daily News. Retrieved September 20, 2011. 
  30. ^ a b Kaplan, Thomas (September 1, 2011). "In House Race, Democrat Is Far Ahead in Fund-Raising". New York Times. Retrieved September 20, 2011. 
  31. ^ a b c Kaplan, Thomas (September 13, 2011). "G.O.P. Gains House Seat Vacated by Weiner". New York Times. Retrieved September 20, 2011. 
  32. ^ "Lieberman endorses Weprin in N.Y. race". JTA. July 28, 2011. Retrieved September 20, 2011. 
  33. ^ a b Landler, Mark (September 14, 2011). "Seeing Ripple in Jewish Vote". New York Times. 
    Taylor, Kate (September 15, 2011). "Koch May Test His Political Voice on National Stage". New York Times. Retrieved September 20, 2011. 
  34. ^ Jacobs, Ben (September 15, 2011). "Republican-Jewish Coalition". Tablet Magazine. Retrieved July 14, 2013. 
  35. ^ a b c Bilefsky, Dan (September 8, 2011). "A Scion of Queens Democrats Vies for a House Seat". New York Times. Retrieved September 20, 2011. 
  36. ^ "Was it Irene or a Daily News editorial that made David Weprin duck a debate with Bob Turner?". New York Daily News. August 31, 2011. Retrieved September 20, 2011. 
  37. ^ Kriss, Erik; Maniace, Len; Livingston, Ikmulisa (September 2, 2011). "'Spy' furor for Weprin". NY Post. Retrieved September 20, 2011. 
  38. ^ Russo, Melissa (September 3, 2011). "Dem Accused of Sending "Spies" into Rival HQ". NBC New York. NBC New York. Retrieved September 20, 2011. 
  39. ^ Treiman, Daniel (September 14, 2011). "Did Israel, gay marriage or the economy make the difference in GOP’s win in N.Y.?". Jewish Journal. Retrieved September 21, 2011. 
  40. ^ Editorial (August 30, 2011). "For Congress in New York’s Ninth District". New York Times. Retrieved September 21, 2011. 
  41. ^ a b Rubinstein, Dana (September 7, 2011). "Turner targets conservative-leaning Jews of the Ninth, but just how conservative-leaning are they?". Capital. Retrieved September 20, 2011. 
  42. ^ a b "To Ed Koch: An Apology & A Map To Find Your Way, by Michael Schenkler/‘Surprised To Read Schenkler Column’, by Ed Koch". Queens Tribune. August 4, 2011. Retrieved September 23, 2011. 
  43. ^ Fox, Alison; Shallwani, Pervaiz; Rutkoff, Aaron (September 14, 2011). "Behind Turner’s Win: Jewish Voters Opposed to Gay Marriage". Wall Street Journal. Retrieved September 20, 2011. 
  44. ^ Kaplan, Thomas (September 16, 2011). "Gay-Marriage Foes See Message in House Race". New York Times. Retrieved September 21, 2011. 
  45. ^ Gendar, Alison (September 2, 2011). "Same-sex marriage a tricky issue for both David Weprin, Bob Turner". New York Daily News. Retrieved September 21, 2011. 
  46. ^ Official result at State Board of Elections
  47. ^ AP (September 14, 2011). "Republican wins Anthony Weiner's old House seat". CBS. Retrieved September 23, 2011. 
  48. ^ Wyler, Grace (September 14, 2011). "The Real Winner In Last Night's Special Election: Benjamin Netanyahu". Business Insider. Retrieved September 23, 2011. 
  49. ^ Shalev, Chemi (September 14, 2011). "New York's District 9 hands Obama a Jewish 'thumping'". Haaretz. Retrieved September 23, 2011. 
  50. ^ Goodenough, Patrick (September 15, 2011). "Jewish Activists Differ: Was Israel a Factor in Republican Bob Turner’s Win?". CNSnews.com. Retrieved September 23, 2011. 
  51. ^ Jackson, David (September 14, 2011). "Obama gets praise from Netanyahu". USA Today. Retrieved September 23, 2011. 
  52. ^ "Democrats work to stop the bleeding from GOP's win in New York". Retrieved July 14, 2013. 
  53. ^ "New York - County Vote Results". Retrieved July 14, 2013. 
  54. ^ McGreal, Chris (September 16, 2011). "Barack Obama caught between Israel and his Palestinian 'promise'". Guardian (London). Retrieved September 20, 2011. 
  55. ^ Barrett, Devlin (September 16, 2011). "Turner's Win Complicates Redistricting". Wall Street Journal. Retrieved September 22, 2011. 

External links[edit]