NewYork–Presbyterian Hospital is a university hospital in New York City affiliated with two Ivy League medical schools: Columbia University's College of Physicians and Surgeons and Weill Cornell Medical College. It is composed of two distinct medical centers, Columbia University Medical Center and Weill Cornell Medical Center. A major international and regional referral center, the hospital is considered among the best in the world and is currently ranked 7th in the nation by U.S. News and World Report.
History and structure 
The New York Hospital was founded in 1771 by a Royal Charter granted by King George III of Great Britain and became associated with Weill Cornell Medical College upon the latter institution's founding in 1898. It was the second oldest hospital in the United States after Pennsylvania Hospital (1751).
A 1927 endowment of more than $20 million by Payne Whitney expanded the hospital significantly and the Payne Whitney Psychiatric Clinic is named in his honor. Other prominent donors have included Edward S. Harkness and Anna Harkness, Howard Hughes, William Randolph Hearst, Harry and Leona Helmsley, Maurice R. Greenberg, and the Baker, Whitney, Lasdon, and Payson families.
The Presbyterian Hospital was founded in 1868 by James Lenox, a New York philanthropist and was associated with Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons. In 1925 the Sloane Hospital for Women, a leader in obstetrics and gynecology that had been founded in 1886, was incorporated.
New York Hospital was the subject of a lawsuit from the family of Libby Zion, a young woman admitted in 1984 who died while under the care of overworked hospital residents. An investigation by the New York state Health Commissioner, the Bell Commission, led to restrictions on the number of hours residents could work and required oversight of their care by accredited physicians (this regulation is also known as the Libby Zion law). These reforms have since been adopted nationwide. On January 1, 1998, The New York Hospital announced its merger with The Presbyterian Hospital to create NewYork–Presbyterian Hospital.
NewYork–Presbyterian Hospital, chartered as The New York and Presbyterian Hospital by the State of New York in 1996, was formed in 1998 with the merger of two large, previously independent hospitals, the New York Hospital and Presbyterian Hospital. The NYPH system includes a variety of outlying hospitals that had previously been acquired by NYH or Presbyterian; these hospitals stretch throughout the five boroughs, Westchester County, Long Island and New Jersey. In the name of the hospital, there is no space in "NewYork". NYPH is now the largest private employer in New York City.
The hospital, along with Weill Cornell Medical College and Columbia University College of Physicians & Surgeons, runs the NewYork-Presbyterian Healthcare System, a network of independent, cooperating, acute-care and community hospitals, continuum-of-care facilities, home-health agencies, ambulatory sites, and specialty institutes in the New York metropolitan area. It has an international operations department as well; in 2009, the hospital hired prominent medical researcher and vascular surgeon Kenneth Ouriel to head this department.
The two medical schools remain essentially autonomous, though there is increasing cooperation and coordination of clinical, research, and residency training programs. The hospitals have merged administrations, with Herb Pardes, M.D., leading the combined hospitals since 2001.
NewYork–Presbyterian Hospital is one of the most comprehensive university hospitals in the world, with leading specialists in every field of medicine.
The institution's five main facilities are:
- NewYork–Presbyterian Hospital/ Columbia University Medical Center
- NewYork–Presbyterian Hospital/ Weill Cornell Medical Center
- The Allen Hospital
- Morgan Stanley Children's Hospital of NewYork–Presbyterian
- NewYork–Presbyterian Hospital/ Westchester Division
Awards and recognition 
As of 2008, the U.S. News and World Report rankings place NYPH overall as the sixth-best hospital in the United States. Every specialty was ranked in the top 50 by US News, and the following were ranked in the top 10: gynecology (6); heart and heart surgery (6); endocrinology (5); kidney disease (3); neurology and neurosurgery (5); orthopedics (5); respiratory disorders (10); urology (8); and psychiatry (3).
NewYork–Presbyterian Emergency Medical Services 
NewYork-Presbyterian Emergency Medical Services (NYP-EMS) is the largest hospital-based ambulance service in the City of New York. Since 1981, NYP-EMS has been one of the largest participants in the New York City 911 system. NYP-EMS also operates critical care transport ambulances throughout the New York City Metropolitan Area. The service is licensed to operate in the 5 counties of New York City, Westchester, Putnam, and Dutchess counties in New York, and in the state of New Jersey for Basic Life Support and Specialty Care Transport. In addition to providing emergency and non-emergency ambulance services, either through the New York City 911 system on through the NYP-EMS Communications Center at Weill Cornell Medical Center, NYP-EMS provides stand-by EMS services for events throughout the New York City area, including the Avon Walk for Breast Cancer and the NYC Triathlon.
NYP-EMS is also a New York State Department of Health-approved training center for EMT and Paramedic programs, several of which are approved for college-level credit by the New York State Department of Education. NYP-EMS operates one of the largest American Heart Association Emergency Cardiac Care training centers in New York. NYP-EMS also maintains a Special Operations team trained in hazardous materials decontamination and technical rescue. This team, accompanied by several Weill Cornell Physicians, provided rescue and relief support on the Gulf Coast of Mississippi in the aftermath of Hurricane Katrina in 2005. Most recently, the team decontaminated 28 patients after the 2007 New York City steam explosion in Midtown Manhattan on July 18, 2007.
The Allen Hospital 
The Allen Hospital is located in northern Inwood, Manhattan. The General Surgery Group of The Allen Hospital specialize in the treatment of hernia. It is recognized as a center of excellence for the surgical management of gallbladder disease. Entertainments at the Allen include belly dancing, T'ai chi and needle art. It also has the Mila Conanan Memorial Chapel, named after Mila P. Conanan, who had been on the medical center staff for 20 years and the operating rooms director at the Allen Pavilion for three years before her death in 1990.
NewYork–Presbyterian Morgan Stanley Children's Hospital 
Located on 3959 Broadway (165th Street and Broadway), New York City, NewYork-Presbyterian Morgan Stanley Children's Hospital is a pediatric hospital in NewYork–Presbyterian Hospital. They are especially known for their expertise in pediatric heart surgery. It was listed on the 2009 U.S.News & World Report "America's Best Children's Hospitals" "Honor Roll" and one of only 10 children's hospitals in the nation to be ranked in all 10 clinical specialties.
NewYork–Presbyterian Hospital / Columbia University Medical Center 
The NewYork–Presbyterian Hospital / Columbia University Medical Center is located on 630 West 168th Street in New York City. It contains an Emergency Room, an eye institute, a chapel, a garden, and more. It is situated on a 20-acre (81,000 m2) campus in the Washington Heights community of Manhattan and comprising roughly half of Columbia University's nearly $3 billion annual budget, it provides leadership in scientific research, medical education, and more. New York Presbyterian Hospital and Columbia University Medical Center are well known for their strong affiliation with the Neurological Institute of New York, which houses the departments of Neurology and Neurological Surgery as well as numerous research laboratories.
NewYork–Presbyterian Hospital / Weill Cornell Medical Center 
The NewYork–Presbyterian Hospital / Weill Cornell Medical Center was founded in 1898, and has been affiliated with what is now NewYork–Presbyterian Hospital since 1927. The Medical College is divided into 20 academic departments. It is among the top-ranked clinical and medical research centers in the United States of America, although the U.S. Department of Health & Human Services's Medicare program adjudged its rate of admission for heart failure patients to be worse than the national rate. Also housed here is the NewYork-Presbyterian Phyllis and David Komansky Center for Children's Health. Located at 525 East 68th Street on the Upper East Side in Manhattan (E.68th and York Avenue), New York City, the Komansky Center for Children's Health is a full-service pediatric "hospital within a hospital." The Komansky Center was listed on the 2009 U.S.News & World Report "America's Best Children's Hospitals" "Honor Roll" and one of only 10 children's hospitals in the nation to be ranked in all 10 clinical specialties.
In August 2011, Becker's Hospital Review listed the New York-Presbyterian Hospital/ Weill Cornell Medical Center as number 4 of the 100 Top Grossing Hospitals in America with $7.52 billion in gross revenue.
NewYork–Presbyterian Hospital / Westchester Division 
Notable deaths 
The following notable individuals have died at this hospital:
- Malcolm X, civil rights icon (1965) - Multiple gunshot wounds 
- Libby Zion, collegian (1984) - Cardiac arrest 
- Andy Warhol, Pop artist (1987) - Cardiac dysrhythmia 
- Jim Henson, American puppeteer (1990) - Bacterial infection
- Richard Nixon, 37th President of the United States (1994) - Cerebral edema 
- Joey Ramone, musician (2001) - Lymphoma 
- Peter Boyle, American actor (2006) - Multiple myeloma 
- Rue McClanahan, actress (2010) - Brain hemorrhage 
- Sultan bin Abdul-Aziz Al Saud, Crown Prince of Saudi Arabia (2011) - Cancer 
- Ed Koch, Former Mayor of New York City (2013) - Heart failure
In popular culture 
- The Exeter Bulletin, Fall 2006, p.28
- "Sloane Hospital for Women (New York, N.Y.)". Columbia University Health Sciences Library. 2006. Archived from the original on June 9, 2007. Retrieved 2007-10-30.
- Barron H. Lerner (November 28, 2006). "A Case That Shook Medicine: How One Man's Rage Over His Daughter's Death Sped Reform of Doctor Training". The Washington Post. Retrieved 2006-12-14.
- "Dr. Kenneth Ouriel (biography)". New York-Presbyterian Hospital. 2009-09-22. Retrieved 2009-09-22.
- "Leaders in Healthcare Conference Session 2:Future Healthcare Human Resources". Arab Health Congress. January 26, 2009. Retrieved 2009-11-12. "Challenges of Retaining Patients in the GCC & the Impact of Private/Public Partnerships Dr. Kenneth Ouriel, Senior Vice-President, Chief of International Operations, New York Presbyterian Hospital"
- "America's Best Hospitals 2008:New York–Presbyterian Univ. Hosp. of Columbia and Cornell". U.S.News & World Report. 2007-07-15. Retrieved 2007-07-15.
- "Best Hospitals 2007 Specialty Search: Pediatrics". U.S.News & World Report. Retrieved 2007-10-12.
- New York-Presbyterian Hospital/Weill Cornell Medical Center
- Biography page at MalcolmX.com, Accessed October 30, 2010.
- Fox, Margalit. "Elsa Zion, 70; Helped Cut Doctor Workloads" The New York Times, March 5, 2005
- NewYork-Presbyterian Hospital at Funding Universe, Accessed October 30, 2010.
- Weil, Martin and Eleanor Randolph (April 23, 1994). "Richard M. Nixon, 37th President, Dies". The Washington Post. p. A01. Retrieved 2010-12-11.
- Kaufman, Gil. "Pioneer Joey Ramone Dead At 49" Vh1, April 15, 2001
- Nemy, Enid (December 6, 2008). "Sunny von Bülow, 76, Focus of Society Drama, Dies". The New York Times.
- http://www.nypost.com/seven/12062008/news/regionalnews/sunny_von_bulow_dead_after_28_years_in_c_142949.htm. Missing or empty
- "'Golden Girls' star Rue McClanahan dies at age 76" New York Daily News, June 3, 2010.
- MacFarquhar, Neil (2011-10-22). "Prince Sultan bin Abdel Aziz of Saudi Arabia Dies". New York Times. Retrieved 2011-10-24.
- NewYork–Presbyterian Hospital
- NewYork-Presbyterian Emergency Medicine
- NewYork-Presbyterian Children's Health
- Medical Center Archives of NewYork-Presbyterian/Weill Cornell