New York Air National Guard

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New York Air National Guard
102d Rescue Squadron - HH-60 HC-130 Hercules.jpg
106th Rescue Wing HC-130 refuleling an HH-60 Pave Hawk over Long Island, New York. The 102d Rescue Squadron is the oldest unit in the New York Air National Guard, having over 90 years of service to the state and nation
Active 17 November 1921 - present
Country  United States
Allegiance  New York
Branch US-AirNationalGuard-2007Emblem.svg  Air National Guard
Role "To meet state and federal mission responsibilities."
Part of New York State Division of Military and Naval Affairs
United States National Guard Bureau
Garrison/HQ New York Air National Guard, Stratton Air National Guard Base, 1 Air National Guard Road, Scotia, NY 12302
Commanders
Civilian leadership President Barack Obama
(Commander-in-Chief)
Michael B. Donley
(Secretary of the Air Force)
Governor Andrew Cuomo
(Governor of the State of New York)
State military leadership Major General James W. Kwiatkowski
Insignia
Emblem of the New York Air National Guard New York Air National Guard - Emblem.png
Aircraft flown
Multirole helicopter HH-60G Pavehawk
Reconnaissance MQ-9 Reaper
Transport C-17 Globemaster III   HC-130N Combat King   C-130H Hercules;   LC-130H Hercules

The New York Air National Guard (NY ANG) is the air force militia of the State of New York, United States of America. It is, along with the New York Army National Guard, an element of the New York National Guard.

As state militia units, the units in the New York Air National Guard are not in the normal United States Air Force chain of command. They are under the jurisdiction of the Governor of New York though the office of the New York Adjutant General unless they are federalized by order of the President of the United States. The New York Air National Guard is headquartered at Stratton Air National Guard Base, Scotia, and its commander is Major General Verle Johnston.

Overview[edit]

Under the "Total Force" concept, New York Air National Guard units are considered to be Air Reserve Components (ARC) of the United States Air Force (USAF). New York ANG units are trained and equipped by the Air Force and are operationally gained by a Major Command of the USAF if federalized. In addition, the New York Air National Guard forces are assigned to Air Expeditionary Forces and are subject to deployment tasking orders along with their active duty and Air Force Reserve counterparts in their assigned cycle deployment window.

Along with their federal reserve obligations, as state militia units the elements of the New York ANG are subject to being activated by order of the Governor to provide protection of life and property, and preserve peace, order and public safety. State missions include disaster relief in times of earthquakes, hurricanes, floods and forest fires, search and rescue, protection of vital public services, and support to civil defense.

Components[edit]

The New York Air National Guard is the largest and most diverse ANG organization established by the National Guard Bureau. Its consists of the following major units:

Established 8 December 1948 (as: 137th Fighter Squadron); operates: C-17A Globemaster III
Stationed at: Stewart Air National Guard Base, Newburgh; Gained by: Air Mobility Command
The mission of the 105th is to meet our Inter-theater airlift and expeditionary combat support commitments.[1]
Established 4 November 1922 (as: 102d Observation Squadron); operates: HH-60G Pavehawk  HC-130N Combat King
Stationed at: Francis S. Gabreski Air National Guard Base, Westhampton Beach; Gained by: Air Force Special Operations Command
The 106th Rescue Wing deploys worldwide to provide combat search and rescue coverage for U.S. and allied forces. Combat search and rescue missions include flying low-level, preferably at night aided with night vision goggles, to an objective area where aerial refueling of a rescue helicopter is performed, or pararescue teams are deployed.[2]
Established 8 December 1948 (as: 136th Fighter Squadron); operates: C-130H Hercules
Stationed at: Niagara Falls Joint Air Reserve Station; Gained by: Air Mobility Command
The 107th Airlift Wing mission is to provide worldwide theater airlift for U.S. military and humanitarian operations. The unit is an associate Wing with the Air Force Reserve 914th Airlift Wing.[3]
Established 18 October 1948 (as: 139th Fighter Squadron); operates: LC-130H Hercules
Stationed at: Stratton Air National Guard Base, Schenectady; Gained by: Air Mobility Command
The 109th Airlift Wing's mission is to provide airlift support to the National Science Foundation's South Pole research program by flying specialized LC-130H Hercules airlifters, modified with wheel-ski gear, in support of Arctic and Antarctic operations. The 109th Airlift Wing is the only unit in the world to fly these aircraft.[4]
Established 28 October 1947 (as: 138th Fighter Squadron); operates: MQ-9 Reaper
Stationed at: Hancock Field Air National Guard Base, Syracuse; Gained by: Air Combat Command
The 174th Fighter Wing currently operates the MQ-9 Reaper unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV). Its mission is to provide qualified airmen and weapon systems engaging in global air, space and cyberspace operations; supporting homeland defense, joint operations and aid to civil authorities at the direction of the Governor.[5]

Support Unit Functions and Capabilities:

Located at Hancock Field, Syracuse, the mission of the 152d AOG is the operation of the Theater Battle Management Core Systems (TBMCS) is a set of software systems used by the Joint Forces Air Component Commander (JFACC) and within Air Operations Centers by the United States Air Force combat forces to plan and execute military missions utilizing airborne resources. It has two levels of control, at the larger 'force' level, or at the detailed 'unit' level. It is used to generate the Air Tasking Order (ATO). It replaced the Contingency Theater Automated Planning System (CTAPS).
Located at Rome, the unit's origins date to 1956 as the 4621st Air Defense Wing. Today, the New York ANG Eastern Air Defense Sector (EADS) is one of two sectors responsible to NORAD’s aerospace warning and control mission. The Eastern Air Defense Sector is part of the Continental U.S. NORAD region. There are also Canadian and Alaskan NORAD regions. This unit also provides direct support for the annual NORAD Tracks Santa program.[6]

History[edit]

Origins[edit]

A 1st Aero Company Gallaudet C-2 in 1915

The Militia Act of 1903 established the present National Guard system, units raised by the states but paid for by the Federal Government, liable for immediate state service. If federalized by Presidential order, they fall under the regular military chain of command. On 1 June 1920, the Militia Bureau issued Circular No.1 on organization of National Guard air units.[7]

The New York Air National Guard origins date to 28 August 1917 with the establishment of the 102d Aero Squadron as part of the World War I American Expeditionary Force. Its origins begin however, on 30 April 1908 as the 1st Aero Company, a pre-World War I independent unit of the New York National Guard. The 1st Aero Company was provisionally recognized by the federal government in June 1916 and called to active duty between July 13, 1916, and November 15, 1916, to continue training with the purpose of joining the 1st Aero Squadron, a Regular Army unit deployed to Mexico with the Punitive Expedition. The 1st Aero Company, however, never left Long Island and was disbanded on May 23, 1917, shortly after the United States entered World War I, when the Army decided not to use national guard aviation units in the war effort. Its history and lineage were bestowed on the 102d Observation Squadron. The 102d Aero Squadron was demobilized 1918 Armistice with Germany in 1919.

New York National Guard[edit]

Douglas O-38 102d Observation Squadron, New York National Guard and based at Miller Field, New Dorp, Staten Island, New York City, 1933. The squadron provided divisional aviation for the 27th Division, New York National Guard. Note squadron emblem on side of fuselage.

Constituted in 1920 as the 102nd Squadron (Observation), the squadron was assigned to the 27th Division, allotted to the state of New York, as its divisional aviation. The unit was organized in November 1921 from the "Observation Squadron, New York National Guard, which had been organized on 22 March 1921 at Hempstead, New York, with personnel from K Company, 14th Infantry, New York National Guard. It was reorganized and federally recognized in November 1922 at Miller Field on Staten Island and re-designated as the 102nd Observation Squadron in January 1923. It is one of the 29 original National Guard Observation Squadrons of the United States Army National Guard formed before World War II.

Its operations were primarily air transportation and aircraft repair and maintenance. However, squadron elements were called up periodically by the state of New York to perform emergency duties that included reconnaissance for the Treasury Department of vessels conducting illegal-liquor trade off the New York-New Jersey coast in the 1920s; support of flood relief efforts in Vermont 6–16 November 1927; aid to civil authorities during a prison break from the maximum security Auburn Prison, 11–12 December 1930; and flood relief efforts in upstate New York 11–13 July 1935.

The 102d Observation Squadron was ordered into active service on 15 October 1940 as part of the buildup of the Army Air Corps prior to the United States entry into World War II.

New York Air National Guard[edit]

F-51H Mustang fighters from the 136th Fighter Squadron, 107th Fighter Group, New York Air National Guard, on alert, 1953 (Gil Cohen, Runway Alert, National Guard Heritage Painting.)

On 24 May 1946, the United States Army Air Forces, in response to dramatic postwar military budget cuts imposed by President Harry S. Truman, allocated inactive unit designations to the National Guard Bureau for the formation of an Air Force National Guard. These unit designations were allotted and transferred to various State National Guard bureaus to provide them unit designations to re-establish them as Air National Guard units.[8]

The modern New York ANG received federal recognition on 20 February 1947 as the 102d Bombardment Squadron (Light) at Floyd Bennett Field, Brooklyn. It was equipped with B-26 Invaders and was assigned to Tactical Air Command. 18 September 1947, however, is considered the Alabama Air National Guard's official birth concurrent with the establishment of the United States Air Force as a separate branch of the United States military under the National Security Act.[8]

The allocations to the New York ANG included the 52d Fighter Wing, a command and control organization at Westchester County Airport, receiving federal recognition on 3 October 1947; the 139th Fighter Squadron at Schenectady County Airport on 18 October 1948; the 136th Fighter Squadron at Niagara Falls International Airport and the 137th Fighter Squadron at Westchester County Airport on 8 December 1948. All of these squadrons were equipped with F-51 Mustangs and assumed an air defense missions over various areas of the state.

139th Airlift Squadron - Lockheed LC-130H Hercules 93-3300 takes off from Ice Station Ruby, Greenland; the 109th Airlift Wing training facility at the former DYE-2 DEW site.

At the end of October 1950, the ANG converted to the wing-base (Hobson Plan) organization. As a result, the 52d Fighter Wing was withdrawn from the New York ANG and inactivated on 31 October 1950. The 106th Bombardment Wing at Brooklyn, and the 107th Fighter Wing at Niagara Falls were formed and were simultaneously allotted to the NY ANG and activated to replace the 52d.

In 1956, the 137th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron at Westchester County Airport was authorized to expand to a group level and the 105th Fighter Group (Air Defense) received federal recognition and activated on 1 May 1956. In addition, the 109th FIS at Schenectady expanded into the 109th Fighter Group (Air Defense) the same date. 1962 saw the expansion of the 138th Tactical Fighter Squadron into the 174th Tactical Fighter Group at Syracuse.

Today, the New York Air National Guard is the largest and most diverse ANG organization of the National Guard Bureau. After the September 11th, 2001 terrorist attacks on the United States, elements of every Air National Guard unit in New York has been activated in support of the Global War on Terrorism. Flight crews, aircraft maintenance personnel, communications technicians, air controllers and air security personnel were engaged in Operation Noble Eagle air defense overflights of major United States cities. Also, New York ANG units have been deployed overseas as part of Operation Enduring Freedom in Afghanistan and Operation Iraqi Freedom in Iraq as well as other locations as directed.

References[edit]

 This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the Air Force Historical Research Agency.

External links[edit]

Official sites
Unofficial sites