New York City Department of Correction
|New York City Department of Correction|
|Abbreviation||NYC DOC// NYCD|
|Patch of the New York City Department of Correction.|
|Shield of the New York City Department of Correction.|
|Legal personality||Governmental: Government agency|
|Operations jurisdiction*||City of New York in the state of New York, USA|
|Map of New York City Department of Correction's jurisdiction.|
|Legal jurisdiction||New York state|
|Headquarters||Jackson Heights, Queens|
|Commissioner responsible||Dora Schriro|
|Agency executive||Evelyn A. Mirabal, Chief|
|* Divisional agency: Division of the country, over which the agency has usual operational jurisdiction.|
The New York City Department of Correction is responsible for New York City's inmates, housing the majority of them on Rikers Island. It employs 9,500 uniformed officers and 1,400 civilian staff, has 543 vehicles, and processes over 100,000 new inmates every year, retaining a population of inmates of between 13,000 and 18,000. Its nickname is New York's Boldest. Previously located in Manhattan, the Department of Correction headquarters has now moved to the Bulova building in the northern section of Jackson Heights, Queens, minutes from Rikers Island.
The New York City Department of Correction was first founded as a separate entity in New York City in 1895 after a split from the Department of Public Charities and Correction. Roosevelt Island, then called Blackwell's Island, was the main penal institution under the jurisdiction of the DOC until the 1930s when it was closed. The penal institutions moved to Rikers Island, which the city purchased for $180,000, where 10 prisons and 17,000 inmates are now held.
In 1995, the prison system in New York City had over 1,000 stabbings, and in 2002 new safety initiatives were undertaken to improve security. By 2007, the number of stabbings was reduced to 19, making that year the Department of Correction's safest on record.
In 2009, former commissioner of both the Missouri and Arizona prison systems Dora Schriro was selected to head the department, with some citing a need in the department for a boost in morale. Schriro was named in several federal court cases such as Schriro v. Smith and Schriro v. Summerlin. Schriro served with the United States Department of Homeland Security prior to coming to the Department.
There are ten titles (referred to as ranks) in the New York City Department of Correction. Their images refer to the uniform rank insignia. However, there are also equivalent level civilian titles as well who also have equivalent power and responsibility and are saluted due to following uniform customs and courtesies. From highest to lowest rank, they are:
|Commissioner of Department|
|Chief of Department / First Deputy Commissioner|
|Deputy Chief / Deputy Commissioner|
|Assistant Chief / Supervising Warden / Associate Commissioner|
|Warden / commanding officer|
|Deputy Warden in Command|
|Deputy Warden / Chaplain|
|Assistant Deputy Warden|
Tour of duty
In the New York City Department of Correction, one day is divided into three 8-hour and 31-minute shifts: 11:00 PM to 7:31 AM (called a 2300hrs to 0731hrs), 7:00 AM to 3:31 PM (called an 0700hrs to 1531hrs), and 3:00 PM to 11:31 PM (called a 1500hrs to 2331hrs). Officers work 4 of these shifts per week based upon a rotating squad chart (i.e. 4 working days, 2 days off then another 4 working days and 2 days off). There is also a 5 and 2 squad (Monday - Friday, with Saturday and Sundays off) for special units (i.e. Emergency Service Unit, Investigation Division, Intelligence Unit, Academy and Firearms Training Units, etc.)
Equipment and vehicles
Although correction officers are trained to carry firearms, only correction officers at certain post assignments carry a firearm due to the potential threat of prisoners overpowering an officer and seizing their firearm. No one may carry a firearm into a prison without the permission of the Warden or the commanding Officer. Officers assigned to prisoner transport units, hospitals, court buildings, exterior patrol posts, and guard towers carry firearms at all time. On duty firearms include Smith & Wesson 5946 DOA,Glock 19,& the model 10& 64 revolver 3 or 4 inch,for officers hired before march of 1994. For off duty these include the on duty firearms & but not limited to,The Glock 26 and the Beretta 92 FS.
- Bernard Kerik, Commissioner in 1994 - A long-time protégé of Mayor Rudy Giuliani, he would eventually become Commissioner of NYPD and later be nominated by President George W. Bush for Secretary of the Department of Homeland Security. His selection exposed endemic corruption at all levels of the Department of Corrections. Ethics violations were only leveled an Kerik, after an investigation into his background, further exposing cases of bid rigging and bribery. Kerik was eventually was plead down to four years in federal prison from potential 112 years and is due to be released on October 15, 2013. 
Notable people of NYC DOC
Over the years, several notable people have come through the ranks of DOC:
- Mickey Marcus, Commissioner in 1940 - Would go on to serve in World War II with the United States Army and later join the Israeli Defense Force and be instrumental in leading their forces during that country's independence movement.
- List of law enforcement agencies in New York
- New York City Department of Probation
- New York State Department of Correctional Services
- History of the DOC New York City Department of Correction, retrieved March 13, 2008
- Facilities Overview New York City Department of Correction, retrieved March 13, 2008
- Press Release - January 6, 2008 New York City Department of Corrections, available here retrieved March 13, 2008
- City Jails Get a New Commissioner  The Village Voice
- NYC Corrections Chevy Impala
- NYC Corrections Vehicles
- New York Times Topics Page. .The New York Times Accessed May 30, 2012.