New York City Marble Cemetery
The New York City Marble Cemetery is an historic cemetery founded in 1831, and located at 52-74 East 2nd Street between First and Second Avenues in the East Village neighborhood of Manhattan, New York City. The cemetery has 258 underground burial vaults constructed of Tuckahoe marble on the site.
The New York City Marble Cemetery, which was the city's second non-sectarian burial place, should not be confused with the nearby New York Marble Cemetery one block west, which was the first, having been established one year earlier. Both cemeteries were designated New York City landmarks in 1969, and in 1980 both were added to the National Register of Historic Places.
History and description
In 1830, recent outbreaks of yellow fever had led city residents to fear burying their dead in coffins just a few feet below ground, and public health legislation had outlawed earthen burials. The New York Marble Cemetery had met this circumstance by constructing and selling underground marble burial vaults. A year later, five partners – Evert Bancker, Henry Booraem, Thomas Addis Emmett, Garret Storm and Samuel Whittemore – organized a similar venture one block east.
Land was purchased from Samuel Cowdrey, who was a vault owner in the earlier venture, and Perkins Nichols was engaged to construct the marble vaults, as he had done previously. The first of the vaults were ready by summer 1831, the cemetery was incorporated on April 26, 1832, and it continued to purchase land on either side of the original plot until 1835, when it reached its current dimensions.
Unlike the earlier cemetery, in which no monuments or markers indicated the placement of the vaults, instead being indicated on marble tablet embedded in the surrounding wall, the new cemetery marked the position of each vault with a marble marker, or with monuments of various sizes, according to the vault owner's preference. At the time, the new cemetery was considered to be a fashionable place to be buried.
According to the cemetery's website, it is open twice a year, on a Sunday in spring, and a weekend in the fall.
- Stephen Allen, mayor of New York City and governor of New York State
- Preserved Fish, a noted merchant
- David Sherwood Jackson, Congressman (1847–1849)
- James Lenox, whose library along with the Astor and Tilden libraries formed the New York Public Library
- Edward Elmer Potter, Civil War Brigadier General
- James Henry Roosevelt, founder of Roosevelt Hospital, and other members of his branch of the Roosevelt family
- John Lloyd Stephens, archaeologist who was a pioneer in the study of Mayan culture
- Moses Taylor, financier and backer of the Atlantic Cable
- Isaac Varian, mayor of New York City (1839–1841)
- Marinus Willett, hero of the Revolutionary War and Mayor of New York City (1807–1808)
The remains from the churchyard of the South Dutch Church were moved to the cemetery, which also contains the remains of the Kip family, after whom Kips Bay is named. Cemetery tradition holds the bones of the first European men to be buried on Manhattan island, the Dutch dominies, were moved to the "Ministers' Vault".
- Former burials
- John Ericsson, designer of USS Monitor, whose remains were subsequently moved to Sweden in 1890
- James Monroe, president of the United States, whose remains were subsequently moved to Richmond, Virginia in 1858
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2007-01-23.
- "NYCLPC Designation Report".
- Stateman, Alison (August 31, 2003). "A Cemetery for the Living". The New York Times. Retrieved 2008-03-30.
On a quiet side street in the East Village lies the New York City Marble Cemetery, the second nonsectarian cemetery built in Manhattan. Created in 1832 by several enterprising businessmen as a profit-making venture, the cemetery provides a social hub and respite for its neighbors that surpass its original intent. Residents and curious passers-by alike are drawn to the green oasis on East Second Street between First and Second Avenues, sequestered behind an imposing wrought-iron fence and surrounded by a three-sided 12-foot (3.7 m)-high stone wall overhung with ivy.
- New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission; Postal, Matthew A. (ed. and text); Dolkart, Andrew S. (text). (2009) Guide to New York City Landmarks (4th ed.) New York: John Wiley & Sons. ISBN 978-0-470-28963-1, p.68
- Kelley, Tina (May 22, 2000). "Marble Walls, Roomy, But No Place to Live; Descendants Inherit a Cemetery Filled With History, but in Disrepair". The New York Times. Retrieved 2008-03-28.
- "Events". New York City Marble Cemetery. Retrieved 2011-10-07.
- Schneider, Daniel B. (May 7, 2000). "F.Y.I.". The New York Times. Retrieved 2011-10-07.
- "Interments Listed by Name". New York City Marble Cemetery. Retrieved 2011-10-07.
- Stateman, Alison (August 31, 2003). "A Cemetery for the Living". The New York Times. Retrieved 2011-10-07.
- "Landmark Designation". New York City Marble Cemetery. Retrieved 2011-10-07.
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