New York City Police Commissioner
of the City of New York
NYPD Commissioner's shield
|Appointer||Mayor of New York City|
|Term length||Five years
Renewable at Mayor's pleasure
|Constituting instrument||New York City Charter|
|Inaugural holder||George W. Matsell (as Superintendent)|
|Deputy||First Deputy Commissioner|
|Website||Office of the Commissioner|
The New York City Police Commissioner is the head of the New York City Police Department. The Commissioner is appointed by the Mayor, and serves at the Mayor's pleasure. The Commissioner is responsible for the day-to-day operation of the department as well as the appointment of deputies and subordinate officers. The Commissioner is a civilian administrator, and they along with their subordinate deputies are civilians under an oath of office and are not uniformed members of the force who are sworn officers of the law. There is a separate position of Chief of Department, the holder of which serves as the senior sworn uniformed member of the force.
Governor Theodore Roosevelt, in one of his final acts before becoming Vice President of the United States in March 1901, continued reforms he began as Superintendent by signing legislation that replaced the police commission and office of police chief (previously superintendent) with a single police commissioner.
The current Commissioner is William J. Bratton, who was appointed by Mayor Bill de Blasio and took office on January 1, 2014. The longest serving Commissioner is Raymond W. Kelly who served for 13 years in two separate appointments (1992–1994, 2002–2013), under Mayors David Dinkins and Michael Bloomberg.
List of Superintendents, Chiefs, and Commissioners
Prior to 1901, the NYPD was run by a board of four to six commissioners that jointly ran the department. The following is a list of some of the most famous members of the Police Commission:
- George Washington Matsell, 1845–1857, Superintendent
- John Alexander Kennedy, 1860–1863, Superintendent
- Abram Duryée, 1873–1874, Superintendent
- George Washington Walling, 1874-1885, Superintendent
- William Farrar Smith, 1875–1881, President Board of Commissioners
- Fitz John Porter, 1884–1888, Commissioner
- Frederick Dent Grant, 1894–1898, Commissioner
- Theodore Roosevelt, 1895–1897, Superintendent
- John McCullagh, 1897–1898, Superintendent
- William Stephen Devery, 1898–1901, Superintendent. The superintendent title was changed to Chief of Police in 1898. Devery was the Police Department's last superintendent, and first Chief of Police.
From 1901 onwards, the NYPD has been run by a single commissioner that solely ran the department. The following is a list of the commissioners:
- Michael C. Murphy, 1901–1902
- John Nelson Partridge, 1902–1903
- Francis Vinton Greene, 1903–1904
- William McAdoo, 1904–1906
- Theodore A. Bingham, 1906–1909
- William F. Baker, 1909–1910
- James Church Cropsey, 1910–1911
- Rhinelander Waldo, 1911–1913
- Douglas Imrie McKay, 1913–1914
- Arthur Hale Woods, 1914–1918
- Frederick H. Bugher, 1918
- Richard Edward Enright, 1918–1925
- George Vincent McLaughlin, 1926–1927
- Joseph A. Warren, 1927–1928
- Grover Aloysius Whalen, 1928–1930
- Edward Pierce Mulrooney, 1930–1933
- James S. Bolan, 1933
- John Francis O'Ryan, 1934
- Lewis Joseph Valentine, 1934–1945
- Arthur William Wallander, 1945–1949
- William P. O'Brien, 1949–1950
- Thomas Francis Murphy, 1950–1951
- George P. Monaghan, 1951–1953
- Francis William Holbrooke Adams, 1954–1955
- Stephen P. Kennedy, 1955–1961
- Michael J. Murphy, 1961–1965
- Vincent Lyons Broderick, 1965–1966
- Howard R. Leary, 1966–1970
- Patrick V. Murphy, 1970–1973
- Donald F. Cawley, 1973–1974
- Michael Codd, 1974–1977
- Robert J. McGuire, 1978–1983
- William J. Devine, 1983
- Benjamin Ward, 1984–1989
- Richard J. Condon, 1989–1990
- Lee Patrick Brown, 1990–1992
- Raymond W. Kelly, 1992–1994
- William J. Bratton, 1994–1996
- Howard Safir, 1996–2000
- Bernard Kerik, 2000–2001
- Raymond W. Kelly, 2002–2013 (second appointment)
- William J. Bratton, 2014– (second appointment)
In popular culture
- "New York City Charter" (PDF). City of New York.
- "Administration of the NYPD". City of New York.
- "The Life of Theodore Roosevelt". National Park Service.
- Lankevich, George L. (1998). American Metropolis: A History of New York City. New York: NYU Press. p. 85. ISBN 0-8147-5186-5.
- "Hylan Tells Why He 'Fired' Bugher; His 23-Day-Policy Commissioner Was Only 'Negatively Honest,' Kiwanis Hear". The New York Times. October 20, 1921. Retrieved February 8, 2013.