New York City mayoral election, 1993

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New York City mayoral election, 1993
New York City
1989 ←
November 3, 1993 → 1997

  Rudy Giuliani.jpg David dinkins.jpg
Candidate Rudy Giuliani David Dinkins
Party Republican Democratic
Alliance Liberal -
Popular vote 930,236 876,869
Percentage 50.9% 48.0%

NYC Mayoral Election 1993 Results by Borough.svg

Results by Borough
  Dinkins—60-70%
  Dinkins—50-60%
  Giuliani—60-70%
  Giuliani—80-90%

Mayor before election

David Dinkins
Democratic

Elected Mayor

Rudy Giuliani
Republican

The New York City mayoral election of 1993 occurred on Tuesday, November 2, 1993, with Republican nominee U.S. Attorney for the Southern District of New York Rudolph Giuliani narrowly defeating incumbent Democratic mayor David Dinkins.[1] They also faced several third-party candidates.

The election was a re-match between the same two candidates from 1989, when Dinkins had narrowly defeated Giuliani to win the mayoralty.

History[edit]

Dinkins had narrowly defeated Giuliani in the previous election. As in his unsuccessful 1989 campaign, Giuliani also ran on the Liberal Party ballot, while the Conservative Party line was held by activist George Marlin.[2] The city was suffering from a spike in unemployment associated with a nationwide recession, and with a rise in local unemployment rates from 6.7% in 1989 to 11.1% in 1992.[3] Giuliani promised to focus the police department on shutting down petty crimes and nuisances as a way of restoring the quality of life:

It's the street tax paid to drunks and panhandlers. It's the squeegee men shaking down the motorist waiting at a light. It's the trash storms, the swirling mass of garbage left by peddlers and panhandlers, and open-air drug bazaars on unclean streets.[4]

Under Dinkins' Safe Streets, Safe Cities program, crime in New York City decreased more dramatically and more rapidly, both in terms of actual numbers and percentage, than at any time in modern New York City history.[5] The rates of most crimes, including all categories of violent crime, made consecutive declines during the last 36 months of Dinkins' four-year term, ending a 30-year upward spiral and initiating a trend of falling rates that continued beyond his term. Despite the actual abating of crime, Dinkins was hurt by the perception that crime was out of control during his administration.[6][7][8]

Dinkins and Giuliani never debated during the campaign, unable to agree on how to approach a debate.[2][9]

Jimmy McMillan, the founder of the Rent Is Too Damn High Party, made his first run for political office in this election. In the course of his campaign, McMillan was at one point tied to a tree and doused with gasoline;[10] he would later climb the Brooklyn Bridge and refuse to come down from it unless television stations broadcast his message.[11] He was ultimately disqualified from the ballot for coming 300 petition signatures short of the 7,500 needed to qualify for the general election ballot.

Dinkins was endorsed by The New York Times and Newsday,[12] while Giuliani was endorsed by the New York Post and, in a key switch from 1989, the New York Daily News.[13] Dinkins earned 48.3 percent of the vote, down from 51 percent in 1989.[14] Although he was a moderate with a substantial history of building coalitions and supporting Jewish causes,[15] one factor in Dinkins' loss was his perceived indifference to the plight of the Jewish community during the Crown Heights riot. Another was a strong turnout for Giuliani in Staten Island; a referendum on Staten Island's secession from New York City was placed on the ballot that year by Governor Mario Cuomo and the New York State Legislature. Dinkins defeated Giuliani handily in Manhattan, Brooklyn, and the Bronx, but Giuliani's margin in the other two boroughs was large enough to win the election. Giuliani won by a margin of 53,367 votes. He became the first Republican elected Mayor of New York City since John Lindsay in 1965.[16]

Candidates[edit]

Rudy Giuliani- Republican Party (WON)
David Dinkins (incumbent)- Democratic Party
George J. Marlin- Conservative Party

Results[edit]

General Election
Manhattan The Bronx Brooklyn Queens Staten Island Total
change in Giuliani margin   + 21,433 + 8,256 + 27,786 + 16,428 + 26,517 + 100,447
Giuliani – Dinkins, 1989   – 97,600 – 72,471 – 39,071 + 94,670 + 67,392 – 47,080
Giuliani – Dinkins, 1993   – 76,167 64,215 – 11,285 + 111,098 + 93,909 + 53,367
Republican - Liberal Rudolph W. Giuliani 166,357 98,780 258,058 291,625 115,416 930,236
Democratic David N. Dinkins 242,524 162,995 269,343 180,527 21,507 876,869
Conservative - Right to Life George J. Marlin 15,926
1,889,003


References[edit]

  1. ^ Purdum, Todd S. (November 3, 1993). "Giuliani ousts Dinkins by a thin margin ...". The New York Times. 
  2. ^ a b "Q&A: George Marlin", The New York Sun, March 21, 2007; accessed June 24, 2007
  3. ^ New York State Department of Labor statistics,"Workforce industry data". Retrieved November 18, 2006. 
  4. ^ "NYC crime rate cut with penalties", BCHeights.com, November 3, 2005
  5. ^ A Mayor's Life: Governing New York's Gorgeous Mosaic by David N. Dinkins with Peter Knobler
  6. ^ Barrett, Wayne (June 25, 2001). "Giuliani's Legacy: Taking Credit For Things He Didn't Do". Gotham Gazette. Retrieved November 15, 2007. 
  7. ^ Langan, Patrick A.; Matthew R. Durose (December 2003). "The Remarkable Drop in Crime in New York City" (PDF). International Conference on Crime. Retrieved November 15, 2007. "According to NYPD statistics, crime in New York City took a downturn starting around 1990 that continued for many years, shattering all the city’s old records for consecutive-year declines in crime rates." 
  8. ^ Powell, Michael (October 25, 2009). "Another Look at the Dinkins Administration, and Not by Giuliani". The New York Times. Retrieved October 26, 2009. 
  9. ^ Katharine Q. Seeley "In G.O.P. Debate Today, Which Tack for Giuliani?", The New York Times, May 3, 2007. Accessed March 31, 2008.
  10. ^ Parente, Michele (1993-06-25). "A Political Attack? Would-be mayor tied to tree." New York Newsday.
  11. ^ Raftery, Tom and Miguel Garcilazo (1993-10-27). OWNER OF THE FLYEST HAIR ON EARTH "'Rambo' jams up B'klyn Bridge." New York Daily News.
  12. ^ "Why Dinkins Lost", Newsday, November 4, 1993
  13. ^ In an Endorsement, a Search for Signals NY Times, November 1, 1993
  14. ^ Purdum, Todd S. (November 3, 1993). "Giuliani ousts Dinkins by a thin margin ...". The New York Times. 
  15. ^ "Archives Main Page". Blackpressusa.com. November 11, 1989. Retrieved September 23, 2011. [dead link]
  16. ^ "Elected Mayors of New York City". NYC.gov. Archived from the original on October 12, 2007. Retrieved October 26, 2007.