New York Court of Chancery
The New York Court of Chancery was established during the colonial administration on August 28, 1701, the colonial governor acting as Chancellor. The New York State Constitution of 1777 continued the court but required a lawyer to be appointed Chancellor. It was the court with jurisdiction on cases of equity in the state of New York from 1777 to 1847. It served also as a court of appeal which reexamined cases decided by the New York State Supreme Court.
The Chancellor of New York, during the existence of the post, was the highest judicial officer in the state. From 1777 to 1822, he was an ex officio member of the Council of Revision. The Chancellor was also an ex officio member of the Court for the Trial of Impeachments and Correction of Errors in which his decisions could be appealed.
The Court of Chancery was abolished by the New York State Constitutional Convention of 1846, which reorganized the New York state judicial system. This became effective on July 5, 1847, when its equity jurisdiction was transferred to the New York Supreme Court and its appellate jurisdiction was transferred to the New York Court of Appeals. The Chief Judge of the Court of Appeals succeeded the Chancellor as the Head of the State's judicial system.
List of Chancellors of New York
- 1777 – 1801 Robert R. Livingston, (1746-1813), famous for swearing-in and administering oath of office at First Inaguration to first President George Washington at Federal Hall, New York City, April 30, 1789, co-drafter of "Declaration of Independence", partner with Robert Fulton of first steamship on Hudson River, "Clermont", 1807, sent by 3rd President Thomas Jefferson as negotiator in Paris with future fifth President James Monroe to Emperor Napoleon I of First French Empire for sale of "Louisiana Purchase", 1802-1803
- 1801 – 1814 John Lansing, Jr.
- 1814 – 1823 James Kent
- 1823 – 1826 Nathan Sanford
- 1826 – 1828 Samuel Jones
- 1828 – 1847 Reuben H. Walworth
- The New York Civil List compiled by Franklin Benjamin Hough (pages 352f; Weed, Parsons and Co., 1858)