Governor of New York

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Governor of New York
Privy Seal of New York.svg
Privy Seal
Standard Governor of New York.svg
=
Incumbent
Andrew Cuomo

since January 1, 2011
Style His Excellency
Residence New York State Executive Mansion,
Albany, New York
Term length Four years, no term limit
Inaugural holder George Clinton
Formation July 30, 1777
Deputy Robert Duffy
Salary $170,050 (2011)[1]
Website Governor Andrew M. Cuomo
Seal of New York.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
New York

The Governor of the State of New York is the chief executive of the U.S. state of New York. The governor is the head of the executive branch of New York's state government and the commander-in-chief of the state's military and naval forces. The officeholder is afforded the courtesy style of His/Her Excellency while in office.[2]

The current governor is Andrew Cuomo, a Democrat. Cuomo won the November 2010 gubernatorial election and was sworn in as the 56th governor of the state of New York on January 1, 2011.

Cuomo was reelected on November 5th 2014 by a 54% of the vote. His republican challenger Robert Astorino garnered 40.6% and third party candidates approximately 5.4%. The incumbent outspent his challengers by a factor of ten to one[3] and, as expected, carried the New York City area. Upstate, with few exceptions, was solidly for Astorino in spite of Cuomo's immense campaign expenditures.[4]

Powers and duties[edit]

The original Certificate of Election of John Jay as Governor of New York (June 6, 1795)

The governor has a duty to enforce state laws, and the power to either approve or veto bills passed by the New York State Legislature, to convene the legislature, and to grant pardons, except in cases of treason and impeachment.[A]

The governor of New York is often considered a potential candidate for President. Ten governors have been major-party candidates for president, and four, Martin Van Buren, Grover Cleveland, Theodore Roosevelt, and Franklin D. Roosevelt have won. Six New York governors have gone on to serve as vice president.[5] Additionally two Governors of New York, John Jay and Charles Evans Hughes, have served as Chief Justice of the United States.

Qualifications[edit]

Under the New York State Constitution, a person must be at least 30 years of age, a United States citizen, and a resident of the state of New York for at least five years prior to being elected to serve as governor.

History[edit]

The office of Governor was established by the first New York State Constitution in 1777 to coincide with the calendar year.[F] An 1874 amendment extended the term of office back to three years,[G] but the 1894 constitution again reduced it to two years.[H] The most recent constitution of 1938 extended the term to the current four years.[I]

Line of succession[edit]

The state constitution has provided since 1777 for the election of a lieutenant governor, who also acts as president of the state senate, to the same term (keeping the same term lengths as the governor throughout all the constitutional revisions).[J] Originally, in the event of the death, resignation or impeachment of the governor, or absence from the state, the lieutenant governor would take on the governor's duties and powers.[J] Since the 1938 constitution, the lieutenant governor explicitly becomes governor upon such vacancy in the office.[K]

Should the office of lieutenant governor become vacant, the president pro tempore of the state senate[6] performs the duties of a lieutenant governor until the governor can take back the duties of the office, or the next election; likewise, should both offices become vacant, the president pro tempore acts as governor, with the office of lieutenant governor remaining vacant. Although no provision exists in the constitution for it, precedent set in 2009 allows the governor to appoint a lieutenant governor should a vacancy occur.[7] Should the president pro tempore be unable to fulfill the duties, the speaker of the assembly is next in the line of succession.[L] The lieutenant governor is elected on the same ticket as the governor, but nominated separately.[M]

List of Governors[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kaplan, Thomas (January 3, 2011). "Cuomo, Before Seeking a Wage Freeze, Says He Will Cut His Salary 5%". New York Times. Retrieved January 9, 2011. 
  2. ^ [1]
  3. ^ http://www.nytimes.com/2014/11/05/nyregion/in-lopsided-money-race-cuomo-campaign-is-awash-in-cash.html?_r=0
  4. ^ http://www.politico.com/2014-election/results/map/governor/new-york/#.VFo88RZMiM1
  5. ^ Edward V. Schneier, John Brian Murtaugh, and Antoinette Pole, New York Politics: A Tale of Two States (2nd edition) (2010)
  6. ^ The state constitutions refer to this position as the "temporary president of the senate"
  7. ^ Peters, Jeremy W.; Chan, Sewell (September 22, 2009). "In 4-3 Vote, Court Says Paterson Can Appoint Lt. Governor". The New York Times. Retrieved September 22, 2009.