New York Mutuals
The Mutual Base Ball Club of New York was a leading American baseball club almost throughout its 20-year history. It was established during 1857, the year of the first baseball convention, just too late to be a founding member of the National Association of Base Ball Players. It was a charter member of both the first professional league in 1871 and the National League in 1876. Failing on the field and in the coffer, it declined to make its last western trip of the inaugural season. For the transgression it was expelled in December, and soon found itself defunct.
The Mutual club initially played its home games at Elysian Fields in Hoboken, with the New York Knickerbockers and many other Manhattan clubs, but moved to the enclosed Union Grounds in Brooklyn in 1868.
The Mutuals chose open professionalism in 1869–70 after NABBP liberalization. They joined the first professional league, the National Association of Professional Base Ball Players, for its 1871 to 1875 duration. In 1876, the Chicago White Stockings initiated the National League and recruited its members from West to East, partly to wrest control of professional baseball from Eastern interests. The Mutuals were one of eight charter members, six of whom were from the National Association. Weak (sixth place at 21–35) and cash-poor, the club refused to complete its playing obligations in the West; and was expelled.
On May 13, 1876, the Mutuals executed the first triple play in major-league history in a game against the Hartford Dark Blues.
Union Grounds proprietor William Cammeyer, often listed today as the Mutual club owner, signed the Hartford Dark Blues to play at his Union Grounds in 1877. The team was effectively a one-year replacement for the defunct Mutuals, and was sometimes called "Hartford of Brooklyn".
|Year||Won||Lost||Tied||Games||Rank in games (or in wins)|
|1858||11||1||—||12||2 (1st in wins)|
|1861||8||2||—||10||2 (tie 1st in wins)|
|1862||8||5||—||13||2 (2nd in wins)|
|1863||10||4||—||14||1 (tie 1st in wins)|
|1864||21||3||—||24||1 (1st in wins)|
|1865||12||4||—||16||5 (tie 4th in wins)|
|1866||10||2||—||12||15 (tie 5th in wins)|
|1867||23||6||1||30||4 (4th in wins)|
|1868||31||10||—||41||5 (5th in wins)|
|1869||37||16||—||53||3 (5th in wins)|
|1870||68||17||3||88||1 (1st in wins)|
|Championship matches with professional teams, 1869–1870|
|1869||11||15||—||26||1 (5th in wins)|
|1870||29||15||3||47||1 (1st in wins)|
|1871||16||17||—||33||1 (4th place)|
|1872||34||20||2||56||2 (3rd place)|
|1873||29||24||—||53||4 (4th place)|
|1874||42||23||—||65||2 (2nd place)|
|1875||30||38||3||71||4 (7th place)|
|1876||21||35||1||57||8 (6th place)|
Source for season records: Rio (2008).
- Hits – Joe Start (387)
- Runs – Joe Start (264)
- At bats – Joe Start (1314)
- Games – Joe Start (273)
- Doubles- Joe Start and Dave Eggler (40)
- Home runs – Joe Start (8)
- RBIs – Joe Start (187)
- Stolen bases – Dave Eggler (36)
- Wins – Bobby Mathews (100)
- ERA – Bobby Mathews (2.41)
- Strikeouts – Bobby Mathews (95)
- Innings – Bobby Mathews (16472⁄3)
- Lip Pike, major league baseball 4x home run champion
- New York Mutuals all-time roster
- 1871 New York Mutuals season
- 1872 New York Mutuals season
- 1873 New York Mutuals season
- 1874 New York Mutuals season
- 1875 New York Mutuals season
- 1876 New York Mutuals season
- Baseball history- Retrieved 2012-01-08
- Baseball-Reference. "New York Mutuals Team Index" (1871–1875). Retrieved 2006-09-17.
- Baseball-Reference. "New York Mutuals Team Index" (1876). Retrieved 2006-09-12.
- Retrosheet. "New York Mutuals (1871–1876)". Retrieved 2006-09-17.
- Wright, Marshall (2000). The National Association of Base Ball Players, 1857–1870. Jefferson, NC: McFarland & Co. ISBN 0-7864-0779-4