New York Naval Militia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
The New York Naval Militia
New York Naval Militia Patch.png
The New York Naval Militia Insignia
Active 1891 - Present
Country  United States of America
Allegiance  New York
Branch Navy
Type Naval militia
Role Military reserve force
Size 2,800 (approximately)
Part of New York Division of Military and Naval Affairs
Website http://dmna.ny.gov/nynm/
Commanders
Civilian leadership Governor Andrew Cuomo
Governor of the State of New York
State military leadership

Major General Robert L. Wolf
Commander, New York Naval Militia

Rear Admiral David J. Tucker
Deputy Commander, New York Naval Militia

Captain David H. Hawley
Chief of Staff, New York Naval Militia

The New York Naval Militia is the federally recognized naval militia of New York State and is under the authority of the Governor of New York as Commander-In-Chief of the state's military forces. With the New York Guard, the Army National Guard and Air National Guard, it is under the control of the New York Division of Military and Naval Affairs and New York's Adjutant General. As of November 2014, the New York Naval Militia has over 2,800 members, 95% of whom are also members of the U.S. Naval Reserve, U.S. Marine Corps Reserve, or U.S. Coast Guard Reserve.[1]

History[edit]

The New York Naval Militia was first created in 1889 and named the New Provisional Naval Battalion. The battalion was officially entered into State service on 23 June 1891, and was named the First Battalion, Naval Reserve Artillery. In 1892, the naval militia was called out to protect steam ship passengers during the cholera quarantine at Fire Island.[2]

After the sinking of the USS Maine, the New York Naval Militia sent five divisions of its 1st Battalion to fight in the Spanish-American War.[3] New York Naval Militiamen manned two auxiliary cruisers that fought in the Battle of Santiago de Cuba, and also conducted patrols of New York Harbor.[2]

The New York Naval Militia was activated during both World War I and World War II, as well as the Korean War.[2]

In 1996, the New York Naval Militia was called up after the crash of TWA Flight 800 into the New York Harbor.[4]

In 1997, a memorandum of understanding was signed between the New York Naval Militia and the United States Coast Guard which allowed Coast Guard reservists to join the New York Naval Militia. This was formalized by a change in New York law in 1998 which also allowed up to five percent of the New York Naval Militia to be qualified volunteers who were not reservists.[2]

In 2001, the state of New York created the New York State Military Emergency Boat Service (MEBS) in an attempt to strengthen homeland security efforts, and a fleet of high-speed, all-aluminum patrol boats was built for this unit.[5]

After the September 11 attacks, the New York Naval Militia was called up to aid in recovery efforts.[4]

Duties[edit]

New York Naval Militia MEBS fleet passes under the Bear Mountain Bridge

The New York Naval Militia has three elements of its official mission. The purpose of the New York Naval Militia is to:

  • Provide individuals and or detachments for service with National Guard, and or other federal, state and or local municipal agencies as directed.
  • Develop in coordination with DMNA: Naval doctrine, tactics, and equipment employed in the support of aid to Civilian Authority.
  • Perform such duties as The Adjutant General may direct.[6]

The Military Emergency Boat Service (MEBS) created in 2001 has additional responsibilities, including:

  • Port Security
  • Support of Law Enforcement
  • Surveillance
  • Evacuations
  • Maritime Transport[5]

Organization[edit]

The New York Naval Militia is organized into three regional commands: Southern Command, Northern Command, and Western Command, and one operational command, the Military Emergency Boat Service (MEBS).[7]

Educational Benefits[edit]

Since January 1, 1997, any active member of the New York National Guard or Naval Militia, in good standing, has been eligible to apply to receive tuition assistance, up to the cost of the State University of New York's (SUNY) maximum in-state undergraduate tuition, at any college, university, or community-technical college in the State of New York recognized and approved by the New York State Board of Regents or State University of New York.[8]

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "New York Naval Militia". The New York Naval Militia Official Website. Retrieved 25 December 2013. 
  2. ^ a b c d "New York Naval Militia History". The New York Naval Militia Official Website. Retrieved 25 December 2013. 
  3. ^ LaBarre, John. "The New York Volunteer Naval Militia". http://www.spanamwar.com/. Retrieved 25 December 2013. 
  4. ^ a b Tulak, Arthur N.; Kraft, Robert W.; Silbaugh, Don. "State Defense Forces and Homeland Security". Retrieved 25 December 2013. 
  5. ^ a b "New York Naval Militia Military Emergency Boat Service". The New York Naval Militia Official Website. Retrieved 25 December 2013. 
  6. ^ "New York Naval Militia Mission". The New York Naval Militia Official Website. Retrieved 25 December 2013. 
  7. ^ "New York Naval Militia Leadership". The New York Naval Militia Official Website. Retrieved 25 December 2013. 
  8. ^ "New York Naval Militia Education Benefits". The New York Naval Militia Official Website. Retrieved 25 December 2013. 

External links[edit]