New York State Capitol

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New York State Capitol
An ornate building, several stories high, of light colored stone. Many arches are visible on its front. On its sides are two large towers with pyramidal red roofs, echoed by similar smaller towers closer to the center with stone tops. In front of the camera, at bottom, is a plaza with a wavy-line pattern.
The New York State Capitol viewed from the southwest
General information
Architectural style Romanesque Revival architecture and Neo-Renaissance
Town or city Albany, New York
Country United States
Construction started 1867
Completed 1899
Cost $25 million
Client New York
Design and construction
Architect Thomas Fuller
Leopold Eidlitz
Henry Hobson Richardson
Isaac G. Perry
New York State Capitol
Built 1868
Part of Lafayette Park Historic District (#78001837)
NRHP Reference # 71000519
Significant dates
Added to NRHP February 18, 1971[1]
Designated NHL January 29, 1979[2]

The New York State Capitol is the capitol building of the U.S. state of New York. Housing the New York State Legislature, it is located in the state capital city Albany, on State Street in Capitol Park. The building, completed in 1899 at a cost of $25 million (worth approximately half a billion current dollars), was the most expensive government building of its time.[citation needed] It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1971, then included as a contributing property when the Lafayette Park Historic District was listed in 1978. The following year it was declared a National Historic Landmark.[2][3]

History[edit]

The current building is the fourth capitol building. A small building, the Abraham Van Gaasbeek house, was used briefly at Kingston, New York.[4] From August 22 to 25, 1777, the Van Schaick House at Cohoes was used by Governor George Clinton as the New York State Capitol.[5] After the Revolution, a second building was erected on land just in front of the current building.

Interim plan for the Capitol by Thomas Fuller

The present Capitol was constructed between 1867 and 1899. Three teams of architects worked on the design of the Capitol during the 32 years of its construction. They were managed by: 1867-75: Thomas Fuller, 1875–83: Leopold Eidlitz and Henry Hobson Richardson, 1883-99: Isaac G. Perry. Fuller, the initial architect, was an Englishman who also designed the Canadian Parliament buildings of Parliament Hill, Ottawa.

The ground floor of the state capitol was built in the Classical/Romanesque style. Lieutenant Governor William Dorsheimer then dismissed Fuller in favor of Eidlitz and Richardson.,[6] who built the next two floors in a Renaissance Classical style, noticeable on the exterior two floors as light, open columnwork. The increasing construction costs became an ongoing source of conflict in the legislature, and it was difficult to secure the funding necessary. Eidlitz and Richardson, were dismissed by Grover Cleveland upon his election to governorship and his review of the increasing costs of construction. He hired Perry to complete the project.[6] The legislative chambers, the fourth floor and roof work were all finished in Victorian-modified Romanesque that was distinctively Richardson's design. It "was Richardson who dominated the final outcome of the grand building, which evolved into his distinguished Romanesque style" (which came to be known as Richardsonian Romanesque).[6] It is claimed that Richardson was imitating the Hôtel de Ville (City Hall) in Paris, France.

Capitol building in 1919, photograph taken from Madison Avenue, southwest on hill

The central open court is dominated by a shaft intended to support a massive dome. The dome and tower were never completed, as it was found that the weight of the building was already causing stress fractures and actually to make the building shift downhill toward State Street. To stop this movement, a very large, 166-foot (51 m) long exterior Eastern Staircase was added to support the front facade. The Capitol exterior is made of white granite from Hallowell, Maine, and the building incorporates Westchester marble cut by state prisoners at Sing Sing. The granite structure is 220 feet (67 m) tall at its highest point, and it is one of eleven U.S. state capitols that does not have a domed roof. Underground tunnels connect it to the Empire State Plaza and Alfred E. Smith Building. The building's exterior is currently undergoing restoration.[7]

The Assembly Chamber was built with the largest open arched span in the world. However, this produced very inconvenient acoustic results. A more serious problem was that the shifting foundations of the whole structure made the vaults unstable. A lower false ceiling was introduced to prevent rock shards from the vaults from falling to the assembly floor.[8]

The Capitol initially featured two large murals by Boston artist William Morris Hunt painted directly onto the sandstone walls of the Assembly Chamber. The two enormous works, named The Flight of Night and The Discoverer, each some 45-feet long, were later covered when the Assembly's vaulted ceiling proved unstable and the ceiling was lowered four feet below the murals. Earlier, the murals had been damaged by moisture in the building and had begun to flake. Plans for later murals by Hunt were abandoned due to lack of funding, and some people have speculated the artist's suicide might have resulted from his resulting depression.[9][10][11]

Reputed ghosts[edit]

There have been reports that the building is haunted, to the point that a local historian offers a special Hauntings Tour. The best-known ghost is alleged to be that of Samuel Abbott, a night watchman who died during a severe fire on March 29, 1911, a fire that also destroyed half a million books while sparing sacred Iroquois artifacts.[12] A ghost haunting the Assembly chamber, supposedly producing cold spots and occasional flickering lights, is believed to be William Morris Hunt, angry over his work being concealed. Another one is said to be a local fruit vendor, despondent over his business, who committed suicide in 1890 by jumping off the staircase to the Senate chamber on the fourth floor.[13]

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

External video
NYSenateChamber.tif
New York State Capitol (12:29), C‑SPAN[14]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2007-01-23. 
  2. ^ a b "New York State Capitol". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. Retrieved 2007-09-11. 
  3. ^ Carolyn Pitts (January 1979). National Register of Historic Places Inventory-Nomination: New York State Capitol. National Park Service. Retrieved 2012-08-23.  and {{PDFlink New York State Capitol exterior undated photo; 289 KiB}}
  4. ^ "Kingston, New York". Revolutionary Day. Retrieved 2012-08-23. 
  5. ^ Chester H. Liebs (July 1970). "National Register of Historic Places Registration:Van Schaick House". New York State Office of Parks, Recreation and Historic Preservation. Retrieved 2010-10-13. 
  6. ^ a b c Historic New York: Architectural Journeys in the Empire State - Chapter 8, Finger Lakes
  7. ^ "Governor Paterson Signs Bill Extending Commission On The Restoration Of The Capitol" (Press release). New York State Office of General Services (OGS). June 4, 2008. 
  8. ^ "NYS Capitol Assembly Chamber". John G. Waite Associates. Retrieved 2012-08-23. 
  9. ^ Hunting Ghosts and History at the New York State Capitol, 27 October 2009, Timesunion.com
  10. ^ The Horses of Anahita or The Flight of Night, The Metropolitan Museum of Art
  11. ^ Art-Life of William Morris Hunt, Helen M. Knowlton, Reprinted by READ country books
  12. ^ 1911 Capitol Fire New York State Division of Education
  13. ^ Leyden, Liz (October 27, 2011). "Spending a Night With Ghosts Where Legislators Roam". The New York Times. Retrieved October 28, 2011. 
  14. ^ "New York State Capitol". C-SPAN. November 15, 2012. Retrieved March 14, 2013. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 42°39′09″N 73°45′26″W / 42.652553°N 73.757323°W / 42.652553; -73.757323