New York State Department of Corrections and Community Supervision
|New York State Department of Corrections and Community Supervision|
|Patch of the New York State Department of Corrections and Community Supervision.|
|Logo of the New York State Department of Corrections and Community Supervision.|
|Preceding agency||New York State Board of Prisons|
|Legal personality||Governmental: Government agency|
|Operations jurisdiction*||State of New York, United States|
|Headquarters||Main Office Building 2 W. Averell Harriman State Office Building Campus 1220 Washington Ave. Albany, New York
Training Academy 1134 New Scotland Avenue, Albany, New York
|Elected officer responsible||Brian Fischer, Commissioner|
|* Divisional agency: Division of the country, over which the agency has usual operational jurisdiction.|
The New York State Department of Corrections and Community Supervision (NYSDOCCS) is the department of the New York state government responsible for the care, confinement, and rehabilitation of approximately 54,700 inmates at 54 correctional facilities funded by the State of New York. The department employs a staff of approximately 31,300 individuals, including approximately 23,000 uniformed correction officers. Currently, this is the 12th largest state prison system in the United States. The headquarters is located in Building 2 of the W. Averell Harriman State Office Building Campus in Albany.
In response to falling crime rates and prison populations in New York State, the Department has closed a number of facilities between 2009 and 2014.
In 2011, the New York State Department of Correctional Services and the Division of Parole merged to form the Department of Corrections and Community Supervision. The department currently supervises 36,500 parolees at seven regional offices.
- Anthony Annucci 2013 to present.
- Brian Fischer 2007 to 2013.
- Raymond Francis Charles Kieb 1927 to ?.
The Departmental Mission
The mission of NYSDOCS is to provide for public protection by administering a network of correctional facilities that:
- Retain inmates in safe custody until released by law;
- Offer inmates an opportunity to improve their employment potential and their ability to function in a non-criminal fashion;
- Offer staff a variety of opportunities for career enrichment and advancement; and,
- Offer stable and humane "community" environments in which all participants, staff and inmates, can perform their required tasks with a sense of satisfaction.
The New York State prison system had its beginnings in 1797 with a single prison called Newgate located in New York City. A second state prison opened 20 years later in Auburn in 1817, and in 1825 a group of Auburn prisoners made the voyage across the Erie Canal and down the Hudson River to begin building Sing Sing.
Characteristics of New York State Prisons
In part as a response to the Attica Prison riot of 1971, a number of measures were taken to avoid future confrontations and reduce tensions. All New York State correctional facilities have monthly meetings between elected prisoner representatives and the prison administration, at which prisoners may present their concerns. A grievance process was instituted, by which prisoners may grieve any employee whom they feel is acting in violation of regulations. Packages may be received year-round.
At some medium-security prisons, facilities for conjugal visits are available for carefully selected inmates, including same-sex married couples. New York State is one of only four states with conjugal visits in 2014.
New York State does not have any privately-run prisons, and it runs its own health service to treat prisoners.
New York State has also been the national leader in reducing prison population and closing prisons. The reduction is both due to lower crime rates and to diversion of offenders into alternative programs.
Legal Power And Authority Of Correction Officers
|This section does not cite any references or sources. (September 2010)|
New York State Correction Officers have Peace Officer status under section 2.10 of the New York State Criminal Procedure Law. This authorizes them to make warrantless arrests, carry and use a firearm, and use physical and deadly physical force (doccs.ny.gov).
The last location for the execution chamber was in Green Haven Correctional Facility. The death chamber at Green Haven had never hosted an execution. Previously inmates were executed at the Sing Sing Correctional Facility.
Since the inception of the New York State Department of Correctional Services, 32 officers have died in the line of duty.
- List of United States state correction agencies
- List of law enforcement agencies in New York
- http://www.doccs.ny.gov/, http://sentencingproject.org/doc/publications/inc_Fewer_Prisoners_Less_Crime.pdf retrieved 2014-08-14
- "Contact Information." New York State Department of Corrections and Community Supervision. Retrieved on January 9, 2012. "Building 2 1220 Washington Ave Albany, New York 12226-2050"
- http://www.doccs.ny.gov/PressRel/2013/Prison_Closure_Announcement.html, http://www.doccs.ny.gov/PressRel/2008/prisonclosure.html, http://www.governor.ny.gov/press/06302011ClosureOfSevenStatePrisonFacilities, retrieved 2014-10-08
- Merger of Department of Correctional Services and Division of Parole, http://www.doccs.ny.gov/FactSheets/DOCS-Parole-Merger.html, retrieved 2014-08-18
- "Dr. Raymond F. C. Kieb appointed head of department of correction" 1 (2). 1927. p. 258. doi:10.1007/BF01567685.
- "Dr. Heacox Named Warden At Auburn. Heart Attack Forces Captain Hoffman To Resign Post He Took After Mutiny. 'Slow Up,' Doctor Advised New Appointee Physician At Prison". New York Times. March 19, 1930. Retrieved 2014-09-01. "Dr. Frank L. Heacox, chief physician of Auburn prison, was appointed acting warden today, succeeding Captain John L. Hoffman, whose resignation as warden was accepted by Dr. Raymond F.C. Kieb, Commissioner of Correction."
- "DR. KIEB IS DEAD. LONG A STATE AIDE, Former Correction Chief, 74, Was the Superintendent at Matteawan for 27 Years Appointed by Smith Favored Long Prison Terms". New York Times. March 13, 1956. Retrieved 2014-09-01. "Dr. Raymond Francis Charles Kieb, former State Correction Commissioner and an international authority on criminal insanity, died yesterday in Vassar Hospital. He was 74 years old. Dr. Kieb retired in 1942 ..."
- "Repeal of Death Sentence Regulations (Section 103.45 of 7 NYCRR)." New York State Department of Correctional Services. Retrieved on September 2, 2010.
- "Inmate 99-B-0067." New York State Department of Correctional Services. Saturday January 16, 1999. Retrieved on September 2, 2010."The UCP at Clinton has been physically operable for use since August 31, 1995, the day before the death penalty law took effect, as has a similar three-cell UCP for females at Bedford Hills Correctional Facility in Westchester County plus the single-cell death house at Green Haven Correctional Facility in Stormville in Dutchess County. Neither of the two latter units will be staffed until there are inmates on them."
- Scott, Brendan. "GOV PULLS SWITCH ON DEATH CELL." New York Daily News. July 24, 2008. Retrieved on September 2, 2010.
- "Department Receives First Death Penalty Inmate." New York State Department of Correctional Services. July 22, 1998. Retrieved on September 2, 2010.
- The Officer Down Memorial Page
- New York State Department of Corrections and Community Supervision
- New York State Department of Correctional Services (Archive)
- New York State Jail Facilities by County
- Corrections History Website