New York State Department of Financial Services
|Formed||October 3, 2011|
|Headquarters||New York, N.Y.|
|Department executive||Benjamin M. Lawsky, Superintendent of Financial Services|
|Key document||Financial Services Law|
The New York State Department of Financial Services (DFS) is the department of the New York state government responsible for regulating financial services and products, including those subject to the New York insurance, banking and financial services laws.
As part of the 2011 state budget, Governor Andrew M. Cuomo and the New York State Legislature consolidated the New York State Insurance Department and New York State Banking Department and created the New York State Department of Financial Services effective October 3, 2011. The purpose of consolidating the agencies and creating the Department of Financial Services was to modernize regulation by allowing the agency to oversee a broader array of financial products and services.
The mission of the Department, according to its website, is to: foster the growth of the financial industry in New York and spur state economic development through judicious regulation and vigilant supervision; ensure the continued solvency, safety, soundness and prudent conduct of the providers of financial products and services; ensure fair, timely and equitable fulfillment of the financial obligations of such providers; protect users of financial products and services from financially impaired or insolvent providers of such services; encourage high standards of honesty, transparency, fair business practices and public responsibility; eliminate financial fraud, other criminal abuse and unethical conduct in the industry; and educate and protect users of financial products and services and ensure that users are provided with timely and understandable information to make responsible decisions about financial products and services.
The Department supervises approximately 4400 entities, with assets of about $6.2 trillion. These entities include: state-chartered banks and trust companies; insurance companies; insurance producers; insurance adjusters; bail bond agents; service contracts; life settlements; budget planners; charitable foundations; check cashers; credit unions; investment companies; licensed lenders; money transmitters; mortgage bankers; mortgage brokers; mortgage loan servicers; premium finance agencies; private bankers; safe deposit companies; sales finance companies; savings banks; and savings and loans.
The New York State Legislature unanimously confirmed Benjamin M. Lawsky on May 24, 2011 as New York State’s first Superintendent of Financial Services. From May 24, 2011 until October 3, 2011, Mr. Lawsky also was appointed, and served as, Acting Superintendent of Banks for the former New York State Banking Department. As Superintendent of Banks, Mr. Lawsky led Governor Andrew M. Cuomo’s initiative to consolidate the New York State Banking Department and New York State Insurance Department towards a new financial regulator called the Department of Financial Services.
Mr. Lawsky is a graduate of Columbia Law School and Columbia College, and was previously an assistant U.S. Attorney and a special assistant to Governor Andrew M. Cuomo. As Superintendent of Financial Services, he is being paid $127,000 a year.
James J. Wrynn, former Superintendent of Insurance, was appointed as Deputy Superintendent of Financial Services for the Department. He left the Department in March 2012 to become a partner at Goldberg Segalla LLP.
The Department has five divisions: the insurance division; banking division, financial frauds and consumer protection division ("FFCPD"), capital markets division, and real estate division. The insurance division has life, health, and property bureaus. The FFCPD was created by the Financial Services Law and aims to protect and educate consumers of financial products and services. It also aims to fight financial fraud. The FFCPD pursues civil and criminal investigations of activities that may constitute violations of the Financial Services Law, Banking Law, Insurance Law, or other laws, and brings enforcement proceedings where appropriate.
The Department also has an Office of General Counsel, which is the legal arm of the Department. It drafts legislation, regulations, and circular letters, issues legal opinions, and renders legal advice to Department staff.
Offices and Locations
The Department's main office is in New York City at One State Street. The Department also has offices at 80 South Swan Street in Albany, One Commerce Plaza in Albany, 333 East Washington Street in Syracuse, 65 Court Street in Buffalo, and 163B Mineola Boulevard in Mineola.
The department's regulations are primarily compiled in titles 3, 11, and 23 of the New York Codes, Rules and Regulations (NYCRR).
On July 17, 2014, the department released details on a proposed BitLicense, which places regulations on any company or person that uses cryptocurrencies residing in New York. The proposed regulations were officially published in the New York State Register on July 23, beginning a 45-day comment period. On February 25, 2015, a revised proposal notice was published, beginning another 30-day comment period.
Standard Chartered fined
On 19 August 2014, Standard Chartered was fined $300 million by the department for breach of money-laundering compliance related to potentially high-risk transactions involving the bank's clients in Hong Kong and the UAE. The bank issued a statement accepting responsibility and regretting the deficiencies.
- Financial Services Law § 102. "The legislature hereby declares that the purpose of this chapter is to consolidate the departments of insurance and banking, and provide for the enforcement of the insurance, banking and financial services laws, under the auspices of a single state agency to be known as the 'department of financial services' [...]"
- History, About Us, New York State Department of Financial Services, retrieved on January 9, 2012, at http://www.dfs.ny.gov/about/history.htm /New York State Department of Financial Services website
- Mission, About Us, New York State Department of Financial Services, retrieved on January 9, 2012, at http://www.dfs.ny.gov/about/mission.htm
- Benjamin M. Lawsky, Superintendent of Financial Services, Leadership, About Us, New York State Department of Financial Services, retrieved on January 9, 2012, at http://www.dfs.ny.gov/about/staff_bios/blawsky.htm
- Who We Supervise, About Us, New York State Department of Financial Services, retrieved on January 9, 2012, http://www.dfs.ny.gov/about/whowesupervise.htm
- Liz Rappaport, Wall Street's New Watcher, The Wall Street Journal, retrieved on March 3, 2012, at http://online.wsj.com/article/SB10001424052970203405504576605790712611496.html
- Goldberg Segalla Appoints James Wrynn as Partner, Citybizlist New York, retrieved on March 3, 2012, at http://newyork.citybizlist.com/18/2012/2/9/Goldberg-Segalla-Appoints-James-Wrynn-as-Partner.aspx
- Contact Us, About Us, New York State Department of Financial Services, retrieved on January 9, 2012, at http://www.dfs.ny.gov/about/contactus.htm#offices
- Kashmir Hill, "Every Important Person In Bitcoin Just Got Subpoenaed By New York's Financial Regulator", Forbes, August 12, 2013. Retrieved August 13, 2013.
- New York State Department of Financial Services (July 17, 2014). "NYDFS Releases Proposed BitLicense Regulatory Framework for Virtual Currency Firms" (Press release). Retrieved July 19, 2014.
- Santori, Marco (July 18, 2014). "What New York's Proposed Regulations Mean for Bitcoin Businesses". CoinDesk. Retrieved July 19, 2014.
- New York State Register, Vol. XXXVI, Issue 23 (July 23, 2014), pp. 14-16. Rulemaking I.D. No. DFS-29-14-00015-P.
- New York State Register, Vol. XXXVII, Issue 8 (February 25, 2015), pp. 17-18. Rulemaking I.D. No. DFS-29-14-00015-RP.
- "US regulators ask Standard Chartered to pay $300 mn penalty". New York City News.Net. 19 August 2014. Retrieved 19 August 2014.