New York State Route 63

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NYS Route 63 marker

NYS Route 63
Map of western New York with NY 63 highlighted in red
Route information
Maintained by NYSDOT and the village of Medina
Length: 82.11 mi[2][3] (132.14 km)
Existed: 1930[1] – present
Major junctions
South end: NY 15 / NY 21 in Wayland
  US 20A / NY 39 in Geneseo
US 20 in Pavilion
NY 5 / NY 33 in Batavia
NY 31 in Medina
North end: NY 18 in Yates
Location
Counties: Steuben, Livingston, Wyoming, Genesee, Orleans
Highway system
NY 62A NY 63A
NY 36 NY 36A NY 37

New York State Route 63 (NY 63) is a state highway in the western part of New York in the United States. It extends for 82.11 miles (132.14 km) in a generally southeast–northwest direction from an intersection with NY 15 and NY 21 in the village of Wayland in Steuben County to a junction with NY 18 in the town of Yates in Orleans County, 2 miles (3.2 km) south of the Lake Ontario shoreline. The route passes through the city of Batavia and enters or comes near several villages, including Dansville and Medina.

NY 63 was assigned as part of the 1930 renumbering of state highways in New York, but to a largely different routing than it follows today. The original alignment of NY 63 was identical to its current alignment between Mount Morris and Pavilion; however, the route deviated significantly from its modern routing past those points as it extended southwest from Mount Morris to Hinsdale and north from Pavilion to Hamlin. It was rerouted north of Pavilion c. 1939 and south of Mount Morris in the early 1940s. The latter realignment supplanted New York State Route 36A, a Dansville–Mount Morris highway assigned in 1930. For a brief period during the 1970s, NY 63 began in Dansville instead of Wayland.

Route description[edit]

Wayland to Geneseo[edit]

NY 63 begins at a four-way intersection with NY 15 and NY 21 in the village of Wayland, located in northern Steuben County. It heads west through the village on the two-lane West Naples Street to a less developed part of the town of Wayland, where it parallels Interstate 390 (I-390) on the north side of a wide valley. The route soon enters Livingston County and the town of North Dansville, gaining the name Main Street as it bends northwestward into the village of Dansville. Here, it overlaps with NY 36 for one block through the village center, beginning at Clara Barton Street and ending at Ossian Street. After another block, NY 63 meets the south end of NY 256 at Perine Street. While NY 256 heads north toward Conesus Lake, NY 63 proceeds northwest past Dansville Municipal Airport and out of the village limits.[4]

A paved two-lane road curving to the left into the distance through a large grassy area below a blue sky filled with cumulus clouds
Flats along NY 63 north of Geneseo

Continuing north into the town of Sparta, NY 63 runs along the east side of a wide, rural valley surrounding Canaseraga Creek, with NY 36 and I-390 following the west side. The route eventually reaches the town of Groveland and hamlet of Groveland Station, where NY 258, a connector to NY 36, comes in from the west at the town line. Another long, open stretch brings the route to the vicinity of the village of Mount Morris, where it runs much closer to I-390 and indirectly connects to the expressway by way of NY 408 at Hampton Corners. From this point north, the road becomes busier as NY 63 is the primary route to the village of Geneseo for northbound traffic on I-390 itself, as there is no exit at the point where the expressway crosses under NY 63. I-390 ultimately bypasses Geneseo to the southeast while NY 63 heads north toward the village, briefly joining with U.S. Route 20A (US 20A) and NY 39 just outside the village limits.[4]

Geneseo to Batavia[edit]

The highway enters Geneseo from the south, taking the name Genesee Street as it passes the western edge of the campus of SUNY Geneseo. At the edge of the campus, the route crosses the Genesee River and exits Geneseo. Past the river in the town of York, NY 63 begins to curve northwest up and out of the Genesee River valley until it runs east–west once again at the hamlet of Piffard. The major junction in York is the community of Greigsville, where NY 63 reconnects with NY 36. This next section of highway has become a major shortcut for traffic heading to the Buffalo area, despite remaining a two-lane road through open rural country, since it is both physically shorter than going all the way to the New York State Thruway as well as toll-free. Most of this Buffalo-bound traffic follows NY 36 north from Mount Morris and turns on to NY 63 here. Signage along this route reflects this use.[4]

Two green signs on metal poles with white lettering and arrows pointing to the left. The larger one says "Buffalo area" and the smaller says "Trucks to Warsaw". There is a road behind it to the left leading to an intersection at the rear.
Sign at Greigsville directing Buffalo-bound traffic onto NY 63 from NY 36

From Greigsville, the route heads west through open land into the northeast corner of Wyoming County and the town of Covington. At Peoria, the highway turns to head due northwest, its direction for the next 30 miles (48 km).[4] The bend at Peoria was once a sharp, accident-prone turn known as Peoria Curve;[5] however, the route has been slightly realigned to the north to create a longer, more gradual curve. From Peoria, NY 63 runs across rolling, open terrain to the Genesee County line and the town of Pavilion. Just past the county line, the route connects to the northern end of NY 246. A mile (1.6 km) beyond, NY 63 drops down slightly to intersect with NY 19 at the hamlet of Pavilion. After the traffic light at the center of the hamlet, NY 63 crosses Oatka Creek and climbs back up out of the Wyoming Valley.[4]

Once atop the hill, it continues due northwest to its next junction, the underdeveloped crossing of US 20. Here at least some Buffalo-bound traffic will turn west. Eventually acquiring the name Ellicott Street, NY 63 crosses sparsely populated parts of the towns of Bethany and Batavia on its way to the city of Batavia. The route passes under the Depew, Lancaster and Western Railroad and the CSX Transportation-owned Rochester Subdivision rail line on its way into downtown, where it intersects the two major east–west trunk routes in this corridor, NY 5 and NY 33. It overlaps with both roads for several blocks along Main Street, with NY 33 splitting off at Oak Street. This junction is also where NY 63 meets the north–south NY 98, which connects to the Thruway just north of the city.[4]

Batavia to Yates[edit]

NY 63 forks from NY 5 at the western city line, returning to the town of Batavia, changing names to Lewiston Road as it passes by Batavia Downs and runs northwest from downtown. The highway crosses over the Thruway with no access to the highway on its way across another rural stretch leading to the village of Oakfield, located in the town of the same name, where NY 262 departs to the east. Just north of Oakfield, NY 63 turns due west on Judge Road, with Lewiston Road continuing northwest as County Route 12 (CR 12). NY 63 follows Judge Road into the town of Alabama, passing through the hamlet of South Alabama on its way to an undeveloped junction with NY 77 north of Basom. NY 63 turns north here, overlapping with NY 77 for 1.5 miles (2.4 km) to the hamlet of Alabama. In the center of the community, NY 63 reconnects to CR 12, and NY 77 turns west to follow the county road to the Niagara County line.[4]

NY 63 northbound in Medina

Past Alabama, NY 63 continues northward across the Iroquois National Wildlife Refuge and into Orleans County. It traverses open, undeveloped areas of the town of Shelby to reach the village of Medina. This village begins at a junction with NY 31 and NY 31A. The latter highway continues eastward while the former joins NY 63 through the village's historic central district on Main Street. At Center Street, NY 31E comes in from the west and NY 31 leaves NY 63 to continue east. NY 63 continues northwest on Main and Commercial streets to the edge of the village, where it turns northward onto Prospect Avenue and subsequently crosses over the Erie Canal.[4] The northernmost two blocks of the overlap with NY 31 are maintained by the village of Medina,[6] as are the two blocks of Main Street leading away from the north end of the concurrency. This is the only segment of NY 63 not maintained by the New York State Department of Transportation (NYSDOT).[7]

For the next 3 miles (4.8 km), the highway serves a stretch of scattered homes along the western bank of Oak Orchard Creek. It traverses a mix of fields and forests to reach the town and hamlet of Ridgeway, the latter located at NY 63's junction with NY 104. NY 63 briefly overlaps the east–west trunk road before resuming a northerly, downhill alignment toward the town of Yates. The route passes through the village of Lyndonville as Main Street, crossing over Johnson Creek in the center of the community before intersecting NY 18 about 1.5 miles (2.4 km) north of the village limits in the hamlet of Yates Center. NY 63 ends here while the highway continues north toward Lake Ontario as Lyndonville Road.[4]

History[edit]

Origins and designation[edit]

The New York State Legislature created a statewide system of unsigned legislative routes in 1908, with two of the routes using parts of what is now NY 63. The stretch of NY 63 connecting Dansville to Hampton Corners in the town of Mount Morris became part of Route 15, a highway continuing south to Hornell and north through Mount Morris to Caledonia. Farther north, the piece between Medina and Ridgeway was designated as part of Route 30, a cross-state route running from Niagara Falls to Rouses Point. Route 30 originally followed current NY 31 to Rochester;[8][9] however, it was realigned on March 1, 1921, to use Ridge Road instead, bypassing the Medina–Ridgeway highway.[10]

NY 63 northbound at Johnson Creek in Lyndonville

In the mid-1920s, three sections of modern NY 63 received posted route numbers for the first time. From Wayland to Dansville, the road was the westernmost part of NY 52. What is now NY 63 was unnumbered from Dansville northwest to Hampton Corners, where NY 36 entered from the west on current NY 408 and followed the path of NY 63 to Geneseo. The road was unnumbered again until Pavilion, at which point NY 62 joined from the south and utilized all of current NY 63 and CR 63-1 to reach the Lake Ontario shoreline in Yates.[11][12] By 1926, all numbered portions of current NY 63 were state-maintained, as were the unnumbered parts from Geneseo to Piffard and from Groveland to Hampton Corners.[12]

NY 63 was assigned as part of the 1930 renumbering of state highways in New York. The initial routing of NY 63 was significantly different from its modern alignment; in fact, the only portion of modern NY 63 that still follows its original alignment is the section between Hampton Corners and Pavilion. South of Mount Morris, the route followed what is now NY 408 to Dalton[1] and continued south on Old State Road and west on Allegany County's CR 16 to NY 19 west of the village of Angelica. NY 63 overlapped NY 19 south to Belvidere,[13] where NY 63 turned onto modern CR 20. It continued west on CR 20 and NY 446 through Cuba to a junction with NY 16 in Hinsdale, where it ended. North of Pavilion, NY 63 followed modern NY 19 to the Lake Ontario shoreline in Hamlin.[1]

Alignment changes[edit]

The portion of what is now NY 63 north of Pavilion was designated as part of NY 19 in the 1930 renumbering. However, unlike current NY 63, NY 19 continued north for another 2 miles (3.2 km) on Lyndonville Road past NY 18 to the Lake Ontario shoreline.[1] South of Mount Morris, modern NY 63 was designated as NY 36A from Mount Morris to Dansville. From Dansville to Wayland, the highway was part of NY 39 (later NY 245), a new route that replaced NY 52 in the 1930 renumbering.[1][13] The first change to NY 63 came c. 1939 when the alignments of NY 19 and NY 63 were swapped, placing both routes on their modern alignments.[14][15] NY 63 was altered again in the early 1940s to follow the former routing of NY 36A south from Mount Morris to Dansville, from where it continued east to Wayland by way of an overlap with NY 245.[16][17]

NY 63 north near NY 262 in Oakfield

NY 245 was truncated northeastward to Naples c. 1972[18][19] and NY 63 was cut back to NY 36 in Dansville around the same time,[20][21] leaving the Dansville–Wayland highway as an unsigned reference route.[22] This was partially reversed in the late 1970s or early 1980s when NY 63 was reextended to Wayland.[23][24] On April 1, 1989, ownership and maintenance of Lyndonville Road north of NY 18 was transferred from the state of New York to Orleans County as part of a highway maintenance swap between the two levels of government.[7] NY 63 was truncated to end at its junction with NY 18 while its former routing to the lake became CR 63-1.[25][26]

In the mid-2000s, the route was reconfigured in the northern part of Medina to use Main and Commercial streets instead of Center Street and Prospect Avenue. The change was made as part of a village project known as the Pass Thru Project,[27][28] and the realignment eliminated a three-block overlap with the easternmost part of NY 31E on Center Street.[6] Ownership and maintenance of NY 63's former alignment was transferred from the state to the village on July 1, 2010, as part of a highway maintenance swap that gave Commercial Street and the northernmost block of Main Street to the state.[7]

Proposed Mount Morris–Pavilion bypass[edit]

As part of a large scale study in the early 2000s, NYSDOT determined that NY 63 from Mount Morris to Pavilion, along with US 20 and NY 77—termed the "Route 63 Corridor"—were major trouble routes, primarily because of increased truck traffic using the corridor as a bypass between I-390 in Mount Morris and the New York State Thruway in Pembroke.[5] The most publicized and perhaps most fought-over possibility mentioned was that of a new expressway[29] from Mount Morris to Pembroke, bypassing these three routes. The Wyoming County Chamber of Commerce was a driving force behind this, hoping interchanges in Perry, Warsaw and Attica would promote business growth.[30]

While residents along the NY 63 corridor are against the increased truck traffic along the corridor (spurred by the North American Free Trade Agreement), most of those same residents, along with other groups, also fought the proposed expressway. The general consensus of all of these groups is that NYSDOT should impose restrictions on the NY 63 corridor and force trucks to remain on I-390 and the Thruway to travel between Buffalo and Pennsylvania.[30]

NY 63A[edit]

NY-63A (1927).svg

NY 63A was an alternate route of NY 63 between Angelica, Allegany County, and Nunda, Livingston County. The route was assigned as part of the 1930 renumbering[1] and redesignated as NY 408A in the early 1940s.[16][17]

Major intersections[edit]

County Location Mile
[2][3]
km Destinations Notes
Steuben Village of Wayland 0.00 0.00 NY 15 / NY 21
Livingston Dansville 6.29 10.12 NY 36 south Southern terminus of NY 36 / NY 63 overlap
6.42 10.33 NY 36 north Northern terminus of NY 36 / NY 63 overlap
6.51 10.48 NY 256 Southern terminus of NY 256
Groveland 14.43 23.22 NY 258 Eastern terminus of NY 258
21.05 33.88 NY 408 to I-390 Northern terminus of NY 408; hamlet of Hampton Corners
Geneseo 24.05 38.70 US 20A west / NY 39 west Southern terminus of US 20A / NY 63 and NY 39 / NY 63 overlaps
Village of Geneseo 24.36 39.20 US 20A east / NY 39 east Northern terminus of US 20A / NY 63 and NY 39 / NY 63 overlaps
York 30.26 48.70 NY 36 Hamlet of Greigsville
Genesee Pavilion 36.92 59.42 NY 246 Northern terminus of NY 246
37.89 60.98 NY 19
40.90 65.82 US 20 Hamlet of Texaco Town
Batavia 49.83 80.19 NY 5 east / NY 33 east Eastern terminus of NY 5 / NY 63 and NY 33 / NY 63 overlaps
50.10 80.63 NY 33 west / NY 98 to I-90 / Thruway Western terminus of NY 33 / NY 63 overlap
50.85 81.84 NY 5 west Western terminus of NY 5 / NY 63 overlap
Village of Oakfield 56.23 90.49 NY 262 Western terminus of NY 262
Alabama 62.57 100.70 NY 77 south Southern terminus of NY 63 / NY 77 overlap
64.06 103.09 NY 77 north Northern terminus of NY 63 / NY 77 overlap
Orleans Medina 71.80 115.55 NY 31 west / NY 31A Southern terminus of NY 31 / NY 63 overlap; western terminus of NY 31A
72.76 117.10 NY 31 east / NY 31E Northern terminus of NY 31/ NY 63 overlap; eastern terminus of NY 31E
Ridgeway 76.34 122.86 NY 104 west Western terminus of NY 63 / NY 104 overlap
76.50 123.11 NY 104 east Eastern terminus of NY 63 / NY 104 overlap
Yates 82.11 132.14 NY 18 Hamlet of Yates Center
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f Dickinson, Leon A. (January 12, 1930). "New Signs for State Highways". The New York Times. p. 136. 
  2. ^ a b "2011 Traffic Volume Report for New York State" (PDF). New York State Department of Transportation. September 25, 2012. pp. 124–125. Retrieved April 6, 2013. 
  3. ^ a b Yahoo! Inc. "length of NY 63 from NY 31E to NY 104". Yahoo! Maps (Map). Cartography by Navteq. http://maps.yahoo.com/#q=Medina%2C+NY&conf=1&start=1&lat=43.24745345465545&lon=-78.35689544677734&zoom=12&mvt=m&trf=0&q1=500+Main+St%2C+Medina%2C+NY+14103&q2=3001+N+Gravel+Rd%2C+Ridgeway%2C+NY+14103. Retrieved April 6, 2013.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i Google Inc. "overview map of NY 63". Google Maps (Map). Cartography by Google, Inc. http://maps.google.com/maps?saddr=W+Naples+St&daddr=42.6476391,-77.7521463+to:NY-63+N%2FN+Lyndonville+Rd&hl=en&ll=42.97853,-78.068848&spn=1.511082,3.56781&sll=43.344266,-78.390262&sspn=0.011735,0.027874&geocode=FWeIiQIdLBNg-w%3BFVfAigIdrphd-ymR0_74mHrRiTE8BJBxaRqVlQ%3BFY9vlQId-uFT-w&t=h&mra=dme&mrsp=2&sz=16&via=1&z=9. Retrieved April 5, 2013.
  5. ^ a b "Route 63 Corridor Study" (PDF). New York State Department of Transportation. Retrieved December 14, 2007. 
  6. ^ a b New York State Department of Transportation (1996). Medina Digital Raster Quadrangle (Map). 1:24,000. http://gis.ny.gov/gisdata/quads/drg24/dotpreview/index.cfm?code=o11. Retrieved November 15, 2009.
  7. ^ a b c New York State Legislature. "New York State Highway Law § 341". Retrieved April 6, 2013. 
  8. ^ State of New York Department of Highways (1909). The Highway Law. Albany, NY: J. B. Lyon Company. pp. 59, 63–64. Retrieved April 6, 2013. 
  9. ^ New York State Department of Highways (1920). Report of the State Commissioner of Highways. Albany, NY: J. B. Lyon Company. pp. 523, 542–544. Retrieved April 6, 2013. 
  10. ^ New York State Legislature (1921). "Tables of Laws and Codes Amended or Repealed". Laws of the State of New York passed at the One Hundred and Forty-Fourth Session of the Legislature. Albany, NY: J. B. Lyon Company. pp. 42, 64–66. Retrieved April 6, 2013. 
  11. ^ "New York's Main Highways Designated by Numbers". The New York Times. December 21, 1924. p. XX9. 
  12. ^ a b State of New York Department of Public Works (1926). Official Map Showing State Highways and other important roads (Map). Cartography by Rand McNally and Company.
  13. ^ a b Standard Oil Company of New York (1930). Road Map of New York (Map). Cartography by General Drafting.
  14. ^ Thibodeau, William A. (1938). The ALA Green Book (1938–39 ed.). Automobile Legal Association. 
  15. ^ Standard Oil Company (1939). New York (Map). Cartography by General Drafting.
  16. ^ a b Gulf Oil Company (1940). New York Info-Map (Map). Cartography by Rand McNally and Company.
  17. ^ a b Esso (1942). New York with Pictorial Guide (Map). Cartography by General Drafting.
  18. ^ Humble Oil & Refining Company (1971). New York (Map). Cartography by General Drafting.
  19. ^ Exxon (1972). Eastern United States (Map). Cartography by General Drafting (1972–73 ed.).
  20. ^ New York State Thruway Authority (1971). New York Thruway (Map). Cartography by Rand McNally and Company.
  21. ^ Gulf Oil Company (1972). New York and New Jersey Tourgide Map (Map). Cartography by Rand McNally and Company (1972 ed.).
  22. ^ New York State Department of Transportation (1977). Wayland Digital Raster Quadrangle (Map). 1:24,000. http://gis.ny.gov/gisdata/quads/drg24/dotpreview/index.cfm?code=t18. Retrieved November 23, 2010.
  23. ^ Exxon (1979). New York (Map). Cartography by General Drafting.
  24. ^ State of New York (1981). I Love New York Tourism Map (Map). Cartography by Rand McNally and Company.
  25. ^ New York State Department of Transportation (1996). Lyndonville Digital Raster Quadrangle (Map). 1:24,000. http://gis.ny.gov/gisdata/quads/drg24/dotpreview/index.cfm?code=n11. Retrieved November 15, 2009.
  26. ^ "Orleans County Inventory Listing" (CSV). New York State Department of Transportation. February 28, 2012. Retrieved April 6, 2013. 
  27. ^ Vagg, Miranda (October 23, 2007). "Medina: Village, state swap sites". The Journal-Register (Medina, NY). Retrieved April 6, 2013. 
  28. ^ Regan, Michael (March 29, 2006). "Village finances remain secure". The Journal-Register (Medina, NY). Retrieved April 6, 2013. 
  29. ^ "Route 63 Corridor Study: FAQs". New York State Department of Transportation. Retrieved December 14, 2007. 
  30. ^ a b "Rural Preservation League – Public Meeting Minutes". Archived from the original on October 22, 2009. Retrieved December 14, 2007. 

External links[edit]