New York State Route 7

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"NY 7" redirects here. NY 7 may also refer to New York's 7th congressional district.
This article is about the current alignment of NY 7. For previous alignments of NY 7, see New York State Route 7 (disambiguation).

NYS Route 7 marker

NYS Route 7
Map of eastern New York with NY 7 highlighted in red
Route information
Maintained by NYSDOT and the cities of Binghamton and Oneonta
Length: 180.47 mi[3] (290.44 km)
History: Designated NY 9 in 1924;[1] renumbered to NY 7 in 1927[2]
Major junctions
West end: PA 29 at the Pennsylvania state line in Conklin
  I-81 / NY 17 in Binghamton
NY 8 in Sidney
NY 28 in Oneonta
US 20 in Duanesburg
NY 5 in Schenectady
I-87 in Latham
I-787 in Green Island
East end: VT 9 at the Vermont state line in Hoosick
Location
Counties: Broome, Chenango, Otsego, Schoharie, Schenectady, Albany, Rensselaer
Highway system
NY 6B NY 8
NY 146B NY 146C NY 147

New York State Route 7 (NY 7) is a 180-mile (290 km) state highway in New York in the United States. The highway runs from Pennsylvania Route 29 (PA 29) at the Pennsylvania state line south of Binghamton to Vermont Route 9 (VT 9) the Vermont state line east of Hoosick. Most of the road runs along the Susquehanna Valley, closely paralleling Interstate 88 (I-88) throughout that road's length. Portions of the highway route near the cities of Binghamton, Schenectady, and Troy date back to the early 19th century.

Route description[edit]

Binghamton area[edit]

NY 7 begins at the Pennsylvania state line south of Corbettsville, where the road connects to Pennsylvania Route 29 (PA 29). Like PA 29 to the south, NY 7 follows Snake Creek north to Corbettsville, where it meets NY 7A on the banks of the Susquehanna River. From Corbettsville northward, NY 7 becomes the riverside highway, following the river (as well as U.S. Route 11 or US 11 and I-81 on the opposite bank) through Conklin to eastern Binghamton, where it indirectly connects to US 11 via a bridge over the Susquehanna.

The exit for NY 7 from I-81 and NY 17 in Binghamton.

The route continues west into downtown along Conklin Avenue, then heads north on Tompkins Avenue to traverse the Susquehanna River. On the opposite bank, NY 7 intersects US 11 and becomes Brandywine Avenue. After three blocks, NY 7 merges with NY 363, a limited-access highway. While NY 363 terminates at the merge, NY 7 follows the right-of-way of NY 363 northward, connecting to the concurrent routes of I-81 and NY 17 by way of an interchange before leaving the city limits.

Immediately north of Binghamton in Port Dickinson, NY 7 merges with I-88 across the Chenango River from the western terminus of I-88 at I-81. I-88 and NY 7 continue to the northeast along the Chenango River through Chenango Bridge (where the routes meet NY 12A) and Port Crane (where I-88 and NY 7 meet NY 369 and leave the path of the Chenango River) before separating in Sanitaria Springs. NY 7 is signed north-south from the PA line to I-88 near Binghamton, while the remainder of the route is signed east-west.

Binghamton to Schenectady[edit]

NY 7 overlaps NY 30A in the town of Schoharie

From Sanitaria Springs eastward, I-88 and NY 7 follow parallel routings through Colesville to Harpursville, where NY 7 overlaps NY 79 for a short distance and intersects NY 235 outside of the community. East of NY 235, NY 7 rejoins the Susquehanna River, following the river (as well as I-88 on the opposite bank) through several riverside villages (including Bainbridge and Unadilla) to Oneonta. West of the city, NY 7 meets NY 23 and joins the route into the heart of Oneonta. Near the eastern edge of the city, NY 23 breaks from NY 7 while NY 7 continues onward in the shadow of I-88 and the Susquehanna River. To the northeast in Colliersville, the Susquehanna separates from NY 7 and is joined by NY 28 while NY 7 continues along the path of Schenevus Creek.

Both I-88 and NY 7 head northeast along the creek through numerous communities to Richmondville, where NY 7 meets NY 10 at an interchange with I-88 near Cobleskill Creek. NY 10 turns east onto NY 7, forming an overlap along the creek to Cobleskill before separating from NY 7 in the center of the village at an intersection with NY 145. NY 145 then overlaps NY 7 east out of the village before separating midway between Cobleskill and Schoharie near Howe Caverns. North of Schoharie, NY 7 briefly overlaps NY 30A across Schoharie Creek before intersecting NY 30 west of the Schoharie-Schenectady County line.

Capital District[edit]

In Duanesburg, southwest of Schenectady, NY 7 intersects US 20 and meets I-88 once more at exit 24. Both routes continue northeast along Normans Kill into western Schenectady, where I-88 meets NY 7 one final time by way of another interchange before terminating at an interchange with the New York State Thruway (I-90). NY 7, however, passes over the Thruway with no connection and heads east into Rotterdam as Duanesburg Road. In the center of the community, NY 7 turns east onto Curry Road, remaining on the roadway to an interchange with I-890 adjacent to the Schenectady Albany county line. NY 7 merges with I-890 northward for two exits (creating a wrong-way concurrency) before exiting onto the Crosstown Arterial.

At the end of the arterial in eastern Schenectady, NY 7 becomes the at-grade Troy–Schenectady Road as it heads along the south bank of the Mohawk River into Albany County. Shortly after entering the county and the Town of Colonie, NY 7 leaves the river and progresses southeast toward the hamlet of Latham. Soon after passing the Albany International Airport and prior to entering the center of Latham, NY 7 meets I-87 (the Adirondack Northway) at exit 6. Here, NY 7 joins the Adirondack Northway northward while Troy–Schenectady Road continues east as NY 2. At exit 7, NY 7 separates from the Adirondack Northway and continues east on a five-lane, limited-access freeway known locally as "Alternate Route 7". The route connects to US 9 and I-787 / NY 787 by way of interchanges prior to crossing over the Hudson River and into Troy over the Collar City Bridge. The route remains a limited-access highway to 8th Street, where it becomes the at-grade Hoosick Street.

NY 7 continues east through Troy, intersecting NY 40 before exiting the city. Past Troy, the land surrounding NY 7 is largely rural as it heads through Pittstown to Hoosick, where it meets and is briefly concurrent to NY 22. Farther east, NY 7 intersects the western end of the Bennington Bypass, a limited-access highway leading to Bennington, Vermont, before crossing into Vermont and becoming Vermont Route 9.

History[edit]

Origins and assignment[edit]

The history of parts of NY 7 date back to shortly after the settlement of Hoosick in 1688. Hoosick was a part of the Manor of Rensselaerswyck and a public manor road was laid from Rensselaer to the site later of Troy at a ferry crossing, and then to the northeast as far as Hoosick. The section of NY 7 from Troy to Hoosick is that old manor road.[4] The 19th century toll road known as the Troy and Schenectady Turnpike (now the Troy–Schenectady Road) chartered in 1802, connecting the cities of Troy and Schenectady.[5] Another turnpike road, the Troy Turnpike, was established in 1831 and went east from Troy to Bennington, Vermont.[6] The road between Binghamton (at the location known as Chenango Point) through the village of Unadilla to the town of Otego was also an old turnpike road (Unadilla Turnpike) that was chartered in 1806.[7]

The state took over maintenance of certain trunk line highways at the beginning of the 20th century. Most of modern NY 7 was first defined in the 1909 Highway Law (amended in 1911)[8] as State Route 7, which was designated from the Pennsylvania state line at Binghamton town to Harpursville, then along the Susquehanna Valley through Oneonta to the town of Schoharie. From there, the legislative route 7 went east via Berne and New Scotland to Albany. The portion of modern NY 7 continuing northeast to Schenectady was part of State Route 7A. The road between Troy and Schenectady was defined as part of State Route 42, while that between Troy and Hoosick was part of State Route 22.

In 1924, when state highways were first publicly signed, most of what is now NY 7 between Binghamton and the Vermont state line was designated as NY 9,[1] continuing the numbering of New England Route 9 in Vermont. Within Albany, NY 9 followed the modern routing of NY 2 through Latham to Troy, where the connection to the modern alignment of NY 7 was made via current US 4.[9] In 1927, NY 9 was redesignated as NY 7 to avoid conflict with US 9.[2] The route north of Binghamton remained unchanged in the 1930 renumbering;[10] however, south of Binghamton, NY 7 was extended to the Pennsylvania state line, where it became PA 29.[11][12]

Realignments[edit]

Over the years, NY 7 has been realigned to follow different routings in and around the cities it serves. Prior to 1930, NY 7 began at Court Street in Binghamton and followed Chenango Street north into Fenton, where it turned east and continued through Port Crane to the Colesville hamlet of Sanitaria Springs.[13][14] In the 1930 renumbering, NY 7 was extended south to Pennsylvania by way of Court Street, Tompkins Street, and Conklin Avenue.[12][15] NY 7 was realigned slightly by 1947 to follow Robinson Street and Brandywine Avenue between Chenango and Tompkins streets.[15] The Brandywine Highway, a four-lane arterial through Binghamton and Port Dickinson, opened to traffic c. 1961 as a realignment of NY 7.[16][17] The portion of NY 7 between Port Dickinson and Sanitaria Springs was relocated onto a new limited-access highway between 1968 and 1973.[18][19] The segment of Chenango Street between the Binghamton city line and current NY 7 in Port Dickinson (a distance of 1.07 miles or 1.72 kilometres) is now NY 990H, an unsigned reference route.[3][20] The former routing of NY 7 between Port Crane and Sanitaria Springs is now NY 7B.[20]

In Schenectady, it was originally routed along Broadway, State Street, Nott Terrace, and Union Street.[2] It was shifted at some point between 1938 and 1947 to avoid downtown along Curry Road, Altamont Avenue and Brandywine Avenue.[15][21] Meanwhile, the portion of Curry Road between Altamont Avenue and NY 146 was designated as NY 146C in the mid-1930s.[22][23] NY 7 was rerouted c. 1962 to follow Curry Road east from Altamont Avenue to the new I-890, where NY 7 turned north and followed I-890 to modern exit 7. Here, the route split from I-890 and continued to the junction of Union Street and Rosendale Road east of the city by way of a new arterial. The NY 146C designation was removed from Curry Road as part of the change.[17][24] NY 7's former routing along Altamont Avenue from Curry Road to the Schenectady city line (a length of 0.96 miles or 1.54 kilometres) is now the unsigned NY 911H.[3][20] Prior to the creation of the modern reference route system, Altamont Avenue was designated as NY 951. Reference markers along the route still bear this number.[25]

In 1981, the Collar City Bridge was built, connecting Green Island with Troy in the Capital District.[26] By 1985, construction had begun on the NY 7 freeway, then planned as NY 7 Alternate, between I-87 and I-787 west of Green Island.[27] In 1986, NY 7 "Alternate" opened, becoming part of a realigned NY 7.[26] The old surface alignment was designated as an extension of NY 2.[28]

Suffixed routes[edit]

NY 7 currently has two spurs, both located in the Southern Tier. A third formerly existed in the Capital District near Schenectady.

Major intersections[edit]

County Location Mile[3] km Destinations Notes
Broome Conklin 0.00 0.00 PA 29 Continuation into Pennsylvania
1.26 2.03 NY 7A Northern terminus of NY 7A
City of Binghamton 11.11 17.88 US 11
11.57 18.62 NY 363 Northern terminus of NY 363
11.97 19.26 I-81 / NY 17 Exit 4 (I-81/NY 17)
14.14 22.76 I-88 west Exit 1 (I-88/NY 7); western terminus of I-88 / NY 7 overlap
Fenton 15.90 25.59 NY 12A Exit 2 (I-88/NY 7); eastern terminus of NY 12A
Port Crane 18.16 29.23 NY 369 Exit 3 (I-88/NY 7)
Colesville 21.36 34.38 I-88 east Exit 4 (I-88/NY 7); eastern terminus of I-88 / NY 7 overlap
Fenton 21.59 34.75 NY 7B Eastern terminus of NY 7B
Colesville 28.56 45.96 NY 79 west Western terminus of NY 7 / NY 79 overlap
Nineveh 29.81 47.97 NY 79 east Eastern terminus of NY 7 / NY 79 overlap
30.97 49.84 NY 235 Southern terminus of NY 235
Chenango Village of Afton 37.27 59.98 NY 41
Village of Bainbridge 43.01 69.22 NY 206
Otsego Town of Sidney 47.32 76.15 NY 8
Town of Unadilla 53.49 86.08 NY 357 Western terminus of NY 357
Village of Otego 67.72 108.98 NY 205
Town of Oneonta 68.69 110.55 NY 23 west Western terminus of NY 7 / NY 23 overlap
70.95 114.18 NY 23 east Eastern terminus of NY 7 / NY 23 overlap
Town of Milford 76.00 122.31 NY 28
Schoharie Village of Richmondville 103.20 166.08 NY 10 south Western terminus of NY 7 / NY 10 overlap
Town of Richmondville 105.73 170.16 I-88 Exit 20 (I-88)
Village of Cobleskill 107.70 173.33 NY 10 north / NY 145 north Eastern terminus of NY 7 / NY 10 overlap; western terminus of NY 7 / NY 145 overlap
111.07 178.75 NY 145 south Eastern terminus of NY 7 / NY 145 overlap
Town of Schoharie 115.87 186.47 NY 30A north Western terminus of NY 7 / NY 30A overlap
117.01 188.31 NY 30A south Eastern terminus of NY 7 / NY 30A overlap
119.06 191.61 NY 30
Schenectady Delanson 123.89 199.38 NY 395
Duanesburg 127.24 204.77 US 20
Princetown 128.23 206.37 I-88 Exit 24 (I-88)
Town of Rotterdam 133.15 214.28 I-88 to I-90 / Thruway Exit 25 (I-88)
134.07 215.76 NY 337 Southern terminus of NY 337
135.62 218.26 NY 159 Eastern terminus of NY 159
136.16 219.13 NY 158 Northern terminus of NY 158
138.44 222.80 NY 146 to I-890 east
Albany Guilderland 139.14 223.92 I-890 Exit 9 (I-890); southern terminus of I-890 / NY 7 overlap
Schenectady Schenectady 140.71 226.45 I-890 west Exit 7 (I-890); northern terminus of I-890 / NY 7 overlap
141.55 227.80 NY 5
Niskayuna 142.70 229.65 Rosendale Road Former western terminus of NY 7C
Albany Town of Colonie 146.39 235.59 Rosendale Road / Vly Road Former eastern terminus of NY 7C
149.92 241.27 I-87 south / NY 2 Exit 6 (I-87); southern terminus of I-87 / NY 7 overlap; western terminus of NY 2
West end of freeway section
150.53 242.25 I-87 north Exit 7 (I-87); northern terminus of I-87 / NY 7 overlap
151.00 243.01 US 9 / NY 9R – Latham, Cohoes
154.41 248.50 I-787 south / NY 787 north – Albany, Watervliet, Cohoes Exit 9 (I-787); northern terminus of I-787; southern terminus of NY 787
Hudson River Collar City Bridge
Rensselaer Troy Downtown Troy Eastbound exit and westbound entrance
155.02 249.48 8th Street At-grade intersection
East end of freeway section
155.12 249.64 NY 40 Southern terminus of NY 40
Brunswick 158.75 255.48 NY 142 Eastern terminus of NY 142
159.78 257.14 NY 278 Northern terminus of NY 278
Hoosick 176.02 283.28 NY 22 south Western terminus of NY 7 / NY 22 overlap
176.35 283.81 NY 22 north Eastern terminus of NY 7 / NY 22 overlap
179.57 288.99 To VT 279 (NY 915G)
180.47 290.44 VT 9 Continuation into Vermont
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "New York's Main Highways Designated by Numbers". The New York Times. December 21, 1924. p. XX9. 
  2. ^ a b c Automobile Blue Book 1 (1927 ed.). Chicago: Automobile Blue Book, Inc. 1927.  This edition shows U.S. Routes as they were first officially signed in 1927.
  3. ^ a b c d e f "2008 Traffic Volume Report for New York State" (PDF). New York State Department of Transportation. June 16, 2009. pp. 16–19, 262, 291. Retrieved January 30, 2010. 
  4. ^ Barnett, J. N. (1881). History of Gilead Evangelical Lutheran Church, Centre Brunswick, Rensselaer Co., N. Y., and its vicinity. Fort Wayne, Indiana: Gazette Co. p. 10. 
  5. ^ Howell, George Rogers (1886). History of the County of Schenectady, N.Y., from 1662 to 1886. W.W. Munsell and Co. Publishers. 
  6. ^ Anderson, George Baker (1897). "History of Troy, New York". D. Mason and Co. Publishers. Retrieved November 24, 2007. 
  7. ^ New York State Legislature (1806). "98". Laws of the State of New York 4. Albany, NY: Websters and Skinner. p. 448. Retrieved May 4, 2010. 
  8. ^ State of New York Commission of Highways (1919). The Highway Law. Albany, NY: J. B. Lyon Company. Retrieved May 4, 2010. 
  9. ^ Rand McNally and Company (1926). Rand McNally Road Atlas (Map). http://www.broermapsonline.org/members/NorthAmerica/UnitedStates/Midatlantic/NewYork/unitedstates1926ra_009.html. Retrieved September 12, 2007.
  10. ^ Dickinson, Leon A. (January 12, 1930). "New Signs for State Highways". The New York Times. p. 136. 
  11. ^ a b Automobile Blue Book Inc. (1929). Automobile Blue Book (Map). http://www.broermapsonline.org/members/NorthAmerica/UnitedStates/Midatlantic/Pennsylvania/bluebook1929_015.html. Retrieved September 12, 2007.
  12. ^ a b c Pennsylvania Department of Highways (1930) (PDF). Tourist Map of Pennsylvania (Map). ftp://ftp.dot.state.pa.us/public/pdf/BPR_pdf_files/Maps/Statewide/Historic_OTMs/1930fr.pdf. Retrieved September 12, 2007.
  13. ^ Automobile Blue Book 3. Automobile Blue Book Inc. 1929. p. 18. Retrieved December 5, 2009. 
  14. ^ Standard Oil Company of New York (1929). New York in Soconyland (Map). Cartography by General Drafting.
  15. ^ a b c State of New York Department of Public Works. Official Highway Map of New York State (Map). Cartography by General Drafting (1947–48 ed.).
  16. ^ a b Gulf Oil Company (1960). New York and New Jersey Tourgide Map (Map). Cartography by Rand McNally and Company.
  17. ^ a b c Sunoco (1961). New York and Metropolitan New York (Map). Cartography by H.M. Gousha Company (1961–62 ed.).
  18. ^ a b Esso (1968). New York (Map). Cartography by General Drafting (1969–70 ed.).
  19. ^ Sunoco (1973). New York (Map). Cartography by H.M. Gousha Company (1973 ed.).
  20. ^ a b c New York State Department of Transportation (January 2012). Official Description of Highway Touring Routes, Bicycling Touring Routes, Scenic Byways, & Commemorative/Memorial Designations in New York State (PDF). Retrieved February 1, 2012. 
  21. ^ Thibodeau, William A. (1938). The ALA Green Book (1938–39 ed.). Automobile Legal Association. 
  22. ^ Texas Oil Company (1934). Road Map of New York (Map). Cartography by Rand McNally and Company.
  23. ^ Standard Oil Company (1936). New York (Map). Cartography by General Drafting.
  24. ^ Esso (1962). New York with Sight-Seeing Guide (Map). Cartography by General Drafting.
  25. ^ Perry, N.W. "Reference Routes, Region 1". Empire State Roads. Retrieved December 6, 2009. 
  26. ^ a b National Bridge Inventory, a database compiled by the United States Department of Transportation Federal Highway Administration, available at www.nationalbridges.com. Accessed September 12, 2007.
  27. ^ Rand McNally and Company (1985). New York (Map). ISBN 0-528-91040-X.
  28. ^ DeLorme Mapping (1990). Upstate New York City Street Maps (Map). 1" = 1/2 mile. Cartography by DeLorme Mapping (1st ed.). p. 39, section E1. ISBN 0-89933-300-1.
  29. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Transportation (2010) (PDF). General Highway Map – Susquehanna County, Pennsylvania (Map). ftp://ftp.dot.state.pa.us/public/pdf/BPR_pdf_files/Maps/GHS/Roadnames/susquehanna_GHSN.PDF. Retrieved May 4, 2010.
  30. ^ Standard Oil Company of New York (1930). Road Map of New York (Map). Cartography by General Drafting.
  31. ^ Automobile Legal Association (ALA) Automobile Green Book, 1930–31 and 1931–32 editions, (Scarborough Motor Guide Co., Boston, 1930 and 1931). The 1930–31 edition shows New York state routes prior to the 1930 renumbering
  32. ^ a b State of New York Department of Transportation (January 1, 1970). Official Description of Touring Routes in New York State (PDF). Retrieved January 3, 2010. 
  33. ^ Sinsabaugh, Mark. "New York State Route 7B". New York Routes. Retrieved November 26, 2007. 
  34. ^ New York State Department of Transportation (1994). Chenango Forks Digital Raster Quadrangle (Map). 1:24,000. http://gis.ny.gov/gisdata/quads/drg24/dotpreview/index.cfm?code=w32. Retrieved November 5, 2010.
  35. ^ National Geographic Maps (2001). National Geographic Road Atlas (Map). Cartography by Mapquest. p. 77, section Q15. ISBN 1-57262-547-3.
  36. ^ Perry, N.W. "NYS Reference Routes: Region 9". Empire State Roads. Retrieved November 26, 2007. 
  37. ^ New York State Legislature. "New York State Highway Law § 341". Retrieved December 5, 2009. 
  38. ^ New York State Department of Transportation (1992). Niskayuna Digital Raster Quadrangle (Map). 1:24,000. http://gis.ny.gov/gisdata/quads/drg24/dotpreview/index.cfm?code=r48. Retrieved December 5, 2009.

External links[edit]