Whitney Museum of American Art (original building)

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Coordinates: 40°43′59″N 73°59′54″W / 40.73295°N 73.998306°W / 40.73295; -73.998306

Whitney Museum of American Art
(original building)
Whitney Museum 8-12 West 8th Street.jpg
(2011)
Location 8-14 West 8th Street
Manhattan, New York City[1][2]
Built 1838 (original buildings)
1931 (remodeled into gallery and residence)
1936 (remodeled into museum)[3][4]
Architect Auguste L. Noel of Noel & Miller (1931 and 1936)[1]
Architectural style Neoclassical
Governing body private
NRHP Reference # 92001877
Significant dates
Added to NRHP April 27, 1992[5]
Designated NHL April 27, 1992 [6]

The Whitney Museum of American Art original building is a collection of three 1838 rowhouses located at 8-12 West 8th Street between Fifth Avenue and MacDougal Street in the Greenwich Village neighborhood of Manhattan, New York City. In 1914, Gertrude Vanderbilt Whitney established the Whitney Studio Club at 8 West 8th Street adjacent to her own MacDougal Alley studio. The club was intended to be a place where young artists could exhibit their works.[1]

In 1929, when the Metropolitan Museum of Art rejected Whitney's offer of a gift of new artworks that she had collected, Whitney established the Whitney Museum of American Art. In 1931 she had architect Auguste L. Noel of the firm of Noel & Miller convert the three row houses at 8-12 West 8th Street into a gallery and residence for herself, and then, in 1936, into the museum's first home.[1][3] In the 1940s, there were unrealized plans (as part of the 75th anniversary celebration of the Metropolitan Museum of Art) to incorporate the collections of the Whitney into the Metropolitan Museum. [7] In 1954, the museum moved uptown to new quarters – eventually settling in 1966 at 945 Madison Avenue at East 75th Street – and the building, with the addition of #14 West 8th Street, an Italianate house built in 1853-54,[3] became the New York Studio School of Drawing, Painting and Sculpture.[1]

The building is located within the Greenwich Village Historic District, established in 1969 by the New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission, and was declared a National Historic Landmark in 1992.[6][8]

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References[edit]

Notes

  1. ^ a b c d e New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission; Postal, Matthew A. (ed. and text); Dolkart, Andrew S. (text). (2009) Guide to New York City Landmarks (4th ed.) New York:John Wiley and Sons. ISBN 978-0-470-28963-1, p.54
  2. ^ Harris, Bill; One Thousand New York Buildings, 1st Edition; Black Dog and Leventhal. 2002. ISBN 1-57912-443-7; p.135.
  3. ^ a b c New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission Greenwich Village Historic District Designation Report v.1 (April 1969) p.151
  4. ^ White, Norval & Willensky, Elliot with Leadon, Fran (2010). AIA Guide to New York City (5th ed.). New York: Oxford University Press. ISBN 9780195383867. , p.133
  5. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2010-07-09. 
  6. ^ a b "New York Studio School of Drawing, Painting, and Sculpture". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. 2007-09-17. 
  7. ^ Finding aid for the Metropolitan Museum of Art 75th Anniversary Committee records, 1945-1950, Metropolitan Museum of Art.
  8. ^ Avis Berman (December 2, 1991). National Historic Landmark Nomination: Whitney Museum of American Art / New York Studio School of Drawing, Painting and Sculpture PDF (702 KB). National Park Service.  and Accompanying 26 photos, exterior and interipr, from 1906-1991 PDF (10.1 MB)

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