Whitney Museum of American Art (original building)
Whitney Museum of American Art
|Location||8-14 West 8th Street
Manhattan, New York City
|Built||1838 (original buildings)
1931 (remodeled into gallery and residence)
1936 (remodeled into museum)
|Architect||Auguste L. Noel of Noel & Miller (1931 and 1936)|
|NRHP Reference #||92001877|
|Added to NRHP||April 27, 1992|
|Designated NHL||April 27, 1992 |
The Whitney Museum of American Art original building is a collection of three 1838 rowhouses located at 8-12 West 8th Street between Fifth Avenue and MacDougal Street in the Greenwich Village neighborhood of Manhattan, New York City. In 1914, Gertrude Vanderbilt Whitney established the Whitney Studio Club at 8 West 8th Street adjacent to her own MacDougal Alley studio. The club was intended to be a place where young artists could exhibit their works.
In 1929, when the Metropolitan Museum of Art rejected Whitney's offer of a gift of new artworks that she had collected, Whitney established the Whitney Museum of American Art. In 1931 she had architect Auguste L. Noel of the firm of Noel & Miller convert the three row houses at 8-12 West 8th Street into a gallery and residence for herself, and then, in 1936, into the museum's first home. In the 1940s, there were unrealized plans (as part of the 75th anniversary celebration of the Metropolitan Museum of Art) to incorporate the collections of the Whitney into the Metropolitan Museum.  In 1954, the museum moved uptown to new quarters – eventually settling in 1966 at 945 Madison Avenue at East 75th Street – and the building, with the addition of #14 West 8th Street, an Italianate house built in 1853-54, became the New York Studio School of Drawing, Painting and Sculpture.
The building is located within the Greenwich Village Historic District, established in 1969 by the New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission, and was declared a National Historic Landmark in 1992.
- New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission; Postal, Matthew A. (ed. and text); Dolkart, Andrew S. (text). (2009) Guide to New York City Landmarks (4th ed.) New York:John Wiley and Sons. ISBN 978-0-470-28963-1, p.54
- Harris, Bill; One Thousand New York Buildings, 1st Edition; Black Dog and Leventhal. 2002. ISBN 1-57912-443-7; p.135.
- New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission Greenwich Village Historic District Designation Report v.1 (April 1969) p.151
- White, Norval & Willensky, Elliot with Leadon, Fran (2010). AIA Guide to New York City (5th ed.). New York: Oxford University Press. ISBN 9780195383867., p.133
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2010-07-09.
- "New York Studio School of Drawing, Painting, and Sculpture". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. 2007-09-17.
- Finding aid for the Metropolitan Museum of Art 75th Anniversary Committee records, 1945-1950, Metropolitan Museum of Art.
- Avis Berman (December 2, 1991). PDF (702 KB). National Park Service. and PDF (10.1 MB)
- Places Where Women Made History: New York Studio School of Drawing, Painting and Sculpture, at National Park Service
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