Long Beach Branch

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     Long Beach Branch
LIRR Train 853 leaves Lynbrook.jpg
Long Beach Branch train #853 departs Lynbrook, en route
to New York Penn Station.
Overview
Type Commuter rail
System Long Island Rail Road
Status Operational
Locale Nassau County, New York, USA
Termini Valley Stream
Long Beach
Stations 5
Services
  Long Beach Branch
Operation
Opening 1880 (as New York and Long Beach Railroad)
Owner Long Island Rail Road
Operator(s) Metropolitan Transportation Authority
Technical
Track gauge 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm)
Electrification 750V (DC) Third rail
Route map
Lynbrook Babylon Branch (east) ►
Centre Avenue
East Rockaway
Atlantic Avenue closed 1951
Oceanside
Simpsons Channel
Jekyl Island closed 1922
Island Park
Reynolds Channel
Wreck Lead closed 1927
Long Beach Marine Railway Company
abandoned 1890
Queenswater closed 1936
Club House closed 1909
Long Beach

Distances shown in miles from Pennsylvania Station.

The Long Beach Branch is an electrified rail line and service owned and operated by the Long Island Rail Road in the U.S. state of New York. The branch begins at Valley Interlocking, at Valley Stream station, where the Atlantic Branch tracks from the west are redesignated Long Beach Branch and the Far Rockaway Branch curves south. East from there the Long Beach Branch parallels the Montauk Branch to Lynbrook, where it turns south toward Long Beach. [1][2]

History[edit]

The Long Beach Train Station

The Long Beach Branch began as the New York and Long Beach Railroad Company from Lynbrook to Long Beach in 1880. The original southern terminus was along the Atlantic Ocean. LIRR leased and operated the NY&LB RR from 1880 to 1904, at which time the NY&LB RR merged with the LIRR. Five years later, the station was moved from the ocean front to Reynolds Channel, where it remains today.

A five mile (8 km) extension to Point Lookout, New York owned by the Long Beach Marine Railway Company existed between 1881 and 1895. When the LIRR bought the line in 1886, they continued to operate passenger trains along the line until 1890.[3]

The branch was extended westward from Lynbrook to Valley Stream in 1910 as part of its integration into the Atlantic Branch. The line was double-tracked from Valley Stream to Lynbrook in late 1910, then from East Rockaway to Wreck Lead (“WL”) on January 15, 1927. Electrification of the main tracks from Valley Stream to Long Beach was finished in September 1910. Electrification came to freight sidings between 1928 and 1930. Color light signals were installed in January, 1927; they were later replaced by PRR-style position light signals.

Hurricane Sandy service disruptions[edit]

Hurricane Sandy struck Long Island on October 29-30, 2012, and the Long Beach Branch was the most seriously affected of all the LIRR lines. Third rail power was lost, as three of the four substations on the line were knocked out. The line between Island Park and Long Beach was strewn with debris, and switch motors at Long Beach station, along with other signal and communications components on the line, were rendered inoperative due to immersion in salt water. Partial service was restored on November 14, when a diesel-operated shuttle between Lynbrook and Long Beach began operating on a modified weekday schedule, with shuttle buses being utilized on weekends and Thanksgiving in place of train service. Full electric service, initially not expected to return until January 2013,[4] was restored much earlier than anticipated, on November 25, 2012.[5]

Service[edit]

On weekdays, most Long Beach Branch trains serve Penn Station, with limited service to/from Atlantic Terminal, and run express between Jamaica and Valley Stream. On weekends, trains also stop at Locust Manor, Laurelton and Rosedale, and all trains serve Penn except for some post-midnight trains to/from Atlantic Terminal and one to Jamaica.

Stations[edit]

Zone Station Miles (km) from
Penn Station[6]
Date
opened
Date
closed
Connections / notes
3 For continuing service to Jamaica and points west, see Atlantic Branch
4 Lynbrook Handicapped/disabled access 19.5 (31.4) October 28, 1867[7] BSicon BAHN.svg LIRR: Babylon Branch
Bus transport NICE Bus: N4, N25, N31, N32, N36
Originally Pearsall's Corners, then Pearsall's
7 Centre Avenue Handicapped/disabled access 20.4 (32.8) 1898 Bus transport NICE Bus: N36
Originally South Lynbrook
East Rockaway Handicapped/disabled access 20.9 (33.6) 1880 Bus transport NICE Bus: N36
Atlantic Avenue April 1898 1951
Oceanside Handicapped/disabled access 21.4 (34.4) 1897
Barnum Island Channel Bridge
Jekyl Island 1901 July 1922 Originally named Barnum Island, then Island Park
Island Park Handicapped/disabled access 23.6 (38.0) 1898 Bus transport NICE Bus: N15
Originally The Dykes
Reynolds Channel Bridge
Wreck Lead June 1888 December 31, 1927
Queenswater April 1898 June 1936 Originally Inner Beach, then Queenswater
Club House April 1898 1909
Long Beach Handicapped/disabled access 24.9 (40.0) 1880 Bus transport NICE Bus: N15, N33
Bus transport Long Beach Bus: N69, East Loop, West End Route, Shoppers Special

References[edit]

External video
LIRR Time Lapse: Penn Station to Long Beach, MTA's LIRR; May 20, 2010; 2-minute YouTube video clip
LIRR Time Lapse: Long Beach to Penn Station, MTA's LIRR; May 20, 2010; 2-minute YouTube video clip
  1. ^ MTA LIRR - LIRR Map
  2. ^ LIRR Long Beach Branch Timetable
  3. ^ Bob Emery's LIRR Branch Notes (TrainsAreFun.com)
  4. ^ "LIRR Restores Limited Weekday Train Service on Long Beach Branch". mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Retrieved 15 November 2012. 
  5. ^ "LIRR Restores Weekend & Weekday Electric Train Service on Long Beach Branch starting Nov. 25". mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Retrieved 25 November 2012. 
  6. ^ Station pages linked from LIRR Stations
  7. ^ Vincent F. Seyfried, The Long Island Rail Road: A Comprehensive History, Part One: South Side R.R. of L.I., © 1961

External links[edit]

Media related to Long Beach Branch (category) at Wikimedia Commons