New York and Putnam Railroad

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
New York and Putnam Railroad
Reporting mark NYP
Locale New York
Dates of operation 1881 (1881)–1913 (1913)
Successor New York Central Railroad
Track gauge 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm)
Putnam Division map2.png
Brewster
Harlem Line
Tilly Foster
Carmel
Crafts
Mahopac Mines
Mahopac
Mahopac Falls
Lake Mahopac
Mahopac Mines Branch diverges
Baldwin Place
Granite Springs
Amawalk
Yorktown Heights
Croton Heights
Croton Lake
Kitchawan
Millwood
Briarcliff Manor
Graham
East View
Beaver Hill
Elmsford
Worthington
Woodland
Ardsley
Chauncey
Mount Hope
Nepera Park
Gray Oaks
Nepperham
Bryn Mawr Park
Dunwoodie
Getty Square
Park Hill
Lowerre
Lincoln
Caryl
Getty Square Branch diverges
Van Cortlandt
Kings Bridge
Hudson Line
University Heights
Morris Heights
Highbridge
Sedgwick Avenue
Diverging from Hudson line
155th St

The New York and Putnam Railroad (a.k.a. Old Put) was a railroad line that operated between The Bronx and Brewster, New York. It was in close proximity to Hudson River Railroad and New York & Harlem Railroad. All three came under ownership of the New York Central system in 1894. Abandonment began in 1958; most of the former roadbed has been converted for rail trail use.

History[edit]

The planned New York, Boston & Montreal Railway route between the New York & Putnam Railroad and the Harlem Extension Railroad

The New York & Boston Railroad (NY&B) was chartered May 21, 1869 to build a line from High Bridge on the Harlem River in New York northeast to Brewster. At Brewster connections were to be provided to the New York & Harlem Railroad for travel north to Albany, and to the Boston, Hartford & Erie Railroad to Boston.

The New York, Boston & Northern Railway (NYB&N) was formed on November 18, 1872 as a consolidation of the NY&B with two companies to the north — the Putnam & Dutchess Railroad (P&D) and Dutchess & Columbia Railroad (D&C). The P&D was a plan for a line to split from the New York and Boston at Carmel to a point midway along the D&C. The D&C opened in 1871, running from the Hudson River to the Connecticut border. The Clove Branch Railroad was to serve as a short connection between the two parts of the planned line.

The New York, Boston & Montreal Railway was organized January 21, 1873 as a renaming of the NYB&N. It continued north to Chatham and then use the Harlem Extension Railroad into Vermont. The Panic of 1873 caused the cancellation of the leases and mergers on December 1 of that year. Construction on the P&D and D&C stopped; D&C later became part of the Central New England Railway, the Harlem Extension became a part of the Rutland Railroad, and the Clove Branch Railroad was abandoned in 1898.

The New York, Westchester & Putnam Railway was formed on July 3, 1877 as a reorganization, and was leased to the New York City & Northern Railroad (NYC&N), formed on March 1, 1878. Between East View and Pocantico Hills, the NYC&N built a segment leading to a perilous 80 foot high trestle over a marsh-filled valley.[1] Because of the dangers of crossing the bridge, which often required that trains slow down to a crawl, the line was rerouted west around that valley in 1881. The bridge was torn down in 1883, and the valley became the Tarrytown Reservoir.[2] The line finally opened under the original plan, ending at Brewster, in April 1881. That year, the New York & New England Railroad opened to the north, using some of the grade built for the P&D and D&C. The West Side & Yonkers Railway was leased to the NYC&N on May 1, 1880, extending the line south across the Harlem River to the northern terminal of the Ninth Avenue Elevated at 155th Street. It was merged into the NYC&N by 1887. In the 1910s, the Interborough Rapid Transit Company of the New York City subway (IRT) purchased that section its elevated lines north into the Bronx, cutting the NYP back to Sedgwick Avenue. The Yonkers Rapid Transit Railway was opened in 1888 as a branch from the NYP at Van Cortlandt northwest to Yonkers. It was merged into NYP by 1887.

The company went into receivership by 1887 and was reorganized as the New York & Northern Railway. By 1894 it was reorganized as the New York & Putnam Railroad (NY&P) by J. P. Morgan who in turned leased the railroad to the New York Central & Hudson River Railroad (NYC&HR). The line eventually became the Putnam Division of the New York Central Railroad (NYC) by 1913. The line lacked a direct connection to NYC's flagship station, Grand Central Terminal (GCT), which hurt ridership throughout its existence. Passengers were forced to transfer at High Bridge to reach GCT. The Sedgwick Avenue-Van Cortlandt section and the Yonkers Branch were electrified in 1926.

Several short branches were eliminated after the 1920s. The Mohansic Branch near Yorktown Heights, originally built to serve a mental institution that was cancelled by Albany, went first. In 1929, John D. Rockefeller, Jr. had the removed from his Pocantico Hills property, eliminating four stations and creating a single one. The nearby village of East View was obliterated to build the new line. The Getty Square branch was abandoned on June 30, 1943.[3] Despite a legal battle by Yonkers residents which reached the United States Supreme Court to save it, the line was scrapped in December 1944.[4][5]

The first diesel locomotive passenger train in the U.S. ran on the Putnam on March 18, 1929.

Besides the regular Sedgwick Avenue–Brewster service, service also operated from Golden's Bridge on the Harlem Division via a connecting branch to Lake Mahopac, and then over the Putnam Division to Brewster, where it returned to the Harlem Division. Trains taking this route were said to go "around the horn".

NYC saw the Putnam Division as a dispensable stepchild. The line lacked a second track, electrification, commuter parking and direct service to GCT, all of which the parallel Harlem and Hudson divisions had, resulting in steady patronage. NYC ended passenger service on the Putnam on May 29, 1958.[6] Service "around the horn" via the Harlem Division's Lake Mahopac Branch continued until April 2, 1959. Until 1962, when NYC's West Shore Railroad was upgraded, the Putnam served oversize freight trains, due to the lack of tunnels on the line. Tracks between East View and Lake Mahopac were removed in 1962.

NYC merged with long-time rival Pennsylvania Railroad to form the Penn Central (PC) in 1968. Freight service on the northern part of the Putnam ended by 1970. The southern end of the line remained in service until the closing of the A&P warehouse in Elmsford in 1975. The decrease in traffic from Stauffer Chemical cut back the line to Chauncey by 1977. Conrail took over the bankrupt PC in April 1976, but had no plans for increasing business. Aside from occasional movements to Chauncey, the only customer was the Stella D'Oro bakery in the Bronx.

Marble Hill stub

Legacy[edit]

Metro-North currently uses the remaining stub at Marble Hill ("BN") for storage of maintenance of way and contractor's trains. The roadbed north of the former Van Cortlandt station has been converted into the South County Trailway, North County Trailway, and Putnam County Trailway rail trails.

A replica of the former Bryn Mawr Park station at the former Palmer Road grade crossing is in use as a grocery. The station in Briarcliff Manor was purchased by the village and converted into a public library.[7] The station in Elmsford serves as a restaurant. The Yorktown Heights station had its exterior restored and is the centerpiece of the town park. The station in Lake Mahopac has been an American Legion Hall since 1965.[8] The freight house in Baldwin Place and the station in Tilly Foster are on private property.

The Getty Square Branch still shows evidence of its existence, with vestiges of the railroad and stations, and neighborhoods exhibiting characteristics of transit-oriented development.[9] Getty Square station, originally a head house and train shed, was replaced by an office building, which still stands and is ornamented on its exterior and in its lobby with images of locomotives. The bridge in Van Cortlandt Park that carried the branch over the Henry Hudson Parkway is now a multi-use park path.

Image gallery[edit]

Station listing[edit]

Main Line[edit]

NOTE: Stations along pre-1931 Tarrytown Heights alignment are shaded in darker gray.

Locality Milepost Station Lat/long Notes/Connections
The Bronx 0.0 Sedgwick Avenue 40°49′53.12″N 73°55′56.15″W / 40.8314222°N 73.9322639°W / 40.8314222; -73.9322639 NYC Transit: Connected to former IRT Ninth Avenue Line station and West Side/High Line
Highbridge 40°50′17.5″N 73°55′53″W / 40.838194°N 73.93139°W / 40.838194; -73.93139 Highbridge Maintenance Facility. Metro-North employees only.
Morris Heights 40°51′14.4″N 73°55′11.64″W / 40.854000°N 73.9199000°W / 40.854000; -73.9199000
University Heights 40°51′41.04″N 73°54′52.92″W / 40.8614000°N 73.9147000°W / 40.8614000; -73.9147000
Fordham Heights Merged with University Heights Station in early 20th Century
Hudson & Putnam Lines split
Kings Bridge Somewhere between 225th Street and 231st Street
4.82 Van Cortlandt 40°53′28.185″N 73°53′31.649″W / 40.89116250°N 73.89212472°W / 40.89116250; -73.89212472 Inside Van Cortlandt Park
Junction with electrified Getty Square Branch
Westchester 6.52 Lincoln at McLean Avenue
8.09 Dunwoodie At Yonkers Avenue east of Dunwoodie Golf Course
9.44 Bryn Mawr Park 40°56.6905′0″N 73°51.4825′0″W / 40.94484°N 73.85804°W / 40.94484; -73.85804 Replaced in 1995 by Palmer/Bryn Mawr Market
10.50 Nepperhan
11.92 Gray Oaks
12.01 Nepera Park
13.02 Mount Hope
13.86 Chauncey 41°00′08″N 73°49′08″W / 41.00222°N 73.81889°W / 41.00222; -73.81889
14.72 Ardsley Off NY 9A between Saw Mill River Parkway and New York State Thruway.
Woodlands Small wooden platform and opened shelter with canopy.
16.60 Worthington
18.14 Elmsford 41°03′16″N 73°49′14″W / 41.05444°N 73.82056°W / 41.05444; -73.82056 Currently a restaurant
Beaver Hill Wooden shelter designed as a flag stop for former Fairview Golf Club
Original alignment from short-lived 80-foot high Eastview Trestle segment began here (1880-1881).
20.41 Eastview 41°04′50″N 73°45′45″W / 41.08056°N 73.76250°W / 41.08056; -73.76250 Original pre-1929 relocation line began here.
Tarrytown Heights Built March 1882; First station along Tarrytown Heights alignment
west of East View station and original NY&P alignment
Tower Hill Built November 26, 1881; Second station on former alignment west
of Tarrytown Reservoir existed here until 1931
Pocantico Hills Built November 26, 1881; Third station along former alignment near
Rockefeller Estate and Tarrytown Reservoir existed here until 1931
Original alignment from short-lived 80-foot high Eastview Trestle segment ended here (1880-1881).
Whiteons Fourth station along previous alignment. Replaced in 1931 by Graham station on new alignment
23.92 Graham Created by 1931 relocation, Original pre-1929 alignment ended just north of here.
Open shelter that was proposed for major expansion which never occurred.
27.04 Briarcliff Manor 41°08′48″N 73°49′28″W / 41.14667°N 73.82444°W / 41.14667; -73.82444 Currently the Briarcliff Manor Public Library.
30.44 Millwood 41°11′24.3126″N 73°47′48.9942″W / 41.190086833°N 73.796942833°W / 41.190086833; -73.796942833
32.52 Kitchawan
33.57 Croton Lake
35.04 Croton Heights
36.76 Yorktown Heights 41°16′17.5″N 73°46′47″W / 41.271528°N 73.77972°W / 41.271528; -73.77972 At Railroad Park on the National Register of Historic Places. Originally contained
a coach yard and an engine service facility.
Connection to Mohansic Branch
37.94 Amawalk
39.96 Granite Springs
Putnam 42.25 Baldwin Place 41°20′43″N 73°45′16″W / 41.34535°N 73.75453°W / 41.34535; -73.75453
Connection to Mahopac Mines branch
44.38 Lake Mahopac Currently an American Legion Hall
Connection to Lake Mahopac branch and Lincolndale and Katonah Stations
45.13 Mahopac
47.20 Crafts
49.58 Carmel
51.84 Tilly Foster Originally built for the Tilly Foster Mine which closed in 1897. Station continued to operate.
53.82 Putnam Junction Not a station, connection with Harlem Division and Brewster Yard
Brewster 41°23′40.92″N 73°37′11.28″W / 41.3947000°N 73.6198000°W / 41.3947000; -73.6198000
Line continues along NYC's Harlem Division

Branches[edit]

Getty Square Branch[edit]

Locality Milepost Station Lat/long Notes/Connections
The Bronx 0.0 Van Cortlandt 40°53′28.185″N 73°53′31.649″W / 40.89116250°N 73.89212472°W / 40.89116250; -73.89212472 Beginning of Getty Square Branch
Puntam & Getty Square Branches split
Mosholu Abandoned 1926
Yonkers Caryl North of Caryl Avenue Bridge, which still exists today.
Lowerre South of Lawrence Street between Western and Van Cortlandt Park Avenues.
3.0 Park Hill Connected to former Park Hill Incline funicular railroad
3.2? Getty Square
Line abandoned in 1943

Mohansic Branch[edit]

Locality Milepost Station Lat/long Notes/Connections
Westchester 0.0 Yorktown Heights 41°16′17.5″N 73°46′47″W / 41.271528°N 73.77972°W / 41.271528; -73.77972
Putnam Line & Mohansic Branch split
Mohansic State Hospital
Line abandoned in 1917

Mahopac Mines Branch[edit]

Locality Milepost Station Lat/long Notes/Connections
Putnam 0.0 Baldwin Place 41°20′43″N 73°45′16″W / 41.34535°N 73.75453°W / 41.34535; -73.75453
Putnam & Mahopac Mines Lines split
Mahopac Falls
4.0 Mahopac Mines
Line abandoned in 1931

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Tarry Town Trestle" (New York Public Library: Digital Archive)
  2. ^ The Eastview Trestle (Archive Sleuth)
  3. ^ "Getty Square Line Ends; 12 Riders on Last Trip". The New York Times. July 1, 1943. p. 21. Retrieved 2011-07-04. 
  4. ^ "High Court Lets Road Drop Getty Sq. Line". The New York Times. November 14, 1944. Retrieved 2011-07-04. 
  5. ^ "Putnam Line Being Razed". The New York Times. December 9, 1944. p. 30. Retrieved 2011-07-04. 
  6. ^ Folsom, Merrill (May 30, 1958). "The Wheels of 'Old Put' Click Out a Sad Accompaniment to Riders' 'Auld Lang Syne'". New York Times. p. 23. Retrieved 2011-07-04. 
  7. ^ Library History (Briarcliff Manor Public Library)
  8. ^ The American Legion Mahopac Post 1080
  9. ^ Klein, Daniel A. (2004). "The Phantom Spur Retracing the Vanished Getty Square Branch of the Putnam Railroad". National Railway Bulletin 69 (2): 28–37. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Gallo, Daniel R.; Kramer, Frederick A. (1981). The Putnam Division: New York Central's Bygone Route through Westchester County. New York: Quadrant Press. ISBN 0-915276-29-1. 
  • Vondrak, Otto M.; Bang, Robert A.; Kowanski, George W.; Frank, John (2008). Forgotten Railroads Through Westchester County. Port Chester, NY: Robert A. Bang. ISBN 978-0-9762797-3-0. 
  • Klein, Daniel A. (2004). "The Phantom Spur Retracing the Vanished Getty Square Branch of the Putnam Railroad". National Railway Bulletin 69 (2): 28–37. 

External links[edit]