New York state election, 1879

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The 1879 New York state election was held on November 4, 1879, to elect the Governor, the Lieutenant Governor, the Secretary of State, the State Comptroller, the Attorney General, the State Treasurer and the State Engineer, as well as all members of the New York State Assembly and the New York State Senate.

History[edit]

Due to the increase of the Governor's term to three years by an amendment in 1874, this was the first time the Governor and the state cabinet officers were elected at the same time.[1]

The Greenback-Labor state convention met on August 28 and 29 at Utica, New York. William Voorhis was President.[2]

The Republican state convention met on September 3. James W. Wadsworth was nominated for Comptroller on the first ballot (vote: Wadsworth 273, John C. Churchill 152). Joseph B. Carr was nominated for Secretary of State during the first ballot. Nathan D. Wendell was nominated for Treasurer on the first ballot (vote: Wendell 279, Richard A. Elmer 83, Francis B. Brower 54, Francis C. Marvin 19). Hamilton Ward was nominated for Attorney General during the first ballot. Howard Soule was nominated for State Engineer by acclamation.[3]

The Prohibition state convention met on September 3 at Syracuse, New York. James H. Bronson, of Amsterdam, was Chairman. They nominated John W. Mears, of Oneida County, for Governor; James H. Bronson for Lieutenant Governor; Alphonso A. Hopkins for Secretary of State; Caleb W. Allis, of Onondaga County, for Comptroller; Stephen Merritt for Treasurer; Walter Farrington for Attorney General; and John J. Hooker for State Engineer.[4]

The Democratic state convention met on September 11 at Wieting Hall in Syracuse, New York. Before the first ballot for Governor was taken, the Tammany delegates left the convention. Then the incumbent Governor Lucius Robinson was re-nominated on the first ballot (vote: Robinson 243, Henry W. Slocum 56, Clarkson N. Potter 1, Horatio Seymour 1). Clarkson N. Potter was nominated for Lieutenant Governor by acclamation. Then the incumbents Beach, Olcott, Mackin, Seymour and Schoonmaker were re-nominated by acclamation.[5]

The seceding Tammany delegates re-assembled at Shakespeare Hall. David Dudley Field was President. John Kelly was nominated for Governor by acclamation. A Committee of Fifteen was appointed to ponder the question how to proceed and if a whole state ticket should be nominated.[6]

Results[edit]

Due to the split of the Democratic vote, Cornell had an easy victory over Robinson. Almost all the other offices were won by the Republicans in a very tight race, only State Engineer Seymour managed to be re-elected on the Democratic ticket. At the time, political commentators voiced their surprise about the strange inconsistency of, on the one side, the total number of votes for Governor compared to the vote for the other state offices on the Republican ticket, and, on the other side, the combined vote of Robinson and Kelly compared to the vote for the other state offices on the joint Democratic/Tammany ticket.

The incumbents Robinson, Beach, Olcott, Schoonmaker and Mackin were defeated. The incumbent Seymour was re-elected.

1879 state election results
Ticket / Office Governor Lt. Gov. Secretary of State Comptroller Attorney General Treasurer State Engineer
Republican Alonzo B. Cornell
418,567
George G. Hoskins
435,304
Joseph B. Carr
436,013
James W. Wadsworth
438, 253
Hamilton Ward, Sr.
437,382
Nathan D. Wendell
436,300
Howard Soule[7]
427,240
Democratic Lucius Robinson
375,790
Clarkson N. Potter
435,014
Allen C. Beach
434,138
Frederic P. Olcott
432,325
Augustus Schoonmaker, Jr.
433,238
James Mackin
433,485
Horatio Seymour, Jr.
439,681
Tammany John Kelly
77,566
Clarkson N. Potter Allen C. Beach Frederic P. Olcott Augustus Schoonmaker, Jr. James Mackin Horatio Seymour, Jr.
Greenback-Labor Harris Lewis[8]
20,286
John M. Wieting[9]
23,067
P. K. McCann
22,558
John A. Shannon
22,572
James Wright[10]
21,961
Jurian Winne[11]
21,646
Garret Nagle
22,779
Prohibition John W. Mears
4,437
James H. Bronson
3,902
Alphonso A. Hopkins[12]
4,226
Caleb W. Allis
4,192
Walter Farrington[13]
4,073
Stephen Merritt[14]
4,149
John J. Hooker[15]
4,043
Socialist Labor Caleb Pink[16] Osborne Ward[17]
Working Men John Kelly John M. Wieting
Jeffersonian Democratic John Kelly Robert W. Hume

Obs.:For candidates nominated on more than one ticket, the numbers are the total votes on all tickets. "Scattering votes" (includes votes given for Socialist Labor, Working Men, Jeffersonian Democratic, non-running and non-existing candidates) ranging between 3,900 and 5,312 for the various offices.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ This happened again in 1885 and 1891, and has become the rule since 1898.
  2. ^ NO DEMOCRAT NEED APPLY; THE GREENBACKERS DECIDE TO BE INDEPENDENT in NYT on August 30, 1879
  3. ^ THE EVENING SESSION in NYT on September 4, 1879
  4. ^ THE PROHIBITION PARTY.; STATE CONVENTION AT SYRACUSE in NYT on September 4, 1879
  5. ^ THE TAMMANY DELEGATES RETIRE in NYT on September 12, 1879
  6. ^ THE PROCEEDINGS OF KELLY'S CROWD in NYT on September 12, 1879
  7. ^ Howard Soule (b. 1829), ran also in 1877, bio at Canal Engineer's Bios
  8. ^ Harris Lewis, "extensive land-owner" from Herkimer, President of the Farmers' Alliance
  9. ^ Dr. John M. Wieting, from Syracuse, the owner of the Wieting Opera House (or "Wieting Hall", the locale of many state conventions)
  10. ^ James Wright, lawyer of Elmira, ran also in 1889 (lived then in Wayne County), and for Secretary of State in 1893 (lived then in Weedsport)
  11. ^ Jurian Winne, ran also in 1883
  12. ^ Prof. Alphonso A. Hopkins, of Monroe County, ran also for Comptroller in 1875, and Governor in 1882
  13. ^ Walter Farrington (ca. 1830 - Nov 25., 1920), of Poughkeepsie, lawyer, ran also for the Court of Appeals in 1881, 1884 and 1889; for Chief Judge in 1892; and for Attorney General in 1906
  14. ^ Rev. Stephen Merritt (b. ca. 1833), Methodist minister, undertaker, ran also for Secretary of State in 1881, and for Comptroller in 1883, Description in NYT on September 25, 1885
  15. ^ John J. Hooker, of Tioga County, ran also in 1881
  16. ^ Caleb Pink, ran for the State Assembly in the 8th District (Kings County) in 1878
  17. ^ Osborne Ward, ran for Congress in the NY 4th District (Kings County) in 1878

Sources[edit]

See also[edit]