New York state election, 1914

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The 1914 New York state election was held on November 3, 1914, to elect the Governor, the Lieutenant Governor, the Secretary of State, the State Comptroller, the Attorney General, the State Treasurer, the State Engineer, a U.S. Senator and a judge[1] of the New York Court of Appeals, as well as all members of the New York State Assembly and the New York State Senate, and delegates-at-large to the New York State Constitutional Convention of 1915.

History[edit]

This was the first time that U.S. Senators from New York were elected by general ballot. Until 1911, the U.S. Senators had been elected by the New York State Legislature, but the lengthy stalemate between Tammany and a faction led by State Senator Franklin D. Roosevelt, who was decided to impede the election of William F. Sheehan or any other crony of Tammany boss Charles F. Murphy, led to a constitutional amendment. Since 1914, the U.S. Senators have been elected with the state officers on the state ticket, and selected in the party primaries.

The Socialist state convention met on July 5 at Rochester, New York. They nominated Charles Edward Russell for U.S. Senator; Gustave Adolph Strebel for Governor; Stephen J. Mahoney, of Buffalo, for Lieutenant Governor; Mrs. Florence C. Kitchelt, of Rochester, for Secretary of State; Charles W. Noonan, of Schenectady, for Comptroller; James C. Sheehan, of Albany, for Treasurer; Frederick O. Haller, of Buffalo, for Attorney General; Prof. Vladimir Karapetoff, of Cornell University, for State Engineer; and Louis B. Boudin for the Court of Appeals.[2]

The Prohibition State Committee met on August 15 at Syracuse, New York, and voted to nominate Ex-Governor William Sulzer for Governor instead of the previously selected Charles E. Welch who then ran for Lieutenant Governor.[3]

This was the first state election at which the parties with "party status" - at this time, the Democratic, Republican and Progressive parties - were required to hold primary elections to nominate candidates for state offices. The primaries were held on September 28.[4]

Republican primary[edit]

1914 Republican primary results
Office
Governor Charles S. Whitman 120,073 Harvey D. Hinman 61,952 Job E. Hedges 43,012
Lieutenant Governor Edward Schoeneck 78,563 Seth G. Heacock 68,303 Frank A. Sidway 57,348
Secretary of State Francis M. Hugo 71,037 William D. Cunningham[5] 67,050 Eugene H. Porter[6] 58,845
Comptroller Eugene M. Travis 88,765 James Hooker 62,414 Samuel Strasburger 48,519
Attorney General Egburt E. Woodbury 124,009 Edward R. O'Malley 72,467
Treasurer James L. Wells 184,043
State Engineer Frank M. Williams 159,243 Arthur O'Brien 36,892
Judge of the Court of Appeals Emory A. Chase 180,394
U.S. Senator James W. Wadsworth, Jr. 89,960 William M. Calder 82,895 David Jayne Hill 37,102

Democratic primary[edit]

1914 Democratic primary results
Office
Governor Martin H. Glynn 175,772 John A. Hennessy 68,387
Lieutenant Governor Thomas B. Lockwood 158,159 William Gorham Rice 57,305
Secretary of State Mitchell May 167,198 Sidney Newborg 43,251
Comptroller William Sohmer 158,309 George G. Davidson, Jr. 58,077
Attorney General James A. Parsons 151,122 John Larkin 57,096
Treasurer Albert C. Carp 147,443 Charles E. Sunderlin 55,055
State Engineer John A. Bensel 146,533 Raleigh Bennett 58,485
Judge of the Court of Appeals Samuel Seabury 139,694 John N. Carlisle 65,820
U.S. Senator James W. Gerard 138,815 Franklin D. Roosevelt 63,879 James F. McDonough 17,862

Progressive primary[edit]

1914 Progressive primary results
Office
Governor Frederick M. Davenport 18,643 William Sulzer 14,366

The other Progressive candidates were nominated unopposed.

The Socialist Labor ticket was filed with the Secretary of State on October 9, 1914.[7] They nominated a full ticket.[8]

Ex-Governor Sulzer's aim was to defeat Glynn whom he considered a back-stabber. For this purpose he organized the American Party, and accepted the nomination by the Prohibition Party. He also sought the nomination of the Progressive Party, but was defeated in their primary. The American Party Executive Committee also endorsed a full slate (Prohibitionists Welch and Clements; Progressives Call and Colby; Democrat Seabury; Charles Horowitz for Comptroller; Charles Podsenick for Attorney General; and Robert Butler for State Engineer) for the other offices, but did not file a petition to nominate them, so they did not appear on the ballot in the American column.[9]

Result[edit]

Almost the whole Republican ticket was elected, only Justice Seabury managed to defeat the Republican candidate Emory A. Chase.

The incumbents Glynn, May, Sohmer, Parsons, Call and Bensel were defeated.

The Republican, Democratic, Independence League, Progressive, Socialist and Prohibition parties maintained automatic ballot access (necessary 10,000 votes for governor), the American Party attained it, and the Socialist Labor Party dit not re-attain it.

34 Republicans and 17 Democrats were elected to a two-year term (1915-16) in the New York State Senate.

100 Republicans, 49 Democrats and one Progressive[10] were elected for the session of 1915 to the New York State Assembly.

1914 state election results
Office Republican ticket Democratic ticket Independence League ticket American ticket Prohibition ticket Progressive ticket Socialist ticket Social Labor[11] ticket
Governor Charles S. Whitman 686,701 Martin H. Glynn 412,253 Martin H. Glynn 125,252 William Sulzer 70,655 William Sulzer 54,189 Frederick M. Davenport 45,686 Gustave Adolph Strebel 37,793 James T. Hunter[12] 2,350
Lieutenant Governor Edward Schoeneck 622,493 Thomas B. Lockwood[13] 534,660 Edward Schoeneck (none) Charles E. Welch[14] 44,484 Chauncey J. Hamlin 113,385 Stephen J. Mahoney[15] 51,304 Jeremiah D. Crowley[16] 3,566
Secretary of State Francis M. Hugo 601,857 Mitchell May 561,429 Mitchell May (none) John R. Clements 68,049 Sydney W. Stern 72,371 Florence Cross Kitchelt 52,970 Edmund Moonelis[17] 3,490
Comptroller Eugene M. Travis 657,373 William Sohmer 553,254 William Sohmer (none) Neil D. Cranmer[18] 29,373 John B. Burnham 68,111 Charles W. Noonan[19] 51,845 Charles E. Berns 3,579
Attorney General Egburt E. Woodbury 651,869 James A. Parsons 529,045 Edward R. O'Malley 12,132 (none) Walter T. Bliss[20] 27,949 Robert H. Elder[21] 77,945 Frederick O. Haller 52,808 John Hall[22] 3,711
Treasurer James L. Wells 622,811 Albert C. Carp 526,025 Homer D. Call (none) Edward A. Packer 29,071 Homer D. Call 117,628 James C. Sheehan 54,202 Anthony Houtenbrink[23] 3,561
State Engineer Frank M. Williams 677,393 John A. Bensel 509,944 John Martin 9,686 (none) James Adamson 27,723 Lloyd Collis 68,110 Vladimir Karapetoff 51,980 August Gillhaus 3,676
Judge of the Court of Appeals Emory A. Chase 594,414 Samuel Seabury 650,468 Samuel Seabury (none) Coleridge A. Hart[24] 28,337 Samuel Seabury Louis B. Boudin 52,225 Edmund Seidel 5,054
U.S. Senator James W. Wadsworth, Jr. 639,112 James W. Gerard 571,419 James W. Gerard (none) Francis E. Baldwin[25] 27,813 Bainbridge Colby 61,977 Charles Edward Russell 55,266 Erwin A. Archer 3064

Obs.:

  • The vote for governor defines the ballot access.
  • Numbers are total votes on all tickets for candidates who ran on more than one ticket, except for governor.
  • Glynn also polled 3,764 votes; and Sulzer 1,426; in the "no-party column," a blank space provided for write-in candidates.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ to fill the vacancy caused by the election of Willard Bartlett as Chief Judge
  2. ^ C. E. RUSSELL FOR SENATOR in NYT on July 6, 1914
  3. ^ SULZER HEADS DRY TICKET in NYT on August 16, 1914
  4. ^ RESULTS OF PRIMARIES in NYT on September 29, 1914
  5. ^ William D. Cunningham, of Ulster County, ran for Comptroller in 1912
  6. ^ Dr. Eugene H. Porter, State Commissioner of Health
  7. ^ SOCIALIST LABOR TICKET in NYT on October 10, 1914
  8. ^ SILVERSMITH FOR GOVERNOR in NYT on October 25, 1914
  9. ^ SULZER DOMINATES HIS AMERICAN PARTY in NYT on October 25, 1914
  10. ^ The Progressive member was Hamilton Fish III who had run also on the Democratic ticket in his district.
  11. ^ The election law limited the name of any party on the ballot to eleven letters, so that the "Socialist Labor" had to be shortened to "Social Labor"
  12. ^ James T. Hunter (1870-1952), silversmith, ran also for Mayor of New York City in 1903, and for Lieutenant Governor in 1910 Obit in NYT on January 7, 1952 (subscription required)
  13. ^ Thomas B. Lockwood, son of Daniel N. Lockwood
  14. ^ Charles E. Welch, grape juice manufacturer, of Westfield, ran also for Governor in 1916
  15. ^ Stephen J. Mahoney, ran also in 1916
  16. ^ Jeremiah D. Crowley, of Marcellus, ran also for State Engineer in 1910, and for Lieutenant Governor in 1912
  17. ^ Edmund Moonelis, ran also in 1912
  18. ^ Neil Dow Cranmer, of Elmira, ran also for Comptroller in 1914 and 1926; for Secretary of State in 1916; and for Congress at-large in 1940
  19. ^ Charles W. Noonan, of Schenectady, Alderman from Schenectady's 7th Ward, ran also for Comptroller in 1914, 1916 and 1926; for Treasurer in 1918; for Secretary of State in 1920; for Lieutenant Governor in 1932; and for Congress at-large in 1934
  20. ^ Walter T. Bliss, ran also for the Court of Appeals in 1917
  21. ^ Robert H. Elder, ran also in 1916
  22. ^ John Hall, ran also for Attorney General in 1908, and Governor in 1912
  23. ^ Anthony Houtenbrink, ran also for Comptroller in 1916
  24. ^ Coleridge Allen Hart (b. July 11, 1852 Peekskill), lawyer, of Brooklyn, ran also for Attorney General in 1889; for the Court of Appeals in 1907, 1908, 1914, 1916, 1917 and 1920; and for the U.S. Senate in 1922
  25. ^ Francis E. Baldwin (1859-1930), of Elmira, financier, ran also for Governor in 1894; for Chief Judge in 1897; for Attorney General in 1910 and 1922; and for the Court of Appeals in 1920, F.E. BALDWIN IS DEAD; ELMIRA (N.Y.) FINANCIER in NYT on December 23, 1930 (subscription required)

Sources[edit]

Vote totals from New York Red Book 1915

See also[edit]