New York state election, 1938

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The 1938 New York state election was held on November 8, 1938, to elect the Governor, the Lieutenant Governor, the State Comptroller, the Attorney General, two U.S. Senators and two U.S Representatives-at-large, as well as all members of the New York State Assembly and the New York State Senate.

History[edit]

The Republican state convention met on September 29, Speaker Oswald D. Heck presided. They nominated D.A. of New York Thomas E. Dewey for Governor. Also nominated were Frederic H. Bontecou for Lieutenant Governor; Julius Rothstein for Comptroller; Col. Arthur V. McDermott for Attorney General; and John L. O'Brian and Edward Corsi for the U.S. Senate.[1]

The Democratic state convention met on October 1, and re-nominated the incumbents Lehman, Tremaine, Bennett and Wagner; and completed the ticket with Supreme Court Justice Charles Poletti for Lieutenant Governor; and John M. Mead for short term in the U.S. Senate.[2]

The Socialist state convention met on October 1, and nominated again Norman Thomas for Governor; and Dr. George W. Hartmann for Lieutenant Governor; Coleman B. Cheney for Comptroller; and Miss Marion L. Severn for Attorney General.[3]

The American Labor state convention met on October 3 at the Manhattan Opera House in New York City and nominated the Democratic incumbent Herbert H. Lehman for Governor. They also endorsed Democrats Poletti, Wagner, Mead,[4] Merritt and O'Day; and completed the ticket with Langdon W. Post for Comptroller and Joseph V. O'Leary for Attorney-General.[5]

The "Independent Progressive" Party filed a petition to nominate a ticket headed by Republican Thomas E. Dewey. This was done to have a second ballot line, like Gov. Lehman who ran on two lines also.[6]

The Socialist Labor Party changed its name and filed a petition to nominate candidates as the "Industrial Government Party.[7]

Result[edit]

The whole Democratic ticket was elected.

The incumbents Lehman, Tremaine, Bennett, Wagner, Merritt and O'Day were re-elected.

1938 state election results
Office Democratic ticket Republican ticket American Labor ticket Communist ticket Socialist ticket Independent Progressive ticket Industrial Government ticket
Governor Herbert H. Lehman 1,971,307 Thomas E. Dewey 2,302,505 Herbert H. Lehman 419,979 (none) Norman Thomas 24,980 Thomas E. Dewey 24,387 Aaron M. Orange 3,516
Lieutenant Governor Charles Poletti 2,371,479 Frederic H. Bontecou 2,142,118 Charles Poletti George W. Hartmann[8] 29,282 Frederic H. Bontecou Jacob Berlin 4,012
Comptroller Morris S. Tremaine 2,220.931 Julius Rothstein 1,839,709 Langdon W. Post[9] 413,234 Langdon W. Post Julius Rothstein Jacob Grossman 4,323
Attorney General John J. Bennett, Jr. 2,151,831 Arthur V. McDermott[10] 1,961,231 Joseph V. O'Leary 415,864 Joseph O'Leary Arthur V. McDermott Frank Passonno 8.756
U.S. Senator (full term) Robert F. Wagner 2,497,029 John Lord O'Brian 2,058,615 Robert F. Wagner Herman J. Hahn[11] 23,553 John Lord O'Brian O. Martin Olson[12] 3,851
U.S. Senator (short term)[13] James M. Mead 2,438,904 Edward F. Corsi 2,083,666 James M. Mead Harry W. Laidler 27,161 Edward F. Corsi
U.S. Representative-at-large Matthew J. Merritt 2,352,159 Richard B. Scandrett, Jr. 1,990,455 Matthew J. Merritt Israel Amter 105,681 Brendan Sexton 24,990 Richard B. Scandrett Jeremiah D. Crowley[14] 5,080
U.S. Representative-at-large Caroline O'Day 2,363,463 Helen Z. M. Rodgers 2,011,507 Caroline O'Day Edna Mitchell Blue[15] 25,214 Helen Z.M. Rogers William Herlet 4,291

Obs.:

  • "Blank, void and scattering" votes: 75,047 (Governor)
  • The vote for Governor is used to define ballot access, for all other offices numbers are totals on all tickets for candidates nominated on more than one.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ DEWEY NOMINATED BY REPUBLICANS in NYT on September 30, 1938 (subscription required)
  2. ^ LEHMAN IS DRAFTED FOR FOURTH TERM in NYT on October 1, 1938 (subscription required)
  3. ^ SOCIALISTS ASSAIL 'DEALS' BY LABOR; ...THOMAS IS NOMINATED in NYT on October 2, 1938 (subscription required)
  4. ^ LABORITES NAME LEHMAN WAGNER in NYT on October 4, 1938 (subscription required)
  5. ^ LABOR NAMES MEAD AS SESSIONS CLOSE; Convention Also Nominates Post, O'Leary, Mrs. O'Day and Merritt to Fill Ticket in NYT on October 5, 1938 (subscription required)
  6. ^ MAJOR PARTIES GET 2D LINES ON BALLOT in NYT on October 12, 1938 (subscription required)
  7. ^ INDUSTRIAL PARTY LISTS CANDIDATES in NYT on November 6, 1938 (subscription required)
  8. ^ Dr. George Wilfried Hartmann (1904-1955), psychologist, of Columbia University, editor of The Social Frontier, ran also for Mayor of New York in 1941
  9. ^ Langdon W. Post (1899-1981), Harvard graduate, Dem. assemblyman 1929-32, Chairman of the New York City Housing Authority under Mayor La Guardia, LANGDON W. POST, 82, DEAD; HOUSING AND LABOR ADVISOR in NYT on September 5, 1981 (subscription required)
  10. ^ Col. Arthur V. McDermott, of Brooklyn, lawyer, during World War II New York City Director of the Selective Service Administration
  11. ^ Rev. Herman J. Hahn, of Buffalo, ran also for Lieutenant Governor in 1928 and 1936
  12. ^ O. Martin Olson, of Jamestown, ran also for Comptroller in 1934
  13. ^ to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Royal S. Copeland
  14. ^ Jeremiah D. Crowley, of Marcellus, ran also for State Engineer in 1910; for Lieutenant Governor in 1912, 1914 and 1920; for Governor in 1916, 1922, 1926 and 1930; for the U.S. Senate in 1932; and for Congress at-large in 1934
  15. ^ Edna Mitchell Blue, wife of Lewi Tonks, ran also in 1938

Sources[edit]

New York Red Book

See also[edit]