New York state election, 1847

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The 1847 New York state election was held on November 2, 1847, to elect the Lieutenant Governor, the Secretary of State, the State Comptroller, the Attorney General, the State Treasurer, the State Engineer, three Canal Commissioners and three Inspectors of State Prisons, as well as all members of the New York State Assembly and the New York State Senate.

History[edit]

The New York State Constitution of 1846 legislated the incumbent state officers and members of legislature out of office. It required a number of state officers, who had been elected by the state legislature, to be elected by general ballot.

At the first judicial election under the Constitution of 1846, Lieutenant Governor Addison Gardiner was elected to the New York Court of Appeals, and took office on July 4, 1847, thus vacating the lieutenant governorship. To fill the vacancy, on September 27, an Act by the state legislature authorized a special election, to be held at the annual state election.[1]

The Democratic state convention met in September at Syracuse, New York. The party split over the slavery question, and the Barnburners abandoned the convention. Orville Hungerford defeated Azariah C. Flagg for the nomination for Comptroller with 59 votes to 47.

The Barnburners held a separate state convention on October 26 at Herkimer, New York, but did not nominate a ticket. They told their followers "to vote as they must do when no regular nominations have been made," suggesting to support the Whig nominees rather than the Hunkers on the Democratic ticket.[2]

The Anti-Rent state convention nominated Shepard for Lieutenant Governor with 11 votes for him, and 10 for Fish, on the second ballot.[3]

Results[edit]

The whole Whig state ticket was elected.[4] None of the incumbents ran for re-election this time.

The Canal Commissioners and Prison Inspectors, upon taking office, were classified by drawing lots, so that every following year one commissioner and one inspector would be elected to a three-year term. Cook and Gedney drew the one-year term, Hinds and Comstock the two-year term, and Beach and Spencer the three-year term.

24 Whigs and 8 Democrats were elected to a two-year term (1848–1849) in the New York State Senate.

93 Whigs and 35 Democrats wer elected to the New York State Assembly of the 71st New York State Legislature.

1847 state election results
Office Whig ticket Democratic ticket Anti-Rent ticket Liberty ticket National
Reform ticket
Lieutenant Governor Hamilton Fish 170,072 Nathan Dayton 139,623 Charles O. Shepard Charles O. Shepard 13,429[5] Hugh T. Brooks
Secretary of State Christopher Morgan 169,470 Edward Sanford 144,133 Edward Sanford
Comptroller Millard Fillmore 174,756 Orville Hungerford 136,027 Millard Fillmore
Attorney General Ambrose L. Jordan 174,763 Levi S. Chatfield 139,481 Ambrose L. Jordan
Treasurer Alvah Hunt 169,422 George W. Cuyler 145,966 George W. Cuyler
State Engineer Charles B. Stuart 173,003 Orville W. Childs 134,944 Charles B. Stuart
Canal Commissioners Charles Cook 169,860 John C. Mather 147,124 John C. Mather
Jacob Hinds 175,095 Elisha B. Smith 139,395 Jacob Hinds
Nelson J. Beach 174,948 Frederick Follett 139,217 Nelson J. Beach
Inspector of State Prisons John B. Gedney Norman B. Smith[6]
Isaac N. Comstock George Caldwell[7]
David D. Spencer John Fisher[8]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Google Book The New York Civil List compiled by Franklin Benjamin Hough (page 32; Weed, Parsons and Co., 1858)]
  2. ^ The Anti-Rent Era in New York Law and Politics, 1839-1865 by Charles W. McCurdy (UNC Press, 2001, ISBN 0-8078-2590-5 , ISBN 978-0-8078-2590-7 ; page 378
  3. ^ The Anti-rent Era in New York Law and Politics, 1839-1865 by Charles W. McCurdy (UNC Press, 2001, ISBN 0-8078-2590-5 , ISBN 978-0-8078-2590-7 ; page 378)
  4. ^ The number of votes is the total of Whig and Anti-Rent votes for Fillmore, Jordan, Stuart, Hinds and Beach, the total of Democratic and Anti-Rent votes for Sanford, Cuyler and Mather, and the total of Liberty and Anti-Rent votes for Shepard.
  5. ^ Shepard received 8,518 votes on the Liberty ticket, and 4,911 votes on the Anti-Rent ticket.
  6. ^ at that time Steward of the Alms House in New York City
  7. ^ from Montgomery County
  8. ^ from Westchester County

Sources[edit]

See also[edit]