New York state election, 1885

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The 1885 New York state election was held on November 3, 1885, to elect the Governor, the Lieutenant Governor, the Secretary of State, the State Comptroller, the Attorney General, the State Treasurer and the State Engineer, as well as all members of the New York State Assembly and the New York State Senate.

History[edit]

The Prohibition state convention met on September 9 at Syracuse, New York. William J. Groo presided. Henry Clay Bascom, of Troy, was nominated for Governor by acclamation. W Jennings Demorest, of New York City, for Lieutenant Governor, Edward Evans, of Tonawanda, for Secretary of State, Hiram Vandenburgh, of Fulton County, for Treasurer, Frederick Sheldon, of Hornellsville, for Attorney General, and George A. Dudley for State Engineer, were nominated unanimously.[1]

The Greenback State Committee met on September 9 at Clarendon Hall in New York City. Ralph Beaumont was chosen to preside over the convention. The Anti-Monopoly delegates met in an adjoining room, Dr. Seeger presided. The remnants of Benjamin F. Butler's "People's Party" merged with the Anti-Monopolists. When the Greenback/Anti-Monopoly convention opened there was much debate among the several factions, and the Anti-Monopolists walked out. The remaining Greenbackers were split in two opposing factions: the friends and the adversaries of Edward O. Jones, the latter faction led by Louis F. Post, a New York City banker. Post's faction then walked out too, and the remaining delegates nominated George O. Jones, of Albany, for Governor; Lyman W. Gage, of Rochester, for Lieutenant Governor; George W. Pimm, of Coldenham, for Secretary of State; Nelson S. Shaler, of Catskill, for Comptroller; Allen Wood for Treasurer; William B. Guernsey, of Norwich, for Attorney General; and Edwin A. Stillman for State Engineer.[2]

The Republican state convention met on September 23 at the Skating Rink in Saratoga, New York. James W. Husted was President. Ex-Comptroller Ira Davenport (in office 1880-1881) was nominated for Governor after the second ballot. Many candidates were proposed and on the first ballot the votes were scattered among many names, the second ballot stood as follows: Davenport 214, Joseph B. Carr 194, James D. Warren 113, C. N. Bliss 66, Frederick W. Seward 54, Swinburne 29, Drexel 12, Levi P. Morton 8, Alonzo B. Cornell 2, William M. Evarts 1. Then many delegates changed their votes and Davenport was nominated.[3] Secretary of State Joseph B. Carr (in office since 1880) was nominated for Lieutenant Governor; Deputy Secretary of State Anson S. Wood was nominated to succeed Carr; and Ex-Comptroller James W. Wadsworth (in office 1880-1881) was nominated again, all three by acclamation. For Treasurer, a first ballot was taken and the votes were scattered among many different names (vote: D. Ogden Bradley 173, William T. O'Neil 157, Waldo Wallace Rockwell 149, Nathan D. Wendell 88, Robert N. Marvin 76, Stephen C. Medbury 49). Then it was proposed to give the nomination to a German-American, and Charles F. Ulrich was nominated unanimously. Edward B. Thomas was nominated for Attorney General on the second ballot (first ballot: Thomas 318, E. H. Hobbs 257, Edward Mitchell 93, Sheldon 8; second ballot: Thomas 353, Hobbs 321, Mitchell 5). William V. Van Rensselaer was nominated for State Engineer by acclamation.[4]

The Democratic state convention met on September 24. George Raines was President. The incumbent[5] Governor David B. Hill was re-nominated on the first ballot (vote: Hill 338, Abram S. Hewitt 33, Henry W. Slocum 8, Roswell P. Flower 1). Contrary to tradition, the nomination was not "made unanimous."[6]

Results[edit]

The whole Democratic ticket was elected.

The incumbents Hill, Chapin, O'Brien and Sweet were re-elected.

1885 state election results
Office Democratic ticket Republican ticket Prohibition ticket Greenback ticket
Governor David B. Hill 501,465 Ira Davenport 490,331 Henry Clay Bascom[7] 30,867 George O. Jones 2,130
Lieutenant Governor Edward F. Jones Joseph B. Carr W. Jennings Demorest Lyman W. Gage
Secretary of State Frederick Cook Anson S. Wood[8] Edward Evans[9] George W. Pimm
Comptroller Alfred C. Chapin James W. Wadsworth Frederick Sheldon Nelson W. Shaler
Attorney General Denis O'Brien Edward B. Thomas W. Martin Jones[10] William B. Guernsey
Treasurer Lawrence J. Fitzgerald Charles F. Ulrich[11] Hiram Vandenburgh Allen C. Wood[12]
State Engineer Elnathan Sweet William V. Van Rensselaer[13] George A. Dudley[14] Edwin A. Stillman[15]

21 Republicans and 11 Democrats were elected to a two-year term (1886–1887) in the State Senate; and 77 Republicans and 51 Democrats were elected to the State Assembly.[16]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ THE PROHIBITION TICKET in NYT on September 10, 1885
  2. ^ NOT A HARMONIOUS BODY; THE "INCONGRUOUS ELEMENTS" FAIL TO FUSE INTO ONE. A TICKET NOMINATED BY THE GREENBACKERS in NYT on September 10, 1885
  3. ^ DAVENPORT WINS THE DAY in NYT on September 24, 1885
  4. ^ COMPLETING THE TICKET in NYT on September 24, 1885
  5. ^ Hill had been elected Lieutenant Governor in 1882, and succeeded to the governorship upon President-elect Grover Cleveland's resignation in January 1885
  6. ^ THE NOMINATION OF HILL in NYT on September 25, 1885
  7. ^ Henry Clay Bascom (b. Sept. 3, 1844 Crown Point), manufacturer, of Troy, THE PROHIBITION NOMINEE in NYT on September 13, 1885
  8. ^ Col. Anson S. Wood (1834-1904), of Wolcott, Deputy Secretary of State under Joseph B. Carr, Obit in NYT on August 22, 1904
  9. ^ Edward Evans, ran also for Comptroller on Reform ticket in 1887
  10. ^ W. Martin Jones, of Rochester, lawyer, ran also for Governor in 1888
  11. ^ Charles F. Ulrich, of New York City, member of the Emigration Commission
  12. ^ Allen C. Wood, of Hammondsport, Lessee of the Hammondsport and Bath Railroad, ran also in 1881
  13. ^ Capt. William V. Van Rensselaer, of Seneca Falls, Division Engineer of the Middle Division of the State Canals under Superintendent of Public Works Silas Belden Dutcher, assemblyman 1898; sketch of the candidate: STATE ENGINEER in NYT on October 2, 1885
  14. ^ George A. Dudley, of Ellenville, ran also in 1875 and 1883
  15. ^ Edwin A. Stillman, of Canadice, ran also in 1883 and 1887
  16. ^ see THE NEXT LEGISLATURE in NYT on November 5, 1885

Sources[edit]

See also[edit]

New York gubernatorial elections