New York state election, 1943

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The 1943 New York state election was held on November 2, 1943, to elect the Lieutenant Governor and a judge of the New York Court of Appeals.

Background[edit]

On April 30, 1943, Edward R. Finch resigned from the Court of Appeals.[1] On May 12, Governor Thomas E. Dewey appointed Thomas D. Thacher to fill the vacancy temporarily.

On July 17, 1943, Lieutenant Governor Thomas W. Wallace died, and Temporary President of the State Senate Joe R. Hanley became Acting Lieutenant Governor. The question arose if the vacancy should be filled and how to proceed.[2] The wording of the 1937 amendment to the State Constitution, which had increased the terms in office of the assemblymen to two years, and of the statewide elected officers (Governor, Lt. Gov., Comptroller and Attorney General) to four years, apparently left the question in doubt. The New York Supreme Court at Albany ruled on August 14 that a special election is necessary to be held.[3] This was upheld by the Court of Appeals unanimously on August 19.[4]

Nominations[edit]

The Republican State Committee met on August 24 at Albany, New York. They nominated Joe R. Hanley for Lieutenant Governor; and the incumbent Judge Thomas D. Thacher to succeed himself.[5]

The Democratic State Committee met on August 24. They nominated Lt. Gen. William N. Haskell for Lieutenant Governor; and endorsed the incumbent Republican Judge Thomas D. Thacher for the Court of Appeals.[6]

The American Labor State Committee met on August 21 at the Hotel Claridge in New York City and tentatively nominated Ex-State Comptroller Joseph V. O'Leary (in office 1941-42) for Lieutenant Governor, and Leo J. Rosett for the Court of Appeals.[7] The committee met again on August 25 and endorsed the Democratic nominee Haskell and the Republican and Democratic nominee Thacher.[8]

Result[edit]

The Republican ticket was elected.

This was the last special election for Lieutenant Governor.

1943 state election result
Ticket / Office Lieutenant Governor Judge of the Court of Appeals
Republican Joe R. Hanley 1,846,314 Thomas D. Thacher
Democratic William N. Haskell[9] 1,171,976 Thomas D. Thacher
American Labor William N. Haskell 321,106 Thomas D. Thacher

Aftermath[edit]

Governor Dewey criticized the ruling of the Court of Appeals, saying that the special election of a lieutenant governor was incompatible with the 1937 amendment.[10] To press his view, he recommended to the New York State Legislature to amend the State Constitution again. In November 1945, an amendment was adopted which prohibited special elections for lieutenant governor saying that "no election of a lieutenant governor shall be had in any event, except at the time of electing a governor," and that "the temporary president of the senate then in office or his successor as such temporary president shall perform all the duties of lieutenant-governor...during such vacancy..."[11]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Finch's term would have expired anyway at the end of the year, having reached the constitutional age limit of 70 years.
  2. ^ ISSUES ARE RAISED BY WALLACE DEATH; Legal and Political Questions Arise in Regard to Naming His Successor in NYT on July 18, 1943 (subscription required)
  3. ^ RULES FOR ELECTION TO WALLACE'S POST; Albany Court Calls It Required Under Law to Fill the Place of Lieutenant Governor in NYT on August 15, 1943 (subscription required)
  4. ^ ELECTION ORDERED FOR WALLACE POST; Three Parties Call Nominating Sessions as Appeal Court Upholds Democrats' View in NYT on August 20, 1943 (subscription required)
  5. ^ CONVENTIONS NAME HASKELL, HANLEY in NYT on August 25, 1943 (subscription required)
  6. ^ CONVENTIONS NAME HASKELL, HANLEY in NYT on August 25, 1943 (subscription required)
  7. ^ ALP NAMES O'LEARY FOR WALLACE POST; But Is Ready to Shelve Him for an Acceptable Democrat in NYT on August 22, 1943 (subscription required)
  8. ^ HASKELL ACCEPTED AS ALP CANDIDATE in NYT on September 26, 1937 (subscription required)
  9. ^ William N. Haskell (1878-1952), West Point graduate, World War I veteran, head of the American Relief Administration in Romania 1919, Armenia 1919-20 and Soviet Russia 1921-1923, longtime Commander of the New York National Guard
  10. ^ Ordered Liberty by Peter J. Galie (1996), page 271
  11. ^ New York State Constitution of 1938, amended and in force on January 1, 1954, Art. IV §7, page 60

See also[edit]

New York state elections