New York state election, 1946

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The 1946 New York state election was held on November 5, 1946, to elect the Governor, the Lieutenant Governor, the State Comptroller, the Attorney General, a U.S. Senator, the Chief Judge and an associate judge of the New York Court of Appeals, as well as all members of the New York State Assembly and the New York State Senate.

Background[edit]

On September 22, 1945, Chief Judge Irving Lehman died. On September 28, Judge John T. Loughran was appointed Chief Judge to fill the vacancy temporarily, and George Z. Medalie was appointed temporarily to the seat vacated by Loughran. On March 5, 1946, Medalie died too, and Stanley H. Fuld was appointed on April 25 to fill the vacancy temporarily.

Nominations[edit]

The Socialist Labor state convention met on April 7, and nominated Aaron M. Orange for Governor. They also nominated Nathan Karp for Lieutenant Governor; Bronko Papadopolos, of Buffalo, for Comptroller; Walter Steinhilber, of Queens, for Attorney General; and Eric Hass for the U.S.Senate.[1] The party filed a petition to nominate candidates under the name "Industrial Government Party."

The Socialist state convention met on April 14, and nominated Prof. Coleman B. Cheney for Governor; and Walter O'Hagan for Lieutenant Governor.[2]

The Liberal Party gathered 51,015 signatures and filed a petition to nominate candidates with the Secretary of State on September 2.[3]

The Republican state convention met on September 4 at Saratoga Springs, New York. They re-nominated the five Republican incumbents Dewey, Hanley, Moore, Goldstein and Fuld; endorsed the Democratic Chief Judge Loughran to succeed himself; and completed the ticket with Assembly Majority Leader Irving M. Ives for the U.S. Senate.[4]

The Democratic state convention met on September 4 at Albany, New York, and nominated U.S. Senator James M. Mead for Governor; Mayor of Albany Erastus Corning 2nd for Lieutenant Governor; New York City Treasurer Spencer C. Young for Comptroller; City Councilman Anthony J. DiGiovanna for Attorney General; Ex-Governor Herbert H. Lehman (in office 1933-1942) for the U.S. Senate; Ex-State Solicitor General Henry Epstein for the Court of Appeals; and the incumbent Chief Judge John T. Loughran to succeed himself.[5]

The American Labor state convention met on September 3 and endorsed the Democratic nominee James M. Mead for Governor; and also endorsed the Democrats Lehman and Loughran. They completed the ticket with Benjamin F. Fielding, of New York City, for Lieutenant Governor; Harry J. Chapman, of Brooklyn, for Comptroller; Joseph Lucchi, of Queens, for Attorney General; and John Abt for the Court of Appeals.[6] Fielding, Chapman and Abt were withdrawn from the ticket on September 5, and Democrats Corning, Young and Epstein substituted on the ticket.[7] Lucchi declined to run on September 7, and Democrat DiGiovanna was substituted on the ticket.[8]

The Communist Party filed a petition to nominate candidates on September 2. They nominated Party State Chairman Robert Thompson for Governor; Israel Amter for Lieutenant Governor; Benjamin J. Davis, Jr., of New York City, for the U.S. Senate; Dr. Bella V. Dodd for Attorney General; and Marie Guidoni for Comptroller.[9] On September 9, Thompson announced that all candidates except himself for Comptroller would be withdrawn in an effort to strengthen the Democratic candidates in their quest to oust Governor Dewey,[10] but Davis also remained on the ticket, running for Attorney General. On October 19, Supreme Court Justice William H. Murray denied an application by Spencer C. Young, the Democratic nominee for Comptroller, to bar the Communist ticket from the ballot.[11]

The Socialist Workers Party filed a petition to nominate candidates headed by Farrell Dobbs for Governor.

The Industrial Government, Socialist and Socialist Workers tickets were not allowed on the ballot because of "defective nominating petitions." The Court of Appeals upheld the decisions of the lower courts.[12]

Result[edit]

The whole Republican ticket was elected in a landslide.

The incumbents Dewey, Hanley, Moore, Goldstein, Loughran and Fuld were re-elected.

The Liberal Party attained automatic ballot access (necessary 50,000 votes for governor).

1946 state election results
Office Republican ticket Democratic ticket American Labor ticket Liberal ticket Communist ticket
Governor Thomas E. Dewey 2,825,633 James M. Mead 1,532,161 James M. Mead 428,903 James M. Mead 177,418 (none)
Lieutenant Governor Joe R. Hanley 2,737,406 Erastus Corning 2nd 2,064,015 Erastus Corning 2nd Erastus Corning 2nd (none)
Comptroller Frank C. Moore 2,712,341 Spencer C. Young[13] 1,983,898 Spencer C. Young Spencer C. Young Robert Thompson 85,098
Attorney General Nathaniel L. Goldstein 2,629,561 Anthony J. DiGiovanna[14] 2,023,257 Anthony J. DiGiovanna Anthony J. DiGiovanna Benjamin J. Davis, Jr.[15] 95,798
Chief Judge John T. Loughran 4,726,926 John T. Loughran John T. Loughran John T. Loughran (none)
Judge of the Court of Appeals Stanley H. Fuld 2,671,869 Henry Epstein[16] 2,073,336 Henry Epstein Henry Epstein (none)
U.S. Senator Irving M. Ives 2,559,363 Herbert H. Lehman 2,306,112 Herbert H. Lehman Herbert H. Lehman (none)

Obs.:

  • "Blank, void and scattering" votes: 178,694 (Senator)
  • Number is total of votes on all tickets for each candidate other than Mead.
  • The vote for Governor is used to define ballot access, for automatic access are necessary 50,000 votes.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Socialist Labor Party Ticket in NYT on April 8, 1946 (subscription required)
  2. ^ Socialists Name Candidates in NYT on April 15, 1946 (subscription required)
  3. ^ LIBERALS TO FILE PETITIONS TODAY in NYT on September 2, 1946 (subscription required)
  4. ^ ALBANY 'TEAM' KEPT in NYT on September 5, 1946 (subscription required)
  5. ^ DEWEY IS ASSAILED; ...MEAD SPURNS ANY RED AID in NYT on September 5, 1946 (subscription required)
  6. ^ DEMOCRATIC DEAL IRKS LABOR PARTY in NYT on September 4, 1946 (subscription required)
  7. ^ ALP WITHDRAWS 3 FROM STATE TICKET in NYT on September 6, 1946 (subscription required)
  8. ^ LUCCHI DECLINES ALP NOMINATION in NYT on September 8, 1946 (subscription required)
  9. ^ Communists File Party Ticket at Albany in NYT on September 3, 1946 (subscription required)
  10. ^ COMMUNISTS BACK DEMOCRATIC TICKET in NYT on September 10, 1946 (subscription required)
  11. ^ Communists Win Place on State Ballot in NYT on October 20, 1946 (subscription required)
  12. ^ MINOR PARTIES RULED OFF BALLOT IN STATE in NYT on October 26, 1946 (subscription required)
  13. ^ Spencer C. Young (ca. 1894-1962), of Queens, NY City Treasurer 1946-53, ran also in 1950, SPENCER C. YOUNG, EX-CITY OFFICIAL Obit in NYT on March 24, 1962 (subscription required)
  14. ^ Anthony J. DiGiovanna (1905-1997), of Brooklyn, city councilman 1938-47, New York Supreme Court justice 1949-76, Anthony J. DiGiovanna, 92, Former State Supreme Court Justice Obit in NYT on December 21, 1997
  15. ^ Benjamin J. Davis, Jr., ran also for Congress at-large in 1942
  16. ^ Henry Epstein (d. 1961), New York State Solicitor General until 1942, later New York Supreme Court Justice and Deputy Mayor of New York, ran also for Attorney General in 1942, HENRY EPSTEIN, JUSTICE IS DEAD in NYT on December 31, 1961 (subscription required)

Sources[edit]

New York State Red Book 1947

See also[edit]