New Zealand five-dollar note

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Five Dollars
(New Zealand)
Value 5 New Zealand Dollar
Width 135 mm
Height 66 mm
Security features Window, Shadow image
Paper type Polymer
Years of printing 1967–present[1]
Obverse
Design Sir Edmund Hillary
Reverse
Design Hoiho, Campbell Island

The New Zealand five-dollar note was issued on 10 July 1967 when New Zealand decimalised its currency, changing from the New Zealand pound to the New Zealand dollar.

Design[edit]

First issue (1967–1982)[edit]

On the front of the notes Queen Elizabeth II is pictured. There is a watermark of Captain James Cook. On the back of the note is a Tui which is a bird that eats nectar. The plant the bird is perched on is a kōwhai, which is a tree with honey blossoms.

Second issue (1982–1990)[edit]

The colours and Elizabeth II's portrait were the only major changes.

Third issue (1990–1999)[edit]

The old notes were completely overhauled and have the same portraits and design as the fourth issue. There is a metallic strip and a latent image was added as well; these do not appear on the new notes. This note is different from the fourth series because it was issued in cotton not polymer.[2][3]

Fourth issue (1999 – present)[edit]

The Reserve Bank of New Zealand issued the note because the note will last four times longer than its counterpart, the paper banknote. The Bank also said the notes are non-porous meaning they do not absorb liquids, therefore they are much cleaner. The notes have better security features than the cotton-based notes, which also deters counterfeiters.[1]

On the front of the note is the explorer Sir Edmund Hillary. Aoraki / Mount Cook, the tallest mountain in New Zealand 12,316 feet (3,754 m), can be seen to the left of the bill. Hillary was the first to climb Mount Everest and to drive across the South Pole. The Massey Ferguson tractor driven by Hillary to the pole can be found in the lower left corner next to the see-through window.

On the back of the bill is a scene from Campbell Island which is NW of Stewart Island / Rakiura. The penguin on the bill is the Hoiho, which is native to New Zealand.[4]

Security features[edit]

The polymer note has a watermark of Elizabeth II on the right side. There are two transparent windows with images of a fern, on the left, and on the right. When held up to the light the window will show a "5" in its center, and images of ferns printed on each side will line up perfectly. When the note is put under UV Light a yellow patch should appear with the number "5" through the use of fluorescent dyes.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "New Zealand's bank notes". Reserve Bank of New Zealand. Retrieved 20 December 2012. 
  2. ^ "The history of bank notes in New Zealand". Reserve Bank of New Zealand. Retrieved 20 December 2012. 
  3. ^ "New Zealand banknotes". atsnotes.com. Retrieved 20 December 2012. 
  4. ^ "Explaining New Zealand's Currency" (PDF). Reserve Bank of New Zealand. Retrieved 20 December 2012. 
  5. ^ "The New Polymer Bank Notes" (PDF). Reserve Bank of New Zealand. Retrieved 20 December 2012.