New Zealand general election, 1899

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1899 general election
New Zealand
1896 ←
members
6 (general) & 19 December (Māori) 1899 → 1902
members

All 74 seats in the House of Representatives of New Zealand
38 seats were needed for a majority
Turnout 77.6%
  First party Second party
  RichardSeddon1905.jpg No image.png
Leader Richard Seddon No Leader
Party Liberal Independent
Leader since 1893
Leader's seat Westland
Last election 39 seats 35 seats
Seats won 49 25
Seat change Increase 10 Decrease 10
Popular vote N/A N/A
Percentage N/A N/A
Swing N/A N/A

Prime Minister before election

Richard Seddon
Liberal

Prime Minister-designate

Richard Seddon
Liberal

The New Zealand general election of 1899 was held on 6 and 19 December in the European and Māori electorates, respectively, to elect 74 MPs to the 14th session of the New Zealand Parliament. The election was again won by the Liberal Party, and Richard Seddon remained Prime Minister.

1896 electoral redistribution[edit]

The last electoral redistribution was undertaken in 1896 for the 1896 election, and the same electorates were used again.[1] 34 seats were located in the North Island, 36 were in the South Island, and the remaining four were Māori electorates.[2] Since the 1890 electoral redistribution, the four main centres had electorates with three seats each.[3]

The election[edit]

The 1899 election was held on Wednesday, 6 December in the general electorates, and on Tuesday, 19 December in the Māori electorates to elect a total of 74 MPs to the 14th Parliament.[4] A total number of 373,744 (77.6%) voters turned out to vote.[5][6] In three electorates there was only one candidate, and they were thus returned unopposed.[5] Two of those were Liberal candidates: Richard Seddon in the Westland electorate, and John McKenzie in the Waihemo electorate. The third was an opposition representative, William Russell, who stood in the Hawke's Bay electorate.[7]

Results[edit]

Party totals[edit]

The following table gives party strengths and vote distribution according to Wilson (1985), who records Maori representatives as Independents prior to the 1905 election.[8]

Party Total votes Percentage Seats won
Liberal 204,331 52.71 49
Opposition 141,758 36.67 19
Independent 41,540 10.72 6

Electorate results[edit]

Seventy-four MPs were elected across sixty-two single-member, and four three-member electorates. The table below show the results of the 1899 general election:

Key

 Liberal    Independent    Independent Liberal    Opposition  

Electorate results for the New Zealand general election, 1899[7]
Electorate Incumbent Winner Majority Runner up
General electorates
Ashburton Edward George Wright John McLachlan 802 Charles John Harper[9] (Opposition)
Ashley Richard Meredith 751 Thomas Caverhill (Opposition)
Auckland, City of Thomas Thompson William Joseph Napier 1,440 James Job Holland
James Job Holland William Crowther 938
William Crowther George Fowlds 94
Avon William Tanner 148 Arthur Rhodes (Opposition)
Awarua Joseph Ward 1,732 W. T. Murray[10] (Opposition)
Bay of Islands Robert Houston 67 Norman Alexander McLeod[11] (Opposition)
Bay of Plenty William Herries 132 David Lundon[12] (Liberal)
Bruce James Allen 364 Crawford Anderson (Liberal)
Buller Patrick O'Regan James Colvin 552 Patrick O'Regan (Liberal)
Caversham Arthur Morrison 1,108 William Henry Warren[13] (Opposition)
Christchurch, City of Charles Lewis William Whitehouse Collins 1,760 Tommy Taylor
George Smith Charles Lewis 418
Tommy Taylor Harry Ell 221
Clutha James William Thomson 497 Finlay McLeod[14] (Liberal)
Dunedin, City of Alexander Sligo John A. Millar 2,319 Scobie Mackenzie
John A. Millar James Arnold 1,564
Scobie Mackenzie Alfred Richard Barclay 637
Eden John Bollard 4 Malcolm Niccol[15] (Liberal)
Egmont Walter Symes 268 William Monkhouse (Opposition)
Ellesmere William Montgomery Heaton Rhodes 104 William Montgomery (Liberal)
Franklin William Massey 1,180 W Findlay Wilson (Liberal)
Geraldine Frederick Flatman 1,556 Charles Nicholson McIntosh (Independent)
Grey Arthur Guinness 786 Michael Hannan (Opposition)
Hawera Felix McGuire 55 Charles E. Major (Liberal)
Hawke's Bay William Russell (uncontested)
Invercargill James Kelly Josiah Hanan 4,640 James Kelly (Independent Liberal)
Kaiapoi Richard Moore David Buddo 481 Richard Moore (Independent)
Lyttelton John Joyce George Laurenson 1,813 William Jacques (Opposition)
Manawatu John Stevens 148 Robert Bruce (Liberal)
Manukau Maurice O'Rorke 1,031 John Edward Taylor[16] (Independent)
Marsden Robert Thompson 1,314 George Alderton (Opposition)
Masterton Alexander Hogg 1,191 Charles Cockburn-Hood[17] (Opposition)
Mataura Robert McNab 159 Irven Willis Raymond[18] (Opposition)
Motueka Roderick McKenzie 1,066 Walter Moffatt (Opposition)
Napier Douglas Maclean Alfred Fraser 38 Douglas Maclean (Independent)
City of Nelson John Graham 581 Richmond Hursthouse (Opposition)
Oamaru Thomas Duncan 1,254 John Andrew MacPherson[19] (Liberal)
Ohinemuri Alfred Cadman Jackson Palmer 295 Edward Moss (Independent Liberal)
Otaki Henry Field 305 Charles Bruce Morison (Opposition)
Pahiatua John O'Meara 369 Harold Smith (Opposition)
Palmerston Frederick Pirani 515 William Wood (Liberal)
Parnell Frank Lawry 840 Hugh Campbell (Opposition)
Patea George Hutchison 129 Arthur Remington (Liberal)
Rangitikei Frank Lethbridge 532 James Jervis Bagnall (Liberal)
Riccarton William Rolleston George Russell 1 William Rolleston (Opposition)
Selwyn Cathcart Wason Charles Hardy 140 John Rennie (Liberal)
Taieri Walter Carncross 460 Alexander Campbell Begg[20] (Opposition)
Taranaki Henry Brown Edward Smith 127 Henry Brown (Opposition)
Thames James McGowan 1,184 Henry Greenslade[21] (Liberal)
Timaru William Hall-Jones 2,275 James Stephen Keith[nb 1][22] (Independent Liberal)
Tuapeka Charles Rawlins James Bennet 386 Charles Rawlins (Opposition)
Waiapu James Carroll 1,329 Cecil Fitzroy[23] (Opposition)
Waihemo John McKenzie (uncontested)
Waikato Frederic Lang 322 John Hosking[24] (Opposition)
Waikouaiti Edmund Allen 332 John White[25] (Opposition)
Waipawa George Hunter Charles Hall 557 George Hunter
Wairarapa Walter Clarke Buchanan J. T. Marryat Hornsby 156 Walter Clarke Buchanan (Opposition)
Wairau Charles Mills 1,373 Walter Clifford (Opposition)
Waitaki William Steward 1,427 John Campbell[26] (Opposition)
Waitemata Richard Monk 450 Charles Newman (Liberal)
Wakatipu William Fraser 169 James Kelly[nb 2] (Liberal)
Wallace Michael Gilfedder 219 Allen Carmichael[27] (Opposition)
Wanganui Gilbert Carson Archibald Willis 709 Gilbert Carson (Opposition)
Wellington, City of John Hutcheson 1,116 Kennedy Macdonald[28]
Robert Stout Arthur Atkinson 383
George Fisher 122
Suburbs of Wellington Charles Wilson Thomas Wilford 536 Alfred Newman (Opposition)
Westland Richard Seddon (uncontested)
Māori electorates[nb 3]
Eastern Maori Wi Pere 907 Mohi Te Atahikoia (N/A)
Northern Maori Hone Heke 1,086 Eparaima Te Mutu Kapa (N/A)
Southern Maori Tame Parata 168 Taituha Hape (N/A)
Western Maori Henare Kaihau 1,812 Tureiti Te Heuheu Tukino V (N/A)

Table footnotes:

  1. ^ Note that in many newspapers, Keith is labelled as belonging to the opposition
  2. ^ Not to be confused with James Whyte Kelly, who was defeated that election in the Invercargill electorate
  3. ^ Note that the affiliation of many Maori candidates is not known.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ McRobie 1989, p. 63.
  2. ^ Wilson 1985, p. 173.
  3. ^ McRobie 1989, p. 55.
  4. ^ Wilson 1985, pp. 138, 287.
  5. ^ a b Wilson 1985, p. 286.
  6. ^ "General elections 1853–2005 – dates & turnout". Elections New Zealand. Retrieved 11 January 2011. 
  7. ^ a b "The General Election, 1899". Wellington: Appendix to the Journals of the House of Representatives. 19 June 1900. pp. 1–4. Retrieved 1 November 2012. 
  8. ^ Wilson 1985, pp. 287–289.
  9. ^ "Electoral District of Ashburton". Ashburton Guardian XXI (4977). 28 November 1899. p. 3. Retrieved 6 February 2014. 
  10. ^ "Farewell to Mr and Mrs W. T. Murray and Mr and Mrs B. W. R. Dunn". The Southland Times (14743). 12 September 1900. p. 3. Retrieved 7 February 2014. 
  11. ^ "Electoral District of Bay of Islands". Auckland Star XXX (280). 25 November 1899. p. 2. Retrieved 8 February 2014. 
  12. ^ "The Electoral District of Bay of Plenty". Bay Of Plenty Times XXIV (3932). 1 December 1899. p. 2. Retrieved 8 February 2014. 
  13. ^ "Electoral District of Caversham". Otago Daily Times (11604). 12 December 1899. p. 6. Retrieved 9 February 2014. 
  14. ^ "Clutha Electoral District". Mataura Ensign (669). 2 December 1899. p. 3. Retrieved 11 February 2014. 
  15. ^ Scholefield 1940b, p. 124.
  16. ^ "Electoral District of Manukau". Observer. XVIII (1094). 16 December 1899. p. 19. Retrieved 15 February 2014. 
  17. ^ "Masterton Electorate". Wairarapa Daily Times XVI (6410). 4 December 1899. p. 3. Retrieved 15 February 2014. 
  18. ^ "Electoral District of Mataura". Mataura Ensign (673). 12 December 1899. p. 3. Retrieved 15 February 2014. 
  19. ^ "Electoral District of Oamaru". The Oamaru Mail XXIV (7695). 12 December 1899. p. 3. Retrieved 15 February 2014. 
  20. ^ Scholefield 1940a, p. 55.
  21. ^ "Electoral District of Thames". Thames Advertiser XXIX (9510). 13 December 1899. p. 3. Retrieved 20 February 2014. 
  22. ^ "The General Election". Daily Telegraph (9729). 30 November 1899. p. 4. Retrieved 25 February 2014. 
  23. ^ "Notice of Nominations". Poverty Bay Herald XXVI (8683). 30 November 1899. p. 3. Retrieved 7 March 2014. 
  24. ^ "Official Declaration of Poll". Auckland Star XXX (296). 30 November 1899. p. 5. Retrieved 7 March 2014. 
  25. ^ "Otago". The Star (6661). 6 December 1899. p. 4. Retrieved 8 March 2014. 
  26. ^ "Waitaki Electoral District". The Timaru Herald LXII (3123). 1 December 1899. p. 1. Retrieved 10 March 2014. 
  27. ^ "Orepuki". Otago Witness (2385). 23 November 1899. p. 34. Retrieved 11 March 2014. 
  28. ^ "Untitled". The Evening Post. LVIII (136). 6 December 1899. p. 6. Retrieved 14 March 2014. 

References[edit]