New Zealand general election, 1914

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New Zealand general election, 1914
New Zealand
1911 ←
10 & 11 December 1914 → 1919

All 80 seats in the House of Representatives of New Zealand
41 seats were needed for a majority
Turnout 84.7%
  First party Second party
  William Massey.jpg Joseph George Ward.jpg
Leader William Massey Joseph Ward
Party Reform Liberal
Leader since 1909 1906
Leader's seat Franklin Awarua
Last election 38 seats 36 seats
Seats before 41 32
Seats won 40 34
Seat change Decrease 1 Increase 2
Popular vote 243,122 222,299
Percentage 47.1% 43.1%

  Third party Fourth party
  No image.png No image.png
Leader Alfred Hindmarsh Unclear
Party United Labour Social Democrat
Leader since 1914
Leader's seat Wellington South
Last election 1 seat 0 seats
Seats before 2 2
Seats won 3 2
Seat change Increase 1 Steady 0
Popular vote 49,482 Unknown
Percentage 9.6% Unknown

Prime Minister before election

William Massey

Prime Minister-designate

William Massey

The New Zealand general election of 1914 was held on 10 December to elect a total of 80 MPs to the 19th session of the New Zealand Parliament. The Maori vote was held on 11 December. A total number of 616,043 voters were registered, of which 84.7% voters turned out to vote.[1]

The election saw William Massey's Reform Government maintain power.

The second-ballot voting system had been repealed in 1913, and first-past-the-post voting reinstated for the 1914 election.[1]

Soldiers serving overseas in the NZEF were given a vote by the Expeditionary Forces Voting Act, 1914. They voted for a party (Liberal, Labour or Reform) and their votes were allocated to a candidate for their electorate by a representative of their party; which sometimes required the representative to choose between rival "Liberal" or "Labour" candidates.[2]

Summary of results[edit]

Party Candidates Total votes Percentage Seats won
Reform Party 79 243,025 47.1% 40
Liberal Party 71 227,706 43.1% 34
United Labour Party 9 22,672 9.6% 3
Social Democrat 10 22,500 2
Independents 5 2,195 1
  • Auckland West, Hawke's Bay, Taumarunui, Wairarapa, Waitaki and Wellington Central were won by the Liberals from Reform
  • Chalmers, Dunedin West, Motueka, and Northern Maori were won by Reform from the Liberals
  • Nelson and Otaki were won by Reform from independents.
  • Dunedin North was won by United Labour from Reform
  • Four electorates replaced their incumbent MP with another from the same party: Christchurch East and Temuka (Liberal), Eden and Wellington Suburbs and Country (Reform).


The following are the results of the 1914 general election:


 Liberal    Reform    Social Democrat    United Labour    Independent  

Electorate results for the New Zealand general election, 1914[3]
Electorate Incumbent Winner Majority Runner up
General electorates
Ashburton William Nosworthy William Maslin
Christchurch East Thomas Davey Henry Thacker 1,890 Hiram Hunter
Waipawa George Hunter 138 Albert Jull
Waitemata Alexander Harris 1,013 Henry Cromwell Tewsley[4]
Wellington East Alfred Newman 48 David McLaren
Māori electorates
Eastern Maori Sir Apirana Ngata Hetekia Pere
Northern Maori Te Rangi Hīroa Taurekareka Henare Hemi te Paa
Southern Maori Taare Parata Teone Matapura Erihana
Western Maori Maui Pomare Maui Pomare Hema te Ao
Electorate Incumbent Winner Second Place
Auckland Central Albert Glover Michael Joseph Savage
Auckland East Arthur Myers Arthur Holmes
Auckland West James Bradney Charles Poole James Bradney
Avon George Russell Dan Sullivan
Awarua Joseph Ward John Hamilton
Bay of Islands Vernon Reed Peter Buck
Bay of Plenty William MacDonald Kenneth Williams
Bruce James Allen Charles Smith
Buller James Colvin George Powell
Chalmers Edward Clark James Dickson William Mason
Christchurch North Leonard Isitt Henry Toogood
Christchurch South Harry Ell Gains Whiting
Clutha Alexander Malcolm John Jenkinson
Dunedin Central Charles Statham James Munro
Dunedin North George Thomson Andrew Walker George Thomson
Dunedin South Thomas Sidey Thomas Dalton
Dunedin West John A. Millar William Stewart John Johnson
Eastern Maori Apirana Ngata Hetekia Pere
Eden John Bollard James Parr William Tuck
Egmont Charles Wilkinson David Astbury
Ellesmere Heaton Rhodes James Free
Franklin William Massey Arthur Glass
Gisborne James Carroll Harry de Lautour
Grey Paddy Webb Henry Michel
Grey Lynn John Payne Murdoch McLean
Hawke's Bay Hugh Campbell Robert McNab Hugh Campbell
Hurunui George Forbes William Banks
Hutt Thomas Wilford Albert Samuel
Invercargill Josiah Hanan John Lillicrap
Kaiapoi David Buddo David Jones
Kaipara Gordon Coates Richard Hoe
Lyttelton James McCombs Malcolm Miller
Manukau Frederic Lang John McLarin
Marsden Francis Mander Edmund Purdie
Masterton George Sykes Alexander Hogg
Mataura George Anderson William Mehaffey
Motueka Roderick McKenzie Richard Hudson Roderick McKenzie
Napier Vigor Brown George Venables
Nelson Harry Atmore Thomas Field Harry Atmore
Northern Maori Te Rangi Hīroa Taurekareka Henare Hemi te Paa
Oamaru Ernest Lee John MacPherson
Ohinemuri Hugh Poland Joseph Clark
Oroua David Guthrie John Morrison
Otago Central Robert Scott William Bodkin
Otaki John Robertson William Field John Robertson
Pahiatua James Escott John Mathews
Palmerston David Buick Jim Thorn
Parnell James Dickson Jeremiah Sullivan
Patea George Pearce William Morrison
Raglan Richard Bollard William Thompson
Rangitikei Edward Newman Robert Hornblow
Riccarton George Witty Bertram Bunn
Selwyn William Dickie George Sheat
Southern Maori Taare Parata Teone Matapura Erihana
Stratford John Hine William Hawkins
Taranaki Henry Okey Daniel Hughes
Taumarunui Charles Wilson William Jennings Charles Wilson
Tauranga William Herries Ralph Stewart
Temuka Thomas Buxton Charles Talbot Charles Kerr
Thames Thomas Rhodes Edmund Taylor
Timaru James Craigie Francis Smith
Waikato Alexander Young Alexander Scholes
Waimarino Robert Smith Hugh Speed
Wairarapa Walther Buchanan J. T. Marryat Hornsby Walter Buchanan
Wairau Richard McCallum John Duncan
Waitaki Francis Smith John Anstey Norton Francis
Wakatipu William Fraser Joseph Stephens[5]
Wallace John Thomson Alexander Rodger
Wanganui Bill Veitch Bill Veitch Frederick Pirani
Wellington Central Francis Fisher Robert Fletcher Francis Fisher
Wellington East Alfred Newman David McLaren
Wellington North Alexander Herdman William Turnbull
Wellington South Alfred Hindmarsh John Luke
Wellington Suburbs and Country William Bell Robert Wright Frank Moore
Western Maori Maui Pomare Hema te Ao
Westland Tom Seddon Arthur Paape


  1. ^ a b "General elections 1853–2005 - dates & turnout". Elections New Zealand. Retrieved 10 December 2011. 
  2. ^ Barry Gustafson (1980). Labour’s Path to Political Independence. Auckland University Press. pp. 87–88. 
  3. ^ Hislop, J. (1915). The General Election, 1914. National Library. pp. 1–33. Retrieved 1 August 2013. 
  4. ^ "Mr. H.C. Tewsley". Observer XXXV (14). 12 December 1914. p. 15. Retrieved 5 December 2014. 
  5. ^ "Labour's Candidates". Maoriland Worker 12 (299). 22 November 1922. p. 12. Retrieved 26 January 2014. 

See also[edit]