New Zealand general election, 1922

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1922 general election
New Zealand
1919 ←
members
6 (Māori) & 7 December (general) 1922
→ 1925
members

All 80 seats in the House of Representatives of New Zealand
41 seats needed for a majority
Turnout 87.7%
  First party Second party Third party
  William Massey.jpg Thomas Wilford, 1928.jpg Harry Holland (1922).jpg
Leader William Massey Thomas Wilford Harry Holland
Party Reform Liberal Labour
Leader since 1909 1920 1919
Leader's seat Franklin Hutt Buller
Last election 43 seats, 35.7% 17 seats, 28.7% 8 seats, 24.2%
Seats won 37 22 17
Seat change Decrease 6 Increase 5 Increase 9
Popular vote 249,735 166,708 150,448
Percentage 39.4% 26.3% 23.7%
Swing Increase 3.7% Decrease 2.4% Decrease 0.5%

Prime Minister before election

William Massey
Reform

Prime Minister-designate

William Massey
Reform

The New Zealand general election of 1922 was held on Monday, 6 December in the Māori electorates, and on Tuesday, 7 December in the general electorates to elect a total of 80 MPs to the 21st session of the Parliament of New Zealand. A total number of 700,111 (87.7%) voters turned out to vote.[1] In one seat (Bay of Plenty) there was only one candidate.[2][3]

1922 was the year residents of the Chatham Islands were enfranchised for the first time (included in Lyttelton and Western Māori electorates).

Result[edit]

Labour Party candidates in the 1922 election

William Massey formed a government, but with the loss in support for the Reform Party he had to negotiate for support with Independents, and with two Liberal Party members.[4]

Liberal was in decline and disorganised. Just before the 1925 election (held on 4 November), two Liberal MPs from Christchurch who had supported Massey (along with Independents Harry Atmore and Allen Bell) were appointed to the Legislative Council. They were Leonard Isitt and George Witty who were both appointed to the Legislative Council by Gordon Coates on 28 October 1925. Both were Liberals and their retirement removed "a source of some bitterness from the Party’s ranks (Coates rewarded them with seats in the Legislative Council the day after the election)".[5] Gordon Coates was Reform, and both of their seats went to Reform candidates in 1925.

Party Totals[edit]

Party Candidates Total votes Percentage Seats won
Reform Party 76 249,735 39.35% 37
Liberal Party 56 166,708 26.26% 22
Labour Party 41 150,448 23.70% 17
Others 39 67,837 10.69% 4
Total 212 634,728 80
  • Note: For numbers of candidates see Wilson (1985) p295; for numbers of votes and percentage see Wilson (1985) p289. Electorate results given below include 38 Reform and 21 Liberal members. The figures given in the table agree with Mackie and Rose, as well as the article on New Zealand elections.

Electorate results[edit]

The results of the 1922 election were as follows:

Key

 Liberal    Reform    Labour    Independent  

Electorate results for the New Zealand general election, 1922[6][7]
Electorate Incumbent Winner Majority Runner up
General electorates
Ashburton William Nosworthy 1,482[8] Henry Manwell Jones (Liberal)
Bay of Plenty Kenneth Williams (uncontested)
Buller Harry Holland 1,541[8] John Menzies (Reform)
Gisborne Douglas Lysnar 500[8] George Wildish[9] (Liberal)
Hutt Thomas Wilford 802[8] David Pritchard (Labour)
Kaiapoi David Jones David Buddo 65[10] David Jones (Reform)
Masterton George Sykes 556[8] A C Holmes (Independent)
Nelson Harry Atmore 2,164[8] A Gilbert (Reform)
Otaki William Hughes Field 58[8] G H M McClure (Liberal)
Tauranga William Herries 1,440[11] Laurence Johnstone (Liberal)
Timaru James Craigie Frank Rolleston 288[8] Percy Vinnell (Labour)
Māori electorates
Eastern Maori Sir Apirana Ngata Taranaki Kanara te Uamairangi (Independent)
Northern Maori Taurekareka Henare Nau Parone Kawiti (Independent)
Southern Maori Henare Uru Peter MacDonald (Independent)
Western Maori Maui Pomare Ngarangi Katitia (Independent)
Electorate Incumbent Winner Second Place
Auckland Central Bill Parry Bill Parry Albert Glover
Auckland East Clutha Mackenzie John A. Lee Clutha Mackenzie
Auckland West Michael Joseph Savage Michael Joseph Savage J Farrell
Avon Dan Sullivan Dan Sullivan George Russell
Awarua John Ronald Hamilton Philip De La Perrelle John Ronald Hamilton
Bay of Islands Vernon Reed Allen Bell Vernon Reed
Chalmers James McColl Dickson James McColl Dickson Joseph Stephens[12]
Christchurch East Henry Thacker Tim Armstrong Henry Thacker
Christchurch North Leonard Isitt Leonard Isitt John Archer
Christchurch South Ted Howard Ted Howard H C Lane
Clutha Alexander Malcolm John Edie Alexander Malcolm
Dunedin Central Charles Statham Charles Statham John Gilchrist
Dunedin North James Wright Munro James Wright Munro J J Clark
Dunedin South Thomas Sidey Thomas Sidey John McManus
Dunedin West William Downie Stewart William Downie Stewart C M Moss
Eden James Parr James Parr Rex Mason
Egmont Oswald Hawken Oswald Hawken D L A Astbury
Ellesmere Heaton Rhodes Heaton Rhodes J C Free
Franklin William Massey William Massey J Rea
Grey Lynn Fred Bartram Fred Bartram W J Holdsworth
Hamilton New Electorate Alexander Young Arthur Shapton Richards
Hawke's Bay Hugh Campbell Gilbert McKay Andrew Hamilton Russell[13]
Hurunui George Forbes George Forbes S Andrew
Invercargill Josiah Hanan Josiah Hanan J Armstead
Kaipara Gordon Coates Gordon Coates R E Hornblow
Lyttelton James McCombs James McCombs R MacCartney
Manawatu Edward Newman Joseph Linklater F D Whibley
Manukau Frederic Lang William Jordan Frederic Lang
Marsden Francis Mander Alfred Murdoch William Jones
Mataura George Anderson George Anderson David McDougall
Motueka Richard Hudson Richard Hudson R Patterson
Napier Vigor Brown Lewis McIlvride J Mason
Oamaru Ernest Lee John MacPherson Ernest Lee
Ohinemuri Hugh Poland Hugh Poland Stephen Shepherd Allen
Oroua David Guthrie David Guthrie John Cobbe
Pahiatua Archibald McNicol Alfred Ransom Archibald McNicol
Palmerston Jimmy Nash Jimmy Nash J Hodgens
Parnell James Samuel Dickson James Samuel Dickson S M Wren
Patea Edwin Dixon James Randall Corrigan Edwin Dixon
Raglan Richard Bollard Richard Bollard S C G Lye
Rangitikei William Spiers Glenn William Spiers Glenn F P Brady
Riccarton George Witty George Witty Herbert Kyle
Roskill Vivian Potter Vivian Potter Alfred Hall-Skelton
Rotorua Frank Hockly Frank Hockly Cecil Clinkard
Stratford Robert Masters Robert Masters John Hine
Taranaki Sydney George Smith Sydney George Smith Charles Bellringer
Temuka Thomas Burnett Thomas Burnett Thomas Herbert Langford
Thames Thomas William Rhodes Thomas William Rhodes W A Allan
Waikato Alexander Young Frederick Lye J T Johnson
Waimarino Robert William Smith Frank Langstone Robert William Smith
Waipawa George Hunter George Hunter J J Langridge
Wairarapa Alexander Donald McLeod Alexander Donald McLeod J W Card
Wairau Richard McCallum William Girling Richard McCallum
Waitaki John Bitchener John Bitchener William Paul
Waitemata Alexander Harris Alexander Harris F H Burbush
Waitomo William Thomas Jennings John Rolleston William Thomas Jennings
Wakatipu James Horn James Horn J Ritchie
Wallace Adam Hamilton John Charles Thomson Adam Hamilton
Wanganui Bill Veitch Bill Veitch J Coull
Wellington Central Peter Fraser Peter Fraser W H Bennett
Wellington East Alfred Newman Alec Monteith Thomas Forsyth
Wellington North John Luke John Luke Henry Ernest Combs
Wellington South George Mitchell Robert McKeen George Mitchell
Wellington Suburbs Robert Wright Robert Wright Alexander Croskery
Westland Tom Seddon James O'Brien Tom Seddon
Eastern Maori Apirana Ngata Apirana Ngata Taranaki Kanara te Uamairangi
Northern Maori Taurekareka Henare Taurekareka Henare Nau Parone Kawiti
Southern Maori Henare Uru Henare Uru Peter MacDonald
Western Maori Maui Pomare Maui Pomare Haami Tokouru Ratana

Summary of changes[edit]

A boundary redistribution resulted in the abolition of one seat:

At the same time, one new seat was created:

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "General elections 1853-2005 - dates & turnout". Elections New Zealand. Retrieved 12 January 2011. 
  2. ^ Bassett 1982, p. 666.
  3. ^ Wilson 1985, p. 286.
  4. ^ Bassett 1982, p. 32.
  5. ^ Bassett 1982, p. 35.
  6. ^ The New Zealand Official Year-Book. Government Printer. 1924. Retrieved 24 November 2013 Note that this source does not give election results, but shows the composition of the House in September 1923 
  7. ^ McRobie 1989, pp. 83f.
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h "Official Counts". The Evening Post CIV (144). 15 December 1922. p. 8. Retrieved 3 March 2014. 
  9. ^ "Women Take Part". The Evening Post CXX (107). 1 November 1935. p. 14. Retrieved 11 November 2013. 
  10. ^ "The Official Count". Auckland Star LIII (295). 13 December 1922. p. 5. Retrieved 23 November 2013. 
  11. ^ "The Final Counts". The New Zealand Herald LIX (18276). 18 December 1922. p. 6. Retrieved 3 March 2014. 
  12. ^ "Labour's Candidates". Maoriland Worker 12 (299). 22 November 1922. p. 12. Retrieved 26 January 2014. 
  13. ^ Pugsley, Chris. "Russell, Andrew Hamilton". Dictionary of New Zealand Biography. Ministry for Culture and Heritage. Retrieved 10 November 2013. 

References[edit]

  • Bassett, Michael (1982). Three Party Politics in New Zealand 1911–1931. Auckland: Historical Publications. ISBN 0-86870-006-1. 
  • Chapman, Robert M. (1948). The Significance of the 1928 General Election: A Study in Certain Trends in New Zealand Politics During the Nineteen-Twenties (Thesis). Massey University. 
  • Chapman, Robert M. (1969). The Political Scene 1919–1931. Heinemann. 
  • Mackie, Thomas T.; Rose, Richard (1991). The International Almanac of Electoral History (3rd ed.). Macmillan. 
  • McRobie, Alan (1989). Electoral Atlas of New Zealand. Wellington: GP Books. ISBN 0-477-01384-8. 
  • Wilson, James Oakley (1985) [First published in 1913]. New Zealand Parliamentary Record, 1840–1984 (4th ed.). Wellington: V.R. Ward, Govt. Printer. OCLC 154283103.