New Zealand general election, 1999

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New Zealand general election, 1999
New Zealand
1996 ←
members
27 November 1999 (1999-11-27) → 2002
members

All 120 seats in the House of Representatives of New Zealand
61 seats needed for a majority
  First party Second party Third party
  Helen Clark 2.jpg Jenny Shipley.jpg Jim Anderton, 2010.jpg
Leader Helen Clark Jenny Shipley Jim Anderton
Party Labour National Alliance
Leader since 1993 1997 1995
Leader's seat Mount Albert Rakaia Wigram
Last election 37 seats, 28.19% 44 seats, 33.87% 13 seats, 10.10%
Seats won 49 39 10
Seat change Increase 12 Decrease 5 Decrease 3
Popular vote 800,199 629,932 159,859
Percentage 38.74% 30.50% 7.74%
Swing Increase 10.55% Decrease 3.37% Decrease 2.36%

  Fourth party Fifth party Sixth party
  No image.png RodDonaldGreenMP.jpgJeanette Fitzsimons.jpg Winston Peters cropped.PNG
Leader Richard Prebble Rod Donald / Jeanette Fitzsimons Winston Peters
Party ACT Green NZ First
Leader since 1996 1995 / 1995 1993
Leader's seat List List / Coromandel Tauranga
Last election 8 seats, 6.10% Ran as part of Alliance 17 seats, 13.35%
Seats won 9 7 5
Seat change Increase 1 Increase 7 Decrease 12
Popular vote 145,493 106,560 87,926
Percentage 7.04% 5.16% 4.26%
Swing Increase 0.94% Increase 5.16% Decrease 9.09%

Prime Minister before election

Jenny Shipley
National

Elected Prime Minister

Helen Clark
Labour

The 1999 New Zealand general election was held on 27 November 1999 to determine the composition of the 46th New Zealand Parliament. The governing National Party, led by Prime Minister Jenny Shipley, was defeated, being replaced by a coalition of Helen Clark's Labour Party and the smaller Alliance. This marked an end to nine years of National Party government, and the beginning of the Fifth Labour Government of New Zealand which would govern for 9 years, until its loss to the National Party in the 2008 general election.

Background[edit]

Before the election, the National Party had an unstable hold on power. After the 1996 election National had formed a coalition with the populist New Zealand First party and its controversial leader, Winston Peters. Gradually, however, the relationship between the two parties deteriorated, and Peters took his party out of the coalition. A number of New Zealand First MPs deserted Peters, establishing themselves as independents or as members of newly established parties. By forming agreements with these MPs, National was able to keep itself in office, but its control was often unsteady.

The Labour Party, which had been in Opposition since losing the 1990 election, presented a strong challenge, particularly due to its agreement with the smaller Alliance party. The two had not previously enjoyed good relations, primarily due to the presence of the NewLabour Party as one of the Alliance's key members. NewLabour had been established by Jim Anderton, a former Labour MP who quit the party in protest over the economic reforms of Roger Douglas, which were often blamed for Labour's election loss in 1990. Gradually, as the Labour Party withdrew from "Rogernomics", the Alliance (led by Anderton) reduced its hostility towards Labour, but it was not until shortly before the 1999 election that a formal understanding was reached regarding a possible left-wing coalition. This agreement was deemed a necessary step towards building a credible alternative to the National Party.

This election was the first in New Zealand's history where both main parties were led by women.

The election[edit]

The election took place on 27 November. Less than 84.1% of the 2,509,365 people registered to vote turned out for the election. This was the lowest turnout for some time, although it would drop further in the 2002 elections. A total of 679 candidates stood for electorate seats, representing 36 parties. Party lists comprised 760 candidates from 22 parties. The new government was sworn in on 10 December.

In the election 965 candidates stood, and there were 22 registered parties with party lists. Of the candidates, 482 were electorate and list, 197 were electorate only, and 286 were list only. 67% of candidates (647) were male and 33% (318) female. [1] [2]

Summary of results[edit]

Labour Party won 49 seats in parliament. When combined with the ten seats won by the Alliance, the coalition was two seats short of an absolute majority. It was able to form a new government with support from the Green Party, which entered parliament for the first time as an independent party (having previously been a part of the Alliance). The Green Party's entry to parliament was by a narrow margin, however - in order to gain seats, it needed to either win 5% of the party vote or win an electorate seat, neither of which the party appeared likely to do. However, when all special votes (that is, votes cast by people who were not able to attend a polling place in their electorate on the day of the election) were counted, the Greens had narrowly reached not one but both targets - the party's co-leader Jeanette Fitzsimons won the electorate of Coromandel, and the party gained 5.16% of the vote.

The National Party, while not performing exceptionally poorly, failed to gain enough support to keep it in power. It won 39 seats, ten fewer than the Labour Party. ACT New Zealand, a potential coalition partner for National, gained nine seats. While this was an increase on ACT's previous election results, it was not sufficient to enable the National Party to form a government. National's former coalition partner, New Zealand First, performed poorly, with voters punishing it for the problems in the last government. The party received less than 5% of the vote, and so would have been removed from parliament had Winston Peters not retained his electorate of Tauranga, something he did by only 63 votes. None of the MPs who deserted New Zealand First were returned to parliament.

Detailed results[edit]

Parliamentary parties[edit]

e • d  Summary of the 27 November 1999 New Zealand House of Representatives election results
party votes % of votes seats
% change electorate list total change
Labour 800,199 38.74 +11.55 41 8 49 +12
National 629,932 30.50 -3.37 22 17 39 -5
Alliance 159,859 7.74 -2.36 1 9 10 -3
ACT 145,493 7.04 +0.94 0 9 9 +1
Green 106,560 5.16 +5.16 1 6 7 +7
NZ First 87,926 4.26 -9.09 1 4 5 -12
United 11,065 0.54 -0.34 1 0 1 0
other parties 124,460 6.03 -1.51 0 0 0 0
total 2,065,494 100.00 67 53 120 0
informal votes 19,887
disallowed special votes 41,884
total votes cast 2,127,295
turnout 84.77%


Non-parliamentary parties[edit]

e • d  Summary of MMP vote for minor
unrepresented registered parties.
Party Votes % Change
Christian Heritage New Zealand 49,154 2.38
Future New Zealand 23,033 1.12
Legalise Cannabis 22,687 1.10
Libertarianz 5949 0.29
Mana Māori 5190 0.25
Mauri Pacific 4008 0.19
Animals First 3244 0.16
McGillicuddy Serious Party 3191 0.15
South Island Party 2912 0.14
Natural Law 1712 0.08
One New Zealand 1311 0.06
NMP 936 0.05
Freedom Movement 454 0.02
People's Choice 387 0.02
Republican Party 292 0.01
Minor parties, total 124,460 6.03


In addition to the registered parties listed above, some groups participated in the election without submitting party lists. Many of these were unregistered parties, lacking the necessary membership numbers for submitting a party list. There were, however, three registered ones that did not, for whatever reason, submit a party list. In total, 14 parties nominated electorate candidates only. By number of votes received, the most significant parties to do this were Te Tawharau (registered), Mana Wahine Te Ira Tangata (registered), the Equal Rights Party (unregistered), the Piri Wiri Tua Movement (unregistered), and the Asia Pacific United Party (registered). None of these parties were successful. There were also 36 independent candidates, also unsuccessful. The Mauri Pacific Party, established by a group of defectors from New Zealand First, failed to place even second in the electorates they held. Te Tawharau, which held a seat in parliament thanks to another New Zealand First defector, failed to retain its seat.

Electorate results[edit]

NewZealandElectorates1999-Labeled.png

Of the 67 electorates in the 1999 election, a majority (41) were won by the opposition Labour Party. Included in Labour's total are the Maori seats, which it managed to regain after losing them to New Zealand First in the previous election. The governing National Party won 22 electorate seats, slightly less than a third of the total.

Four minor parties managed to win electorate seats. This proved important for some - neither New Zealand First nor United would have entered parliament if not for Winston Peters and Peter Dunne retaining their seats. Jim Anderton also retained his seat. The Greens won their first (and, so far, only) electorate seat when Jeanette Fitzsimons took Coromandel, although since the Greens crossed the 5% threshold, this was of less importance than originally thought.

The table below shows the results of the 1999 general election:

Key

 National    Labour    Alliance    Green  
 ACT    United NZ    NZ First    Mauri Pacific  
Electorate results of the New Zealand general election, 1999[3]
Electorate Incumbent Winner Majority Runner up Third place
General electorates
Albany Don McKinnon Murray McCully Hamish McCracken (Labour) Heather Ann McConachy (Alliance)
Aoraki Jim Sutton Wayne F Marriott (National) Lynley Simmons (Alliance)
Auckland Central Judith Tizard Martin Poulsen (National) Sandra Lee (Alliance)
Banks Peninsula David Carter Ruth Dyson David Carter (National) Maevis Watson (Alliance)
Bay of Plenty Tony Ryall Terry Hughes (Labour) Peter Brown (NZ First)
Christchurch Central Tim Barnett John Stringer (National) Liz Gordon (Alliance)
Christchurch East Larry Sutherland Lianne Dalziel John Knox (National) Paul Piesse (Alliance)
Clutha-Southland Bill English Lesley Soper (Labour) Dave Mackie (NZ First)
Coromandel Murray McLean Jeanette Fitzsimons Murray McLean (National) Margaret Hawkeswood (Labour)
Dunedin North Pete Hodgson Katherine Rich (National) Quentin Findlay (Alliance)
Dunedin South Michael Cullen David Benson-Pope Russel Keast (National) Mark Ryan (Alliance)
East Coast (new electorate) Janet Mackey Matthew Parkinson (National) Gavin MacLean (Alliance)
Epsom Christine Fletcher Richard Worth Rodney Hide (ACT) David Jacobs (Labour)
Hamilton East Tony Steel Dianne Yates (Labour) Peter Jamieson (Alliance)
Hamilton West Bob Simcock Martin Gallagher Bob Simcock (National) Dave Macpherson (Alliance)
Hunua Warren Kyd Paul Schofield (Labour) Janice Graham (Alliance)
Hutt South Trevor Mallard Clare Radomske (National) Christopher Milne (ACT)
Ilam Gerry Brownlee Alison Wilkie (Labour) Lois Griffiths (Alliance)
Invercargill Mark Peck Eric Roy (National) Stephnie de Ruyter (Alliance)
Kaikoura Doug Kidd Lynda Scott Brian McNamara (Labour) Ian Ewen-Street (Green)
Karapiro John Luxton Lindsay Tisch Paul Cronin (Labour) John Pemberton (Alliance)
Mana Graham Kelly Mark Thomas (National) Moira Ann Lawler (Alliance)
Mangere Taito Phillip Field Sylvia Taylor (National) Finau Kolo (Alliance)
Manukau East Ross Robertson Ken Yee (National) Charles Lowndes (ACT)
Manurewa George Hawkins Enosa Auva'a (National) Toia Lucas (Alliance)
Maungakiekie Belinda Vernon Mark Gosche Belinda Vernon (National) Matt Robson (Alliance)
Mount Albert (new electorate) Helen Clark Noelene Buckland (National) Jill Ovens (Alliance)
Mount Roskill (new electorate) Phil Goff Phil Raffills (National) Sarah Martin (Alliance)
Napier Geoff Braybrooke Anne Tolley (National) Robin Gwynn (Alliance)
Nelson Nick Smith Simon Fraser (Labour) Mary Ellen O'Connor (Alliance)
New Plymouth Harry Duynhoven Len Jury (National) Tom Smithers[nb 1] (N/A)
North Shore Wayne Mapp Helen Duncan (Labour) Michael Pinkney (ACT)
Northcote Ian Revell Ann Hartley Ian Revell (National) Grant Gillon (Alliance)
Northland John Carter Les Robertson (Labour) Ian Walker (NZ First)
Ohariu-Belmont Peter Dunne Derek Best (Labour) Kathryn Asare (ACT)
Otago Gavan Herlihy Val Dearman (Labour) Bill Holvey (Alliance)
Otaki Judy Keall Roger Sowry (National) Russell Franklin (Alliance)
Pakuranga Maurice Williamson Patrick Hine (Labour) Dick Quax (ACT)
Palmerston North Steve Maharey George Halligan (National) John Gerard Hehir (Alliance)
Port Waikato Bill Birch Paul Hutchison Trish Ryan (Labour) David Fowler (Alliance)
Rakaia Jenny Shipley Diane Schurgers (Labour) Annabel Taylor (Alliance)
Rangitikei Denis Marshall Simon Power Craig Walsham (Labour) Dion Martin (Alliance)
Rimutaka Paul Swain Stuart Blair Roddick (National) Brendan Tracey (Alliance)
Rodney Lockwood Smith Mark Domney (Labour) Jill Jeffs (Independent)
Rongotai Annette King Stuart Boag (National) Richard Wernham (Green)
Rotorua Max Bradford Steve Chadwick Max Bradford (National) Lynne Dempsey (Green)
Tamaki Clem Simich Lynne Pillay (Labour) Alex Swney (ACT)
Taranaki-King Country Shane Ardern John Young (Labour) Kevin Campbell (Alliance)
Taupo Mark Burton David Steele (National) Nick Fisher (Green)
Tauranga Winston Peters Katherine O'Regan (National) Margaret Wilson (Labour)
Te Atatu (new electorate) Chris Carter Vanessa Neeson (National) Laila Harré (Alliance)
Titirangi (new electorate) David Cunliffe Marie Hasler (National) Stephen Abel (Green)
Tukituki Rick Barker Larry White (National) John Ormond (ACT)
Waimakariri Mike Moore Clayton Cosgrove Gideon Couper (National) John Wright (Alliance)
Wairarapa Wyatt Creech Georgina Beyer Paul Henry (National) Cathy Casey (Alliance)
Waitakere Marie Hasler Brian Neeson Jonathan Hunt (Labour) David Clendon (Green)
Wellington Central Richard Prebble Marian Hobbs Richard Prebble (ACT) Michael Appleby[nb 2] (N/A)
West Coast-Tasman Damien O'Connor Rod O'Beirne (National) Pat O'Dea (NZ First)
Whanganui Jill Pettis Chester Borrows (National) Mark Middleton (Independent)
Whangarei John Banks Phil Heatley Denise Jelicich (Labour) Brian Donnelly (NZ First)
Wigram Jim Anderton Angus McKay (National) Mike Mora (Labour)
Māori electorates
Hauraki Maori (new electorate) John Tamihere Josie Anderson (NZ First) Willie Jackson (Alliance)
Ikaroa-Rawhiti (new electorate) Parekura Horomia Derek Fox (Independent) Bill Gudgeon (NZ First)
Te Tai Hauauru Tuku Morgan Nanaia Mahuta Lorraine Anderson (NZ First) Tuku Morgan[nb 3] (N/A)
Te Tai Tokerau Tau Henare Dover Samuels Anaru George (NZ First) Tau Henare[nb 4] (N/A)
Te Tai Tonga Tu Wyllie Mahara Okeroa Tu Wyllie (NZ First) Vern Winitana (Alliance)
Waiariki (new electorate) Mita Ririnui Tuariki Delamere[nb 5] (N/A) Arapeta Tahana (Alliance)

Table footnotes:

  1. ^ Smithers stood for Future New Zealand in New Plymouth
  2. ^ Appleby stood for the Legalise Cannabis Party in Wellington Central
  3. ^ Morgan stood for Mauri Pacific in Te Tai Hauauru
  4. ^ Henare stood for Mauri Pacific in Te Tai Tokerau
  5. ^ Delamere stood for Te Tawharau in Waiariki

List results[edit]

MPs returned via party lists, and unsuccessful candidates, were as follows:[4][5]

Labour Michael Cullen
Jonathan Hunt
Margaret Wilson
Tariana Turia
Dianne Yates
Helen Duncan
Joe Hawke
Winnie Laban
Unsuccessful: Lynne Pillay, John Blincoe, George Eru, Lili Tuioti, Ashraf Choudhary, Brenda Lowe-Johnson, Lesley Soper, Gordon Duncan, Denise Jelicich, Warren Lindberg, Derek Best, Josie Karanga, Tuipola Eva Charlton, Terry Hughes, Lindsay Rea, Glen Cameron, Kenneth Barclay, Margaret Hawkeswood, Tapihana Shelford, Hamish McCracken, Val Dearman, David Shearer, Lynette Stutz, Max Purnell, Yani Johanson
National Wyatt Creech
Don McKinnon2
Georgina Te Heuheu
Roger Sowry
Belinda Vernon
Pansy Wong
Simon Upton2
John Luxton
Max Bradford
Doug Kidd
Annabel Young
Eric Roy
Anne Tolley
David Carter
Bob Simcock
Katherine Rich
Marie Hasler
Unsuccessful: Arthur Anae1, Alec Neill1, Katherine O'Regan, Mark Thomas, Phil Raffills, Kerry Prendergast, Martin Poulson, David Steele, Dale Stephens, Angus McKay, Paul Henry, Chester Borrows, George Ngatai, Enosa Auva'a, Bret Bestic, Rod O'Beirne, Wayne Marriott, Stephen Rainbow, Tim Macindoe, George Kahi, Larry White, Ken Yee, Matthew Parkinson, Dawn Honeybun, George Halligan, Grant McCallum, Peggy Burrows, Toni Millar, Noelene Buckland, Stuart Boag
Alliance Sandra Lee-Vercoe
Matt Robson
John Wright
Phillida Bunkle
Laila Harré
Grant Gillon
Liz Gordon
Willie Jackson
Kevin Campbell
Unsuccessful: Mark Ryan, Heather Ann McConachy, Des Ratima, Dave Macpherson, Gerard Hehir, Moira Ann Lawler, Finau Kolo, Trevor Lance Barnard, Tricia Cutforth, Tekarehana Wicks, Robin Gwynn, Stephnie de Ruyter, Vernon Tile, Vern Winitana, Sarah Martin, Brendan Tracey, Cathy Casey, Jill Ovens, Deborah Frederikse, Tony Bird, Rebecca Matthews, Mary Ellen O'Connor, Gavin Maclean, Dion Martin, Evana Belich, Michael Treen, John Pemberton, Peter Jamieson, David Wilson, Donna Pokere-Phillips, Harry Alchin-Smith, Bonnie Johnstone, Janice Graham, Joseph Te Pare, Anna Sutherland, Lois Griffiths, Quentin Findlay, Peter Conrad Romanovsky, Gordon Parr, Lynley Simmons, Wayne Morris, Maevis Watson, Lindsay Mehrtens, John Neill, Bruce Bennett Holm, Pirihira Kaio, Paul Piesse, Bill Mockridge, Patrick Rooney
ACT Richard Prebble
Ken Shirley
Stephen Franks
Donna Awatere Huata
Rodney Hide
Owen Jennings
Muriel Newman
Penny Webster
Gerry Eckhoff
Unsuccessful: Heather Roy, Dick Quax, Kathryn Asare, Max Whitehead, Andrew Davies, Hilary Calvert, Alex Wong, Nigel Mattison, Bruce Howat, Mike Steeneveld, Coral Wong, John Ormond, Charles Lowndes, Christopher Milne, Angus Ogilvie, Michael Coote, Brett Ambler, Vijaya Charan, Katharine Sillars, Matt McInnes, Lech Beltowski, Alex Swney, Ian Carline, Moira Irving, Daniel King, Richard Cox, John Thompson, Paul King, Reg Turner, Graham Hewett, John Morrison, Malcolm Spark, Glen Cowie, Alan Beecham, Dean Richardson, Alan Wood, Willie Martin, Ian Swan, Andrew Power, Lynne Cook, Lynley McKerrow, Gavin Denby, Barbara Steinijans, Ria Gray-Lock, Morris Hey, Jean Thompson, Paul Booth, Trevor West, Men Chandler, John Peters, Darryl Ward, Wayne Harris, Stephen Kidby, William Tripe, Kati Unuia, Garry Mallett
Greens Rod Donald
Ian Ewen-Street
Sue Bradford
Nandor Tanczos
Sue Kedgley
Keith Locke
Unsuccessful: Mike Ward, Janine McVeagh, Richard Davies, Judy Bischoff, Danna Glendining, Janet McVeagh, Caron Zillwood, Evan Alty, Michael Tritt, Rex Verity, Laurence Boomert, David Clendon, Brendan Hoare, Lynne Dempsey, Frankie Dean, Diana Pennel, Don Murray, Diana Mellor, Angie Denby, Stephen Abel, Craig Potton, Celia Wade-Brown, Toni Atkinson, Karen Summerhays, Jeremy Hall, Deb Harding, Ruth Gardner, Pat McNamara, Wayne Parsonson, Pid Direen, Clive Taylor, Bera MacClement, Cliff Mason, Dianne Gillard, Rich Wernham, James Baynton, Craig Carson, Jane Wells, Chris Marshall, David Rose, Robert Cawte, Olive Gallagher, Chris Hay, John Carapiet, Nick Fisher, Jim Valley, Greg Sawyer
New Zealand First Peter Brown
Brian Donnelly
Ron Mark
Doug Woolerton
Unsuccessful: Ian Walker, Suzanne Bruce, Andrew Gin, Josie Anderson, Gilbert Myles, Jonathan Mosen, Kahukore Baker, Chris Comesky, Allan Wise, Rob Harris, David Fowler, Chris Rivers, Pat O'Dea, Pita Paraone, Robyn McDonald, Bill Woods, Jenny Bloxham, Graham Adams, Dave Mackie, Bill Gudgeon, Anaru George, Robert Dixon, Gordon Stewart, Anne Martin, Brent Catchpole, Charles Crofts, Lorraine Anderson, John Ballantyne, Jerry Hohepa, Joy Brett, Dilip Rupa, Edwin Perry, Raymond Hina, Dawn Mullins, Mae Neuman
Christian Heritage Unsuccessful: Graham Capill, Philip Sherry, Ewen McQueen, Gael Donoghue, John Bryant, Frank Grover, Rosemarie Thomas, Vic Jarvis, Tuhi Vahaakolo, Dick Holland, David Parlour, Grant Bradfield, Rosemary Francis, Barrie Paterson, Chris Salt, Helma Vermeulen, Nick Barber, Robin Corner, Mike Lloyd, Madeleine Flannagan, Max Shierlaw, McGregor Simpson, Geoff Francis, Jim Prime, Mary Paki, Mark Munroe, Derek Blight, Judith Phillips, Renton Maclauchlan, Mike Ferguson, Rod Harris, David Simpkin, John Tonson, Steve Williams, Margaret Burgess, Barry Pepperell, Marin Reid, Uaita Levi, Eleanor Goodall, Richard Rangihuna, Leona Emberson-Ready, Joyce Stevens, Ken Moore, Ross Prichard, Tony Corbett, Ned Jack, Mark Jones, Don Moore, Gavin Hockly, Diane Taylor, Russell Zwies, Steve Panapa, Bob Davis, Tony Brebner, Mary-Anne Gladwell, John van der Zee, Ken Andrew, Murray Pirret, Jeannette Shramka, Grant Peck, Hasko Starrenberg, Victor Grubi, David Harris, John Streekstra
Future New Zealand Unsuccessful: Anthony Walton, David Brown, Murray Smith, Geoffrey Hounsell, Grant Bowater, Kanui Hiha, Daryl Gregory, Kevin Harper, Larry Baldock, Yvonne Palmer, Robert Wheeler, Harold Smithers, David Ogden, Judy Turner, Wayne Chapman, Julie Belding, Walter McGrail, Jason Keiller, Linda Dring, Craig Hunt, Win Murray, David Perkin, Tiwha Blake, Rosemary Drake, Martyn Seddon
Legalise Cannabis Unsuccessful: Michael Appleby, Allan Webb, Kevin O'Connell, David Moore, Jeanette Saxby, Caleb Armstrong, Paul McMullan, Brian Jensen, Mike Britnell, Daya Moy, Kerry Gooch, Evelyn Adele Shingleton, Teresa Aporo, Christine Mitchell, Daniel Hovell, Benjamin Clark, Riki Joyce
United Unsuccessful: Mike Sheppard, Aditya Prakash Kashyap, Ram Prakash, Jim Howard, Kim Woon, Graham Butterworth, Kookie Samin, Rehana Qureshi, Colin Jackson, Steven Bright, Maata Fuimaono, Frank Owen, Gray Phillips, Bryan Mockridge, John Hubscher, Kent Clark, Youssuf Qureshi, Murray Callister, Atiqur Rahman, Pathik Vyas, Seyed Hosseni
Libertarianz Unsuccessful: Lindsay Perigo, Richard McGrath, Deborah Coddington, Bernard Darnton, Tina White, Peter Linton, Larry Timberlake, Sally O'Brien, Julian Darby, Chris Lewis, Peter Cresswell, Paul McDonald, Anna Woolf, Joy Faulkner, Robert Winefield, Scott Alsweiler, Keith Patterson, Andrew Couper, Robert White, Andrew Bates, Michael Murphy, Mark McCombe, Nikolas Haden, Chris Robertson, Mike Webber, Richard Wiig, Russell Watkins, Helen Hughes, Derek Bull, Ken Riddle
Mana Maori Unsuccessful: Tame Iti, Tuariki Delamere, Angeline Greensill, Richard Kake, Tunuirangi McLean, Tracey Hancy, Ken Mair, Anton Kerekere, Jesse Pene, Mereana Pitman, David Edmonds, Henare Morehu, Te Miringa Hohaia, Gareth Seymour, Himenoa Kake, Tania Rauna, Ellen Amohanga, Diane Prince, Anthony Moke, Lai Toy, Nigel Tairua, Ngahapeaparatuae Lomax, Julie Nathan, Harata Jane Paul, Tehurihanga Heihei, Rangimarie Harding, Wiremu Tairua, Tiare Para
Mauri Pacific Unsuccessful: Tau Henare, Tuku Morgan, Peta Stulepa, Rana Waitai, Ann Batten, Te Orohi Paul, Atawhai Tibble, Amokura Huia Panoho, Rovina Anderson, Eric Chuah, Danny Turia, Rajesh Masters, Martin Kaipo, Helen Akhtari, Trieste Te Awe Awe, Sharon Faloon, Rayna Waitai, Fa'amatuainu Iakopo, Laura Mason, Richard Waitai, Kelly Waitai, Api Malu
Animals First Unsuccessful: Alistar McKellow, Adrienne Hall, Susan Walker, Terri Walsh, Bettina Brown, Brenda Walker, Janice Strong, Jan Cumming, Peter Crosse, Neville Lynch
McGillicuddy Serious Unsuccessful: Graeme Cairns, Leanne Ireland, Steve Richards, Rodney Hansen, K T Julian, Val Smith, Peter Caldwell, Greg Smith, Donna Demente, Paul Smith, Robyn West, Adrian Holroyd, Johanna Sanders, Cecil G. Murgatroyd, Penny Bousfield, Grant Knowles, Heidi Borchardt, Paull Cooke, Amy Ross, Rebekah Coogan, Derek Craig, Douglas Mackie, Mark Servian, Bernard Smith, Paul Beere, Worik Turei Stanton, Metiria Stanton Turei, Phil Clayton, Megan Seawright, Timothy Owens, Antony Deaker, Colin Howie, Adrienne Carthew, Jonat Wharton, Paula Hudson, Helen Thornton, Amy MacDonald, David McGregor, Fiona Jack, Michael-Garnet Grimmett, Kerry Hoole, Toni-Ann Alsop, D J Howard, John Creser, Maria McMillan, Jane Hakaria, Catherine Wilson, Ara Nokomis, Dale Taylor, Wendy Clesse, Jeffrey Holdaway, Tricesta Engebretsen, Phillip Sandlant, Robyn Homes, Ross Edgar, Serena Moran, Emma Smith, Nikki Davis, Andrew French, David Sutcliffe, Daniel Mohr, Michael Gemmel, Samuel Cumming, Karl Hewlett
South Island Unsuccessful: Allan McDonald, Patrick McCarrigan, Margaret McCarrigan, Miles Notman, Gerry Campbell, Joe Price, Paul Mierzejewski
Natural Law Unsuccessful: Bryan Lee, Ian Douglas, David Lovell-Smith, Gillian Sanson, John Cleary, Graeme Lodge, Gray Tredwell, Bruce Brown, Anthony Martin, Selwyn Austin, Gail Pianta, John Hodgson, Linda Davy, Mark Watts, Paul Moreham, Raymond Cain, Anthony Katavich, John Bird, Raylene Lodge, Ian Smillie, Tim Irwin, Linda Sinden, Michael Hirst, Daniel Meares, Warwick Jones, Bruce Sowry, Wayne Shepherd, Gary Benner, Martin Jelley, Jonathan Muller, Leslie McGrath, Anthony Cornellissen, Russell Mack, Carolyn Drake, Thomas Hopwood, Andrew Sanderson, Ian McCullough, Kay Morgan, Martin Sharp, Bobbie Aubertin, Gilbert Urquhart, Mieke van Basten Batenburg, Leigh Bush, Michael Bartelmeh, Faye McLaren, Grant Bilyard, Brendan Rhodes, Anne Brigid, Roy Neumegen, Ruth Ordish-Benner, Gary Barnard, Lillian Urquhart
One New Zealand Unsuccessful: Walter Boyd
NMP Unsuccessful: Vivienne Berry-Evans, Peter Harrison, Pauline Hallows, Cecil Andrew da Latour, Edwina Chmielowski, Graham Mark Atkin, Llyn Renwick, Darag Stuart Rennie, Alison White, Aaziq Mumtaz, Sue Johnstom, Brett K Gifkins, Isabel Montgomery, Peter Archer, Isabel Hutchinson, Alfred James Mitchell, David Pattinson, John Sulu Tau Shepherd, Anthony Phillip Cranston
Freedom Movement Unsuccessful: Jennifer Waitai-Rapana, Lei Graham, Kororia Ettie Rawinia Aperahama, Miiria Macushla Mako, Helen Te Uruiria Wepiha-Tai, Atareta Kapa Hills, Arahi R Hagger, Priscilla Ann Maxwell, Trevor Sorenson, Kevin Leonard Kapea, Taukiri Abraham, Te Rino Kotene Rapana, Mereana Pari, Myna Yvonne Rangiamohia Paraha-Richmond, Chrissie B Zurcher, Carol Grace Arnold, Whare Ngarare Mehana, Hone Hamiora Piripi Paki, Annette Christine Paki, Wiremu Abraham, Donna Louise Plumridge, Jaaron Turei Moore, Florence Plumridge, Whetu-Ote-Ata Aranui, Okeroa Denise Waitai, Tutere Tai, William Ernest Abraham, Mary-Anne Waitai, Te Wairangi (Lavinia) Pere, Michelle Ngauta Wroe, Bill Nathan Piriwiritua Thompson, Te Kura (Edward) Pairama, Jared Steve Abbot, Catherine Chisholm, Vanessa Tewaa Rangitakatu, Te Aira Nyman, John Haki Huia, Maraea Mere Hapi-Crowe, Kim Sonia Maxwell, Tina Mouri Johnston-Downs
Peoples Choice Unsuccessful: Rusty Kane, Doug Wilson
Republican Unsuccessful: Gregory H Smith, Brian Freeth, Graham Gilfillan, Jane Hotere, Sam Mendes, Rose Hotere, William Powell
Notes
  1. These party list members later entered parliament in the term as other list MPs elected resigned from parliament.
  2. These party list members later resigned during the parliamentary term.

Summary of seat changes[edit]

  • Electoral redistributions:
    • A minor reconfiguration of electorates and their boundaries occurred between the 1996 and 1999 elections. Six seats were abolished and eight were created, giving a net gain of two electorates.
    • The seats of Mahia, New Lynn, Owairaka, Waipareira, Te Tai Rawhiti (Maori) and Te Puku O Te Whenua (Maori) ceased to exist.
    • The seats of East Coast, Mt Albert, Mt Roskill, Te Atatu, Titirangi, Hauraki (Maori), Ikaroa-Rawhiti (Maori) and Waiariki (Maori) came into being.
  • Seats captured:
    • By Labour: Banks Peninsula, Hamilton West, Maungakiekie, Northcote, Rotorua and Wairarapa were captured from National. Te Tai Hauauru and Te Tai Tokerau were captured from Mauri Pacific. Wellington Central was captured from ACT. Te Tai Tonga was captured from New Zealand First.
    • By the Greens: Coromandel was captured from National.
  • Seats transferred from departing MPs to new MPs:
    • Epsom, Kaikoura, Karapiro, Port Waikato, Rangitikei, Waitakere and Whangarei, all held by departing National MPs, were won by new National candidates. Two of the departing MPs remained in Parliament as list MPs, and another won a different electorate seat.
    • The seats of Mana, Dunedin South and Waimakariri, all held by departing Labour MPs, were won by new Labour candidates. One of the departing MPs remained in Parliament as a list MP.
  • Labour list seats: Lost 3 (was 11, fell to 8)
    • Became electorate MPs: 7
    • Re-elected: 5
    • Newly elected: 3 (including a former electorate MP)
  • National list seats: Gained 3 (was 14, rose to 17)
    • Retired: 4
    • Re-elected: 6
    • Not re-elected: 3
    • Newly elected: 11 (including 9 former electorate MPs)
  • Alliance list seats: Lost 2 (was 11, fell to 9)
    • Re-elected: 9
    • (Became Green MPs: 2)
  • ACT list seats: Gained 2 (was 7, rose to 9)
    • Retired: 2
    • Re-elected: 5
    • Newly elected: 4 (including a former electorate MP)
  • Green list seats: Gained 6 (was 0, rose to 6)
    • (Former Alliance list MPs: 2)
    • Became electorate MP: 1
    • Re-elected: 1
    • Newly elected: 5
  • New Zealand First list seats: Lost 3 (was 7, fell to 4)
    • Re-elected: 4
    • Not re-elected: 3
  • Christian Heritage list seats: Lost 1 (was 1, fell to 0)
    • Not re-elected: 1
  • Mauri Pacific list seats: Lost 2 (was 2, fell to 0)
    • Not re-elected: 2
  • Mana Wahine list seats: Lost 1 (was 1, fell to 0)
    • Not re-elected: 1

References[edit]

  1. ^ The Baubles of Office: The New Zealand General Election of 2005 p87, edited by Stephen Levine & Nigel S Roberts (2007, Victoria University Press, Wellington) ISBN 978-0-86473-539-3
  2. ^ New Zealand Votes: The General Election of 2002 p22 edited by Jonathan Boston, Stephen Church, Stephen Levine, Elizabeth McLeay & Nigel S. Roberts (2003, Victoria University Press, Wellington) ISBN 0-86473-468-9
  3. ^ "Candidate Vote Details". Electoral Commission. Retrieved 9 April 2014. 
  4. ^ "Party Lists of Successful Registered Parties". Electoral Commission. Retrieved 26 August 2013. 
  5. ^ "Party Lists of Unsuccessful Registered Parties". Electoral Commission. Retrieved 26 August 2013. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Boston, Jonathan; Church, Stephen; Levine, Stephen; McLeay, Elizabeth; Roberts, Nigel S., eds. (2000). Left turn: the New Zealand general election of 1999. Wellington: Victoria University Press. ISBN 0864734042. 

External links[edit]