New Zealand general election, 2005

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New Zealand general election, 2005
New Zealand
2002 ←
members
17 September 2005 (2005-09-17)
members
→ 2008
members

All 120 seats (plus 1 overhang seat) in the New Zealand House of Representatives
61 seats were needed for a majority
Turnout 2,304,005 (80.92%)
  First party Second party Third party
  Helen Clark 2.jpg below Winston Peters cropped.PNG
Leader Helen Clark Don Brash Winston Peters
Party Labour National NZ First
Leader since 1993 2003 1993
Leader's seat Mount Albert (List) Tauranga (lost re-election)
Last election 52 seats, 41.26% 27 seats, 20.93% 13 seats, 10.38%
Seats before 51 27 13
Seats won 50 48 7
Seat change Decrease 1 Increase 21 Decrease 6
Popular vote 935,319 889,813 130,115
Percentage 41.10% 39.10% 5.72%
Swing Decrease 0.16% Increase 18.17% Decrease 4.66%

  Fourth party Fifth party Sixth party
  RodDonaldGreenMP.jpgJeanette Fitzsimons.jpg Tariana and Pita at Maori Party Launch 2005.jpg Peter Dunne.jpg
Leader Rod Donald / Jeanette Fitzsimons Tariana Turia / Pita Sharples Peter Dunne
Party Green Māori United Future
Leader since 1995 / 1995 2004 / 2004 2000
Leader's seat (List) / (List) Te Tai Hauāuru / Tāmaki Makaurau Ohariu-Belmont
Last election 9 seats, 7.00% 8 seats, 6.69%
Seats before 9 1 8
Seats won 6 4 3
Seat change Decrease 3 Increase 3 Decrease 5
Popular vote 120,521 48,263 60,860
Percentage 5.30% 2.12% 2.67%
Swing Decrease 1.70 Increase 2.12% Decrease 4.02%

  Seventh party Eighth party
  Rodney Hide at parliament.JPG Jim Anderton, 2010.jpg
Leader Rodney Hide Jim Anderton
Party ACT Progressive
Leader since 2004 2002 (party foundation)
Leader's seat Epsom Wigram
Last election 9 seats, 7.14% 2 seats, 1.70%
Seats before 9 2
Seats won 2 1
Seat change Decrease 7 Decrease 2
Popular vote 34,469 26,441
Percentage 1.51% 1.16%
Swing Decrease 5.63% Decrease 0.54%

Prime Minister before election

Helen Clark
Labour

Elected Prime Minister

Helen Clark
Labour

The 2005 New Zealand general election on Saturday 17 September 2005 determined the membership of the 48th New Zealand Parliament. One hundred and twenty-one MPs were elected to the New Zealand House of Representatives, 70 from single-member electorates, including one overhang seat, and 51 from party lists.

No party won a majority, but the Labour Party of Prime Minister Helen Clark secured two more seats than nearest rival, the National Party of Dr Don Brash. With the exception of the newly formed Māori Party, which took four Māori seats from Labour, most of the other parties polled lower than in the previous election, losing votes and seats.

Brash deferred conceding defeat until 1 October, when National's election-night 49 seats fell to 48 after special votes were counted. The official count increased the Māori Party share of the party vote above 2%, entitling them to three rather than two list seats from the party vote. With four electorate seats, the election night overhang of two seats was reduced to one, and as National had the 120th seat allocated under the party vote, National lost one list seat (that of Katrina Shanks) that they appeared to have won on election night. [1]

The election was a strong recovery for National which won 21 more seats than at the 2002 election, where it suffered its worst result in its history, and the highest party vote percentage from the party since 1990. Despite its resurgence, National failed to displace Labour as the largest party in Parliament. National's gains apparently came mainly at the expense of smaller parties, while Labour won only two seats less than in 2002.

On 17 October, Clark announced a new coalition agreement that saw the return of her minority government coalition with the Progressive Party, with confidence and supply support from New Zealand First and from United Future. New Zealand First parliamentary leader Winston Peters and United Future parliamentary leader Peter Dunne became ministers of the Crown outside Cabinet, Peters as Minister of Foreign Affairs and Dunne as Minister of Revenue. The Green Party which had supported Labour before the election received no cabinet post (see below), but gained several concessions from the coalition on matters such as energy and transport, and agreed to support the government on matters of confidence and supply.

The election[edit]

The total votes cast in 2005 was 2,304,005 (2,164,595 & 139,510 Māori). Turnout was 80.92% of those on the rolls, or 77.05% of voting age population. Turnout was higher than in the previous 2002 election (72.5% and 76.98% respectively), and the Māori roll turnout at 67.07% was significantly higher than 2002 (57.5%). [2]

In the election 739 candidates stood, and there were 19 registered parties with party lists. Of the candidates, 525 were electorate and list, 72 were electorate only and 142 were list only. All but 37 represented registered parties (on the list or in the electorate or both). Only 35 candidates from registered parties chose to stand as an electorate candidate only. 71% of candidates (523) were male and 29% (216) female; the same percentages as in 2002. [3]

Detailed results[edit]

Parliamentary parties[edit]

e • d  Summary of the 17 September 2005 New Zealand House of Representatives election results
party votes % of votes seats
% change electorate list total change
Labour 935,319 41.10 -0.16 31 19 50 -2
National 889,813 39.10 +18.17 31 17 48 +21
NZ First 130,115 5.72 -4.66 0 7 7 -6
Green 120,521 5.30 -1.70 0 6 6 -3
Māori 48,263 2.12 +2.12 4 0 4 +4
United Future 60,860 2.67 -4.02 1 2 3 -5
ACT 34,469 1.51 -5.63 1 1 2 -7
Progressive 26,441 1.16 -0.54 1 0 1 -1
other parties 29,828 1.31 -3.58 0 0 0 0
total 2,275,629 100.00 69 52 121 +1
informal votes 10,561
disallowed special votes 17,815
total votes cast 2,304,005
turnout 80.92%


Non-parliamentary parties[edit]

e • d  Summary of MMP vote for minor
unrepresented registered parties.
Party Votes % Change
Destiny 14,210 0.62
Legalise Cannabis 5748 0.25 -0.39
Christian Heritage New Zealand 2821 0.12 -1.23
Alliance 1641 0.07 -1.20
Family Rights 1178 0.05
Democrats for Social Credit 1079 0.05
Libertarianz 946 0.04 -0.25[4]
Direct Democracy 782 0.03
99 MP Party 601 0.03
One New Zealand 478 0.02 -0.07
Republic of NZ 344 0.02
Minor parties, total 29,828 1.31 -3.58


The election saw an 81% voter turnout.[5]

The results of the election give a Gallagher index of disproportionality of 1.11.

Electorate results[edit]

New Zealand general election, 2005 - electorate results.png

Electorate Incumbent Winner Majority[6] Runner up
Aoraki Jim Sutton Jo Goodhew 6,937 Jim Sutton
Auckland Central Judith Tizard 3,884 Pansy Wong
Banks Peninsula Ruth Dyson 1,923 David Carter
Bay of Plenty Tony Ryall 13,584 Pauline Scott
Christchurch Central Tim Barnett 7,836 Nicky Wagner
Christchurch East Lianne Dalziel 11,973 David Round
Clevedon Judith Collins 12,871 Dave Hereora
Clutha-Southland Bill English 13,032 David Talbot
Coromandel Sandra Goudie 10,578 Max Purnell
Dunedin North Pete Hodgson 7,630 Katherine Rich
Dunedin South David Benson-Pope 10,640 Conway Powell
East Coast Janet Mackey Anne Tolley 1,219 Moana Mackey
East Coast Bays Murray McCully 7,286 Hamish McCracken
Epsom Richard Worth Rodney Hide 3,102 Richard Worth
Hamilton East Dianne Yates David Bennett 5,298 Dianne Yates
Hamilton West Martin Gallagher 825 Tim Macindoe
Helensville John Key 12,778 Judy Lawley
Hutt South Trevor Mallard Rosemarie Thomas
Ilam Gerry Brownlee Julian Blanchard
Invercargill Mark Peck Eric Roy Wayne Harpur
Kaikoura Lynda Scott Colin King Brendon Burns
Mana Winnie Laban Chris Finlayson
Mangere Taito Philip Field 16,020 Clem Simich
Manukau East Ross Robertson Ken Yee
Manurewa George Hawkins Fepulea'i Ulua'ipou-O-Malo Aiono
Maungakiekie Mark Gosche Paul Goldsmith
Mount Albert Helen Clark Ravi Musuku
Mount Roskill Phil Goff Jackie Blue
Napier Russell Fairbrother Chris Tremain Russel Fairbrother
Nelson Nick Smith Jen McCutcheon
New Lynn David Cunliffe Mita Harris
New Plymouth Harry Duynhoven Moira Irving
North Shore Wayne Mapp Phil Twyford
Northcote Ann Hartley Jonathan Coleman Ann Hartley
Northland John Carter Shane Jones
Ohariu-Belmont Peter Dunne Charles Chauvel
Otago David Parker Jacqui Dean David Parker
Otaki Darren Hughes Nathan Guy
Pakuranga Maurice Williamson Michael Wood
Palmerston North Steve Maharey Malcolm Plimmer
Piako Lindsay Tisch Sue Moroney
Port Waikato Paul Hutchison Louisa Wall
Rakaia Brian Connell Tony Milne
Rangitikei Simon Power Marilyn Brown
Rimutaka Paul Swain Mike Leddy
Rodney Lockwood Smith Tony Dunlop
Rongotai Annette King Nicola Young
Rotorua Stephanie Chadwick 662 Gil Stehbens
Tamaki Clem Simich Allan Peachey Leila Boyle
Taranaki-King Country Shane Ardern Maryan Street
Taupo Mark Burton Weston Kirton
Tauranga Winston Peters Bob Clarkson 730 Winston Peters
Te Atatu Chris Carter Tau Henare
Tukituki Rick Barker Craig Foss Rick Barker
Waimakariri Clayton Cosgrove Kate Wilkinson
Wairarapa Georgina Beyer John Hayes Denise MacKenzie
Waitakere Lynne Pillay Paula Bennett
Wellington Central Marian Hobbs 6,180 Mark Blumsky
West Coast-Tasman Damien O'Connor Chris Auchinvole
Whanganui Jill Pettis Chester Borrows Jill Pettis
Whangarei Phil Heatley Paul Chalmers
Wigram Jim Anderton Alison Lomax
Ikaroa-Rawhiti Parekura Horomia 1,932 Atareta Poananga
Tainui Nanaia Mahuta 1,680 Angeline Greensill
Tamaki Makaurau John Tamihere Pita Sharples 2,124 John Tamihere
Te Tai Hauauru Tariana Turia Errol Mason
Te Tai Tokerau Dover Samuels Hone Harawira Dover Samuels
Te Tai Tonga Mahara Okeroa 2,503 Monte Ohia
Waiariki Mita Ririnui Te Ururoa Flavell 2,871 Mita Ririnui

List results[edit]

MPs returned via party lists, and unsuccessful candidates, were as follows:[7][8]

Labour Michael Cullen
Margaret Wilson
Dover Samuels
Jim Sutton2
Mita Ririnui
Rick Barker
Jill Pettis
Ashraf Choudhary
Shane Jones
Dianne Yates2
Ann Hartley2
Georgina Beyer2
Maryan Street
David Parker
Russell Fairbrother
Dave Hereora
Moana Mackey
Sue Moroney
Darien Fenton
Unsuccessful: Charles Chauvel1, Lesley Soper1, Louisa Wall1, Su'a William Sio1, Brendon Burns, Hamish McCracken, Denise MacKenzie, Max Purnell, Thomas Harpur, Leila Boyle, Dinesh Tailor, Phil Twyford, Jennifer McCutcheon, Chris Yoo, Michael Wood, Linda Hudson, Stuart Nash, Tony Milne, David Talbot, Marilyn Brown, Anjum Rahman, Eamon Daly, Judy Lawley, Michael Mora, Erin Ebborn-Gillespie, Ailian Su, Ghazala Anwar, Paul Gibson, Kelly-Ann Harvey, Camille Nakhid, Ola Kamel, Andrea Bather
National Don Brash2
David Carter
Katherine Rich
Tim Groser
Richard Worth
Clem Simich
Georgina Te Heuheu
Pansy Wong
Chris Finlayson
Nicky Wagner
Tau Henare
Chris Auchinvole
Mark Blumsky
Kate Wilkinson
Nathan Guy
Jackie Blue
Paula Bennett
Unsuccessful: Katrina Shanks1, Fepulea'i Aiono, Ravi Musuku, Moira Irving, Mita Harris, Michael Leddy, Conway Powell, David Round, Gilbert Stehbens, Kenneth Yee, Paul Goldsmith, Malcolm Plimmer, Nicola Young, Tim Macindoe, Allison Lomax, Weston Kirton, Rosemarie Thomas
New Zealand First Winston Peters
Peter Brown
Brian Donnelly2
Ron Mark
Doug Woolerton
Barbara Stewart
Pita Paraone
Unsuccessful: Susan Baragwanath, Jim Peters, Dail Jones1, Craig McNair, Edwin Perry, Bill Gudgeon, Brent Catchpole, Joe Williams, John Foote, Fletcher Tabuteau, Alan Heward, Kristin Campbell Smith, Bryan Lundy, David Fowler, Brendan Stewart, Brett Webster, Bob Daw, Murray Strawbridge, Moetu Davis, Toa Greening, David Mackie, Anne Martin, Julian Batchelor, Chis Perry, Lindy Palmer, Brian Roswell, Matua Glen, James Mist, Howard Levarko, Paul Manning, Timothy Manu, Kevin Gardener, Graham Odering
Greens Jeanette Fitzsimons
Rod Donald2
Sue Bradford
Sue Kedgley
Keith Locke
Metiria Turei
Unsuccessful: Nandor Tanczos12, Mike Ward, Catherine Delahunty, Russel Norman1, Steffan Browning, David Clendon, Lucinda Highfield, Jonathan Carapiet, Roland Sapsford, Mojo Mathers, Mikaere Curtis, Paul Bruce, Jeanette Elley, Muamua Strickson-Pua, Richard Davies, Lois Griffiths, Natalie Cutler-Welsh, Jane Pearce, Lawrence O'Halloran, Richard Green, Claire Bleakley, Irene Bentley, Craig Carson, Nicola Harvey, Moea Armstrong, Steve Bayliss, Laura Beck, Sarah Brown, Terence Creighton, John Davis, Katherine Dewar, James Diack, Ruth Earth, Kathryn Elsen, Graham Evans, Nicholas Fisher, Robert Guyton, Daniel Howard, Philippa Jamieson, Stephen Lee, Alan Liefting, Mary McCammon, John Milnes, Michael Morris, Noel Peterson, Paul Qualtrough, Jacob Rawls, Raewyn Saville, Ian Stephens, Richard Suggate, Peter Thomlinson
Maori Unsuccessful: Atareta Poananga, Simon Wi Rutene, Glenis Philip-Barbara, Robert Consedine, Pakake Winiata, Te Whiti Love, Angeline Greensill, William Maea, Monte Ohia, Te Orohi Paul, Bronwyn Yates, Charles Joe, Teremoananuiakiwa Tahere, Malcolm Peri, Anthony Ruakere, Ratapu Te Awa, Brett Cowan, Josephine Peita, Anne Fitzsimon, Abraham Hepi, Ngahiwi Tomoana, Tureiti Moxon, Aroha Reriti-Crofts, John Harré, Rangi McLean, Tell Kuka, Bill Puru, Mere Rawiri-Tau, Richard Orzecki, Maraea Ropata, Robert Hosking, Daryl Gregory, Rangi Tawhiao, Andre Meihana, Solomon Matthews, Adell Dick, Georgina Haremate-Crawford, Raewyn Harrison, Cecilia Hotene, Alice Hudson, Reimana Johnson, Rahuia Kapa, David King, Aaron Makutu, Kelvin Martin, Merehora Taurua, Frances Waaka, Henrietta Walker
United Future Judy Turner
Gordon Copeland
Unsuccessful: Marc Alexander, Larry Baldock, Murray Smith, Paul Check, Janet Tuck, Bernie Ogilvy, Graeme Reeves, Russell Judd, Hannah Baral, Joy Lietze, Neville Wilson, Richard Barter, Stephen Taylor, Ian McInnes, Ross Tizard, Fiona McKenzie, Andrew Barr, John Walker, Ram Parkash, Ralph Kennard, Jayati Prasad, Vanessa Roberts, Gerald Telford, Robin Loomes, Robyn Jackson, Anthony Gordon, Gregory Graydon, Martyn Seddon, Bernard McClelland, Beth Stone, Robin Westley, Rosemary Drake, Gordon Hinton, Michael Satur, Diane Brown, Steven Dromgool, Andrea Deeth, Mark Peters, Mary Moffat, Dennis Wells, Milton Osborne, Garry Pedersen, William Pickering, Adam Archer, Neil Linscott, Barry Hayes, Janita Stuart, Dianne Wilson, James Rudd, Peter Mountain, Stuart Robertson, John van Buren, Jeffrey Leigh, Matthew Collier
ACT Heather Roy
Unsuccessful: Muriel Newman, Stephen Franks, Graham Scott, Ken Shirley, Kenneth Wang, Gerry Eckhoff, Lindsay Mitchell, Bronwyn Jacobsen, Simon Ewing-Jarvie, Jo Giles, Willie Martin, David Olsen, Hamish Stevens, Andrew Jollands, Hardev Singh Brar, Lech Beltowski, Ian Beker, Christopher Brown, Kevin Gill, John Waugh, Dianne Dawson, Kevin Murray, Stephen Langford-Tebby, Gavin Middleton, John Fraser, Frances Denz, Elizabeth Barkla, Nigel Chetty, Scott Clune, Michael Collins, Tetauru Emile, Andrew Falloon, Michael Heine, Kerry O'Connor, David Seymour, Helen Simpson, Philip White, Alan Wilden, Andrew Stone, Barbara Steinijans, John Riddell, Carl Peterson, Andre Peters, Julie Pepper, Thomas McClelland, Alexander Mann, Michelle Lorenz, Nigel Kearney, Nicholas Kearney, Mark Davies, Stephen Cox, Raymond Bassett, Brian Davidson, Rebekah Holdaway, Shirley Marshall, Patrick O'Sullivan, Garry Mallett
Progressive Unsuccessful: Matt Robson, Grant Gillon, Megan Woods, John Wright, Sione Fonua, Vivienne Shepherd, Ngov Ly, Fatima Ashrafi, Barry Wilson, Fale Leleisiuao, Russell Franklin, Paula Gillon, Philip Clearwater, Trevor Barnard, Raghbir Singh, Brenda Hill, Fiona Beazley, Russell Caldwell, David Reeks, John Maurice, Seyed Kazemi Yazdi, Heka Heker, Veronique Stewart-Ward, Zemin Zhang, Julian Aaron, Sukerna Amirapu, Annette Anderson, Sukhdev Bains, Peter Banks, James Boyack, Ian Donald, Lewis Holland, Karandeep Lall, Jacqueline McAlpine, Claire Main, Philippa Main, James Palmer, Max Panirau, David Parkyn, Elizabeth Patchett, Talatala Po'e, Pavitra Roy, Elspeth Sandys, Anthony Sharrock, Barry Silcock, Karen Silcock, David Somerset, Petronella Townsend, Martin Vaughan, Jennifer Wilson
Destiny Unsuccessful: Richard Lewis, David Jesze, Elaine Herbert, Hayden Solomon, Nigel Heslop, Etuate Saafi, Anita Breach, Charles Te Kowhai, David Knight, Hawea Vercoe, Neils Jensen, Sophie Hemahema-Tamati, Rodney Gabb, James Te Wano, Stephen Sinnott, Frances Williamson, Kerin Roberts, Peter Johnston, John Kotoisuva, Karen Penney, Colin Ranby, Talamasene Leiasamaivao, Paul Hubble, Roberta Maxwell, Tony Harrison, David Daglish, Jason Thomson, Maru Samuel, Stephen Brown, William Sadler, Patrick Morton, Ned So'e, David Isaachsen, Mason Lee, Stanley Green, Patrick Komene, Anthony Ford, Maureen Vincent, Albert Wipani, Brian Ane, Tauha Te Kani, Douglas Keven
Legalise Cannabis Unsuccessful: Michael Appleby, Michael Britnell, Judy Daniels, Paula Lambert, Irinka Britnell, Kevin O'Connell, Paul McMullan, Steven Wilkinson, Judy Matangi, Jason Baker-Sherman, Peter Green, Neville Yates, Phillip Pophristoff
Christian Heritage Unsuccessful: Ewen McQueen, Derek Blight, Nicholas Barber, Betty Jenkins, Mark Jones, Joy Jones
Alliance Unsuccessful: Jill Ovens, Paul Piesse, Andrew McKenzie, Julie Fairey, Kane O'Connell, Leonard Richards, Jim Flynn, Victor Billot, Margaret Jeune, Robert van Ruyssevelt, Thomas Dowie, Christopher Ford, Quentin Findlay, Kelly Buchanan, Joseph Hendren, Gail Marmont, Alexander Protheroe, Gregory Kleis, Sandra Ethell, Colin Pounder, Robert Harrison, Peta Knibb, Marvin Hubbard, Shirley Haslemore, Norman MacRitchie, Eric Gamble, Lynda Boyd, Jocelyn Brooks, Nicholas Corlett, Nicolas Scullin
Family Rights Protection Unsuccessful: Tafe Williams, Tapu Po-Wihongi, Christine Reid, Lale Ene-Ulugia, John Ulberg, Anne Kerisome Zekaria Strickland, Siniva Papali'i, Amelia Fepulea'i, Tangata Greig, Te Paeru Browne-Knowles, Papali'i Malietoa, Edward Ulberg, Etevise Fuiava, Souvenir Sanerivi, Manogitulua Livapulu-Head, Kearlene Ulberg, Christie Greig, Rafaele Vaifale
Democrats for Social Credit Unsuccessful: Stephnie de Ruyter, John Pemberton, David Wilson, Richard Prosser, John Steemson, Katherine Ransom, John Kilbride, Graham Atkin, Heather Smith, David Tranter, Edgar Goodhue, Malcolm Murchie, Ross Weddell, David Espin, Ross Hayward, Bruce Stirling, Karl Hewlett, Ronald England, Kelly Pemberton, Robert Warren, David Wood, Mary Weddell, Allen Cookson, Barry Pulford, Hessel van Wieren, Alida Steemson, Edward Fox, Coralie Leyland, John Rawson
Libertarianz Unsuccessful: Bernard Darnton, Julian Pistorius, Timothy Wikiriwhi, Susan Ryder, Peter Cresswell, Colin Cross, Helen Hughes, Russell Watkins, Peter Linton, Michael Webber, Robin Thomsen, Philip Howison, Michael Murphy, Faustina White, Andrew Bates, Richard Goode, Luke Howison, Christopher Robertson, Peter Osborne, Barry Cole, Donald Rowberry, Willem Verhoeven, Elliot Smith, Nikolas Haden, Terence Verhoeven, Keith Patterson, Kenneth Riddle, Robert Palmer
Direct Democracy Unsuccessful: Kelvyn Alp, Paul Teio, Dilip Rupa, Patrick Fahy, Michael Francis-Roberson, Simon Guy, Gary Burch, Kevin Smith, Kevin Moore, Kyle Chapman, Rex Newey, Gregory Trichon, Alona Covich, Eugene Opai, Seira Perese, Tin Yau Chan, Helen Koster, Craig Stratton, Alastair Anderson, Anton Foljambe, Robert T Atack, Leanne Martinovich, Grant Burch, Howard Ponga, Edward Sullivan, Colin Punter, Mel Whaanga, Jason Anderson, Jason Orme, Barry Scott, Scott Burch, Craig Guy
99MP Unsuccessful: Margaret Robertson, Ramasmy Ramanathan
One NZ Unsuccessful: Ian Brougham, Richard Fisher, James White, John Porter, Janet Walters, Lanya Murray
Republic of NZ Unsuccessful: Kerry James, Wayne Hawkins, Debra Potroz, Jack Gielen, Steven Hart, Gilbert Parker
Notes
  1. These party list members later entered parliament in the term as other list MPs elected resigned from parliament.
  2. These party list members later resigned during the parliamentary term.

Changes during parliamentary term[edit]

New Zealand general election, 2005 - changes during the term parliamentary term

Party New MP Term started Seat Previous MP
Green Nándor Tánczos 6 November 2005 List Rod Donald1
Labour Charles Chauvel 1 August 2006 List Jim Sutton
National Katrina Shanks 7 February 2007 List Don Brash
Labour Lesley Soper 15 February 2007 List Georgina Beyer
NZ First Dail Jones 15 February 2008 List Brian Donnelly2
Labour Louisa Wall 4 March 2008 List Ann Hartley
Labour Su'a William Sio 29 March 2008 List Dianne Yates
Green Russel Norman 26 June 2008 List Nándor Tánczos
National (vacant) 31 August 2008 Rakaia Brian Connell3

1 Rod Donald died before being sworn in as MP.
2 Brian Donnelly was appointed as New Zealand's High Commissioner to the Cook Islands.
3 Brian Connell retired from Parliament effective August 31, 2008, leaving his seat of Rakaia vacant.

Taito Phillip Field, Labour MP for Mangere, quit the Labour party after being threatened with expulsion on 16 February 2007. He continued to serve as an MP, and formed the New Zealand Pacific Party in January 2008.

Gordon Copeland, a United Future list MP, left the party to become an independent MP in May 2007, and contested the 2008 election as a candidate for The Kiwi Party.


Party vote by electorate[edit]

Analysis of results[edit]

Going into the election, Labour had assurances of support from the Greens (six seats in 2005, down three from 2002) and from the Progressives (one seat, down one). This three-party bloc won 57 seats, leaving Clark four seats short of the 61 seats needed for a majority in the 121-seat Parliament (decreased from the expected 122 because the final results gave the Māori Party only one overhang seat, after it appeared to win two overhang seats on election night). On 5 October the Māori Party began a series of hui to decide whom to support. That same day reports emerged that a meeting between Helen Clark and Māori co-leader Tariana Turia on 3 October had already ruled out a formal coalition between Labour and the Māori Party. Māori Party representatives also held discussions with National representatives, but most New Zealanders thought the Māori Party more likely to give confidence-supply support to a Labour-dominated government because its supporters apparently heavily backed Labour in the party vote.

Had Turia and her co-leader Pita Sharples opted to join a Labour-Progressive-Green coalition, Clark would have had sufficient support to govern with support from a grouping of four parties (Labour, Green, Māori and Progressive). Without the Māori Party, Labour needed the support of New Zealand First (seven seats, down six) and United Future (three seats, down five) to form a government. New Zealand First said it would support (or at least abstain from opposing in confidence-motions) the party with the most seats. Clark sought from New Zealand First a positive commitment rather than abstention. United Future, which had supported the previous Labour-Progressive minority government in confidence and supply, said it would talk first to the party with the most seats about support or coalition. Both New Zealand First and United Future said they would not support a Labour-led coalition which included Greens in Cabinet posts. However, United Future indicated it could support a government where the Greens gave supply-and-confidence votes.[9]

Brash had only one possible scenario to become Prime Minister: a centre-right coalition with United Future and ACT (two seats, down seven). Given the election results, however, such a coalition would have required the confidence-and-supply votes of both New Zealand First and the Māori Party. This appeared highly unlikely on several counts. New Zealand First's involvement in such a coalition would have run counter to Peters' promise to deal with the biggest party, and Turia and Sharples would have had difficulty in justifying supporting National after their supporters' overwhelming support for Labour in the party vote. Turia and Sharples probably remembered the severe mauling New Zealand First suffered in the 1999 election. (Many of its supporters in 1996 believed they had voted to get rid of National, only to have Peters go into coalition with National; New Zealand First has never really recovered.) Even without this to consider, National had indicated it would abolish the Maori seats if it won power.

The new government as eventually formed consisted of Labour and Progressive in coalition, while New Zealand First and United Future entered agreements of support on confidence and supply motions. In an unprecedented move, Peters and Dunne became Foreign Affairs Minister and Revenue Minister, respectively, but remained outside cabinet and had no obligatory cabinet collective responsibility on votes outside their respective portfolios.

Possible government setups

Background[edit]

Election billboards advertise the parties and candidates standing nationwide and in each electorate

The governing Labour Party retained office at 2002 election. However, its junior coalition partner, the Alliance, lost most of its support after internal conflict and disagreement and failed to win parliamentary representation. Labour formed a coalition with the new Progressive Coalition, formed by former Alliance leader Jim Anderton. The Labour-Progressive coalition then obtained an agreement of support ("confidence and supply") from United Future, enabling it to form a stable minority government. The National Party, Labour's main opponents, suffered a major defeat, winning only 21% of the vote (22.5% of the seats).

The collapse of National's vote led ultimately to the replacement of its Parliamentary party leader Bill English with parliamentary newcomer Don Brash on 28 October 2003. Brash began an aggressive campaign against the Labour-dominated government. A major boost to this campaign came with his "Orewa speech" (27 January 2004), in which he attacked the Labour-dominated government for giving "special treatment" to the Māori population, particularly over the foreshore and seabed controversy. This resulted in a surge of support for the National Party, although most polls indicated that this subsequently subsided. National also announced it would not stand candidates in the Māori seats, with some smaller parties following suit.

The foreshore-and-seabed controversy also resulted in the establishment of the Māori Party in July 2004. The Māori Party hoped to break Labour's traditional (and then current) dominance in the Māori seats, just as New Zealand First had done in the 1996 election.

A large number of so-called "minor" parties also contested the election. These included Destiny New Zealand (the political branch of the Destiny Church) and the Direct Democracy Party.

Polls[edit]

Poll results for all political parties that exceeded the 5% MMP threshold between the 2005 and 2008 elections.

A series of opinion polls published in June 2005 indicated that the National Party had moved ahead of Labour for the first time since June 2004. Commentators speculated[citation needed] that a prominent billboard campaign may have contributed to this. Some said[citation needed] the National Party had peaked too early. The polls released throughout July showed once more an upward trend for Labour, with Labour polling about 6% above National. The release by the National Party of a series of tax-reform proposals in August 2005 appeared to correlate with an increase in its ratings in the polls.

Direct comparisons between the following polls have no statistical validity:

poll date Labour National NZ First Greens
One News Colmar Brunton 29 August 43% 40% 5% 7%
3 News TNS 1 September 39% 41% 6% 6%
Herald DigiPoll 2 September 43.4% 39.1% 6.6% 5%
Fairfax NZ/ACNeilsen 3 September 41% 44% <5% 5%
One News Colmar Brunton 4 September 38% 46% 4.6% 6%
3 News TNS 7 September 45% 36% 5% 7%
Herald Digipoll 8 September 40.6% 40.1% 7.1% 5.6%
Herald Digipoll 11 September 42.1% 38.5% 5% 6%
ACNielsen-Sunday Star-Times 11 September 37% 44% 5% 6%
One News Colmar Brunton 11 September 39% 41% 6% 6%
Fairfax ACNielsen 14 September 37% 43% 7% 6%
3 News TNS 15 September 40.5% 38.7% 6.8% 6.9%
TVNZ Colmar Brunton 15 September 38% 41% 5.5% 5.1%
Herald Digipoll 16 September 44.6% 37.4% 4.5% 4.6%

No single political event can explain the significant differences between most of these polls over the period between them. They show either volatility in the electorate and/or flaws in the methods of polling. In the later polls, the issue of National's knowledge of a series of pamphlets (distributed by members of the Exclusive Brethren and attacking the Green and Labour parties) appeared not to have reduced National Party support.

Candidates[edit]

For lists of candidates in the 2005 election see:

Major policy platforms[edit]

Labour Party[edit]

The Labour Party platform[10] included:

National Party[edit]

The National Party campaigned on the platform of (National Party Press Release):

  • taxation: lowering income-tax rates
  • removing references to the Treaty of Waitangi from existing legislation; and resolving all treaty claims amicably by 2010
  • by 1 April 2006, make student-loan repayments and $5000 of pre-school childcare costs recoupable to main stream New-Zealanders
  • "reworking" the New Zealand Resource Management Act to make development easier
  • "removing excessive bureaucracy" in the education system, in particular by overhauling the NCEA, and by re-introducing "bulk funding" of schools
  • abolishing early parole for violent criminals. (As of 2005 most prisoners became eligible for parole after serving one-third of their sentence)
  • a return to "market rents" for state-housing tenants, including a system of paying housing-subsidies (for the poorest tenants) directly to private landlords
  • increase Nationwide Maths and English standards
  • part public/private ownership of the public health system
  • welfare Reform - reduce the waste of having 300,000 working age New Zealand adults on benefits and to ensure all of those on benefits really need the help
  • a "work-for-the-dole" scheme
  • abolishing the Maori electorates

Voting[edit]

Postal voting for New Zealanders abroad began on 31 August. Ballot voting took place on Saturday 17 September, from 9am to 7pm. The Chief Electoral Office released a provisional result at 12.05am on 18 September.

Party funding[edit]

New Zealand operates on a system whereby the Electoral Commission allocates funding for advertising on television and on radio. Parties must use their own money for all other forms of advertising, but may not use any of their own money for television or radio advertising.

Party Funding
Labour $1,100,000
National $900,000
ACT $200,000
Greens $200,000
NZ First $200,000
United Future $200,000
Māori Party $125,000
Progressives $75,000
Alliance $20,000
Christian Heritage NZ $20,000
Destiny NZ $20,000
Libertarianz $20,000
99 MP Party* $10,000
Beneficiaries Party* $10,000
Democrats $10,000
National Front* $10,000
New Zealand F.R.P.P.* $10,000
Patriot Party* $10,000
The Republic of New Zealand Party $10,000

*Must register for funding
Source: Electoral Commission

Controversies[edit]

Police investigated six political parties for alleged breaches of election-spending rules relating to the 2005 election, but brought no prosecutions,[11] determining that "there was insufficient evidence to indicate that an offence under s214b of the Electoral Act had been committed."[12] Additionally, claims[weasel words] allege Labour used over $400,000 of taxpayers' money to produce a number of pamphlets and "pledge cards" promoting Labour. The police decided not to lay a prosecution, preferring instead to warn Labour that similar future actions would risk prosecution, because it seemed clear that a number of other parties had also used similar tactics and it would have appeared unfair to single Labour out.

The Auditor-General has also investigated publicly funded party-advertising for the 2005 election, with a leaked preliminary finding of much of the spending as unlawful. Observers expected the release of a final report in October 2006.[13]

References[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Stephen Levine and Nigel S. Roberts (editors), The Baubles of Office: The New Zealand General Election of 2005 (Wellington: Victoria University Press, 2007). ISBN 978-0-86473-539-3

External links[edit]