New Zealand grayling

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New Zealand grayling
Prototroctes oxyrhynchus.jpg
Conservation status
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Osmeriformes
Family: Retropinnidae
Subfamily: Prototroctinae
Genus: Prototroctes
Species: P. oxyrhynchus
Binomial name
Prototroctes oxyrhynchus
Günther, 1870

The New Zealand grayling, Prototroctes oxyrhynchus, is an extinct smelt of the genus Prototroctes, which was found only in lowland rivers and streams of New Zealand. They were an amphidromous species—spawning in freshwater streams and developing to maturity in saltwater. Their length was between 20 and 40 cm.

Though abundant through the early colonial period, by the 1860s their population began to decline. The last known specimen was caught in the late 1920s to early 1930s. Deforestation and competition from feral trout may have contributed to the New Zealand grayling's extinction [1]


  1. ^ World Conservation Monitoring Centre (1996). Prototroctes oxyrhynchus. 2006. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN 2006. Retrieved on 11 May 2006.