New Zealand humour
The New Zealand experience
New Zealand is a country that is isolated from much of the rest of the world geographically. New Zealanders are predominantly New Zealand European, although there exists a notable number of Asians, and Polynesians including native Māori. It is perhaps not surprising that these two situations lead to a humour that often has as a basis the newcomer trying to assimilate themselves with the new country. The intermingled strands of Māori, British, mainland European, Polynesian, Indian and Asian that have made the country their home each look at the land and each other in a different way, and these differences are often the focal point of humour. Comedians from minority groups (such as Raybon Kan and Jacob Rajan) often use these differences in their routines. Unlike in the UK, in New Zealand, the word "Asian" means those of Chinese, Japanese, Korean, Vietnamese etc. descent. Those from the Indian subcontinent, India, Pakistan etc. or Fijian Indian are generally referred to as Indians. New Zealand's remote and agricultural nature is also a regular comedy catalyst, especially the well-known ratio between people and sheep in the country. The pioneering, backwoods spirit is also commonly used in comedy, as in the stereotypical farmer, Fred Dagg, and the yarns spun by New Zealand writer Barry Crump.
The Trans-Tasman rivalry
Australians are the butt of Kiwi humour (and vice versa) — even at the highest diplomatic level. During the 1980s, then Prime Minister of New Zealand Robert Muldoon was asked about the increasing exodus of New Zealanders leaving the country to work in Australia. His comment was that by doing so, they were raising the average IQ of both countries. The joke derives from the Will Rogers phenomenon.
In general terms, Australians are stereotyped in New Zealand humour as being brash, boorish and lazy. New Zealanders, in return, are seen by Australians as being behind the times and mocked as "South Seas Poms" on account of their supposedly closer ties with Britain ('Pom' is a slang word for 'British person' which is used by New Zealanders and Australians).
There are a large number of (mainly crude) sheep jokes. As befitting the trans-Tasman rivalry, Australians tell said jokes about New Zealanders, and New Zealanders tell them about Australians. In the UK on the other hand sheep jokes are usually reserved for the Welsh.
Some sheep jokes also take differences in the accent into account. In one example, a farmer who is having unnatural relations with a sheep is asked if he should rather be shearing the sheep, to which he replies "I'm not shearing this sheep with anyone!" Here shearing is taken to be the pronunciation of the word sharing spoken with a New Zealand accent, as some New Zealand speakers pronounce sharing with the same pronunciation as shearing.
Other sheep jokes (or "ewe-phemisms") include puns on song titles which contain the word ewe. For example, a performing band may announce they are playing the song "There Will Never Be Another You", and follow up by saying that it is particularly bad news for any Australians in the audience.
While other people make jokes about New Zealanders and sheep, New Zealanders themselves are not averse to a bit of sheep humour. In mid-2000, Grant Gillon, then a New Zealand Member of Parliament, caused controversy when he asked the following question during a debate on genetic engineering:
"I want to ask the minister whether, no pun intended, it's appropriate in this case for a woman's body parts to be inserted into a sheep when that has normally been the domain of Tory males?"
Commonly used insults that Australians use are the terms "Sheep-shagger" & "Ram-Rooter".
The difference between the accents of the two countries is a constant source of amusement. Many New Zealanders gain a great deal of enjoyment out of the perceived similarity between Australians' pronunciation of the word 'six' and its similarity with the word 'sex' - However, Australians perceive this to be the other way round. New Zealanders also often mock Australians by speaking the Australian accent in a stereotypically Steve Irwin fashion.
Australians also often poke fun at New Zealander's pronunciation of the words "fish and chips" becoming "fush en chups", although the vowel is either a schwa (the "a" sound in "comma" and "about") or almost dropped altogether. This is to great frustration of any New Zealander living abroad, who can expect to be repeatedly asked to repeat themselves or say "fish and chips", "yes" or "six".
Many regional stereotypes have arisen over the years and jokes are told about other regions based on these stereotypes.
Auckland is New Zealand's largest city and Aucklanders are regarded by many as boorish and insular. Aucklanders are often referred to as JAFAs or "Just Another Fucking Aucklander" and jokes are made about their out-of-touch, soft, city lifestyle and Nouveau riche practices, such as inappropriate use of Pajeros and other 4x4s exclusively on city streets. This tendency is not helped by many Aucklanders affecting to not believe that civilisation exists south of the Bombay Hills.[neutrality is disputed]
During and after the 1998 Auckland power crisis there were many jokes made about it:
- Q: If there are power shortages, which will you keep running, the cappuccino machine or the air conditioner?
- Q: What did Aucklanders use before they had candles?
Wellington is in the Roaring Forties and has geography that intensifies the effects of the prevailing winds leading to its nickname "Windy Wellington". Other New Zealanders making jokes about Wellington concentrate on this aspect.
Southland, as the name suggests, is New Zealand's southernmost province, is seen as remote and has a reputation for inbreeding.
- Southland: 100,000 people and only seven surnames.
Some of New Zealand's best known comedians have for many years been working almost exclusively in Australia. This includes John Clarke, known to New Zealanders as Fred Dagg, who played the stereotypical farmer with precision and style. His wit has in recent years allowed him to extend his repertoire to a series of biting satires, particularly of politicians. He has also found an outlet in television series such as The Games and films such as Death In Brunswick.
Other examples include Tony Martin of 1980s sketch show, The D-Generation fame. Three compilations of the Australian national radio program Martin/Molloy earned him ARIA awards. He has also written and directed the movie Bad Eggs.
Pamela Stephenson was born in New Zealand, made her name in Australia, went to Britain and starred in the sketch comedy Not the Nine O'Clock News and currently lives in America with her husband Billy Connolly.
However it was Billy T James who was to dominate New Zealand comedy through the 1980s. His first major role being the lead in TVNZ's Radio Times. James went on to gain his own self-titled show. Loved and hated for his irreverent portrayal of Maori, his characters, along with John Clarke's Fred Dagg were, until very recently, to set the benchmark for New Zealand comedy.
For several years during the 1970s and 1980s, New Zealand television featured a satirical send-up of current affairs entitled A Week of It. This series, and particularly its two main stars, David McPhail and Jon Gadsby, became for several years a mainstay of New Zealand comedy.
Some more recent New Zealand comedians worthy of mention are:
- Rhys Darby, stand up comedian most notorious for his portrayal of Flight of the Conchords manager 'Murray'.
- Raybon Kan, former journalist and lawyer turned comedian.
- Cal Wilson, appearing on Thank God You're Here several times and performing at the Melbourne International Comedy Festival numerous times. Her career in Australia extended to a regular drive-time radio show and weekly coverage of Australian Idol.
- Bret McKenzie and Jemaine Clement form the partnership Flight of the Conchords, their work including the HBO television series, which followed "the trials and tribulations of a two man, digi-folk band from New Zealand as they try to make a name for themselves in their adopted home of New York City".
- Taika Cohen (also known as Taika Waititi), Academy Award nominated film director and stand-up comedian. Most recently director and star of the 2010 film Boy.
- Jarred Christmas is an ex-pat New Zealand comic, who makes his living in the United Kingdom. He does much work with the BBC, and won the Chortle comedy award for Best Compere.
- Madeleine Sami is a Fijian Indian/Irish comedian from Auckland. She is best known for the TV series Super City and performing in the play No2.
- Goodbye Pork Pie (1981)
- Tally Ho
- Came a Hot Friday (1985)
- Bad Taste (1987)
- Meet the Feebles (1989)
- Old Scores (1991)
- The Price of Milk (2000)
- Stickmen (2001)
- Tongan Ninja (2002)
- Sione's Wedding (2006)
- Black Sheep (2006)
- The Devil Dared Me To (2007)
- Men Shouldn't Sing (2007)
- Eagle vs Shark (2007)
- Boy (2010)
- Sione's 2: Unfinished Business (2012)
See also: Culture of New Zealand#Comedy
- Seven Days
- Glide Time
- A Week Of It
- The Billy T. James Show
- Serial Killers
- The Pretender
- Seven Periods with Mr Gormsby
- Eating Media Lunch
- Pulp Sport
- Moon TV
- Back Of The Y
- Flight of the Conchords
- Outrageous Fortune
- Super City
- The Jono Project
- Jono and Ben at Ten