New towns of Singapore

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The new town planning concept was introduced into Singapore with the building of the first New Town, Queenstown, from July 1952 to 1973 by the country's public housing authority, the Housing and Development Board. Today, the vast majority of the approximately 11,000 public housing buildings are organised into 22 new towns across the country.

Each new town is designed to be completely self-sustainable. Helmed by a hierarchy of commercial developments, ranging from a town centre to precinct-level outlets, there is no need to venture out of town to meet the most common needs of residences. Employment can be found in industrial estates located within several towns. Educational, health care, and recreational needs are also taken care of with the provision of schools, hospitals, parks, sports complexes, and so on.

Singapore's expertise in successful new town design was internationally recognised when the Building and Social Housing Foundation (BSHF) of the United Nations awarded the World Habitat Award to Tampines New Town, which was selected as a representative of Singapore's new towns, on 5 October 1992.[1]

New Towns[edit]

Name (English/Malay) Tamil Chinese Hanyu Pinyin Area
(Total)
Area
(Residential)
Residential units Residential units
(Projected)
Population Image Remarks
Ang Mo Kio ஆங் மோ கியோ 宏茂桥 hóngmàoqiáo 638 283 48,068 58,000 151,700 AngMoKio.JPG
Bedok பிடோ 勿洛 wùluò 937 408 59,201 74,000 201,300 Bedok Town Centre, Aug 06.JPG
Bishan பீஷான் 碧山 bìshān 690 172 19,367 32,000 67,400 Bishan-SG.JPG
Bukit Batok புக்கிட் பாத்தோக் 武吉巴督 wǔjíbādū 785 291 31,731 47,000 112,100 BukitBatok.JPG
Bukit Merah புக்கிட் மேரா 红山 hóngshān 858 312 50,247 68,000 147,000
Bukit Panjang புக்கிட் பாஞ்சாங் 武吉班让 wǔjíbānràng 489 228 29,498 43,000 113,000 Bukit Panjang.jpg
Choa Chu Kang சுவா சூ காங் 蔡厝港 càicuògǎng 583 307 39,511 62,000 155,800 YewTee-Town-SG.JPG
Clementi கிளிமெண்டி 金文泰 jīnwéntài 408 198 23,871 35,000 74,500 ClementiHDB.JPG
Geylang கேலாங் 芽笼 yálóng 678 214 30,510 49,000 96,900
Hougang ஹவ்காங் 后港 hòugǎng 1,276 354 47,819 68,000 173,500 Singapore Hougang 2002.jpg Largest new town in terms of total land area.
Jurong East ஜூரோங் 裕廊东 yùlángdōng 384 165 22,299 29,000 81,000 Jurongeaststreet13viewfromblock124.JPG
Jurong West ஜூரோங் 裕廊西 yùlángxī 987 480 68,760 92,000 251,200 Jurong West New Town flats.jpg Largest new town in terms of existing residential units.
Kallang/Whampoa காலாங் 加冷/黄浦 jiālĕng/huángpǔ 799 200 34,288 54,000 104,900
Pasir Ris பாசிர் ரிஸ் 巴西立 bāxīlì 601 318 27,514 44,000 109,700 Pasir ris town.jpg
Punggol 榜鵝 bǎng'é 957 422 30,877 96,000 92,500 Edgedale 10, Jan 06.JPG
Queenstown குவீன்ஸ்டவுன் 女皇镇 nǚhuángzhèn 687 210 29,812 60,000 85,000 Alexandra Road Singapore.JPG First new town in Singapore.
Sembawang 三巴旺 sānbāwàng 708 317 18,421 60,000 67,400 Sembawang Estate.jpg
Sengkang செங்காங 盛港 shènggǎng 1,055 397 43,848 90,000 156,200 Sengkang Sculpture Park, Nov 05.JPG
Serangoon சிராங்கூன் 实龙岗 shílónggāng 737 156 21,292 29,000 75,800 Serangoon road hdb.jpg
Tampines தெம்பினிஸ் 淡滨尼 dànbīnní 1,200 500 62,369 83,000 235,800 Tampines Vista, Tampines Street 84, Feb 06.JPG Largest new town in terms of population
Toa Payoh தோ பயோ 大巴窑 dàbāyáo 463 210 35,418 48,000 105,400 Toa Payoh New Town, Toa Payoh Lorong 6 3, Jan 06.JPG Second new town in Singapore.
Woodlands ஜூரோங் 兀兰 wùlán 1,198 525 58,525 88,000 229,500 View of Woodlands Avenue 9, Singapore.jpg
Yishun 义顺 yìshùn 810 439 46,965 84,000 173,300 Yishun-SG.JPG
Other Estates (Bukit Timah, Central Area, Marine Parade) 126 22,898 25,000 66,500
Total 890,212 1,418,000 3,094,100

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Building Social Housing Foundation, Tampines Town, accessed 19 Mar 2007.