Newark Eagles

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Newark Eagles
19331950
(est. 1936 through merger)
Newark, New Jersey
Leagues
Name
  • Newark Dodgers* (1933-1935)
  • Brooklyn Eagles* (1935)
    • *merged 1935
  • Newark Eagles (1936-1948)
  • Houston Eagles (1949-1950)
Ballpark
Titles
League titles 1946
Negro World Series titles 1946

The Newark Eagles were a professional Negro league baseball team that played in the second Negro National League from 1936 to 1948, owned by Effa Manley[1]

History[edit]

Formation[edit]

The Newark Eagles were formed in 1936 when the Newark Dodgers, established in 1933, were merged with the Brooklyn Eagles, established in 1935. Abe Manley and his wife Effa Manley, owners and founders of the Brooklyn Eagles, purchased the Newark Dodgers franchise and combined both teams' assets and player rosters.[2] Team management was left to Effa, making the Eagles the first professional team owned and operated by a woman. The Eagles shared Ruppert Stadium with the minor-league Newark Bears.

The Eagles were to (black) Newark what the Dodgers were to Brooklyn.

—Eagles star Max Manning

Decline and demise[edit]

In 1948, the Negro National League disbanded after Jackie Robinson's successful integration of Major League Baseball a year earlier. The Eagles were sold and moved to Houston, Texas for the 1949 season.[2] The Houston Eagles joined the surviving Negro American League and lasted until 1950.

Negro League World Series champions[edit]

Under Effa Manley's guidance, the 1946 team won the Negro League World Series, upsetting the Kansas City Monarchs in a 7-game series.[2]

Hall of Fame players[edit]

The team featured future Hall-of-Famers Larry Doby (the first black player in the American League), Ray Dandridge, Leon Day, Monte Irvin, Biz Mackey, and Willie Wells, as well as other stars such as Don Newcombe.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Overmyer, James (1998), Queen of the Negro Leagues: Effa Manley and the Newark Eagles, Scarecrow Press 
  2. ^ a b c http://www.coe.ksu.edu/nlbemuseum/history/teams/newarkeagles.html