Newark Liberty International Airport

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Newark International Airport)
Jump to: navigation, search
"Newark Airport" redirects here. For other uses, see Newark Airport (disambiguation).
Newark Liberty International Airport
Newark Liberty International Airport from the Air.jpg
IATA: EWRICAO: KEWRFAA LID: EWR
WMO: 72502
Summary
Airport type Public
Owner Port Authority of New York and New Jersey
Operator Port Authority of New York and New Jersey
Serves New York metropolitan area
Location Newark, New Jersey and Elizabeth, New Jersey
Hub for
Elevation AMSL 18 ft / 5 m
Coordinates 40°41′33″N 074°10′07″W / 40.69250°N 74.16861°W / 40.69250; -74.16861Coordinates: 40°41′33″N 074°10′07″W / 40.69250°N 74.16861°W / 40.69250; -74.16861
Website newarkairport.com
Maps
FAA airport diagram
FAA airport diagram
EWR is located in New York City
EWR
EWR
Location in New York metropolitan area
Runways
Direction Length Surface
ft m
4L/22R 11,000 3,353 Asphalt/Concrete
4R/22L 10,000 3,048 Asphalt
11/29 6,800 2,073 Asphalt
Helipads
Number Length Surface
ft m
H1 40 12 Concrete
Statistics (2013)
Aircraft operations (ACI)[1] 413,744
Passengers (ACI)[1] 35,016,236
Source: Federal Aviation Administration[2]

Newark Liberty International Airport (IATA: EWRICAO: KEWRFAA LID: EWR), originally named Newark Metropolitan Airport and later Newark International Airport, is an international airport which straddles the municipal boundary between Newark and Elizabeth, New Jersey. The airport is owned by the city of Newark and operated by the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey. It is about 15 miles (24 km) southwest of Midtown Manhattan (New York City). Newark Airport was the first major airport in the United States[3] and is the New York-New Jersey metropolitan area's busiest in terms of flights.[N 1][4]

The airports in the New York metropolitan area combine to create the largest airport system in the United States, the second largest in the world in terms of passenger traffic, and largest in the world in terms of total flight operations. In 2013, Newark Airport handled 35 million passengers, JFK handled 50.4 million, and LaGuardia handled 26.7 million.[5][6]

Newark is the third-largest hub for United Airlines (after Chicago-O'Hare and Houston-Intercontinental), which is the airport's largest tenant (operating within all of Terminal C and part of Terminal A). Newark's second largest tenant is FedEx Express, whose third largest cargo hub uses three buildings on two million square feet of airport property.[7]

History[edit]

Major airports in the New York Metropolitan Area: John F. Kennedy (1), LaGuardia (2), and Newark Liberty (3).

Newark opened October 1, 1928 on 68 acres of reclaimed land along the Passaic River,[4] the first major airport serving passengers in the New York City area.[8] Newark was the busiest commercial airport in the world until LaGuardia Airport opened in December 1939; the March 1939 Official Aviation Guide shows 61 weekday departures on five airlines, but by mid-1940 passenger airlines had all left Newark.[9][10] During World War II the field closed to commercial aviation while it was taken over by the United States Army for logistics operations. In 1945, captured German aircraft brought from Europe on the HMS Reaper for evaluation under Operation Lusty were off-loaded at Newark AAF and then flown or shipped to Freeman Field, Indiana or Naval Air Station Patuxent River, Maryland.

The airlines returned to Newark in February 1946 and in 1948 the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey assumed control of the airport, later building new hangars, a new terminal and runway 4/22. The Art Deco Administration Building served as the terminal until the opening of the North Terminal in 1953, and was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1979. The Newark Metropolitan Airport Terminal was once adorned with murals by Arshile Gorky,[11]

The February 1947 C&GS diagram shows 5940-ft runway 1, 7900-ft runway 6 and 7100-ft runway 10.

On December 16, 1951 a Miami Airlines C-46 bound for Tampa lost a cylinder on takeoff from runway 28 and crashed in Elizabeth killing 56;[12] on January 22, 1952 an American Airlines CV-240 crashed in Elizabeth while on approach to runway 6 killing all 23 aboard and seven on the ground;[13] and on February 11, 1952 a National DC-6 crashed in Elizabeth after takeoff from runway 24, killing 29 of 63 on board and four on the ground.[14] Inevitably the airport was closed for some months; airline traffic resumed later in the year, but the airport's continued unpopularity and the New York area's growing air traffic led to searches for new airport sites. A proposal to build a new airport at what is now the Great Swamp National Wildlife Refuge was defeated by local opposition.[15]

The April 1957 Official Airline Guide showed 144 weekday passenger fixed-wing departures from Newark: 40 Eastern, 19 Capital, 16 American, 14 United, 14 Mohawk, 13 Allegheny, 11 TWA, 8 National, 5 Delta, and 4 Braniff. National had a nonstop to Miami, Eastern had nonstops to Miami, New Orleans and Houston, Braniff had a nonstop DC-7C to Dallas, and TWA flew nonstop to St Louis; no other nonstops to points west of Chicago, and no international nonstops.[16] (Eastern started a nonstop to Montreal in 1958, probably Newark's first scheduled international nonstop since 1939, though Eastern had nonstops to San Juan in 1951.) Jet airliners arrived in 1961; in 1964 American and TWA started flying nonstop to California, though Newark's longest runway remained 7,000 ft (2,100 m) until 1970. TWA's 707 nonstop to Heathrow in 1978 was probably Newark's first intercontinental nonstop.

In the 1970s the airport became Newark International Airport. Present Terminals A and B opened in 1973, although some charter and international flights requiring customs clearance remained at the North Terminal. The main building of Terminal C was completed at the same time, but only metal framing work was completed for the terminal's satellites, and it lay dormant until the mid-1980s when for a brief time the west third of the terminal was equipped for international arrivals and used for some People Express transcontinental flights. Terminal C was completed and opened in June 1988.

Underutilized through the 1970s, Newark expanded dramatically in the 1980s. People Express struck a deal with the Port Authority to use the North Terminal as both its air terminal and corporate office in 1981 and began operations at Newark that year. It grew quickly, increasing Newark's traffic through the 1980s.[17] Virgin Atlantic began service between Newark and London in 1984, challenging JFK's status as New York's international gateway (but Virgin Atlantic now has more flights at JFK than at Newark). Federal Express (now known as FedEx Express) opened its second hub at the airport in 1986.[7] When People Express merged into Continental in 1987 operations at the North Terminal were reduced and the building was demolished to make way for cargo facilities in the early 1990s. This merger started Continental's, and later United Airlines', dominance at Newark Airport.

Of the three New York Metropolitan Airports, only Newark Airport has served as a Philippine Airlines destination. Normally, JFK handles more international flights than Newark and, with O'Hare Airport, were the only destinations once served by the airline not on the west coast.[18] Due to the Asian Financial crisis in 1997, Philippine Airlines terminated service to both Newark and O'Hare and only operates service to west coast cities in the United States. However, in April 2014, Philippine Airlines announced returns to service for both Newark and O'Hare with additional service to Florida for 2015 following the removal of the Philippines from the air safety blacklist of the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) on Thursday, April 10.[19]

In late 1996, the monorail system was opened, connecting all three terminals, the overflow parking lots and garages, and the rental car facilities. A brand new International Arrivals Facility also opened in Terminal B that year.[8] The monorail was expanded the new Newark Airport train station on Amtrak's Northeast Corridor line in 2001, and was renamed AirTrain Newark.

Newark is a major hub for United Airlines (previously Continental Airlines before the 2010 merger). Today United has its Global Gateway at Terminal C, having completed a major expansion project that included the construction of a new, third concourse and a new Federal Inspection Services facility. With its Newark hub United is the largest provider of air service to the New York metropolitan area. In anticipation of Super Bowl XLVIII, held in the nearby Meadowlands Sports Complex, United built a new 132,000-square-foot, $25 million maintenance hangar on a 3-acre parcel to accommodate the Boeing 787 Dreamliner.[20]

In 2004 Newark became the terminus of the world's longest non-stop scheduled airline route, Singapore Airlines' flight to Singapore; in October 2012 the airline announced that the non-stop Newark-Singapore would cease in 2013, which it did on November 23. The world's current longest non-stop scheduled service is Qantas' Sydney-Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport flight.

A flag flies over Gate A17 in July 2006.

After the hijacking of United Airlines Flight 93 in the September 11, 2001 attacks while en route from Newark to San Francisco, the airport's name was changed from Newark International Airport to Newark Liberty International Airport in 2002. This name was chosen over the initial proposal, Liberty International Airport at Newark, and pays tribute both to the victims of the 9/11 attacks, but also to the landmark Statue of Liberty, just 7 miles (11 km) east of the airport.[21][22]

Further information: September 11, 2001 attacks

A modern control tower was constructed in 2002, and entered service in 2003, becoming the fourth and tallest tower in the airport's history, standing 325-feet over the main parking lot.[8]

United (then Continental) began flying from Newark to Beijing on June 15, 2005 and to Delhi on November 1, 2005. The airline soon started flights to Mumbai. Continental became for a time the only airline to serve India nonstop from the United States, and the third U.S. carrier, after United and Northwest to serve mainland China nonstop and the only U.S. carrier with nonstop flights to Beijing from the New York City area. On July 16, 2007, Continental announced it would seek government approval for nonstops between Newark and Shanghai in 2009. In September 2007 the United States Department of Transportation tentatively awarded Continental the right to fly to Shanghai from Newark beginning March 25, 2009 using Boeing 777-200ER aircraft.

In June 2008, flight caps were put in place to restrict the number of flights to 81 per hour. The flight caps, in effect until 2009, were intended to be a short-term solution to Newark's congestion.[23] The FAA has since embarked on a seven-year long project to reduce congestion in all three New York area airports and the surrounding flight paths.[24]

In 2012, United Airlines carried 71% of the airport's passengers. The next two busiest airlines, Delta Air Lines and JetBlue Airways, each had less than 5%.[25]

Facilities[edit]

Interior of the remodeled Terminal C.
Another view of the interior of Terminal C.
Terminal A at night in 2005
New York City skyline from Terminal C

Newark Liberty International Airport covers 2,027 acres (820 ha) and has three runways and one helipad:

  • Runway 4L/22R: 11,000 x 150 ft (3,353 x 46 m), Surface: Asphalt/Concrete
  • Runway 4R/22L: 10,000 x 150 ft (3,048 x 46 m), Surface: Asphalt
  • Runway 11/29: 6,800 x 150 ft (2,073 x 46 m), Surface: Asphalt
  • Helipad H1: 40 x 40 ft (12 x 12 m), Surface: Concrete

Runway 11/29 is one of the three runways built during World War II. In 1952 Runways 1/19 and 6/24 were closed and a modern Runway 4/22 (now 4R/22L) opened at a length of 7,000 ft (2,100 m) After 1970 this runway was extended to 9,800 feet (3,000 m), shortened for a while to 9,300 ft (2,800 m) and finally reached its present length by 2000. Runway 4L/22R opened in 1970 at a length of 8,200 ft (2,500 m) and was extended to its current length by 2000.

All approaches except Runway 29 have Instrument Landing Systems and Runway 4R is certified for Category III approaches. Runway 22L was recently upgraded to CAT III approach capability.[26]

Most departing traffic uses Runway 4L/22R while arriving traffic uses 4R/22L, and 11/29 is used by smaller aircraft or when there are strong crosswinds on the two main runways. Newark's parallel runways (4L and 4R) are 950 feet (290 m) apart, the fourth smallest separation of major airports in the U.S., after SFO, LAX and SEA.[27][28]

Terminals[edit]

Newark Liberty International Airport has three passenger terminals. Terminal A and Terminal B were completed in 1973 and have four levels. Ticket counters are on the top floor, except for the second-floor Air India and first-floor British Airways desks in Terminal B. Gates and shops are on the third floor. Baggage carousels (both A and B) are on the second floor, and Terminal B has an international arrivals lounge on that floor too. Finally, short-term parking and ramp operations (restricted areas) are on the ground floor.

Terminal C, designed by Grad Associates[29] and completed in 1988, has two ticketing levels, one for international check-in and one for domestic check-in. The main terminal building for Terminal C was built alongside Terminals A and B in the 1970s, but lay dormant until People Express Airlines took it over as a replacement for the former North Terminal when the airline's hub there outgrew the old facility. Upon opening, Terminal C had 41 gates, originally with one departures level, one arrivals level, and an underground parking garage. The gates, as well as food and shopping outlets, are located on a mezzanine level between the two check-in floors.

From 1998 to 2003, Terminal C was rebuilt and expanded in a $1.2 billion program known as the Continental Airlines Global Gateway Project.[30] The project, which was designed by Skidmore, Owings & Merrill,[30] doubled the available space for outbound travelers as the former baggage claim/arrivals hall was remodeled and turned into a second departures level. Probably most significant was the addition of International Concourse C-3, a spacious and airy new facility with capacity for a maximum of 19 narrowbody aircraft (or 12 widebody planes). Completion of this new concourse brought Terminal C's total number of mainline jet gates to 57. Concomitant with Concourse C-3 is a new international arrivals facility. Also included in the project: a 3,400-space parking garage constructed in front of the terminal, a new airside corridor connecting Concourses C-1, C-2, and C-3, a new President's Club (now called United Club) lounge between C-2 and C-3, and all-new baggage processing facilities, including reconstruction of the former underground parking area into a new baggage claim and arrivals hall.

In 2008, Terminal B was renovated to increase capacity for departing passengers and passenger comfort. The renovations included expanding and updating the ticketing areas, building a new departure level for domestic flights, and building a new arrivals hall.[31] Plans are also in place to expand Terminal A by adding a new parking garage and radically expanding the size of the first concourse to add new gates, ticketing, baggage and security areas.[32]

Each terminal has three concourses: Terminal A, for instance, is divided into concourses A1, A2, and A3. Gate numbering is continuous through all the terminals. Wayfinding signage throughout the terminals was designed by Paul Mijksenaar, who also designed signage for LaGuardia and JFK Airports.[33]

Terminal A is the only terminal having no immigration facilities: flights arriving from other countries cannot use Terminal A (except countries with US customs preclearance), although some departing international flights use the terminal.

Following the business model of the Port Authority's other facilities, in some cases entire terminals are operated by terminal operators and not by the Port Authority directly. At Newark Liberty, Terminal A and Terminal C are operated by United Airlines. Terminal B is the only passenger terminal directly operated by the Authority.[34]

In January 2012, Port Authority executive director Patrick Foye said $350 million would be spent on Terminal B, addressing complaints by passengers that they cannot move freely. That renovation is currently underway. Foye also said a new Terminal A may be built.[35]

Further developments were made in Terminal B when the Port Authority installed new LED fixtures in 2014. The LED fixtures developed by Sensity Systems, use wireless network capabilities to collect and feed data into the software that can spot long lines, recognize license plates as well as identify suspicious activity, and alert the appropriate staff.[36]

A February 2014 article in the New York Times said that Terminal B has security cameras in the lighting that watch passengers.[37]

Ground transportation[edit]

Train[edit]

A free monorail system (AirTrain) connects the terminals with Newark Liberty International Airport Station. The station provides direct rail connections to any station along New Jersey Transit's Northeast Corridor Line or North Jersey Coast Line, including regional transit hubs such as Newark Penn Station, Secaucus Junction, and New York Penn Station where transfers are available to any rail line in northern New Jersey or Long Island, New York. Amtrak also serves the station with Northeast Regional and Keystone Service trains but not Acela Express trains.

The AirTrain monorail also connects the terminals with parking lots, parking garages, and rental car facilities.

Bus[edit]

go bus 28

NJT buses operate northbound local service to Irvington, Downtown Newark, and Newark Penn Station, where connections are available to the PATH rapid transit system and rail lines. The go bus 28 is a bus rapid transit line to Downtown Newark, Newark Broad Street Station and Bloomfield Station. Southbound service travels to Elizabeth, Lakewood, Toms River and intermediate points.

Olympia Trails operates express buses to Port Authority Bus Terminal, Bryant Park, and Grand Central Terminal in Manhattan[38] and Super-Shuttle, Go Airport Shuttle and Go-link operate shared taxi services.[39]

Automobile/Taxis[edit]

Private limousine, car service, and taxis also provide service to/from the airport. Taxis serving the airport charge a flat rate based on destination. For trips to/from New York, fares are set by the New York City Taxi and Limousine Commission.

The airport is serviced directly by U.S. Route 1/9, which provides connections to Route 81 and Interstate 78, both of which have interchanges with the New Jersey Turnpike (Interstate 95) at exits 13A and 14, respectively. Northbound, Route 1/9 becomes the Pulaski Skyway which connects to the Holland Tunnel which links Jersey City with Lower Manhattan.

The airport operates short and long term parking lots with shuttle buses and monorail access to the terminals.

Airlines and destinations[edit]

Passenger[edit]

Airlines Destinations Terminal
Air Canada[40] Calgary, Toronto-Pearson, Vancouver A
Air Canada Express Montréal–Trudeau, Toronto–Pearson A
Air India[41] Ahmedabad, Mumbai B
Alaska Airlines[42] Seattle/Tacoma A
American Airlines[43] Dallas/Fort Worth, Miami, Phoenix[44] A
American Eagle Chicago–O'Hare A
Austrian Airlines
operated by Tyrolean Airways
Vienna[45] B
Avianca El Salvador[46] San Salvador B
British Airways[47] London–Heathrow B
Cathay Pacific[48] Hong Kong B
Delta Air Lines[49] Amsterdam, Atlanta, Detroit, Minneapolis/St. Paul, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Salt Lake City B
Delta Connection Cincinnati, Detroit, Minneapolis/St. Paul B
El Al[50] Tel Aviv–Ben Gurion B
Icelandair[51] Reykjavík–Keflavík B
Jet Airways[52] Brussels, Mumbai B
JetBlue Airways[53] Boston, Fort Lauderdale, Fort Myers, Orlando, San Juan, Santiago de los Caballeros,[54] Tampa, West Palm Beach A
La Compagnie Paris–Charles de Gaulle B
Lufthansa[55] Düsseldorf, Frankfurt, Munich B
OpenSkies[56] Paris–Orly B
People Express Airlines[57] Newport News/Williamsburg B
Porter Airlines Toronto–Billy Bishop
Seasonal: Mont Tremblant[58]
B
Scandinavian Airlines[59] Copenhagen, Oslo–Gardermoen, Stockholm–Arlanda B
Southwest Airlines[60] Austin, Chicago–Midway, Denver, Houston–Hobby, Nashville, New Orleans, Phoenix, St. Louis A
Swiss International Air Lines[61] Zürich B
TAP Portugal[62] Lisbon, Porto B
United Airlines[63] Aguadilla, Amsterdam, Antigua, Aruba, Atlanta, Austin, Barcelona, Beijing–Capital, Berlin–Tegel, Bermuda, Birmingham (UK), Bogotá, Boston, Brussels, Cancún, Chicago–O'Hare, Cleveland, Dallas/Fort Worth, Dublin, Delhi, Denver, Edinburgh, Edmonton, Fort Lauderdale, Fort Myers, Frankfurt, Geneva, Glasgow–International, Guatemala City, Hamburg, Hong Kong, Honolulu, Houston–Intercontinental, Las Vegas, Lima, Lisbon, London–Heathrow, Los Angeles, Madrid, Manchester (UK), Mexico City, Miami, Milan-Malpensa, Montego Bay, Mumbai, Munich, Nassau, New Orleans, Orange County, Orlando, Oslo–Gardermoen, Panama City, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Phoenix, Port of Spain, Portland (OR), Providenciales, Puerto Plata, Puerto Vallarta, Punta Cana, San Antonio, San Diego, San Francisco, San José de Costa Rica, San José del Cabo, San Juan, San Pedro Sula, San Salvador, Santo Domingo–Las Americas, Santiago de los Caballeros,[64] São Paulo–Guarulhos, Seattle/Tacoma, Shanghai–Pudong, Shannon, St. Lucia, St. Maarten, Stockholm–Arlanda, Stuttgart (ends September 19, 2014),[65] Tampa, Tel Aviv–Ben Gurion (suspended),[66] Tokyo–Narita, West Palm Beach, Zurich
Seasonal: Acapulco, Anchorage, Belfast–International, Belize City, Bonaire, Bozeman, Cozumel, Eagle/Vail, Grand Cayman, Hayden/Steamboat Springs, Jackson Hole, Liberia (Costa Rica), Montrose, Roatán, Rome–Fiumicino, St. John's, St. Thomas, Vancouver
C
United Express Albany (NY), Asheville, Atlanta, Austin, Baltimore, Binghamton, Boston, Buffalo, Burlington (VT), Charleston (SC), Charlotte, Chicago–O'Hare, Cincinnati, Cleveland, Columbia (SC), Columbus (OH), Dallas/Fort Worth, Dayton, Des Moines, Detroit, Fayetteville (AR), Grand Rapids, Greensboro, Greenville/Spartanburg, Halifax, Harrisburg, Hartford, Indianapolis, Ithaca, Jacksonville (FL), Kansas City, Knoxville, London (ON) (begins October 26, 2014), Louisville, Madison, Manchester (NH), Memphis, Milwaukee, Minneapolis/St. Paul, Moncton (ends September 19, 2014),[67] Montréal–Trudeau, Myrtle Beach, Nashville, New Orleans, Norfolk, Oklahoma City, Omaha, Ottawa, Pittsburgh, Portland (ME), Providence, Québec City, Raleigh/Durham, Richmond, Rochester (NY), St. John's, St. Louis, Savannah, South Bend (begins October 26, 2014), Syracuse, Toronto–Pearson, Tulsa, Washington–Dulles, Washington–National, West Palm Beach, Wilkes-Barre/Scranton
Seasonal: Fort Myers, Miami, Nantucket, Traverse City[68]
A, C
US Airways[69] Charlotte, Miami (begins September 4, 2014), Phoenix A
US Airways Express Philadelphia A
Vacation Express
operated by Bahamasair
Seasonal: Freeport[70] B
Virgin America[71] Los Angeles, San Francisco A
Virgin Atlantic[72] London–Heathrow B

Cargo[edit]

Airlines Destinations
ABX Air Cincinnati/Northern Kentucky
Cargojet Airways Bermuda
FedEx Express Anchorage, Boston, Chicago–O'Hare, Indianapolis, Los Angeles, Memphis, Miami, Newburgh, Syracuse, Washington–Dulles, Tampa
FedEx Feeder
operated by Mountain Air Cargo
Baltimore, Buffalo, Washington–Dulles
FedEx Feeder
operated by Wiggins Airways
Albany (NY), Boston, Bridgeport, Danbury, Harrisburg, Hartford, Manchester (NH), Plattsburgh, Providence, Rochester (NY)
UPS Airlines Chicago/Rockford, Cologne/Bonn, Dallas/Fort Worth, Des Moines, Hartford, London–Stansted, Louisville, Newburgh, Tokyo–Narita

Statistics[edit]

In 2012, Newark Liberty International Airport handled 33,993,962 passengers.

Busiest international routes from Newark (2013)[73]
Rank Airport Passengers Carriers
1 London–Heathrow, United Kingdom 1,144,208 British Airways, United Airlines, Virgin Atlantic
2 Tel Aviv–Ben Gurion, Israel 497,636 El Al, United
3 Frankfurt, Germany 428,962 Lufthansa, United
4 Toronto–Pearson, Canada 366,697 Air Canada, United
5 Toronto–Billy Bishop, Canada 351,239 Porter Airlines
6 Munich, Germany 322,154 Lufthansa, United
7 Mumbai, India 315,388 Air India, Jet Airways, United
8 Brussels, Belgium 302,829 Jet Airways, United
9 Paris–Charles de Gaulle, France 284,516 Delta Air Lines, United
10 Zurich, Switzerland 244,126 Swiss Airlines, United
Busiest domestic routes from Newark (February 2013 - January 2014)[74]
Rank Airport Passengers Carriers
1 San Francisco, California 685,000 United, Virgin America
2 Los Angeles, California 675,000 American, United, Virgin America
3 Orlando, Florida 673,000 JetBlue, United
4 Chicago,–O'Hare Illinois 596,000 American, United
5 Charlotte, North Carolina 520,000 United, US Airways
6 Houston, Texas 505,000 United
7 Boston, Massachusetts 504,000 JetBlue, United
8 Fort Lauderdale, Florida 471,000 JetBlue, United
9 Atlanta, Georgia 461,000 Delta, United
10 Denver, Colorado 378,000 Southwest, United
Largest Airlines at EWR (12 months ending December 2013)[75]
Rank Airline Passengers
1 United Airlines 24,552,028
2 Delta Air Lines 1,527,627
3 JetBlue 1,378,608
4 US Airways 1,349,425
5 Southwest Airlines 1,203,145
6 American Airlines 1,038,891
7 Lufthansa 529,371
8 Scandinavian Airlines 477,837
9 Air Canada 416,689
10 Porter Airlines 352,595

Accommodations[edit]

Within the Newark Liberty International Airport complex is a Marriott hotel, the only hotel located on airport property.[76] Shuttle vans operate between the hotel and terminals because the Marriott is not serviced by the monorail and there is no official walking route to the terminals, despite the Marriott's immediate proximity to the main parking lot between the terminals.

Airport information[edit]

Airport information can be obtained in several ways both before traveling to the airport and while there. In addition to the Web site listed below, travelers may call the airport at +1 (973)961-6000 or from within the United States and Canada, toll-free at 888-EWR-INFO (397-4636).

In the immediate vicinity of the airport, parking and other information is available by tuning to a highway advisory radio station at 530 AM.

Newark Airport, along with LaGuardia and Kennedy airports, uses a uniform style of signage throughout the airport properties. Yellow signs direct passengers to airline gates, ticketing and other flight services; green signs direct passengers to ground transportation services, and black signs lead to restrooms, telephones and other passenger amenities.

New York City traffic reporter Bernie Wagenblast provides the voice for the airport's radio station and curbside announcements, as well as the messages heard onboard AirTrain Newark and in its stations.

The airport has the IATA designation EWR, rather than a designation that begins with the letter 'N' because the obvious designator of "NEW" is already assigned to Lakefront Airport in New Orleans, LA.

The airport has no official area to view flight traffic, but the IKEA of Elizabeth (located on the East side of the New Jersey Turnpike) may be used as an unofficial vantage point for aircraft both departing and landing.

Incidents and accidents[edit]

  • On December 16, 1951, A passenger C-46 lost a cylinder on takeoff from runway 28 and crashed in Elizabeth, killing 56.
  • On January 22, 1952, an American Airlines Convair 990 on approach to runway 6 crashed in Elizabeth, killing 30.
  • On February 11, 1952, a National DC-6 crashed in Elizabeth after takeoff from runway 24, killing 33.[77]
  • On April 18, 1979, a New York Airways Commuter helicopter on a routine flight to Laguardia and JFK Airports plunged 150 feet (46 m) into the area between Runways 4L/22R and 4R/22L killing 3 passengers and injuring 15. It was later determined the crash was due to a failure in the helicopter's tail rotor.[78]
  • On July 31, 1997, FedEx Flight 14, a McDonnell Douglas MD-11, crashed during landing from Anchorage International Airport. The No. 3 engine contacted the runway during a rough landing which caused the aircraft to flip upside down, after which it was destroyed by fire. The two crewmembers and three passengers escaped uninjured.[79]
  • In the September 11, 2001 attacks, United Airlines Flight 93 from Newark to San Francisco was hijacked, but the passengers revolted forcing the hijackers to crash the aircraft into an empty field in Shanksville, Pennsylvania. Based on the direction the plane was flying at the time and information gathered afterwards, most observers believe that the hijackers intended to crash the plane into a target in Washington, D.C., such as the Capitol or White House.[80] A flag now flies over Gate A17, the gate from which the flight pushed back from that day.[81]
  • On February 12, 2009, Colgan Air Flight 3407, a Bombardier Dash 8 Q400 operating under contract with Continental Connection crashed into a home in Clarence Center, New York. The flight was scheduled to arrive at Buffalo Niagara International Airport and was approximately six miles away from the airport when it crashed. All 49 passengers and crew members on board the aircraft and one person on the ground perished in the incident.[82]
  • On January 10, 2010, United Airlines Flight 634, an Airbus A319, made an emergency landing after the aircraft's right main landing gear failed to deploy. No passengers or crew members were injured during the landing.[83] The aircraft sustained substantial damage in the accident.[84]
  • On November 1, 2011, LOT Polish Airlines Flight 16 from Newark to Warsaw Chopin Airport belly-landed in Warsaw after its landing gear failed to extend.
  • On January 21, 2013, United Airlines Flight 4480 from Rochester was landing when several rear tires blew. The plane veered onto a taxiway, but didn't strike anything. The plane was carrying eight passengers and five crew members. No one was hurt.[85]
  • On May 1, 2013, Scandinavian Airlines Flight 908, an A330-300 that was cleared for takeoff collided with an ExpressJet Embraer ERJ-145 aircraft on the taxiway. As a result, a tail loss incident occurred of United Express Flight 4226, the ExpressJet Embraer ERJ-145.[86][87]
  • On May 18, 2013, A malfunctioning landing gear forced US Airways Flight 4560 to make a belly landing. None of the passengers or crew were injured.[88]

See also[edit]


Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Newark Liberty International Airport is an airport of firsts: the first major airport in the New York metropolitan area, the first with a control tower, and now the area's busiest. Sandwiched between the New Jersey Turnpike, U.S. Routes 1 and 9, and I-78, the airport handles more flights (though not as many passengers) as Kennedy International Airport, despite being 40 percent of the land size. The airport serves as a hub for United Airlines, among 50 other scheduled carriers. The City of Newark built the airport on 68 acres of marshland in 1928, and the Army Air Corps operated the facility during World War II. After the Port Authority took it over in 1948, an instrument runway, a terminal building, a control tower and an air cargo center were added. The airport's original 1935 central terminal building is a National Historic Landmark. Newark Liberty employs more than 24,000 people." Ken Belson, "Newark Liberty International Airport (NJ)" The New York Times July 10, 2008

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "2010 North American Airports Traffic". Airports Council International. Retrieved 2012-08-15. 
  2. ^ FAA Airport Master Record for EWR (Form 5010 PDF), retrieved 03/15/2007
  3. ^ "Newark Metropolitan Airport". From Sand Dunes to Sonic Booms. National Park Service. Retrieved 2011-09-30. 
  4. ^ a b Belson, Ken (10 July 2008). "Newark Liberty International Airport (NJ)". The New York Times (NYTimes.com). Retrieved 2011-04-12. 
  5. ^ "Press Release Article - Port Authority of NY & NJ". Panynj.gov. Retrieved 2013-06-28. 
  6. ^ http://www.panynj.gov/airports/pdf-traffic/DEC2012_EWR.pdf
  7. ^ a b "The FedEx Express Hub in Newark, NJ" (Press release). FedEx. Retrieved 2012-08-15. 
  8. ^ a b c http://www.panynj.gov/airports/ewr-history.html
  9. ^ "City Airport Opens Officially Tonight". The New York Times (NYTimes.com). 1 December 1939. p. 25. 
  10. ^ The Official Aviation Guide (Timetables - Fares - Routes; General Information of the Airways; Air Mail - Passengers - Air Express). The Official Aviation Guide Company, Inc. Chicago, ILL. (Issued monthly). May, 1939 and August, 1940
  11. ^ "Arshile Gorky's Newark Airport Murals". Abstract Expressionism. warholstars.org. Retrieved 2011-09-30. 
  12. ^ "Driscoll Demands Stricter Air Curbs: Says Crash That Killed 56 Shows the Need for Controls". The New York Times (NYTimes.com). 19 December 1951. p. 37. Retrieved 2012-08-15. 
  13. ^ "Pilot Was on Instrument-Guided Approach; Ground Control 'Talks' Flier Off Course". The New York Times. NYTimes.com. 23 January 1952. p. 20. Retrieved 2012-08-15. 
  14. ^ Report
  15. ^ Linton, Weeks (18 September 2005). "GREAT SWAMP: A bog so big it boggles the mind". The Washington Post. Retrieved 2012-08-15. [dead link]
  16. ^ Official Airline Guide, Washington DC: American Aviation Publications, 1957 
  17. ^ Avery, Brett (5 February 2008). "30 and Counting: People Express". New Jersey Monthly (NJMonthly.com). Retrieved 2012-08-15. 
  18. ^ "Philippine Airlines MD-11 in Newark Liberty International Airport". Airliners.net. 14 August 2003. Retrieved 2012-08-15. 
  19. ^ http://business.inquirer.net/168094/pal-to-fly-to-ny-major-us-cities
  20. ^ Strunsky, Steve (6 March 2014). "United Airlines throws open its new hangar doors at Newark airport". The Star-Ledger (Advance Publications). Retrieved 2014-05-26. 
  21. ^ Wilson, Michael (August 22, 2002). "Governors Seek a Name Change for Newark Airport". The New York Times (NYTimes.com). Retrieved 2010-03-14. 
  22. ^ Smothers, Ronald (30 August 2002). "Port Authority Extends Lease of a Renamed Newark Airport". The New York Times (NYTimes.com). Retrieved 2010-03-13. 
  23. ^ "Virgin says new U.S. rules hurt competition at Newark airport". International Herald Tribune. The Associated Press. 11 April 2008. Retrieved 2008-04-12. [dead link]
  24. ^ http://www.faa.gov/about/office_org/headquarters_offices/arc/programs/nyapio/delay_reduction_plan/
  25. ^ Todd, Susan (May 20, 2012). "United's dominance at Newark Liberty International Airport brings conveniences and higher fares". New Jersey Star-Ledger. Retrieved October 26, 2012. 
  26. ^ http://www.faa.gov/about/office_org/headquarters_offices/arc/programs/nyapio/delay_reduction_plan/index.cfm?content=initiatives&projID=8
  27. ^ http://www.boeing.com/commercial/caft/cwg/ads_b/Closely.pdf[dead link]
  28. ^ NGS runway lat-lons[dead link]
  29. ^ Read, Philip (March 25, 2010). "Architectural Firm That Shaped Newark, N.Y.C. Skylines Closes After 104 Years". The Star-Ledger. Retrieved June 13, 2012. 
  30. ^ a b "Newark Liberty International Airport - Continental Airlines Terminal C3 Expansion".  SOM.com Project Information
  31. ^ "Building a Better Airport". Newarkairport.com. Retrieved 2013-06-28. 
  32. ^ "U.S.—India Aviation Partnership Summit" (PPT). Port Authority of New York and New Jersey. Retrieved 2008-05-25. [dead link]
  33. ^ "New York and New Jersey Airports". 2009-05-18. 
  34. ^ http://www.panynj.gov/AboutthePortAuthority/PressCenter/PressCenterGuide/VideoAirportContacts/[dead link]
  35. ^ Hawley, Chris (1 February 2012). "World Trade Center design flaw could cost millions". News & Record. Associated Press. Retrieved 2012-02-01. 
  36. ^ Cardwell, Diane. "At Newark Airport, the Lights Are On, and They’re Watching You". The New York Times. Retrieved 18 February 2014. 
  37. ^ http://www.nytimes.com/2014/02/18/business/at-newark-airport-the-lights-are-on-and-theyre-watching-you.html?_r=0
  38. ^ "Newark Airport Express". Coach USA.com. Retrieved 2012-08-15. 
  39. ^ "Newark Airport Express". Coach USA. Retrieved 2012-08-15. 
  40. ^ Air Canada Timetable, accessed March 3, 2014
  41. ^ Air India Timetable, accessed March 3, 2014
  42. ^ Alaska Airlines Timetable, accessed March 3, 2014
  43. ^ American Airlines Timetable, accessed March 3, 2014
  44. ^ http://airlineroute.net/2014/04/10/aaus-jun14/
  45. ^ "AUA bestätigt Newark als neue Langstreckendestination". Austrian Wings. October 28, 2013. Retrieved October 28, 2013. 
  46. ^ Avianca Destinations Map
  47. ^ Flights to New York from London, accessed March 3, 2014
  48. ^ Cathay Pacific Timetable, accessed March 3, 2014
  49. ^ Delta Air Lines Timetable, accessed March 3, 2014
  50. ^ El Al interactive map, accessed March 3, 2014
  51. ^ Icelandair Timetable, effective March 30 to October 26, 2014, accessed March 3, 2014
  52. ^ Jet Airways schedule, accessed March 3, 2014
  53. ^ JetBlue interactive map, accessed March 3, 2014
  54. ^ "JetBlue connects Newark and the Dominican Republic" (Press release). JetBlue Airways. January 27, 2014. Retrieved January 27, 2014. 
  55. ^ Lufthansa interactive map, accessed March 3, 2014
  56. ^ New York-Paris flight schedules, accessed March 3, 2014
  57. ^ People Express Airlines Route Map, accessed July 1, 2014
  58. ^ https://www.flyporter.com/Flights-To/Mont-Tremblant?culture=en
  59. ^ http://www.flysas.com/en/uk/Generic/Services/Timetable/
  60. ^ Southwest Airlines interactive map, accessed March 3, 2014
  61. ^ Swiss International Air Lines route network, accessed March 3, 2014
  62. ^ http://www.flytap.com/Deutschland/en/Homepage/DestinationsMap
  63. ^ United Airlines Timetable, accessed March 3, 2014
  64. ^ "UNITED Adds New Caribbean Service from June 2014". Retrieved 24 February 2014. 
  65. ^ http://www.flugrevue.de/zivilluftfahrt/airport/united-stellt-flug-nach-stuttgart-ein/580088
  66. ^ http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/business-28427236
  67. ^ https://ca.news.yahoo.com/loss-moncton-york-area-flight-124544263.html
  68. ^ "United Airlines Expands New York Area's Largest Network With New Seasonal Service" (Press release). United Continental Holdings. February 25, 2013. Retrieved June 28, 2013. 
  69. ^ US Airways route map, accessed March 3, 2014
  70. ^ http://www.thebahamasweekly.com/publish/ministry_of_tourism_updates/Grand_Bahama_Island_Welcomes_Vacation_Express_Summer_Flights34656.shtml
  71. ^ Virgin America route map, accessed March 3, 2014
  72. ^ Where we fly, accessed March 3, 2014
  73. ^ "U.S. International Air Passenger and Freight Statistics Report". 2013. Retrieved March 31, 2014. 
  74. ^ . Bureau of Transportation Statistics http://www.transtats.bts.gov/airports.asp?pn=1. Retrieved 12 May 2014.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  75. ^ http://www.panynj.gov/airports/pdf-traffic/DEC2013_EWR.pdf
  76. ^ Newark Liberty International Airport Marriott. "Newark Liberty International Airport Marriott". Marriott.com. Retrieved 2013-06-28. 
  77. ^ Stu Beitler (7 December 2007). Elizabeth "NJ Plane Crash Kills 28, Jan 1952". GenDisasters. Retrieved 2012-08-15. 
  78. ^ http://www.airdisaster.com/reports/ntsb/AAR79-14.pdf
  79. ^ "ASN Aircraft accident McDonnell Douglas MD-11F N611FE Newark International Airport, NJ (EWR)". Aviation-safety.net. Retrieved 2013-06-28. 
  80. ^ Editors of Popular Mechanics (15 August 2006). Debunking 9/11 Myths: Why Conspiracy Theories Can't Stand Up to the Facts. Hearst. p. 76. ISBN 1-58816-635-X. 
  81. ^ Stout, David (April 12, 2006). "Recording From Flight 93 Played at Trial". The New York Times. Retrieved 2008-08-24. 
  82. ^ Ward, Matthew L.; Baker, Al (February 13, 2009). "Crew Reported 'Significant Ice Buildup' Before Crash". The New York Times. Retrieved 2009-02-13. 
  83. ^ Sulzberger, A.G.; Schweber, Nate (January 10, 2010). "Plane Makes Emergency Landing at Newark Airport". The New York Times. Retrieved 2010-01-10. 
  84. ^ "Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 2010-01-11. 
  85. ^ "Plane blows tires, veers off runway at Newark Liberty International Airport | 7online.com". Abclocal.go.com. 2013-01-21. Retrieved 2013-06-28. 
  86. ^ "United Express, SAS planes clip each other at Newark". May 2, 2013. Retrieved June 28, 2013. 
  87. ^ http://www.aviationpros.com/news/10933680/sas-investigates-clipping-accident-at-ewr[dead link]
  88. ^ "Plane Makes Belly Landing at Newark Airport". NY Times. May 18, 2013. Retrieved June 28, 2013. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Newark Liberty International Airport at Wikimedia Commons