An Bábhun Nua
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Newbawn (Irish: An Bábhun Nua, meaning "the new enclosure") is a small village located in the southwest of County Wexford, in Ireland. It is located on the R735 regional road about 3 km (~2 miles) south of the N25 national primary road.
'Newbawn' in the Irish language is 'Bábhun Nua'. 'Nua' means 'New'. A 'Bábhun' is literally a walled enclosure. Often this is applied to the wall that encloses the yard surrounding a castle, though this may or may not be the meaning here. It can also mean an enclosure for cows.
The area was controlled by the Devereux family of Adamstown and Ballymagir for hundreds of years soon after the arrival of the Normans (1169). They acquired the area from the de Headon family in the late 13th century. Newbawn was part of the 'Manor of Colpe', which in 1669 was granted to Robert Leigh of Rosegarland.
After this time, and particularly throughout the 18th century, a family named Sweetman were very prominent in the Newbawn area.
Today, the village contains a shop and post office, a Pub, a Primary School (or National School (N.S.), a Roman Catholic church and an adjoining cemetery. The church was built in 1889. The local GAA Club is Adamstown GAA Club.
References & footnotes
- See: Photo of Newbawn (or Collopswell) Portal Tomb.
- Ballymagir was at a much later dated renamed 'Richfield'. It is located in southeast Co. Wexford, near the coast.
- The name is now Hayden.
- Brooks, Knights' Fees, p. 103 (footnote).
- Newbawn N.S. Website.
- Newbawn Parish Church.
- Brooks, Eric St. John, Knights’ Fees in Counties Wexford, Carlow and Kilkenny (13th-15th century). Dublin: Stationery Office, 1950.