Newberry City Hall
Location in Alachua County and the state of Florida
|• Mayor||Bill Conrad|
|• City Manager||Keith Ashby|
|• Total||54.6 sq mi (141.3 km2)|
|• Land||53.5 sq mi (138.6 km2)|
|• Water||1.0 sq mi (2.7 km2)|
|Elevation||75 ft (23 m)|
|• Density||92/sq mi (35.7/km2)|
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|GNIS feature ID||0307635|
Newberry is a city located on the southwest side of Alachua County, Florida, United States. The population was 4,950 at the 2010 census. Much of the city borders the neighboring Gilchrist County to the west. The current mayor is Bill Conrad.
Newberry developed as a mining town after phosphate was discovered in the western part of Alachua County in 1889; and, the town was located along the route of the Savannah, Florida, and Western Railway, that in 1893 was extended southward from High Springs. A post office established in March 1894 was named Newton, but changed to Newberry in August of that year. In 1896 there were fourteen mines operating nearby, and the town had hotels, boarding houses and saloons to accommodate the area's transient and sometimes unruly population. The demand for phosphate ended abruptly in 1914 when war was declared against Germany, the principal customer for Newberry's phosphate. The community turned to agriculture and was particularly successful at producing watermelons. The Watermelon Festival, first held in 1946, continues to be an annual event. In 1987 Newberry's Historic District was officially listed on the National Register of Historic Places.
Newberry is located at .
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 54.6 square miles (141.3 km2). 53.5 square miles (138.6 km2) of it is land and 1.0 square mile (2.7 km2) of it (1.93%) is water.
As of the census of 2010, there were 4,950 people, 1,884 households, and 1,383 families residing in the city. The population density was 92.5 inhabitants per square mile (35.7/km²). There were 2,068 housing units at an average density of 38.7 per square mile (14.9/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 79.6% White, 14.4% African American, 0.2% Native American, 1.4% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 2.0% some other race, and 2.3% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 7.2% of the population.
There were 1,884 households out of which 37.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.7% were headed by married couples living together, 13.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.6% were non-families. 22.1% of all households were made up of individuals, and 8.0% were someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.63, and the average family size was 3.07.
In the city the population was spread out with 25.8% under the age of 18, 6.9% from 18 to 24, 28.9% from 25 to 44, 27.2% from 45 to 64, and 11.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36.5 years. For every 100 females there were 90.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.2 males.
For the period 2007-11, the estimated median annual income for a household in the city was $49,623, and the median income for a family was $62,461. Male full-time workers had a median income of $50,990 versus $36,417 for females. The per capita income for the city was $22,851. About 11.5 of families and 18.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 32.2% of those under age 18 and 12.7% of those age 65 or over.
Newberry is served by the School Board of Alachua County, which operates an elementary school, a middle school and Newberry High School in the city, and the Alachua County Library District, which operates a branch library in the city.
In popular culture
- The city is mentioned in Muddy Waters' song "Deep Down in Florida".
- In the novel, Once A Runner, written by John L. Parker, Jr., the main character, Quenton Cassidy, goes out to Newberry to live in isolation and train for distance running.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Newberry city, Florida". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved May 6, 2013.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (DP-1): Newberry city, Florida". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved May 6, 2013.
- "Selected Economic Characteristics: 22007-2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates (DP03): Newberry city, Florida". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved May 6, 2013.
- Alachua County Public Schools: Schools and Centers
- Alachua County Library District: Newberry
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Newberry, Florida.|
- City of Newberry official website
- Newberry Jonesville Chamber of Commerce
- History of Newberry
- Dudley Farm Historic State Park