Newbery Medal

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Newbery Medal
Newbery Medal.jpg
Awarded for "The most distinguished contribution to American literature for children"
Country United States
Presented by Association for Library Service to Children, a division of the American Library Association
First awarded 1922
Official website ala.org/alsc/newbery

The John Newbery Medal is a literary award given by the Association for Library Service to Children, a division of the American Library Association (ALA). The award is given to the author of "the most distinguished contribution to American literature for children."[1] Named for John Newbery, an 18th-century English publisher of juvenile books, the Newbery was proposed by Frederic G. Melcher in 1921, making it the first children's book award in the world.[2]:1 The medal was designed by Rene Paul Chambellan and depicts an author giving his work (a book) to a boy and a girl to read.

The Newbery and the Caldecott Medal are considered the two most prestigious awards for children's literature in the United States. Many bookstores and libraries have Newbery sections; popular television shows interview the winners; textbooks include lists of Newbery winners, and many master's and doctoral theses are written about them.[3]

Beside the one annual Medalist, the committee identifies a variable number of worthy runners-up as Newbery Honor Books. Though the Newbery Honor was initiated in 1938, specially cited runners-up for the Newbery Medal from previous years were retroactively named Newbery Honor books.[4] As few as zero and as many as eight have been named, but from 1938 the number is one to five annual Honors. The Honor Books must be a subset of the runners-up on the final ballot, either the leading runners-up on that ballot or the leaders on one further ballot that excludes the winner.[5]:37

Every book considered must be written by a US citizen or resident and must be published first or simultaneously in the US in English during the preceding year.[6]

History[edit]

The Newbery Medal was established June 22, 1921 at the American Library Association (ALA)'s annual conference. Proposed by Publishers Weekly editor Frederick Melcher, the idea was enthusiastically received by the children's librarians present. Though the award was organized by and voted on by the ALA, Melcher provided much needed funds, who paid for the design and creation of the medal. The first Newbery Award is in 1922 (it was as early as they could get it, see Newbery recipients below)[2]:9–11

According to the American Library Association's The Newbery and Caldecott Awards, Melcher and the ALA board agreed to establish the award for several reasons that related to children's librarians. They wanted to encourage quality, creative children's books and to demonstrate to the public that children's books deserve recognition and praise.[2]:1 In 1932 the committee felt it was important to encourage new authors in the field so a rule was made that an author who had already won a Newbery could only win again if the vote was unanimous. In 1958 the rule was felt unnecessary and was removed. Another change in 1963 made it clear that joint authors of a book were eligible for the award. Several more revisions and clarifications were added in the 1970s and 1980s.[2]:2–3

This medal was named after John Newbery because he made it a priority to create books specifically for children. At that time, books were not being published with children as the main audience. Since John Newbery was a great help in creating these books, there is now an award named after him.

Selection process[edit]

As Barbara Elleman explained in The Newbery and Caldecott Awards, the original Newbery was based on votes by a selected jury of Children's Librarian Section officers. Books were first nominated by any librarian, then the jury voted for one favorite. Hendrik van Loon's non-fiction history book The Story of Mankind won with 163 votes out of 212.[2]:11 In 1924 the process was changed, and instead of using popular vote it was decided that a special award committee would be formed to select the winner. The award committee was made up of the Children's Librarian Section executive board, their book evaluation committee and three members at large. In 1929 it was changed again to the four officers, the chairs of the standing committees and the ex president. Nominations were still taken from members at large.[2]:13

In 1937 the American Library Association added the Caldecott Award, for "the artist of the most distinguished American picture book for children published in the United States".[7] That year an award committee selected the medal and honor books for both awards.[5]:7 In 1978 the rules were changed and two committees were formed of fifteen people each, one for each award. A new committee is formed every year,with "eight elected, six appointed, and one appointed Chair".[2]:7 Committee members are chosen to represent a wide variety of libraries, teachers and book reviewers. They read the books on their own time, then meet twice a year for closed discussions. Any book that qualifies is eligible, it does not have to have been nominated. Newbery winners are announced at the Midwinter Meeting of the American Library Association, held in January or February. The results of the committee vote is kept secret, and winners are notified by phone shortly before the award is announced.[2]:8

Controversy[edit]

In October 2008, Anita Silvey, a children's literary expert, published an article in the School Library Journal criticizing the committee for choosing books that are too difficult for children.[3][8] Lucy Calkins, the Reading and Writing Project at Columbia University's Teachers College agreed with Silvey:

I can't help but believe that thousands, even millions, more children would grow up reading if the Newbery committee aimed to spotlight books that are deep and beautiful and irresistible to kids.[3]

But Pat Scales said,

The criterion has never been popularity. It is about literary quality. How many adults have read all the Pulitzer-prize-winning books and ... liked every one?[3]

Some question a quest for exclusivity, or "equating children's book habits with adults'."[9]

John Beach, associate professor of literacy education at St. John's University in New York, compared the books that adults choose for children with the books that children choose for themselves and found that in the past 30 years, there is only 5% overlap between the Children's Choice Awards (International Reading Association) and the Notable Children's Books list (American Library Association).[3] He has also stated that "the Newbery has probably done far more to turn kids off to reading than any other book award in children's publishing."[3]

Erica Perl responded:

For starters, the real reasons kids don't read don't have anything to do with the Newbery medal—or any award. It has to do with the declining role of the book in our streaming-media culture and with socioeconomic realities.[10]

Others argue that child appropriate books are important, not unpopular assignment of award winners.[11]

Recipients[edit]

Winners and runners-up[12]
Year Author Book Citation
1922 Hendrik Willem van Loon The Story of Mankind Winner
1922 Charles Hawes The Great Quest Honor
1922 Bernard Marshall Cedric the Forester Honor
1922 William Bowen The Old Tobacco Shop: A True Account of What Befell a Little Boy in Search of Adventure Honor
1922 Padraic Colum The Golden Fleece and The Heroes Who Lived Before Achilles Honor
1922 Cornelia Meigs The Windy Hill Honor
1923 Hugh Lofting The Voyages of Doctor Dolittle Winner
1924 Charles Hawes The Dark Frigate Winner
1925 Charles Finger Tales from Silver Lands Winner
1925 Annie Carroll Moore Nicholas: A Manhattan Christmas Story Honor
1925 Anne Parrish The Dream Coach Honor
1926 Arthur Bowie Chrisman Shen of the Sea Winner
1926 Padraic Colum The Voyagers: Being Legends and Romances of Atlantic Discovery Honor
1927 Will James Smoky the Cow Horse Winner
1928 Dhan Gopal Mukerji Gay Neck, the Story of a Pigeon Winner
1928 Ella Young The Wonder Smith and His Son Honor
1928 Caroline Snedeker Downright Dencey Honor
1929 Eric P. Kelly The Trumpeter of Krakow Winner
1929 John Bennett The Pigtail of Ah Lee Ben Loo with Seventeen Other Laughable Tales and 200 Comical Silhouettes Honor
1929 Wanda Gág Millions of Cats Honor
1929 Grace Hallock The Boy Who Was Honor
1929 Cornelia Meigs Clearing Weather Honor
1929 Grace Moon Runaway Papoose Honor
1929 Elinor Whitney Tod of the Fens Honor
1930 Rachel Field Hitty, Her First Hundred Years Winner
1930 Jeanette Eaton A Daughter of the Seine: The Life of Madame Roland Honor
1930 Elizabeth Miller Pran of Albania Honor
1930 Marian Hurd McNeely The Jumping-Off Place Honor
1931 Ella Young The Tangle-Coated Horse and Other Tales Honor
1930 Julia Davis Adams Vaino, A Boy of New Finland Honor
1930 Hildegarde Swift Little Blacknose: The Story of a Pioneer Honor
1931 Elizabeth Coatsworth The Cat Who Went to Heaven Winner
1931 Anne Parrish Floating Island Honor
1931 Alida Malkus The Dark Star of Itza: The Story of A Pagan Princess Honor
1931 Ralph Hubbard Queer Person Honor
1931 Julia Davis Adams Mountains are Free Honor
1931 Agnes Hewes Spice and the Devil's Cave Honor
1931 Elizabeth Janet Gray Meggy MacIntosh Honor
1931 Herbert Best Garram the Hunter: A Boy of the Hill Tribes Honor
1931 Alice Lide and Margaret Johansen Ood-Le-Uk the Wanderer Honor
1932 Laura Adams Armer Waterless Mountain Winner
1932 Dorothy P. Lathrop The Fairy Circus Honor
1932 Rachel Field Calico Bush Honor
1932 Eunice Tietjens Boy of the South Seas Honor
1932 Eloise Lownsbery Out of the Flame Honor
1932 Marjorie Hill Allee Jane's Island Honor
1932 Mary Gould Davis Truce of the Wolf and Other Tales of Old Italy Honor
1933 Elizabeth Foreman Lewis Young Fu of the Upper Yangtze Winner
1933 Cornelia Meigs Swift Rivers Honor
1933 Hildegarde Swift The Railroad To Freedom: A Story of the Civil War Honor
1933 Nora Burglon Children of the Soil: A Story of Scandinavia Honor
1934 Cornelia Meigs Invincible Louisa Winner
1934 Caroline Snedeker The Forgotten Daughter Honor
1934 Elsie Singmaster Swords of Steel Honor
1934 Wanda Gág ABC Bunny Honor
1934 Erik Berry Winged Girl of Knossos Honor
1934 Sarah Schmidt New Land Honor
1934 Padraic Colum The Big Tree of Bunlahy: Stories of My Own Countryside Honor
1934 Agnes Hewes Glory of the Seas Honor
1934 Ann Kyle Apprentice of Florence Honor
1935 Monica Shannon Dobry Winner
1935 Elizabeth Seeger Pageant of Chinese History Honor
1935 Constance Rourke Davy Crockett Honor
1935 Hilda van Stockum A Day On Skates: The Story of a Dutch Picnic Honor
1936 Carol Ryrie Brink Caddie Woodlawn Winner
1936 Phil Stong Honk, the Moose Honor
1936 Kate Seredy The Good Master Honor
1936 Elizabeth Janet Gray Young Walter Scott Honor
1936 Armstrong Sperry All Sail Set: A Romance of the Flying Cloud Honor
1937 Ruth Sawyer Roller Skates Winner
1937 Lois Lenski Phoebe Fairchild: Her Book Honor
1937 Idwal Jones Whistler's Van Honor
1937 Ludwig Bemelmans The Golden Basket Honor
1937 Margery Williams Winterbound Honor
1937 Constance Rourke Audubon Honor
1937 Agnes Hewes The Codfish Musket Honor
1938 Kate Seredy The White Stag Winner
1938 James Cloyd Bowman Pecos Bill: The Greatest Cowboy of All Time Honor
1938 Mabel Robinson Bright Island Honor
1938 Laura Ingalls Wilder On the Banks of Plum Creek Honor
1939 Elizabeth Enright Thimble Summer Winner
1939 Valenti Angelo Nino Honor
1939 Richard & Florence Atwater Mr. Popper's Penguins Honor
1939 Phyllis Crawford Hello the Boat! Honor
1939 Jeanette Eaton Leader By Destiny: George Washington, Man and Patriot Honor
1939 Elizabeth Janet Gray Penn Honor
1940 James Daugherty Daniel Boone Winner
1940 Kate Seredy The Singing Tree Honor
1940 Mabel Robinson Runner of the Mountain Tops: The Life of Louis Agassiz Honor
1940 Laura Ingalls Wilder By the Shores of Silver Lake Honor
1940 Stephen W. Meader Boy with a Pack Honor
1941 Armstrong Sperry Call It Courage Winner
1941 Doris Gates Blue Willow Honor
1941 Mary Jane Carr Young Mac of Fort Vancouver Honor
1941 Laura Ingalls Wilder The Long Winter Honor
1941 Anna Gertrude Hall Nansen Honor
1942 Walter D. Edmonds The Matchlock Gun Winner
1942 Laura Ingalls Wilder Little Town on the Prairie Honor
1942 Genevieve Foster George Washington's World Honor
1942 Lois Lenski Indian Captive: The Story of Mary Jemison Honor
1942 Eva Roe Gaggin Down Ryton Water Honor
1943 Elizabeth Gray Vining Adam of the Road Winner
1943 Eleanor Estes The Middle Moffat Honor
1943 Mabel Leigh Hunt Have You Seen Tom Thumb? Honor
1944 Esther Forbes Johnny Tremain Winner
1944 Laura Ingalls Wilder These Happy Golden Years Honor
1944 Julia Sauer Fog Magic Honor
1944 Eleanor Estes Rufus M. Honor
1944 Elizabeth Yates Mountain Born Honor
1945 Robert Lawson Rabbit Hill Winner
1945 Eleanor Estes The Hundred Dresses Honor
1945 Alice Dalgliesh The Silver Pencil Honor
1945 Genevieve Foster Abraham Lincoln's World Honor
1945 Jeanette Eaton Lone Journey: The Life of Roger Williams Honor
1946 Lois Lenski Strawberry Girl Winner
1946 Marguerite Henry Justin Morgan Had a Horse Honor
1946 Florence Crannell Means The Moved-Outers Honor
1946 Christine Weston Bhimsa, the Dancing Bear Honor
1946 Katherine Shippen New Found World Honor
1947 Carolyn Sherwin Bailey Miss Hickory Winner
1947 Nancy Barnes The Wonderful Year Honor
1947 Mary & Conrad Buff Big Tree Honor
1947 William Maxwell The Heavenly Tenants Honor
1947 Cyrus Fisher The Avion My Uncle Flew Honor
1947 Eleanor Jewett The Hidden Treasure of Glaston Honor
1948 William Pène du Bois The Twenty-One Balloons Winner
1948 Claire Huchet Bishop Pancakes-Paris Honor
1948 Carolyn Treffinger Li Lun, Lad of Courage Honor
1948 Catherine Besterman The Quaint and Curious Quest of Johnny Longfoot Honor
1948 Harold Courlander The Cow-Tail Switch, and Other West African Stories Honor
1948 Marguerite Henry Misty of Chincoteague Honor
1949 Marguerite Henry King of the Wind Winner
1949 Holling C. Holling Seabird Honor
1949 Louise Rankin Daughter of the Mountains Honor
1949 Ruth S. Gannett My Father's Dragon Honor
1949 Arna Bontemps Story of the Negro Honor
1950 Marguerite de Angeli The Door in the Wall Winner
1950 Rebecca Caudill Tree of Freedom Honor
1950 Catherine Coblentz The Blue Cat of Castle Town Honor
1950 Rutherford George Montgomery Kildee House Honor
1950 Genevieve Foster George Washington Honor
1950 Walter & Marion Havighurst Song of The Pines: A Story of Norwegian Lumbering in Wisconsin Honor
1951 Elizabeth Yates Amos Fortune, Free Man Winner
1951 Mabel Leigh Hunt Better Known as Johnny Appleseed Honor
1951 Jeanette Eaton Gandhi, Fighter Without a Sword Honor
1951 Clara Ingram Judson Abraham Lincoln, Friend of the People Honor
1951 Anne Parrish The Story of Appleby Capple Honor
1952 Eleanor Estes Ginger Pye Winner
1952 Elizabeth Baity Americans Before Columbus Honor
1952 Holling C. Holling Minn of the Mississippi Honor
1952 Nicholas Kalashnikoff The Defender Honor
1952 Julia Sauer The Light at Tern Rock Honor
1952 Mary & Conrad Buff The Apple and the Arrow Honor
1953 Ann Nolan Clark Secret of the Andes Winner
1953 E. B. White Charlotte's Web Honor
1953 Eloise Jarvis McGraw Moccasin Trail Honor
1953 Ann Weil Red Sails to Capri Honor
1953 Alice Dalgliesh The Bears on Hemlock Mountain Honor
1953 Genevieve Foster Birthdays of Freedom, Vol. 1 Honor
1954 Joseph Krumgold ...And Now Miguel Winner
1954 Claire Huchet Bishop All Alone Honor
1954 Meindert DeJong Shadrach Honor
1954 Meindert DeJong Hurry Home, Candy Honor
1954 Clara Ingram Judson Theodore Roosevelt, Fighting Patriot Honor
1954 Mary & Conrad Buff Magic Maize Honor
1955 Meindert DeJong The Wheel on the School Winner
1955 Alice Dalgliesh The Courage of Sarah Noble Honor
1955 James Ullman Banner in the Sky Honor
1956 Jean Lee Latham Carry On, Mr. Bowditch Winner
1956 Marjorie Kinnan Rawlings The Secret River Honor
1956 Jennie Lindquist The Golden Name Day Honor
1956 Katherine Shippen Men, Microscopes, and Living Things Honor
1957 Virginia Sorensen Miracles on Maple Hill Winner
1957 Fred Gipson Old Yeller Honor
1957 Meindert DeJong The House of Sixty Fathers Honor
1957 Clara Ingram Judson Mr. Justice Holmes Honor
1957 Dorothy Rhoads The Corn Grows Ripe Honor
1957 Marguerite de Angeli Black Fox of Lorne Honor
1958 Harold Keith Rifles for Watie Winner
1958 Mari Sandoz The Horsecatcher Honor
1958 Elizabeth Enright Gone-Away Lake Honor
1958 Robert Lawson The Great Wheel Honor
1958 Leo Gurko Tom Paine, Freedom's Apostle Honor
1959 Elizabeth George Speare The Witch of Blackbird Pond Winner
1959 Natalie Savage Carlson The Family Under the Bridge Honor
1959 Meindert DeJong Along Came A Dog Honor
1959 Francis Kalnay Chucaro: Wild Pony of the Pampa Honor
1959 William O. Steele The Perilous Road Honor
1960 Joseph Krumgold Onion John Winner
1960 Jean Craighead George My Side of the Mountain Honor
1960 Gerald W. Johnson America Is Born: A History for Peter Honor
1960 Carol Kendall The Gammage Cup Honor
1961 Scott O'Dell Island of the Blue Dolphins Winner
1961 Gerald W. Johnson America Moves Forward: A History for Peter Honor
1961 Jack Schaefer Old Ramon Honor
1961 George Selden The Cricket in Times Square Honor
1962 Elizabeth George Speare The Bronze Bow Winner
1962 Edwin Tunis Frontier Living Honor
1962 Eloise Jarvis McGraw The Golden Goblet Honor
1962 Mary Stolz Belling The Tiger Honor
1963 Madeleine L'Engle A Wrinkle in Time Winner
1963 Sorche Nic Leodhas Thistle and Thyme: Tales and Legends from Scotland Honor
1963 Olivia Coolidge Men of Athens Honor
1964 Emily Cheney Neville It's Like This, Cat Winner
1964 Sterling North Rascal Honor
1964 Ester Wier The Loner Honor
1965 Maia Wojciechowska Shadow of a Bull Winner
1965 Irene Hunt Across Five Aprils Honor
1966 Elizabeth Borton de Treviño I, Juan de Pareja Winner
1966 Lloyd Alexander The Black Cauldron Honor
1966 Randall Jarrell The Animal Family Honor
1966 Mary Stolz The Noonday Friends Honor
1967 Irene Hunt Up a Road Slowly Winner
1967 Scott O'Dell The King's Fifth Honor
1967 Isaac Bashevis Singer Zlateh The Goat and Other Stories Honor
1967 Mary Hays Weik The Jazz Man Honor
1968 E. L. Konigsburg From the Mixed-Up Files of Mrs. Basil E. Frankweiler Winner
1968 E. L. Konigsburg Jennifer, Hecate, Macbeth, William McKinley, and Me, Elizabeth Honor
1968 Scott O'Dell The Black Pearl Honor
1968 Isaac Bashevis Singer The Fearsome Inn Honor
1968 Zilpha Keatley Snyder The Egypt Game Honor
1969 Lloyd Alexander The High King Winner
1969 Julius Lester To Be a Slave Honor
1969 Isaac Bashevis Singer When Shlemiel Went to Warsaw and Other Stories Honor
1970 William H. Armstrong Sounder Winner
1970 Sulamith Ish-Kishor Our Eddie Honor
1970 Janet Gaylord Moore The Many Ways of Seeing: An Introduction to the Pleasures of Art Honor
1970 Mary Q. Steele Journey Outside Honor
1971 Betsy Byars Summer of the Swans Winner
1971 Natalie Babbitt Knee-Knock Rise Honor
1971 Sylvia Engdahl Enchantress from the Stars Honor
1971 Scott O'Dell Sing Down the Moon Honor
1972 Robert C. O'Brien Mrs. Frisby and the Rats of NIMH Winner
1972 Allan W. Eckert Incident at Hawk's Hill Honor
1972 Virginia Hamilton The Planet of Junior Brown Honor
1972 Ursula K. Le Guin The Tombs of Atuan Honor
1972 Miska Miles Annie and the Old One Honor
1972 Zilpha Keatley Snyder The Headless Cupid Honor
1973 Jean Craighead George Julie of the Wolves Winner
1973 Arnold Lobel Frog and Toad Together Honor
1973 Johanna Reiss The Upstairs Room Honor
1973 Zilpha Keatley Snyder The Witches of Worm Honor
1974 Paula Fox The Slave Dancer Winner
1974 Susan Cooper The Dark Is Rising Honor
1975 Virginia Hamilton M. C. Higgins, the Great Winner
1975 Ellen Raskin Figgs & Phantoms Honor
1975 James Lincoln Collier & Christopher Collier My Brother Sam Is Dead Honor
1975 Elizabeth Marie Pope The Perilous Gard Honor
1975 Bette Greene Philip Hall Likes Me, I Reckon Maybe Honor
1976 Susan Cooper The Grey King Winner
1976 Sharon Bell Mathis The Hundred Penny Box Honor
1976 Laurence Yep Dragonwings Honor
1977 Mildred Taylor Roll of Thunder, Hear My Cry Winner
1977 William Steig Abel's Island Honor
1977 Nancy Bond A String in the Harp Honor
1978 Katherine Paterson Bridge to Terabithia Winner
1978 Beverly Cleary Ramona and Her Father Honor
1978 Jamake Highwater Anpao: An American Indian Odyssey Honor
1979 Ellen Raskin The Westing Game Winner
1979 Katherine Paterson The Great Gilly Hopkins Honor
1980 Joan Blos A Gathering of Days: A New England Girl's Journal Winner
1980 David Kherdian The Road from Home Honor
1981 Katherine Paterson Jacob Have I Loved Winner
1981 Jane Langton The Fledgling Honor
1981 Madeleine L'Engle A Ring of Endless Light Honor
1982 Nancy Willard A Visit to William Blake's Inn Winner
1982 Beverly Cleary Ramona Quimby, Age 8 Honor
1982 Aranka Siegal Upon the Head of the Goat: A Childhood in Hungary 1939–1944 Honor
1983 Cynthia Voigt Dicey's Song Winner
1983 Robin McKinley The Blue Sword Honor
1983 William Steig Doctor De Soto Honor
1983 Paul Fleischman Graven Images Honor
1983 Jean Fritz Homesick: My Own Story Honor
1983 Virginia Hamilton Sweet Whispers, Brother Rush Honor
1984 Beverly Cleary Dear Mr. Henshaw Winner
1984 Elizabeth George Speare The Sign of the Beaver Honor
1984 Cynthia Voigt A Solitary Blue Honor
1984 Kathryn Lasky Sugaring Time Honor
1984 Bill Brittain The Wish Giver Honor
1985 Robin McKinley The Hero and the Crown Winner
1985 Mavis Jukes Like Jake and Me Honor
1985 Bruce Brooks The Moves Make the Man Honor
1985 Paula Fox One-Eyed Cat Honor
1986 Patricia MacLachlan Sarah, Plain and Tall Winner
1986 Rhoda Blumberg Commodore Perry In the Land of the Shogun Honor
1986 Gary Paulsen Dogsong Honor
1987 Sid Fleischman The Whipping Boy Winner
1987 Cynthia Rylant A Fine White Dust Honor
1987 Marion Dane Bauer On My Honor Honor
1987 Patricia Lauber Volcano: The Eruption and Healing of Mount St. Helens Honor
1988 Russell Freedman Lincoln: A Photobiography Winner
1988 Norma Fox Mazer After the Rain Honor
1988 Gary Paulsen Hatchet Honor
1989 Paul Fleischman Joyful Noise: Poems for Two Voices Winner
1989 Virginia Hamilton In The Beginning: Creation Stories from Around the World Honor
1989 Walter Dean Myers Scorpions Honor
1990 Lois Lowry Number the Stars Winner
1990 Janet Taylor Lisle Afternoon of the Elves Honor
1990 Suzanne Fisher Staples Shabanu, Daughter of the Wind Honor
1990 Gary Paulsen The Winter Room Honor
1991 Jerry Spinelli Maniac Magee Winner
1991 Avi The True Confessions of Charlotte Doyle Honor
1992 Phyllis Reynolds Naylor Shiloh Winner
1992 Avi Nothing But The Truth: a Documentary Novel Honor
1992 Russell Freedman The Wright Brothers: How They Invented the Airplane Honor
1993 Cynthia Rylant Missing May Winner
1993 Bruce Brooks What Hearts Honor
1993 Patricia McKissack The Dark-thirty: Southern Tales of the Supernatural Honor
1993 Walter Dean Myers Somewhere in the Darkness Honor
1994 Lois Lowry The Giver Winner
1994 Jane Leslie Conly Crazy Lady Honor
1994 Laurence Yep Dragon's Gate Honor
1994 Russell Freedman Eleanor Roosevelt: A Life of Discovery Honor
1995 Sharon Creech Walk Two Moons Winner
1995 Karen Cushman Catherine, Called Birdy Honor
1995 Nancy Farmer The Ear, the Eye and the Arm Honor
1996 Karen Cushman The Midwife's Apprentice Winner
1996 Carolyn Coman What Jamie Saw Honor
1996 Christopher Paul Curtis The Watsons Go to Birmingham: 1963 Honor
1996 Carol Fenner Yolonda's Genius Honor
1996 Jim Murphy The Great Fire Honor
1997 E. L. Konigsburg The View from Saturday Winner
1997 Nancy Farmer A Girl Named Disaster Honor
1997 Eloise McGraw The Moorchild Honor
1997 Megan Whalen Turner The Thief Honor
1997 Ruth White Belle Prater's Boy Honor
1998 Karen Hesse Out of the Dust Winner
1998 Gail Carson Levine Ella Enchanted Honor
1998 Patricia Reilly Giff Lily's Crossing Honor
1998 Jerry Spinelli Wringer Honor
1999 Louis Sachar Holes Winner
1999 Richard Peck A Long Way from Chicago Honor
2000 Christopher Paul Curtis Bud, Not Buddy Winner
2000 Audrey Couloumbis Getting Near to Baby Honor
2000 Jennifer L. Holm Our Only May Amelia Honor
2000 Tomie dePaola 26 Fairmount Avenue Honor
2001 Richard Peck A Year Down Yonder Winner
2001 Joan Bauer Hope Was Here Honor
2001 Kate DiCamillo Because of Winn-Dixie Honor
2001 Jack Gantos Joey Pigza Loses Control Honor
2001 Sharon Creech The Wanderer Honor
2002 Linda Sue Park A Single Shard Winner
2002 Polly Horvath Everything on a Waffle Honor
2002 Marilyn Nelson Carver: A Life In Poems Honor
2003 Avi Crispin: The Cross of Lead Winner
2003 Nancy Farmer The House of the Scorpion Honor
2003 Patricia Reilly Giff Pictures of Hollis Woods Honor
2003 Carl Hiaasen Hoot Honor
2003 Ann M. Martin A Corner of the Universe Honor
2003 Stephanie S. Tolan Surviving the Applewhites Honor
2004 Kate DiCamillo The Tale of Despereaux Winner
2004 Kevin Henkes Olive's Ocean Honor
2004 Jim Murphy An American Plague: The True and Terrifying Story of the Yellow Fever Epidemic of 1793 Honor
2005 Cynthia Kadohata Kira-Kira Winner
2005 Gennifer Choldenko Al Capone Does My Shirts Honor
2005 Russell Freedman The Voice that Challenged a Nation: Marian Anderson and the Struggle for Equal Rights Honor
2005 Gary D. Schmidt Lizzie Bright and the Buckminster Boy Honor
2006 Lynne Rae Perkins Criss Cross Winner
2006 Alan Armstrong Whittington Honor
2006 Susan Campbell Bartoletti Hitler Youth: Growing Up in Hitler's Shadow Honor
2006 Shannon Hale Princess Academy Honor
2006 Jacqueline Woodson Show Way Honor
2007 Susan Patron The Higher Power of Lucky Winner
2007 Jennifer L. Holm Penny from Heaven Honor
2007 Kirby Larson Hattie Big Sky Honor
2007 Cynthia Lord Rules Honor
2008 Laura Amy Schlitz Good Masters! Sweet Ladies! Voices from a Medieval Village Winner
2008 Christopher Paul Curtis Elijah of Buxton Honor
2008 Gary D. Schmidt The Wednesday Wars Honor
2008 Jacqueline Woodson Feathers Honor
2009 Neil Gaiman The Graveyard Book Winner
2009 Kathi Appelt The Underneath Honor
2009 Margarita Engle The Surrender Tree: Poems of Cuba's Struggle for Freedom Honor
2009 Ingrid Law Savvy Honor
2009 Jacqueline Woodson After Tupac & D Foster Honor
2010 Rebecca Stead When You Reach Me Winner
2010 Phillip Hoose Claudette Colvin: Twice Toward Justice Honor
2010 Jacqueline Kelly The Evolution of Calpurnia Tate Honor
2010 Grace Lin Where the Mountain Meets the Moon Honor
2010 Rodman Philbrick The Mostly True Adventures of Homer P. Figg Honor
2011 Clare Vanderpool Moon Over Manifest Winner
2011 Jennifer L. Holm Turtle in Paradise Honor
2011 Margi Preus Heart of a Samurai Honor
2011 Joyce Sidman Dark Emperor & Other Poems of the Night Honor
2011 Rita Williams-Garcia One Crazy Summer Honor
2012 Jack Gantos Dead End in Norvelt Winner
2012 Thanhha Lai Inside Out & Back Again Honor
2012 Eugene Yelchin Breaking Stalin's Nose Honor
2013 Katherine Applegate The One and Only Ivan Winner
2013 Laura Amy Schlitz Splendors and Glooms Honor
2013 Steve Sheinkin Bomb: The Race to Build—and Steal—the World’s Most Dangerous Weapon Honor
2013 Sheila Turnage Three Times Lucky Honor
2014 Kate DiCamillo Flora & Ulysses: The Illuminated Adventures Winner
2014 Holly Black Doll Bones Honor
2014 Kevin Henkes The Year of Billy Miller Honor
2014 Amy Timberlake One Came Home Honor
2014 Vince Vawter Paperboy Honor

Multiple awards[edit]

Robert Lawson alone has won both a Newbery Medal and a Caldecott Medal. Sharon Creech and Neil Gaiman have won both a Newbery Medal and a Carnegie Medal, the equivalent British award. Scott O'Dell and Jean Craighead George have won both a Newbery Medal and a Deutscher Jugendliteraturpreis, the equivalent German award.

Newbery Medals[edit]

Six authors have won two Newbery Medals.

DiCamillo, Konigsburg, Paterson, and Speare each wrote one Honor Book, also.

Medal and Honor[edit]

Many authors have won both the Newbery Medal and the Honor.

Multiple Honor Books[edit]

Five Honors
Four Honors
Three Honors
Two Honors

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Welcome to the Newbery Medal Home Page!". Association for Library Service to Children (ALSC). American Library Association (ALA). Retrieved 2013-05-05.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h ALSC (2007). The Newbery and Caldecott Awards: A Guide to the Medal and Honor Books. ALA. 
    This book is updated annually from 1991. See also the ALA Editions webpage for the current edition ("Web Extra"): evidently an archive of "distinctive essays" from previous editions.
  3. ^ a b c d e f Strauss, Valerie (December 16, 2008). "Critics Say Newbery-Winning Books Are Too Challenging for Young Readers". The Washington Post. p. C01. Retrieved 2009-02-24. 
  4. ^ "The John Newbery Medal". ALSC. ALA. Retrieved 2011-05-23. 
  5. ^ a b "John Newbery Medal Committee Manual". ALSC. ALA. October 2009 (formatted August 2012). Retrieved 2013-05-04.  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  6. ^ "Newbery Medal terms and criteria". ALSC. ALA. January 1978; Midwinter 1987; Annual 2008. Retrieved 2013-05-04.
  7. ^ "The Randolph Caldecott Medal". ALSC. ALA. Retrieved 2012-07-30. 
  8. ^ Anita Silvey (October 1, 2008). "Has the Newbery Lost Its Way?". School Library Journal.
  9. ^ Sarah Weinman (December 19, 2008). "Are the Newbery Medal judges out of touch with their readers?". The Guardian.
  10. ^ Erica S. Perl (December 19, 2008). "Captain Underpants Doesn't Need a Newbery Medal: In defense of the premier award in children's literature". Slate.
  11. ^ McKellar, Sharon (December 18, 2008). "Washington Post Article". Heavy Medal: A Mock Newbery Blog. School Library Journal.
    About Strauss (2008) and Silvey (2008) in turn.
  12. ^ "Newbery Medal and Honor Books, 1922–Present". ALSC. ALA. Retrieved 2012-03-15.

External links[edit]