The Street, Newbourne
Newbourne shown within Suffolk
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Newbourne is a village and civil parish in the Suffolk Coastal region of Suffolk, England. It lies on the peninsula between the River Orwell and the River Deben, to the east of Ipswich and south of Woodbridge.
The name Newbourne is commonly accepted to derive from the Old English words for 'new stream.' However, it has also been put forward that its origins may be from the Old Norse words for 'nine springs,' which is supported by the large number of nearby springs and other villages in the local area with names of Old Norse origin.
Facilities available in Newbourne include:
- The Fox Inn public house, a Grade II listed building dating from the late 17th to early 18th century
- the Church of St Mary
- a village hall, for community use and functions
- a number of plant nurseries
- a farm shop, selling local produce and craft items
- a mobile library, which visits on alternate Wednesdays
In the 1881 census the total population of Newbourne is recorded as 141. This decreased in each census thereafter, with a low of 81 in 1931, until in 1951 the census showed a significant increase to a total population of 291. This rise in population was primarily due to the influx of people brought into the village by the Land Settlement Association.
Land Settlement Association
The Land Settlement Association was set up in 1934 as an experimental scheme to provide unemployed workers from depressed industrial areas with employment on the land. Successful applicants received agricultural training, land in rural areas and cattle to rear. Recruitment into the scheme ended with the start of World War II and eventually the settlements were dissolved and privatised in 1983. Newbourne was one of the areas involved in the scheme and its legacy can still be seen in the large number of commercial greenhouses, plant nurseries and roadside produce stalls remaining in the village and local area.
Church of St Mary
The Church of St Mary is a Grade I listed building and the parish church for Newbourne. The church building is medieval in origin with its nave and chancel dating to the 12th century and a number of expansions and restorations occurring in subsequent centuries.
During the Great Storm of 1987 the Victorian stained glass of the east end was blown out. Rather than recreate the new windows in the previous style a more modern form was commissioned. The new window also includes a fragment of the original windows, in the form of the face of Christ, that was found intact amongst the rubble after the storm.
In the graveyard are buried the brothers George and Meadows Page. During the 1800s they were known as the Newbourne Giants and were part of a traveling circus. At the time of his death in 1870 it is said George was 7 feet 7 inches (2.3 m) tall. Meadows was slightly shorter at 7 feet 4 inches, he gave up circus life in 1875 and died in 1917.
Newbourne Hall is the old manor house of Newbourne. It is a Grade II* listed building which dates back to the 14th century. It is part timber framed and plastered and part red brick and is built in a general 'T' cross form with a 17th-century extension and a 21st-century west wing. The hall is open for viewing by appointment only.
Newbourne Springs is a small nature reserve and SSSI on the edge of the village. It is composed of a range of habitats, primarily broadleaved and mixed woodland with some areas of marsh, fen and heathland. It is currently managed by Suffolk Wildlife Trust on behalf of Anglian Water who own the land. Due to the large number of springs within its area it was used as a source of water for Felixstowe and the surrounding area by Anglian Water until the 1980s. Today the old pumping station has been converted into a visitors centre for the reserve. During autumn and winter months regular volunteer working parties help with maintenance of the reserve. A number of public footpaths run from the village through Newbourne Springs.
- Briggs, Keith (2006). "Martlesham and Newbourne: a note on two obscure Suffolk names". Journal of the English Place-name Society (English Place-Name Society) 38: 31–36.
- "Local Business Directory". www.newbourne.org.uk. Retrieved 2010-04-02.
- "The Fox Inn". www.debeninns.co.uk. Retrieved 2010-12-28.
- "Details for IoE Number: 285050". Images of England, English Heritage. Retrieved 2010-04-02.
- "Newbourne Farm Shop". Retrieved 2010-12-28.
- "Orwell Mobile 2 route 10 alternate Wednesdays". Suffolk County Council. Retrieved 2010-04-02.
- "Image details - Place name: Newbourn, Suffolk". The National Archives. Retrieved 2010-04-02.
- "Newbourne AP/CP / Historical statistics / Population". A Vision of Britain through Time. Retrieved 2010-04-02.
- "Rachel's Weekend Visits - Newbourne". BBC Radio Suffolk. Retrieved 2010-04-02.
- "Newbourne". Suffolk CAMRA. Retrieved 2010-04-02.
- "Details for IoE Number: 285048". Images of England, English Heritage. Retrieved 2010-04-02.
- "St Mary, Newbourne". www.suffolkchurches.co.uk. Retrieved 2010-04-02.
- "Details for IoE Number: 285049". Images of England, English Heritage. Retrieved 2010-04-02.
- "SSSI unit information - Newbourn Springs - Unit 4". Natural England. Retrieved 2010-04-02.
- "Newbourne Springs". Suffolk Wildlife Trust. Retrieved 2010-04-02.
- "Newbourne Springs Nature Reserve". www.newbourne.org.uk. Retrieved 2010-04-02.
Media related to Newbourne at Wikimedia Commons
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