Newbury Park tube station

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Newbury Park London Underground
Newbury Park stn bus shelter2.JPG
Grade II listed bus shelter
Newbury Park is located in Greater London
Newbury Park
Newbury Park
Location of Newbury Park in Greater London
Location Newbury Park
Local authority London Borough of Redbridge
Managed by London Underground
Number of platforms 2
Fare zone 4
London Underground annual entry and exit
2010 Decrease 3.85 million[1]
2011 Increase 3.92 million[2]
2012 Increase 3.93 million[2]
2013 Increase 4.40 million[2]
Key dates
1903 Opened (GER)
1947 Closed (LNER)
1947 Opened as terminus (Central line)
1948 Became through station
4 October 1965 Goods yard closed[3]
Listed status
Listed feature Bus shelter
Listing grade II
Entry number 1081019[4]
Added to list 19 March 1981
Other information
Lists of stations
Portal icon London Transport portalCoordinates: 51°34′30″N 0°05′22″E / 51.5749°N 0.0895°E / 51.5749; 0.0895

Newbury Park tube station is a London Underground station in Newbury Park, in the London Borough of Redbridge. It is on the Hainault loop of the Central line, in Zone 4.

History[edit]

Newbury Park originally opened on 1 May 1903, as part of a Great Eastern Railway (GER) branch line from Woodford to Ilford via Hainault, known as the Fairlop Loop. This line, designed to stimulate suburban growth, had a chequered career. As a consequence of the 1921 Railways Act, the GER was merged with other railway companies in 1923 to become part of the London & North Eastern Railway (LNER).

As part of the 1935 - 1940 "New Works Programme" of the London Passenger Transport Board the majority of the loop was to be transferred to form the eastern extensions of the Central line. Although work commenced in 1938 it was suspended upon the outbreak of the Second World War in 1939 and work only recommenced in 1945. This involved the construction of a new tube tunnel from Leytonstone via Redbridge which surfaced at Newbury Park to connect with the lines of the existing Ilford - Woodford branch.

Steam train services serving Newbury Park were suspended on 29 November 1947 and electrified Central line passenger services, to Central London via Gants Hill, finally commenced on 14 December 1947. On the same day the line beyond, to the new Hainault depot, was electrified for empty train movements. The station ceased to be the temporary terminus of the Central line on 31 May 1948 with the extension of passenger services to Hainault station. The surface tracks from Newbury Park to Ilford were severed by expansion of Ilford Carriage Sheds in 1947, whilst those to Seven Kings were severed in 1956. The former alignment was in a cutting which was filled in and subsequently provided land for allotment gardens and (more recently) housing. Three road bridges apparently spanning a missing alignment are the only clues to the old railway. The last vestige of the former line was a turn-back siding south of the station, used by main-line freight trains travelling around the loop from Woodford until 1965, and by Underground engineering trains until 1992 when it was finally abandoned.

North of the station, the tracks were rearranged upon transfer to London Underground such that the former through eastbound road became a reversing siding, though retaining the connection towards Barkingside, whilst through trains use a road formerly part of the sidings and freight-yard built to the west of the running lines. The northern end of the platforms were truncated to facilitate insertion of the points-work for the re-arrangement. The sidings were abandoned when Hainault depot fully opened in 1948, whilst the freight yard closed in 1965. Today some eastbound trains still terminate at Newbury Park before reversing back to central London.

The station's most prominent feature is the adjacent bus station, designed by Oliver Hill, and opened on 6 July 1949. Distinguished by a copper-covered barrel-vaulted roof, the structure is a Grade II listed building and won a Festival of Britain architectural award in 1951. The rest of the station's proposed reconstruction was not completed due to post-war economies. The original station building, which was very similar to Chigwell tube station (further north on the Loop), was demolished in 1956 to facilitate widening of the adjacent A12 Eastern Avenue. Another similar building existed at Grange Hill tube station (the next station south from Chigwell) but this was flattened by a German V1 flying bomb in 1944.

In 2009, because of financial constraints, TfL decided to stop work on a project to provide step-free access at Newbury Park and five other stations, on the grounds that these are relatively quiet stations and some are already one or two stops away from an existing step-free station.[5] Hainault station which has step-free access is three stops to the north. £4.6 million was spent on Newbury Park before the project was halted.[6]

Connections[edit]

London Buses routes 66; 296 and 396 serve the station.

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Customer metrics: entries and exits: 2010". London Underground performance update. Transport for London. Retrieved 26 December 2012. 
  2. ^ a b c "Multi-year station entry-and-exit figures" (XLS). London Underground station passenger usage data. Transport for London. 2014. Retrieved 27 July 2014. 
  3. ^ Hardy, Brian, ed. (March 2011). "How it used to be - freight on The Underground 50 years ago". Underground News (London Underground Railway Society) (591): 175–183. ISSN 0306-8617. 
  4. ^ "The National Heritage List for England". English Heritage. Retrieved 12 November 2012. 
  5. ^ "Disability and Deaf Equality Scheme (DES) 2009-2012". TfL. Retrieved 1 December 2010. 
  6. ^ "TfL wastes £64million abandoning disabled access plans on the Tube". Evening Standard. 21 April 2010. Retrieved 6 December 2010. 

External links[edit]

Preceding station   Underground no-text.svg London Underground   Following station
Central line
Hainault loop
towards Hainault or
Woodford (via Hainault)
Disused railways
Ilford   LNER
Fairlop Loop
  Barkingside