|Incorporated||1962, 1965 |
|• Mayor||Karl Nail|
|• City Manager||Nick Nazar|
|• Total||52.9 sq mi (137.1 km2)|
|• Land||49.8 sq mi (128.9 km2)|
|• Water||3.2 sq mi (8.2 km2)|
|Elevation||1,194 ft (364 m)|
|• Density||109.2/sq mi (42.2/km2)|
|Time zone||Central (CST) (UTC-6)|
|• Summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-5)|
|ZIP code||73065 |
|FIPS code||40-51150 |
|GNIS feature ID||1095853 |
|This section does not cite any references or sources. (March 2010)|
The main street of Newcastle historically was called the Ozark Trail, running from Rogers, Arkansas to Roswell, New Mexico. Much of the road was incorporated into what became US 62, which passes through the city over the same path. In 1925, the Ozark Trail bridge over the South Canadian River between Newcastle and Oklahoma City was the first federal funded highway project built in Oklahoma. It was a steel thru-truss bridge with timber flooring and carried traffic on the Ozark Trail, which was later designated as US 62.
Until the mid-twenties, there was a major river ford at May Avenue that was used whenever the water wasn't too deep. Farmers from Newcastle forged the river with their horses and wagons and traveled up May Avenue on their way to the Oklahoma City Farmer's Market by Western and Reno. Today, only a single section of the old Newcastle Bridge remains alongside the Interstate 44 bridge after having received significant damage during the tornado outbreak of 2013.
The city was incorporated as South Newcastle in 1962, then a petition to change the name to Newcastle in 1965.
The city limits of Newcastle encompassed just a few square miles until around 1960, when Oklahoma City began annexing huge chunks of land across the river. Newcastle expanded, as did Tuttle and Blanchard, to prevent the city from trying to move across the river. The population grew very little until the mid-1970s, when Oklahoma City began expanding past SW 74th Street, populating near the I-44 corridor.
In the 1980s, most of the city's territory near Norman (north of state HW 9) was annexed.
In 2004, a Wal-Mart Super Center opened, which resulted in significant development at Tri-City shopping district.
In 2011, a tornado ripped through parts Newcastle. There were an estimated 160 homes either damaged or destroyed and over 20 businesses damaged. However, there was no loss of life. The damage was extreme and vary from barely scratching the house to ripping a house in two.
Newcastle is located at . According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 62.5 square miles (162 km2), of which, 55.8 square miles (145 km2) of it is land and 6.7 square miles (17 km2) of it (6.01%) is water.(35.145082, -97.360022)
Newcastle is considered to be part of a rapidly growing area of northern McClain and Grady Counties. Newcastle also is a part of an area known as the "Tri-City Area" with Tuttle and Blanchard. Newcastle also serves as the largest incorporated community in McClain County.
As of the census of 2010, there were 7,685 people, 2,839 households, and 2,271 families residing in the city. The population density was 122.9 people per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 84.53% White, 0.53% African American, 5.26% Native American, 0.32% Asian and 10.30% from other races from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.31% of the population.
There were 2,540 households out of which 20.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 72.5% were married couples living together, 7.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 16.5% were non-families. 14.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.75 and the average family size was 3.02.
In the city, the population was spread out with 20.6% under the age of 18, 7.56% from 18 to 24, 29.58% from 25 to 44, 28.24% from 45 to 64, and 8.39% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. Females represented 49.84% of the population with a median age of 43 and males represented 50.16% of the population with a median age of 39 years.
The median income for a household in the city was $74,167, and the median income for a family was $77,064. Males had a median income of $55,875 versus $37,889 for females. The per capita income for the city was $29,538. About 6.2% of families and 7.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.6% of those under age 18 and 2.9% of those age 65 or over.
The Newcastle School District consists of Newcastle Elementary School, Newcastle Middle School, and Newcastle High School, with the high school serving as the main hub between the three geographically separated schools. As of 2012, Dr. Robert Everett served as the district's superintendent.
The city of Newcastle is home to an array of public works projects that has made the city an educational template for surrounding areas. Through numerous bond issues, Newcastle has constructed a remarkable Early Child Development Center, Performing Arts Center, High School Basketball Arena, and is home to one of the most notable Football Stadiums in the Oklahoma City Metropolitan area.
- City of Newcastle
- United States Postal Service (2012). "USPS - Look Up a ZIP Code". Retrieved 2012-02-15.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Geographic Names Information System". United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- Newcastle-Moore-South OKC Preliminary Tornado Track; NOAA - Norman, OK; May 20, 2013.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- Pioneer Library System (accessed May 24, 2013)
- City of Newcastle
- Newcastle Chamber of Commerce
- Newcastle Public Schools
- Newcastle Pacer, local newspaper
- Newcastle Public Library