Newcastle-under-Lyme (UK Parliament constituency)

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Newcastle-under-Lyme
Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Newcastle-under-Lyme in Staffordshire.
Outline map
Location of Staffordshire within England.
County Staffordshire
Electorate 68,692 (December 2010)[1]
Major settlements Newcastle-under-Lyme, Keele and Audley
Current constituency
Created 1885
Member of Parliament Paul Farrelly (Labour)
Number of members One
1354–1885
Number of members Two
Type of constituency Borough constituency
Overlaps
European Parliament constituency West Midlands

Newcastle-under-Lyme is a constituency[n 1] in the Potteries represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2001 by Paul Farrelly of the Labour Party.[n 2]

History[edit]

From its creation in 1354, Newcastle-under-Lyme returned two MPs to the House of Commons. Under the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885, the constituency's representation was cut to one member. Among renowned MPs are two of widespread fame. One of the Josiah Wedgwoods who ran the porcelain producer, who was repeatedly reelected to the seat from 1906 until he was ennobled to join the Lords in 1942, as 1st Baron Wedgwood and campaigned in the US for that country to join World War II and for Indian Independence. Before the 20th century the constituency was often influenced and represented by members of the Leveson/Leveson-Gower/Egerton family who owned in this constituency the Trentham estate[n 3] - their most important MP was the Viscount Trentham who obtained a Dukedom.

Constituency profile[edit]

This constituency is one of the most loyal Labour Party seats having returned a Labour MP since 1922 when Josiah Wedgwood joined the Labour Party. However, at the 2010 General Election it was won by Farrelly with a margin of 3%, the smallest margin in a long time with a Conservative increase of +9.4% and a Labour decline of -7.4%.

Boundaries[edit]

The constituency includes most of the northerly parts of Newcastle-under-Lyme borough, primarily Newcastle-under-Lyme town plus Keele and Audley.

Parliament accepted the Boundary Commission's Fifth Periodic Review of Westminster constituencies for General Election 2010 since which it has electoral wards, with no alterations in that review:

Members of Parliament[edit]

MPs 1353–1509[edit]

Where the name of the member has not yet been ascertained or is not recorded in a surviving document, the entry unknown is entered in the table.

Burgesses in the English Parliament 1510-1707[edit]

As there were sometimes significant gaps between Parliaments held in this period, the dates of first assembly and dissolution are given.

The Roman numerals after some names are those used in The House of Commons 1509-1558 and The House of Commons 1558-1603 to distinguish a member from another politician of the same name.

Elected Assembled Dissolved First member Second member
1510 21 January 1510 23 February 1510 John Welles William Pury
1512 4 February 1512 4 March 1514 John Welles Thomas Rider
1515 5 February 1515 22 December 1515 John Welles Thomas Rider
1523 15 April 1523 13 August 1523 unknown unknown
1529 3 November 1529 14 April 1536 John Persall Richard Grey
1536 8 June 1536 18 July 1536 unknown unknown
1539 28 April 1539 24 July 1540 unknown unknown
1542 16 January 1542 28 March 1544 Harry Broke John Smith
1545 23 November 1545 31 January 1547 Humphrey Welles Harry Broke
1547 4 November 1547 15 April 1552 James Rolston William Layton (died)
Alexander Walker in place of Layton
1553 1 March 1553 31 March 1553 Roger Fowke John Smyth
1553 5 October 1553 5 December 1553 Roger Fowke James Rolston
1554 2 April 1554 3 May 1554 James Rolleston Francis Moore
1554 12 November 1554 16 January 1555 Sir Ralph Bagnall Richard Smyth
1555 21 October 1555 9 December 1555 Sir Richard Bagnall (properly Sir Nicholas Bagenal) Richard Smyth
14 January 1558 20 January 1558 17 November 1558 Richard Hussey Thomas Egerton
5 January 1559 23 January 1559 8 May 1559 Sir Nicholas Bagenal Walter Blount
1562 or 1563 11 January 1563 2 January 1567 Sir Ralph Bagnall John Long
1571 2 April 1571 29 May 1571 Sir Ralph Bagnall Ralph Bourchier
12 April 1572 8 May 1572 19 April 1583 Ralph Bourchier Thomas Grimsdiche
16 November 1584 23 November 1584 14 September 1585 Peter Warburton Walter Chetwynd
28 September 1586 13 October 1586 23 March 1587 James Colyer Walter Chetwynd
10 October 1588 4 February 1589 29 March 1589 Thomas Humphrey Francis Angier
1593 18 February 1593 10 April 1593 John James Thomas Fitzherbert
16 October 1597 24 October 1597 9 February 1598 Sir Walter Leveson John Bowyer
1 October 1601 27 October 1601 19 December 1601 Edward Mainwaring Thomas Trentham
1603 [sic] 19 March 1604 9 February 1611 Sir Walter Chetwynd John Bowyer (replaced in by-election 1605 by Rowland Cotton)
1614 5 April 1614 7 June 1614 Edward Wymarke Robert Needham, 2nd Viscount Kilmorey
1621 16 January 1621 8 February 1622 Sir John Davies Edward Kerton
1624 12 February 1624 27 March 1625 Sir Edward Vere (disabled,
replaced April 1624 by Charles Glemham
Richard Leveson
1625 17 May 1625 12 August 1625 Edward Mainwaring John Keeling
1626 6 February 1626 15 June 1626 Sir John Skeffington John Keeling
1628 17 March 1628 10 March 1629 Sir George Gresley, 1st Baronet Sir Rowland Cotton
No parliament held
1640 13 April 1640 5 May 1640 Sir John Merrick (Country) Richard Lloyd (Court)
1640 3 November 1640 5 December 1648 Sir Richard Leveson (Royalist) (until 1643)
replaced by Samuel Terrick (Parl.)
Sir John Merrick (Parl.)
N/A 6 December 1648[n 4] 20 April 1653[n 5] unrepresented
N/A[n 6] 4 July 1653 12 December 1653 unrepresented
1654[n 7] 3 September 1654 22 January 1655 Edward Keeling
1656[n 8] 17 September 1656 4 February 1658 John Bowyer(never sat)
1659 27 January 1659 22 April 1659 Edward Keeling Tobias Bridge
N/A[n 9] 7 May 1659 20 February 1660 unknown unknown

MPs 1660–1885[edit]

Election 1st Member[4] 1st Party 2nd Member[4] 2nd Party
1660 John Bowyer Samuel Terrick
1661 Sir Caesar Colclough Edward Mainwaring
1675 William Leveson-Gower
1679 Sir Thomas Bellot, Bt
1685 Edward Mainwaring William Sneyd
1689 Sir William Leveson-Gower John Lawton
1690 Sir Thomas Bellot, Bt
1692 Sir John Leveson-Gower, later 1st Lord Gower
1695 John Lawton
1698 Sir Thomas Bellot, Bt
1699 Rowland Cotton
1702 John Crewe Offley
1705[n 10] Sir Thomas Bellot, Bt
1706 Crewe Offley John Lawton
1708 Sir Thomas Bellot, 3rd Baronet Rowland Cotton
1709 Crewe Offley John Lawton
1710 William Burslem Rowland Cotton
Jan 1715 Henry Vernon
1715 Sir Brian Broughton Crewe Offley
1722 Thomas Leveson-Gower
1724 by-election Sir Walter Wagstaffe Bagot
1727 Baptist Leveson-Gower John Ward
1734 John Lawton II
1740 by-election Randle Wilbraham
1747 Viscount Parker
1754 John Waldegrave
1761 Henry Vernon II
1762 by-election Sir Lawrence Dundas, Bt
1763 by-election Thomas Gilbert
Mar 1768 John Wrottesley, later 8th Bt Alexander Forrester
May 1768 by-election Sir George Hay
1774 George Waldegrave, Viscount Chewton
1779 by-election George Leveson-Gower, Viscount Trentham
1780 Sir Archibald Macdonald
1784 Richard Vernon
1790 John Leveson-Gower
1792 by-election William Egerton
1793 by-election Sir Francis Ford
1796 Edward Wilbraham Bootle
1802 Sir Robert Lawley
1806 James Macdonald
1812 Earl Gower Whig Sir John Boughey, Bt
1815 by-election Sir John Chetwode
1818 William Shepherd Kinnersley Robert John Wilmot Tory
1823 by-election Evelyn Denison
1826 Richardson Borradaile Tory
1830 William Henry Miller Whig
1831 Edmund Peel Tory Tory
1832 Sir Henry Willoughby Tory
1834 Conservative Conservative
1835 Edmund Peel Conservative
1837 Spencer Horsey de Horsey Conservative
1841 Edmund Buckley Conservative John Quincey Harris Liberal
1842 by-election John Campbell Colquhoun Liberal
1847 Samuel Christy Conservative William Jackson Liberal
1859 William Murray Conservative
1865 William Shepherd Allen Liberal Sir Edmund Buckley, Bt Conservative
1878 by-election Samuel Rathbone Edge Liberal
1880 Charles Donaldson-Hudson Conservative
1885 representation reduced to one member by the Redistribution of Seats Act

MPs since 1885[edit]

Election Member[4] Party
1885 William Shepherd Allen Liberal
1886 Douglas Harry Coghill Liberal Unionist
1892 William Allen Liberal
1900 Sir Alfred Seale Haslam Liberal Unionist
1906 Josiah Wedgwood Liberal
1918 Independent
1922 Labour
1942 by-election John Mack Labour
1951 Stephen Swingler Labour
1969 by-election John Golding Labour
1986 by-election Llin Golding Labour
2001 Paul Farrelly Labour

Elections[edit]

Elections in the 2010s[edit]

General Election 2015: Newcastle-under-Lyme[5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Tony Cox
Labour Paul Farrelly
Liberal Democrat
UKIP
Green
Majority
Turnout


General Election 2010: Newcastle-under-Lyme[6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Paul Farrelly 16,393 38.0 −7.4
Conservative Robert Jenrick 14,841 34.4 +9.4
Liberal Democrat Nigel Jones 8,466 19.6 +0.7
UKIP David E. Nixon 3,491 8.1 +4.5
Majority 1,552 3.6
Turnout 43,191 62.2 +4.0
Labour hold Swing −8.4

Elections in the 2000s[edit]

General Election 2005: Newcastle-under-Lyme
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Paul Farrelly 18,053 45.4 −8.0
Conservative Jeremy Lefroy 9,945 25.0 −2.6
Liberal Democrat Trevor G. Johnson 7,528 18.9 +3.4
UKIP David E. Nixon 1,436 3.6 +2.1
BNP John L. Dawson 1,390 3.5 N/A
Green Andrew Dobson 918 2.3 N/A
Veritas Mrs. Marian J. Harvey-Lover 518 1.3 N/A
Majority 8,108 20.4 −5.4
Turnout 39,788 61.6 +2.8
Labour hold Swing −2.7
General Election 2001: Newcastle-under-Lyme
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Paul Farrelly 20,650 53.4 −3.1
Conservative Michael J. Flynn 10,664 27.6 +6.1
Liberal Democrat Jerry M. Roodhouse 5,993 15.5 +1.5
Independent Robert C.M. Fyson 773 2.0 N/A
UKIP Paul Godfrey 594 1.5 N/A
Majority 9,986 25.8
Turnout 38,674 58.8 −14.8
Labour hold Swing −4.6

Elections in the 1990s[edit]

General Election 1997: Newcastle-under-Lyme
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Llin Golding 27,743 56.47
Conservative Marcus D. Hayes 10,537 21.45
Liberal Democrat Robin Studd 6,858 13.96
Referendum Party Mrs. Kim Suttle 1,510 3.07
Liberal Steven J. Mountford 1,399 2.85
Socialist Labour Mrs. Bridget Bell 1,082 2.20
Majority 17,206 35.02
Turnout 73.63
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1992: Newcastle-under-Lyme[7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Llin Golding 25,652 47.9 +7.4
Conservative Andrew D. Brierley 15,813 29.6 +1.7
Liberal Democrat Alan L. Thomas 11,727 21.9 −9.0
Natural Law Richard J.M. Lines 314 0.6 N/A
Majority 9,839 18.4 +8.8
Turnout 53,506 80.8 +3.7
Labour hold Swing +2.9

Elections in the 1980s[edit]

General Election 1987: Newcastle-under-Lyme
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Llin Golding 21,618 40.51
Liberal Alan L. Thomas 16,486 30.89
Conservative PCJ Ridway 14,863 27.85
Ex Labour Moderate MJ Nicklin 397 0.74
Majority 5,132 9.62
Turnout 80.79
Labour hold Swing
Newcastle-under-Lyme by-election, 1986
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Llin Golding 16,819 40.8 −1.2
Liberal Alan Thomas 16,020 38.8 +17.2
Conservative James Nock 7,863 19.0 −17.4
Monster Raving Loony David Sutch 277 0.7 N/A
Independent John Gaskell 115 0.3 N/A
Independent James Parker 83 0.2 N/A
Independent David Brewster 70 0.2 N/A
Majority 799 2.0 −3.6
Turnout 41,247 62.2 −15.1
Labour hold Swing
Registered electors 66,353
General Election 1983: Newcastle-under-Lyme
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour John Golding 21,210 41.97
Conservative L Lawrence 18,406 36.42
Liberal Alan L Thomas 10,916 21.60
Majority 2,804 5.55
Turnout 77.27
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1970s[edit]

General Election 1979: Newcastle-under-Lyme
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour John Golding 28,649 48.47
Conservative E Ashley 24,421 41.32
Liberal G Evans 5,878 9.95
British Socialist Empire S Rowe 156 0.26
Majority 4,228 7.15
Turnout 81.59
Labour hold Swing
General Election October 1974: Newcastle-under-Lyme
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour John Golding 28,154 49.57
Conservative N Bonsor 20,784 36.59
Liberal R Fyson 7,604 13.39
UK Front S Rowe 256 0.45
Majority 7,370 12.98
Turnout 78.04
Labour hold Swing
General Election February 1974: Newcastle-under-Lyme
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour John Golding 28,603 47.16
Conservative N Bonsor 22,955 37.85
Liberal R Fyson 8,861 14.61
UK Front S Rowe 228 0.38
Majority 5,648 9.31
Turnout 84.11
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1970: Newcastle-under-Lyme
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour John Golding 22,329 48.86
Conservative Nicholas Winterton 20,223 44.25
Liberal D Wright 1,954 4.28
Democratic Party PH Boyle 1,194 2.61
Majority 2,106 4.61
Turnout 65.46
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1960s[edit]

By-election 1969: Newcastle-under-Lyme
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour John Golding 21,786[8] 46.1[8] -15.7[9]
Conservative Nicholas Winterton 20,744 43.9 +5.7
Liberal David Spreckley 2,999 6.4 +6.4
Democratic Party D Parker 1,699 3.6 +3.6
Majority 1,042 2.2
Turnout 47,228 72.3
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1966: Newcastle-under-Lyme
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Stephen Swingler 31,548 61.80
Conservative PE Fenner 19,497 38.20
Majority 12,051 23.61
Turnout 79.92
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1964: Newcastle-under-Lyme
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Stephen Swingler 30,470 57.99
Conservative J Lovering 22,073 42.01
Majority 8,397 15.98
Turnout 82.18
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1950s[edit]

General Election 1959: Newcastle-under-Lyme
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Stephen Swingler 29,840 55.59
Conservative T Prendergast 23,838 44.41
Majority 6,002 11.18
Turnout 84.37
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1955: Newcastle-under-Lyme
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Stephen Swingler 28,314 56.76
Conservative FH Taylor 21,569 43.24
Majority 6,745 13.52
Turnout 80.75
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1951: Newcastle-under-Lyme
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Stephen Swingler 30,814 58.04
Conservative JA Friend 22,278 41.96
Majority 8,536 16.08
Turnout 87.54
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1950: Newcastle-under-Lyme
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour John Mack 30,249 57.75
Conservative JA Friend 22,132 42.25
Majority 8,117 15.50
Turnout 87.62
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1940s[edit]

General Election 1945: Newcastle-under-Lyme
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour John Mack 25,903 66.21
Conservative George Albert Wade 8,380 21.42
Liberal Norman Walter Elliott 4,838 12.37
Majority 17,523 44.79
Turnout 77.10
Labour hold Swing
Newcastle under Lyme by-election, 1942
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour John Mack Unopposed
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1930s[edit]

General Election 1935: Newcastle-under-Lyme
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Josiah Wedgwood Unopposed
Labour hold Swing
Wedgwood
General Election 1931: Newcastle-under-Lyme

Electorate

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Josiah Wedgwood Unopposed n/a n/a
Labour hold Swing n/a

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ A borough constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
  2. ^ As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
  3. ^ A series of marriages to heiresses by members of the Leveson-Gower family made the Dukes of Sutherland one of the richest landowning families in the Britain, they also owned Dunrobin Castle, Lancaster House as Stafford House and Stetchworth House.
  4. ^ Date of Pride's Purge, which converted the Long Parliament into the Rump Parliament
  5. ^ Date when Oliver Cromwell dissolved the Rump Parliament by force.
  6. ^ Date when the members of the nominated or Barebones Parliament were selected at a "Convention". The parliamentary borough of Newcastle under Lyme was not represented in this body.
  7. ^ Date when the members of the First Protectorate Parliament were elected. The parliamentary borough was represented in this body.
  8. ^ Date when the members of the Second Protectorate Parliament were elected. The parliamentary borough was entitled to be represented in this body.
  9. ^ The Rump Parliament was recalled and subsequently Pride's Purge was reversed, allowing the full Long Parliament to meet until it agreed to dissolve itself.
  10. ^ The MPs of the last Parliament of England and 45 members co-opted from the former Parliament of Scotland, became the House of Commons of the 1st Parliament of Great Britain which assembled on 23 October 1707 (see below for the members in that Parliament).
References
  1. ^ "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Retrieved 13 March 2011. 
  2. ^ 2010 post-revision map non-metropolitan areas and unitary authorities of England
  3. ^ "Tamworth Parliamentary Borough 1275-1832". The Staffordshire Encyclopaedia. Retrieved 26 October 2010. 
  4. ^ a b c Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "N" (part 1)[self-published source][better source needed]
  5. ^ ukpollingreport
  6. ^ ukpollingreport
  7. ^ "UK General Election results April 1992". Richard Kimber's Political Science Resources. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 2010-12-06. 
  8. ^ a b GENERAL ELECTION RESULTS SINCE 1966, accessed 27 October 2008
  9. ^ UK Election Statistics: 1918-2004 RESEARCH PAPER 04/61 28 JULY 2004, accessed 27 October 2008

Sources[edit]

  • Britain Votes/Europe Votes By-Election Supplement 1983-, compiled and edited by F.W.S. Craig (Parliamentary Research Services 1985-)

Coordinates: 53°02′N 2°18′W / 53.04°N 2.30°W / 53.04; -2.30