Newcastle railway station
|Newcastle Central Station|
|The main entrance|
|Place||Newcastle City Centre|
|Local authority||Newcastle upon Tyne|
|Managed by||East Coast|
|Number of platforms||12|
|Live arrivals/departures and station information
from National Rail Enquiries
|Annual rail passenger usage*|
|Passenger Transport Executive|
|PTE||Tyne and Wear (Nexus)|
|Original company||York, Newcastle and Berwick Railway/Newcastle and Carlisle Railway joint|
|Pre-grouping||North Eastern Railway|
|Post-grouping||London and North Eastern Railway|
|29 August 1850||Opened as Newcastle-on-Tyne Central|
|after 1948||Renamed Newcastle|
|National Rail – UK railway stations|
|A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z|
|* Annual estimated passenger usage based on sales of tickets in stated financial year(s) which end or originate at Newcastle from Office of Rail Regulation statistics. Methodology may vary year on year.|
|UK Railways portal|
Newcastle railway station (or Newcastle Central Station) is a mainline station in Newcastle upon Tyne, England, and is a principal stop on the East Coast Main Line. It opened in 1850 and is a Grade I listed building. The railway station is connected to the adjacent underground Central Station Metro station on the Tyne and Wear Metro. Newcastle Central has seen strong passenger growth over recent years with just under 8 million passengers using the station annually although passenger figures for the Metro station are not included. Overall passenger usage for both the mainline and Metro station currently numbers under 13 million passengers annually.
East Coast is the primary operator at the station providing Inter-city rail services southbound to York, Doncaster and London and northbound to Edinburgh and Glasgow. Other mainline services are operated by CrossCountry southbound to Leeds, Sheffield, Derby, Birmingham, Bournemouth, Bristol, Plymouth and Reading and northbound to Scotland while First TransPennine Express provides services to Liverpool and Manchester via Leeds. Northern Rail operates local and regional services across the North East and Cumbria, notably along the Tyne Valley Line to Carlisle via MetroCentre and Hexham, northbound to Morpeth and southbound to Middlesbrough and Sunderland while East Coast provides services to Durham and Darlington. Ticket barriers were installed in November 2008.
Construction and opening
A scheme for a central station was proposed by Messrs Richard Grainger and Thomas Sopwith in 1836 but was not built. The station was designed by John Dobson for two companies: the York, Newcastle and Berwick Railway (YN&BR) and the Newcastle and Carlisle Railway (N&CR). The YN&BR merged with other companies in 1854 to form the North Eastern Railway (NER), which later absorbed the N&CR in 1862. The station was constructed in collaboration with Robert Stephenson who was responsible for the High Level Bridge, between 1845 and 1850. The opening ceremony, attended by Queen Victoria, took place on 29 August 1850. Originally named Newcastle-on-Tyne Central, the station name was simplified to Newcastle sometime between 1948 and 1953.
The building has a neoclassical styled frontage, and its trainshed has a distinctive roof with three curved, arched spans — the first example of its kind, which set the 'house style' for the NER's subsequent main stations, culminating in the last major British example half a century later, the rebuilt and enlarged Hull Paragon in 1904. A porte-cochère, designed by Thomas Prosser, was added to the station entrance in 1863, and the trainshed was extended southwards in the 1890s with a new span designed by William Bell.
An underground station for Tyne and Wear Metro trains was constructed during the late 1970s, and opened in 1981. Part of the porte-cochère was temporarily dismantled while excavation work took place. The metro station sees 5 million passengers a year and is the third busiest station on the system.
The National Rail station has 12 platforms. The arrangement is:
- Platform 1 is an east facing bay platform which handles terminating local services and also some terminating long distance CrossCountry services from the south over the High Level Bridge.
- Platforms 2 & 3 are main through platforms for East Coast Main Line long distance services. They also have train watering equipment so are used for terminating trains that return south.
- Platform 4 is used mainly for long distance services heading south.
- Platforms 5/6 share the northbound side, and Platforms 7/8 the southbound side, of the newer island platform, and are used mainly by Northern Rail services.
- Platforms 9 to 12 are west facing bay platforms for various services, including Transpennine Express and some terminating services from the Carlisle direction, and on rare occasions, CrossCountry services. First ScotRail services from Glasgow Central normally use platform 12.
Plans were revealed on 30 April 2013 for a major redevelopment, including an £8.6 million project to regenerate the inside of the station, and a further £11.4 million to develop the area surrounding the station.
The redevelopment plans contain a number of improvements, including:
- New retail space in the portico area, which will be turned into glazed arches to provide weather protection as well as retail units replacing the existing ticket office and travel centre. This will double the current amount of retail space to make it equivalent to that of the new King's Cross Station.
- The travel centre and ticket office will be reduced in size and relocated to the area beyond where the current Sainsbury's Local store is.
- Improved toilet facilities.
- Clearer signage.
- Increased covered cycle-park space.
- A simpler layout that accentuates the grade one listed architecture including the Castle Keep. The line of sight across the concourse will also be greatly improved.
- Sand-blasting of the walls and new lighting to be fitted.
- The current access points to the station will be moved to make it easier to enter and leave the station.
- Improved waiting rooms.
- Alteration to the existing bridge structure.
- New lifts and escalators.
- New glazed canopies.
The redevelopment plan also includes a number of improvements to the area surrounding the station, including:
- New taxi rank to the east side of the portico.
- A two-way cycle track at the west end of Neville Street.
- Change of traffic flow patterns to ease congestion.
- Pedestrian crossings on Neville Street and Grainger Street.
- Pedestrianisation of the car-park space outside the Centurion Pub.
- Wider footways and pavement cafes outside the station.
The work is due to begin in May 2013 and be completed by April 2014 by Miller Construction. The station will operate as normal throughout the works. The £8.6 million funding for the internal station work has been provided by the Department for Transport's Station Commercial Project Facility Fund. The external works are being jointly funded by NE1, Regional Growth Fund and Newcastle City Council.
Newcastle is a principal stop on the East Coast Main Line. Passenger services are operated by several companies:
- East Coast trains run south to London King's Cross via York, Doncaster and Peterborough; and north to Edinburgh Waverley, Glasgow Central, Aberdeen and Inverness.
- CrossCountry services run south to their Birmingham New Street hub via York, Leeds/Doncaster, Sheffield and Derby and onwards to Reading via Oxford; Plymouth or Penzance via Cheltenham Spa and Bristol Temple Meads; and north to Edinburgh, Glasgow and Aberdeen.
- First TransPennine Express trains run to Manchester Airport and Liverpool Lime Street via York, Leeds, Huddersfield and Manchester Piccadilly.
- First ScotRail runs 3 daily jointly services with Northern Rail to Glasgow Central, via Carlisle and Dumfries.
- Northern Rail operates local and regional services; north along the East Coast Main Line to Morpeth and Chathill; south along the Durham Coast Line to Sunderland, Middlesbrough and Nunthorpe (plus a limited service via the East Coast Main Line to Darlington and onwards along the Tees Valley Line to Middlesbrough and Saltburn); and west along the Tyne Valley Line to MetroCentre, Hexham, Carlisle Whitehaven and Dumfries
|Preceding station||National Rail||Following station|
|First TransPennine Express||Terminus|
|Edinburgh Waverley||East Coast
|London Kings Cross|
East Coast Main Line
East Coast Main Line
|Simplified rail network around Newcastle|
Trains cross the River Tyne on one of two bridges. The older High Level Bridge south-east of the station, designed by Robert Stephenson opened on 27 September 1849. Its location meant north-south trains had to reverse in the station to continue their journey. The King Edward VII Bridge south-west of the station opened on 10 July 1906 allowing north-south trains to continue without reversing. The two bridges enable the trackwork north and south of the river to form a complete circle, allowing trains to be turned if necessary. The former Gateshead depot, next to the connecting tracks on the south side of the Tyne, mirrored Newcastle station.
The station was noted for its complex set of diamond crossings to the east of the station which facilitated access to the High Level Bridge and northbound East Coast Main Line and was said to be the greatest such crossing in the world. The crossing was the subject of many early-1900s post cards, titled The Largest Railway Crossing in the World - photographed from the castle (towards the station), or from the station towards the castle.
The crossing has been simplified in recent years as the opening of the Metro brought about the withdrawal of many heavy-rail suburban services and the closure of the bay platforms they operated from on the north side of the station removing the need for such a complex crossing. Much of this work was carried out in 1988-9 as part of remodelling and resignalling work associated with ECML electrification. A new island platform on the former goods lines was commissioned as part of this work, with signalling control relocated to the Tyneside IECC on the opposite side of the river. Heaton depot is to the north of the station, on the East Coast Main Line.
Tyne & Wear Metro
Newcastle station is located above Central metro station on the Tyne and Wear Metro, one of five underground stations serving the city centre. Central is an interchange between the Yellow and Green lines, and is the last stop prior to crossing the River Tyne towards Gateshead.
|Preceding station||Tyne and Wear Metro||Following station|
towards St James via the Coast
towards South Shields
towards South Hylton
- Blyth & Tyne Railway
- Central Station Metro station
- Newcastle & North Shields Railway
- North Tyneside Loop
- Tyneside Electrics
- A Proposal for Concentrating the Termini of the Newcastle & Carlisle, Great North of England & proposed Edinburgh Railways by Richard Grainger, 1836. A short pamphlet plus fold-out map. The original from which reference has been made is in the North of England Institute of Mining and Mechanical Engineers. It is reference Tracts vol 57 p200ff
- Allen, Cecil J. (1974) . The North Eastern Railway. Shepperton: Ian Allan. p. 86. ISBN 0-7110-0495-1.
- Butt, R.V.J. (1995). The Directory of Railway Stations. Yeovil: Patrick Stephens Ltd. p. 168. ISBN 1-85260-508-1. R508.
- "Odd bits". Timmonet. 23 December 2000. Retrieved 25 April 2008.
- "Exciting plans for Central Station" (Press release). Newcastle City Council. 30 April 2013.
- "New Era for Newcastle Central Station". East Coast. 2013.
- Daunt, Joe (30 April 2013). "Revamping Newcastle Central Station: Multi-Million Plans Revealed to Public". Sky News Tyne and Wear.
- Pearson, Adrian (12 March 2013). "Businesses welcome plans to revamp Newcastle's Central Station". Evening Chronicle (Newcastle).
- "Newcastle Central Station to Benefit from an £8.6million Investment". Network Rail. 2011.
- Pearson, Adrian (11 March 2013). "Newcastle's Central station set for radical £8 million makeover". Evening Chronicle (Newcastle).
- Pearson, Adrian (20 April 2013). "Radical Plans for Newcastle Central Station are Revealed". The Journal (Newcastle).
- Guy, Andy (2003). Steam and Speed: Railways of Tyne and Wear. Tyne Bridge Publishing. p. 80. ISBN 1-85795-161-1.
- "Old Postcards And Photographs Of Newcastle upon Tyne", www.picturesofgateshead.co.uk
- "Property History : (004510030492) Newcastle Central Station, Neville Street, Newcastle upon Tyne". Newcastle City Council.
- Addyman, John; Fawcett, Bill (1999). The High Level Bridge and Newcastle Central Station. North Eastern Railway Association. ISBN 1 873513 28 3.
- Addyman, John, ed. (2011). A History of the Newcastle & Berwick Railway. North Eastern Railway Association. ISBN 978 1 873513 75 0.
- Dobson, John (1848). "The Central Railway Station, Newcastle-upon-Tyne". The Civil Engineer and Architect's Journal 11. pp.353-4, plate XIII.
- Dobson, John (1849). "The Central Railway Station, Newcastle-upon-Tyne". The Civil Engineer and Architect's Journal 12. p.97, plate VI.
- Grainger, Richard (1836). A Proposal for Concentrating the Termini of the Newcastle & Carlisle, Great North of England & proposed Edinburgh Railways. Hodgson. A short pamphlet plus fold-out map. The original from which reference has been made is in the North of England Institute of Mining and Mechanical Engineers. It is reference Tracts vol 57 p200ff This contains contemporary information about the early period of railway activity in Newcastle/Gateshead.
- English Heritage. "CENTRAL RAILWAY STATION; PASSENGER BUILDINGS AND TRAIN SHED WITH PLATFORMS (1355291)". National Heritage List for England.
- English Heritage. "MOTORAIL TERMINAL, NEVILLE STREET (1326654)". National Heritage List for England.
- English Heritage. "1, NEVILLE STREET (1024814)". National Heritage List for England.
- English Heritage. "IRVING HOUSE (1121977)". National Heritage List for England.
- English Heritage. "STATION HOTEL (1104900)". National Heritage List for England.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Newcastle railway station.|
- Newcastle Central Station - Part of the 2000 art exhibition "Stephenson's Legacy." Includes old photographs of the station.