Newcastle upon Tyne Central (UK Parliament constituency)

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Coordinates: 55°00′11″N 1°36′36″W / 55.003°N 1.610°W / 55.003; -1.610

Newcastle upon Tyne Central
Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Newcastle upon Tyne Central in Tyne and Wear.
Outline map
Location of Tyne and Wear within England.
County Tyne and Wear
Electorate 60,795 (December 2010)[1]
Current constituency
Created 1918
Member of parliament Chinyelu Onwurah (Labour)
Number of members One
Created from Newcastle-upon-Tyne
Overlaps
European Parliament constituency North East England

Newcastle upon Tyne Central is a constituency[n 1] represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2012 by Chi Onwurah from Labour, a former head of OFCOM.[n 2]

History[edit]

Parliament created this seat under the Representation of the People Act 1918 for the general election later that year. From its creation the constituency has been represented by members of the Labour and Conservative parties only. Since the 1987 general election, the seat has been served by an MP in the Labour Party and since 2001 the largest-polling opposition candidate in the three elections has been a Liberal Democrat.

Boundaries[edit]

The constituency covers the central part of Newcastle upon Tyne, being one of three constituencies in the city. Between 1983 and 2010, the seat did not actually contain the city's commercial centre. Parliament accepted the Boundary Commission's Fifth Periodic Review of Westminster constituencies, thus altered this constituency for General Election 2010 since which it has electoral wards:

The constituency is formed from eight electoral wards:

  • Benwell and Scotswood, Blakelaw, Elswick, Fenham, Kenton, Westgate, West Gosforth and Wingrove.[2]

This intentionally improved the naming of this constituency which had previously been west of the centre as it received the city centre from the abolished Tyne Bridge which also covered parts of Gateshead and divided it between this Central seat and Newcastle upon Tyne East.

Constituency profile[edit]

The constituency is mostly the urban city itself, which has seen end its once export-leading shipbuilding industry, its adult population has mostly a middle or low income, however with modern advanced engineering, learning, design, graphics, production company headquarters and tourism the city forms is a bellwether for the North East region's economy firmly in the British forefront of a determined return to increasing national output.[3] In November 2012 total unemployment (based on the more up-to-date claimant statistics) placed the City of Newcastle in joint 17th place of 29 constituencies in the region, above, for example the City of Durham at the bottom of the list, with just 3.4% claimants whereas Newcastle had 6.0% claimants, identical to Sunderland.[4]

Members of Parliament[edit]

Election Member[5] Party
1918 George Renwick Conservative
1922 Charles Trevelyan Labour
1931 Arthur Denville Conservative
1945 Lyall Wilkes Labour
1951 Ted Short Labour
1976 by-election Harry Cowans Labour
1983 Piers Merchant Conservative
1987 Jim Cousins Labour
2010 Chi Onwurah Labour

Elections[edit]

Elections in the 2010s[edit]

General Election 2015: Newcastle upon Tyne Central
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Democrat Nicholas Cott
Green Alex Johnson[6]
Conservative Simon Kitchen[7]
Labour Chi Onwurah[8]
UKIP Daniel Thompson[9]

David Robinson-Young was previously standing for UKIP in Newcastle Central,[10] but has now moved to Newcastle East.

General Election 2010: Newcastle upon Tyne Central[11][12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Chi Onwurah 15,692 45.9 -4.6
Liberal Democrat Gareth Kane 8,228 24.1 -3.4
Conservative Nick Holder 6,611 19.4 +2.8
BNP Ken Booth 2,302 6.7 +6.7
UKIP Martin Davies 754 2.2 +2.2
Green John Pearson 568 1.7 -2.2
Majority 7,464 21.9
Turnout 34,155 56.4 -0.1
Labour hold Swing -0.6
* Gareth Kane, Lib Dem candidate, was Councillor for Ouseburn Ward at the time of the General Election 2010

Elections in the 2000s[edit]

General Election 2005: Newcastle upon Tyne Central
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Jim Cousins 16,211 45.1 -9.9
Liberal Democrat Greg Stone 12,229 34.0 +12.3
Conservative Wendy Morton 5,749 16.0 -5.3
Green Joe Hulm 1,254 3.5 +3.5
Newcastle Academy with Christian Values Party Clive Harding 477 1.3 +1.3
Majority 3,982 11.1
Turnout 35,920 52.5 +1.2
Labour hold Swing -11.1
* Greg Stone, Lib Dem candidate, was Councillor for North Heaton Ward at the time of the General Election 2005
General Election 2001: Newcastle upon Tyne Central
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Jim Cousins 19,169 55.0 -4.2
Liberal Democrat Stephen Psallidas 7,564 21.7 +6.7
Conservative Aidan Ruff 7,414 21.3 -2.2
Socialist Labour Gordon Potts 723 2.1 N/A
Majority 11,605 33.3
Turnout 34,870 51.3 -14.6
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1990s[edit]

General Election 1997: Newcastle upon Tyne Central
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Jim Cousins 27,272 59.2 +7.5
Conservative Brooks Newmark 10,792 23.4 -12.2
Liberal Democrat Ruth Berry 6,911 15.0 +2.3
Referendum Party Charles A. Coxon 1,113 2.4 N/A
Majority 16,480 35.8
Turnout 46,088 65.9
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1992: Newcastle upon Tyne Central[13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Jim Cousins 21,123 49.4 +5.2
Conservative Mike Summersby 15,835 37.0 -1.8
Liberal Democrat Lembit Opik 5,816 13.6 -2.2
Majority 5,288 12.4 +7.0
Turnout 42,774 71.3 −4.2
Labour hold Swing +3.5

Elections in the 1980s[edit]

General Election 1987: Newcastle upon Tyne Central
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Jim Cousins 20,416 44.2
Conservative Piers Merchant 17,933 38.8
Social Democratic Nigel Martin 7,304 15.8
Green Richard John Bird 418 0.91
Red Front Kirk Williams 111 0.24
Majority 2,483 5.38
Turnout 75.52
Labour gain from Conservative Swing
General Election 1983: Newcastle upon Tyne Central
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Piers Merchant 18,161 40.82
Labour Nigel Todd 15,933 35.81
Social Democratic John Horam 9,923 22.30
Ecology Douglas Neil Jacques 478 1.07
Majority 2,228 5.01
Turnout 70.98
Conservative gain from Labour Swing

Elections in the 1970s[edit]

General Election 1979: Newcastle upon Tyne Central
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Harry Cowans 10,395 67.28
Conservative D Conway 2,982 19.30
Liberal J Nelson 2,073 13.42
Majority 7,413 47.98
Turnout 65.25
Labour hold Swing
Newcastle-upon-Tyne Central by-election, 1976
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Harry Cowans 4,692 47.61 -24.16
Liberal Andrew Stephen Ellis 2,854 28.96 +17.28
Conservative Richard Sowler 1,945 19.73 +3.18
Socialist Workers David Hayes 184 1.87 N/A
National Front Bruce Anderson-Lynes 181 1.84 N/A
Majority 1,838
Turnout 9,856
Labour hold Swing
General Election October 1974: Newcastle upon Tyne Central
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Rt Hon. Edward Watson Short 10,546 71.8
Conservative Irene Sheila Faith 2,432 16.6
Liberal Andrew Stephen Ellis 1,716 11.7
Majority 8,108 55.2
Turnout 14,694 58.4
Labour hold Swing
General Election February 1974: Newcastle upon Tyne Central
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Rt Hon. Edward Watson Short 12,182 74.45
Conservative Michael Jack 4,180 25.55
Majority 8,002 48.91
Turnout 65.43
Labour hold Swing 0.1%
General Election 1970: Newcastle upon Tyne Central
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Rt Hon. Edward Watson Short 13,671 70.61
Conservative Michael St John Way 4,256 21.98
Liberal David Lesser 1,433 7.40
Majority 9,415 48.63
Turnout 61.64
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1960s[edit]

General Election 1966: Newcastle upon Tyne Central
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Edward Watson Short 19,291 76.65
Conservative J. J. Walker-Smith 5,474 21.75
Communist T. G. Welch 404 1.61
Majority 13,817 54.90
Turnout 65.87
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1964: Newcastle upon Tyne Central
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Edward Watson Short 20,547 70.91
Conservative W. D. Rutter 7,896 27.25
Communist T. G. Welch 532 1.84
Majority 12,651 43.66
Turnout 69.13
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1950s[edit]

General Election 1959: Newcastle upon Tyne Central
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Edward Watson Short 24,051 65.83
Conservative W. D. Rutter 12,485 34.17
Majority 11,566 31.66
Turnout 73.18
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1955: Newcastle upon Tyne Central
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Edward Watson Short 26,102 66.59
Conservative G. Peters 13,099 33,41
Majority 13,003 33.17
Turnout 70.88
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1951: Newcastle upon Tyne Central
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Edward Watson Short 25,637 64.14
Conservative F. T. Webster 13,325 33.34
Ind. Labour Party Fred Barton 1,006 2.52
Majority 12,312 30.80
Turnout 80.74
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1950: Newcastle upon Tyne Central
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Lyall Wilkes 25,190 63.66
Conservative G. C. White 13,567 34.29
Ind. Labour Party Fred Barton 812 2.05
Majority 11,623 29.37
Turnout 79.80
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1940s[edit]

General Election 1945: Newcastle upon Tyne Central
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Lyall Wilkes 10,627 61.92
Conservative Arthur Denville 6,536 38.08
Majority 4,091 23.84
Turnout 71.75
Labour gain from Conservative Swing

Elections in the 1930s[edit]

General Election 1935: Newcastle upon Tyne Central
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Arthur Denville 15,826 59.28
Labour W. Monslow 10,871 40.72
Majority 4,955 18.56
Turnout 75.47
Conservative hold Swing
Charles Trevelyan
General Election 1931: Newcastle upon Tyne Central
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Arthur Denville 20,309 62.41
Labour Charles Trevelyan 12,136 37.30
National Labour W.H.D. Caple 94 0.29
Majority 8,173 25.12
Turnout 32,539 80.47
Conservative gain from Labour Swing

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ A borough constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
  2. ^ As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
References